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bles, and simples; and their precedence when they concur, is regulated by the class to which each be longs.

XIII. The Mass is generally celebrated of that which holds the highest rank.

XIV. The Missal is regulated according to the order of paragraphs, V. VI. and VII. II. and III.

The variable parts of the Masses according to the time of the year, from Advent to Easter are found placed first; then the ordinary of the Mass, with the prefaces, as marked in clause 1.; then the variable parts of the Mass, from Easter to Advent. After this the variable parts of the Mass on the several festivals of the saints, which have proper variable parts, in their order from the vigil of St. Andrew, uninterruptedly throughout the year, with the exception of those days from the 25th of December to the 1st of January, which variable parts for festivals are found in their proper places between Christmas and Epiphany, in the part of the Mass of the time; then the proper Masses for particular occasions, are placed after the common of saints.

XV. The variable parts of the Mass for the festi vals of the saints, are either proper or common.

XVI. The proper for saints, is that variable part which has been specially compiled, and appointed for the particular Masses, on the festivals of those individuals, and is said only on their special festivals, and is always found under the day of the month when that feast is celebrated.

XVII. The common of saints, is that variable part which is said on the different festivals of various saints of the same description, or class.

XVIII. The saints whose festivals are celebrated, are divided into classes, according to their various situations, or works or sufferings. Apostles, mar tyrs, confessors who were bishops, confessors who were not bishops, virgins, holy women, &c.

XIX. After the proper Masses of the saints, and before the Masses for particular occasions are placed


the variable parts of Masses for the common of saints, under the following several heads for their proper classes, viz: 1. For the vigil of an apostle. 2. Of a martyr bishop, another of the same. 3. Of a martyr not bishop, another of the same.

7. Of a

8. Of doc

4. Of martyrs within the Paschal time. 5. Of many martyrs in the Paschal time. 6. Of many martyrs without the Paschal time, two others of the same. confessor bishop, another of the same. tors. 9. Of a confessor not bishop, another of the same. 10. Of abbots. 11. Of virgins martyrs, another of the same. 13. Of a virgin only, another of the same. 12. Of many virgins martyrs. holy women, not virgins but martyrs. 15. Of a boly woman, neither martyr nor virgin.

14. Of

XX. After the Masses for particular occasions, are several Collects, Secrets and Postcommunions, for special purposes, which will be known by look

ing to their titles.

look for it in its proper place, according to the time of the year as in paragraph V. and you will find its variable parts,-these, together with the Ordinary of the Mass, will give you the entire liturgy of the

2. When the office is known, if it be of the time,

Mass of the day.

3. If the Mass be of a saint, look for the day of the month in its place, according to paragraph VI.; if there be a proper Mass, you will find there its variable parts; if there be not a proper Mass, you will find a reference to the Mass in the Common of Saints, as in paragraph XIX. where those variable parts will be had.-Look for that common Mass, and by combining its variable parts with the ordinary, the liturgy will be found.

4. Sometimes part of the variable portion is taken the common as described in paragraph XIX. then from the proper, as in the day of the month, and from the three parts must be combined by reading all that is found in the proper under the day of the month,

and the remainder of the variable part from the com mon Mass, and combining them with the ordinary ofve the Mass.

5. Sometimes a Commemoration is made; that is the Collect, Secret and Postcommunion of one festival, of a lesser denomination, are said after those of the Mass of the day,-they are to be found as you would look for the variable part of the Mass of the festival to which they belong, under the day of the month if they be proper, or, if not, in the common Mass to which that place refers. If the Commemoration be of a Sunday, or any other day, the Mas of which is found in that part regulated according to the time, the Collect, Secret or Postcommunion, will be found in the proper place according to time.

6. When a final Mass is to be celebrated, which happens on a day which has no proper Mass assigned therefore, either by the day of the month or by the proper of time, the Mass of the preceding Sunday is said, without the Gloria in excelsis or the Creed.

XXI. The moveable feasts are all those comprehended in the enumeration of paragraph V. with the exception of Christmas, the Circumcision and Epiphany. They are called moveable, because they are not on fixed days of the month, but move from day to day, as does the festival of Easter, on which they depend, and which is regulated by the phases of the moon; being celebrated on the first Sunday which follows the fourteenth day after the first new moon immediately after the vernal equinox.

7. A Table of those moveable feasts, for a number of years, is given to assist the person using this


XXII. There are six Sundays marked after Epi phany before Septuagesima Sunday, sometimes, Easter happening very early, only three or four of those Sundays intervene,-the others are then omitted, and the office of Septuagesima taken up on its preper day.

XXIII. There are twenty-four Sundays marked between Pentecost and Advent; when Easter is early, Pentecost is early of course, and a greater number of Sundays than twenty-four intervene before Advent. The office is regulated by taking up the Masses, &c. of the Sundays omitted after Epiphany that year, after the 23d Sunday following Pentecost, and celebrating them in their succession, leaving however the Mass of the 24th Sunday after Pentecost to be invariably celebrated on the Sunday next before the first Sunday of Advent.

XXIV. The first Sunday of Advent is always that which is nearest to the feast of St. Andrew the 27th of November and the 3d of December,-which apostle, viz. that which happens on or between the is the reason for commencing the festivals of the saints, with the Vigil of St. Andrew, that as the Missal begins with the first Sunday of Advent, which commences the ecclesiastical year, both its parts, of the Time, and of the Saints, might correspond. 8. But in the Calendar the enumeration of festivals begins with the 1st of January, for the conve

nience of the reader.


ap. Apostle, m.

abp. Archbishop, bp. Bishop, pr. Priest, c. Confessor, D. Doctor, ab. Abbot, v. Virgin, w. Widow, b. Blessed, d. Double, s. d. Semidouble, d. I. cl. Double of the first class, d. II. cl. Double of the second class, gr. d. Greater double. The Holy-days of obligation are in CAPITALS, and the days of particular devo

Martyr, mm. Martyrs, p. Pope,

tion in Italics.


The CALENDAR, or GENERAL INDEX to the Immoveable Feasts.


1 CIRCUMCISION of our Lord, d. II. cl. 2 Octave-day of St. Stephen, d.

3 Octave-day of St. John, d. as on his Feast. 4 Octave-day of Holy Innocents, d. as on ib. 5 Vigil of Epiph. com. of St. Telesphorus, p.m. 6 EPIPHANY of our Lord, d. I. cl. 11 Com. of St. Hyginus, p. m.

13 The Octave of the Epiph. d.

* II. Sunday after Epiph. Feast of the most Holy Name of Jesus, d. II. cl.

14 St. Hilary, bp. conf. s. d. com. of Felix.

15 St. Paul the first Hermit, d. com. of Maur. ab.

16 St. Marcellus, p. m. sd.

17 St. Anthony, ab.

18 St. Peter's Chair at Rome, gr. d. com. of St. Prisca, v. & m.

19 St. Canute, m.

20 SS. Fabian and Sebastian, mm. d.

21 St. Agnes, v. m. first Feast, d.

22 SS. Vincent, &c. mm. d.

23 Espousal of the B. V. M. com. of Emerentiana, v. and m.

24 St. Timothy, bp. m. s. d.

25 The Conversion of St. Paul, ap. gr. d.

26 St. Polycarp, bp. m. s. d.

27 St. John Chrysostom, bp. c. s. d.

28 St. Agnes, a second time,
29 St. Francis de Sales, bp. c. d.
30 St. Martina, v. m. s. d.
31 St. Peter Nolascus, c. d.




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