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meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat for whom Christ died, 15. It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak, 21. Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven, Matt. xviii. 10. And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others, Luke xviii. 9. And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ. Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend, 1 Cor. viii. 11-13.


b See on Matt. vii. ver. 1.

Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons, Acts x. While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word, 44. And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us; And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith, xv. 8, 9.

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Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God, 1 Cor. iv. 4, 5. Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge. There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another? Jam. iv. 11, 12.

b Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him, ver. 3. And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again, xi. 23. Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my Gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, xvi. 25. The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them. Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also the heavens shall drop down dew. Happy art thou, O Israel: who is like unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and who is the sword of thy excellency! and thine enemies shall be found liars unto thee ; and thou shalt tread upon their high places, Deut. xxxiii. 27-29. Hold up my goings in thy paths, that my footsteps slip not, Psal. xvii. 5. broken: but the LORD upholdeth the For the arms of the wicked shall be he fall, he shall not be utterly cast righteous, Psal. xxxvii. 17. Though down for the LORD upholdeth him with his hand, 24. For the LORD loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off, 28. Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live and let me not be ashamed of my hope. Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect


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unto thy statutes continually, cxix. 116, 117. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them, Heb. vii. 25. Let your conversation be without covetousness ; and be content with such things as ye have for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee, xiii. 5. Now unto him that is able to keep❘ you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, Jude 24.

VER. 5.

ὺς μὲν κρίνει ἡμέραν, παρ' ἡμέραν, ὃς δὲ κρίνει πᾶσαν ἡμέραν. ἕκαστος ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ καὶ πληροφορείσθω.

One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully * per

suaded in his own mind.

*Or, assured.

a But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years, Gal. iv. 9, 10. Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy-day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come: but the body is of Christ, Col. ii. 16, 17.

bI know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean, ver. 14. And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin, 23. Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled, 1 Cor. viii. 7. And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? 11. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. Beloved, if our heart con

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demn us not, then have we confidence toward God, 1 John iii. 19-21.

VER. 6.

̔Ο φρονῶν τὴν ἡμέραν, Κυρίῳ φρονεῖ· καὶ ὁ μὴ φρονῶν τὴν ἡμέραν, Κυρίῳ οὐ φρονεῖ· ὁ ἐσθίων, Κυρίῳ ἐσθίει· εὐχαριστεῖ γὰρ τῷ Θεῷ· καὶ ὁ μὴ ἐσθίων, Κυρίῳ οὐκ ἐσθίει, xal Euxapore tộ Oiņ.

He that regardeth the day, regardethit unto the Lord; and he that regard eth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord; for he giveth God thanks: and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.

• Or, observeth.

a And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations: ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever, Exod. xii. 14. It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations, 42. And Moses said, Eat that to-day; for to-day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to-day ye shall

not find it in the field, xvi. 25. Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an to spread sackcloth and ashes under acceptable day to the LORD? Isa. lviii. land, and to the priests, saying, When 5. Speak unto all the people of the ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me? And when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did ye not eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves? Zech. vii. 5, 6.

b See on Matt. xiv. ver. 19. clause 3.

VER. 7. Οὐδεὶς γὰρ ἡμῶν ἑαυτῷ ζῇ, καὶ οὐδεὶς ἑαυτῷ ἀποθνήσκει.

For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself.

a For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be the Lord both of the dead and living, ver. 9. What, know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy

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Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's, 1 Cor. vi. 19, 20. And that he died for all, that they which live should not hence forth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again, 2 Cor. v. 15. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. I am crucified with Christ nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me, Gal. ii. 19, 20. According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain, but if I live in the flesh this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose, I wot not. For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better: Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you, Phil. i. 20-24. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works, Tit. ii. 14. That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God, 1 Pet. iv. 2.

VER. 8.

Εάν τε γὰρ ζῶμεν, τῷ Κυρίῳ ζῶμεν· ἐάν τε ἀποθνήσκωμεν, τῷ Κυρίῳ ἀποθνήσκομεν. Εάν τε οὖν ζῶμεν, ἐάν τε ἀποθνήσκωμεν, τοῦ Κυρίου ἐσμέν.

For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, a we die unto the Lord: bwhether we live therefore,

or die, we are the Lord's.

a This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God, John xxi. 19. For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption, Acts xiii. 36. But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course

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with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the Gospel of the grace of God, XX. 24. Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus, xxi. 13. Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all, Phil. ii. 17. Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me, 30. Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him, 1 Thess. v. 10.

b Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are your's, And ye are Christ's; and Christ is God's, 1 Cor. iii. 22, 23. But every man in his own order, Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming, xv. 23. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the Lord. Wherefore comfort one anair and so shall we ever be with the other with these words, 1 Thess. iv.

14-18. And I heard a voice from ed are the dead which die in the Lord heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessfrom henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them, Rev. xiv. 13.

VER. 9.

Εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ Χριστὸς καὶ ἀπέθανε καὶ ἀνέστη καὶ ἀνέζησεν, ἵνα καὶ νεκρῶν καὶ Cvv uglevon.

For to this end a Christ both died and rose and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.

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a Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors, Isa. liii. 10

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all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is none else. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear, Isa. xlv. 22, 23.

VER. 12.

Αρα οὖν ἕκαστος ἡμῶν περὶ ἑαυτοῦ λόyov STEL TN QEN.

a So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

a See on Matt. xii. ver. 36. and xviii. ver. 23. clause 2.

VER. 13.

Μηκέτι οὖν ἀλλήλους κρίνωμεν· ἀλλὰ τοῦτο κρίνατε μᾶλλον, τὸ μὴ τιθέναι πρόσκομμα τῷ ἀδελφῷ, ἢ σκάνδαλον.

Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, a that no man put a stumbling-block or an occasion to fall in his brother's way.

a See on Matt. xviii. ver. 6, 7.

VER. 14.

12. Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? Luke xxiv. 26. For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead, 2 Cor. v. 14. Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God, Heb. xii. 2. Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; Lord Jesus, that there is nothing una I know, and am persuaded by the that your faith and hope might be in clean of itself:b but to him that esteemGod, 1 Pet. i. 21. I am he that liv-eth any thing to be * unclean, to him it eth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death, Rev. i. 18.

b See on Matt. xxviii. ver. 18.

VER. 10.

Σὺ δὲ τί κρίνεις ἀδελφόν σου ; ἢ καὶ σὺ τί ἐξουθενεῖς τὸν ἀδελφόν σου ; πάντες γὰρ παραστησόμεθα τῷ βήματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ.

But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? a for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ.

■ See on John v. ver. 22.

VER. 11.

Γέγραπται γάρ· Ζῶ ἐγὼ, λέγει Κύριος· ὅτι ἐμοὶ κάμψει πᾶν γόνυ, καὶ πᾶσα γλῶσσα ἐξομολογήσεται τῷ Θεῷ.

a For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.


ὅτι εἰδὲν κοινὸν δι ̓ ἑαυτοῦ· εἰ μὴ τῷ λογι Οἶδα, καὶ πέπεισμαι ἐν Κυρίῳ Ἰησοῦ, ζομένῳ τι κοινὸν εἶναι, ἐκείνῳ κοινόν.

is unclean.


Gr. common.

a See on Matt. xv. ver. 11. clause 1. b And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith for whatsoever is not of faith is sin, ver.23. Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge : for some, with conscience of the idol unto this hour, eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled. But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse. But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumbling-block to them that are weak, 1 Cor. viii. 79.

VER. 15.

Εἰ δὲ διὰ βρῶμα ὁ ἀδελφός σου λυπεῖ ται, οὐκ ἔτι κατὰ ἀγάπην περιπατεῖς. Μὴ τῷ βρώματί σου ἐκεῖνον ἀπόλλυε, ὑπὲρ οὗ

a Look unto me, and be ye saved, | Xpioris àπélave. VOL. II.

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But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not * charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat for whom Christ died.

* Gr. according to charity.

And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? 1 Cor. viii. 11.

VER. 16.

Μὴ βλασφημείσθω οὖν ὑμῶν τὸ ἀγαθόν. Let not then your good be evil spoken of:

a Abstain from all appearance of evil, 1 Thess. v. 22.

VER. 17.

Οὐ γὰρ ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ Θεοῦ βρῶς σις καὶ πόσις, ἀλλὰ δικαιοσύνη, καὶ εἰρήνη, καὶ χαρὰ ἐν Πνεύματι ἁγίῳ.

For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, d and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. a See on Matt. iii. ver. 2. clause 2. b See on Matt. xv. ver. 11. clause 1. • See on Matt. v. ver. 20.

See on chap. v. ver. 1. clause 2.

VER. 18.

Ο γὰρ ἐν τούτοις δουλεύων τῷ Χριστῷ, εὐάρεστος τῷ Θεῷ, καὶ δόκιμος τοῖς ἀνθρώ


For he that in these things serveth Christ bis acceptable to God, and approved of men.

a See on chap. i. ver. 1. clause 2.
b See on Acts x. ver. 35. clause 3.

VER. 19.

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that ye may excel to the edifying of the church, xiv. 12. Let all things be done unto edifying, 26. Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers, Eph. iv. 29. Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do, 1 Thess. v. 11. Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith; so do, 1 Tim. i. 4.

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Σὺ πίστιν ἔχεις· κατὰ σεαυτὸν ἔχει ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ. Μακάριος ὁ μὴ κρίνων ἑαυτὸν ἐν ᾧ δοκιμάζει.

a Hast thou faith? have it to thyself

*Αρα οὖν τὰ τῆς εἰρήνης διώκωμεν, καὶ before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth.

τὰ τῆς οἰκοδομῆς τῆς εἰς ἀλλήλους.

a Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.

a See on Matt. v. ver. 9. clause 1. Let every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification, Rom. xv. 2. Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God: Even as I

please all men in all things, not seeking mine own proft, but the profit of many, that they may be saved, 1 Cor. x. 32, 33. Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek

a And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God and toward men, Acts xxiv. 16. Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God, 1 Cor.x.31.

VER. 23.

̔Ο δὲ διακρινόμενος, ἐὰν φάγη, κατακέκριται, ὅτι οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως· πᾶν δὲ ὃ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως, ἁμαρτία ἐστίν.

a And he that * doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

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