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A. D. 31.
LUKE vi. 20—23.
A. D. 31.
not many mighty, not many noble, are | lament, but the world shall rejoice : called : But God hath chosen the fool- and ye shall be sorrowful, but your ish things of the world, to confound sorrow shall be turned into joy, John the wise ; and God hath chosen the xvi. 20. I say the truth in Christ, I weak things of the world, to confound lie not, my conscience also bearing the things which are mighty, 1 Cor. i. me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I 26, 27. Hearken, my beloved brethren, have great heaviness and continual Hath not God chosen the poor of this sorrow in my heart, Rom. ix. 1, 2. world, rich in faith, and heirs of the See also on Matt v. ver. 4. clause 1. kingdom which he hath promised to cThou hast turned for me my mournthem that love him ? But ye have de- ing into dancing : thou hast put off spised the poor. Do not rich men op- my sackcloth, and girded me with press you, and draw you before the gladness, Psal. xxx. 11. When the judgment-seats? James ii. 5, 6. See Lord turned again the captivity of also on Matt. v. ver. 3, clause 2. Zion, we were like them that dream. b See on Matt. ii. ver. 2. clause 2. Then was our mouth filled with laughVER. 21.
ter, and our tongue with singing;
then said they among the heathen, Μακάριοι οι πεινώντες νύν ότι χορτασ- The LORD hath done great things for Onceole. Maxázsos oi xhalovteg vũy771 | them, cxxvi. 1, 2. Behold, my serγελάσετε.
vants shall sing for joy of heart, but a Blessed are ye that hunger now : for ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and ye shall be filled. 6 Blessed are ye that shall howl for vexation of spirit, lxv. weep now : <for ye shall luugh.
14. See also on Matt. v. ver. 4.
clause 2. a See on Matt. v. ver. 6.
VER. 22. My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually 31, οι άνθρωποι, και όταν αφορίσωσιν υμάς,
Μακάριοι έστε, όταν μισήσωσιν υμάς, unto me, Where is thy God? Psal. xlii.
και όνειδίσωσι, και εκβάλωσι το όνομα 3. Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law, υμών ως πονηρόν, ένεκα του υιού του άνcxix. 136. They that sow in tears
θρώπου. shall reap in joy. He that goeth forth a Blessed are ye when men shall hate and weepeth, bearing precious seed, you, and when they shall separate you shall, doubtless, come again with re- from their company, Cand shall rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him, proach you, and cast out your name as cxxvi. 5, 6. For the people shall dwelí evil, for the Son of man's sake. in Zion at Jerusalem; thou shalt weep a See on Matt. x. ver. 22. clause 1. no more : he will be very gracious un- b These words spake his parents, beto thee at the voice of thy cry; when cause they feared the Jews : for the he shall hear it, he will answer thee, Jews had agreed already, that if any Isa. xxx. 19. Oh that my head were man did confess that he was Christ, waters, and mine eyes a fountain of he should be put out of the synagogue, tears, that I might weep day and night John ix. 22. Nevertheless among for the slain of the daughter of my the chief 'rulers also many believed people ! Jer. ix. 1. But if ye will not on him ; but because of the Pharisees hear it, my soul shall weep in secret they did not confess him, lest they places for your pride ; and mine eyes should be put out of the synagogue, shall weep sore,
and run down with xii. 42. And they gave him audience tears, because the Lord's flock is car- unto this word, and then lifted up ried away captive, xiii. 17. And the their voices, and said, Away with LORD said unto him, Go through the such a fellow from the earth ; for it is midst of the city, through the midst not fit that he should live, Acts xxii. of Jerusalem, and set a mark up. 22. on the foreheads of the men that c See on Matt. v. ver. 10, 11. sigh, and that cry, for all the abominations that be done in the midst
VER. 23. thereof, Ezek. ix. 4. Verily, verily, I Χαίρετε εν εκείνη την ημέρα και σκιρτήsay unto
σατε: ιδού γαρ, ο μισθός υμών πολύς εν
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A. D. 31. των ουρανώ κατά ταύτα γαρ εποίουν τοϊς | the candle of the wicked put out! and προφήταις οι πατέρες αυτών.
how oft cometh their destruction upon a Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for them? God distributeth sorrows in his joy; for, behold, your reward is great anger. They are as stubble before in heaven: for in the like manner did the wind, and as chaff that the storm their fathers unto the prophets.
carrieth away. God layeth up
his inia See on Matt. v. ver.12.
quity for his children: he rewardeth
him, and he shall know it. His eyes VER. 24.
shall see his destruction, and he shall IIŅy ovai iptv tos Trovoloso őtt åé - drink of the wrath of the Almighty. χετε την παράκλησιν υμών.
For what pleasure hath he in his house But a woe unto you that ure, rich! months is cut off in the midst? Job
after him, when the number of his b for ye have received your consolation. xxi. 7-21. For the turning away of
a And he said unto them, Take heed, the simple shall slay them, and the and beware of covetousness; for a prosperity of fools shall destroy them, man's life sisteth not in the abun- Prov. i. 32. Woe to them that are at dance of the things which he possess- ease in Zion, and trust in the moun. eth. And he spake a parable unto tain of Samaria, which are named chief them, saying, The ground of a cer- of the nations, to whom the house of tain rich man brought forth plentifully: Israel came! Pass ye unto Calneh, And he thought within himself, say- and see ; and from thence go ye to ing, What shall I do, because I have Hamath the great : then go down to no room where to bestow my fruits ? Gath of the Philistines: be they betAnd he said, This will I do: I will ter than these kingdoms? or their borpull down my barns, and build greater; der greater than your border? Ye that and there will I bestow all my fruits put far away the evil day, and cause and my goods. And I will say to my the seat of violence to come near; soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid That lieupon beds of ivory, and stretch up for many years ; take thine ease, themselves upon their couches, and eat, drink, and be merry. But God eat the lambs oật of the flock, and said unto him, Thou fool! this night the calves out of the midst of the stall; thy soul shall be required of thee: then That chant to the sound of the viol, whose shall those things be, which and invent to themselves instruments thou hast provided ? So is he that lay- of music, like David : That drink eth up treasure for himself, and is not wine in bowls, and anoint themselves rich towards God, Luke xii. 15—21. with the chief ointments; but they Wherefore do the wicked live, become are not grieved for the affliction of Joold, yea, are mighty in power? Their seph. Therefore now shall they go seed is established in their sight with captive with the first that go captive, them, and their offspring before their and the banquet of them that stretched eyes. Their houses are safe from fear, themselves shall be removed, Amos neither is the rod of God upon them. vi. 1-7. Go to now, ye rich men, Their bull gendereth, and faileth not; weep and howl for your miseries that their cow calveth, and casteth not her shall come upon you. Your riches are calf. They send forth their little corrupted, and your garments are ones like a flock, and their children moth-eaten. Your gold and silver is dance. They take the timbrel and cankered; and the rust of them shall harp, and rejoice at the sound of the be a witness against you, and shall organ. They spend their days in eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have wealth, and in a moment go down to heaped treasure together for the last the grave. Therefore they say unto days, James v. 1—3. God, Depart from us; for we desire There was a certain rich man, not the knowledge of thy ways. What which was clothed in purple and fine is the Almighty, that we should serve linen, and fared sumptuous every him? and what profit should we have, day: And there was a certain beggar if we pray unto him? Lo, their good named Lazarus, which was laid at is not in their hand: the counsel of the his gate, full of sores, And desiring wicked is far from me. How oft is to be fed with the crumbs which fell
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LUKE VI. 24, 25.
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from the rich man's table : moreover, gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see the dogs came and licked his sores. Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and And it came to pass that the beggar all the prophets, in the kingdom of died, and was carried by the angels God, and you yourselves thrust out. into Abraham's bosom : the rich man Luke xiii. 25–28. Knowest thou not also died, and was buried; And in this of old, since man was placed upon hell he lifted up his eyes, being in tor- earth, That the triumphing of the ments, and seeth Abraham afar off, wicked is short, and the joy of the and Lazarus in his bosom : And he bypocrite but for a moment? Though cried and said, Father Abraham, have his excellency mount up to the heavens, mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that and his head reach unto the clouds; he may dip the tip of his finger in wa- Yet he shall perish for ever like his ter, and cool my tongue ; for I am own dung: they which have seen him tormented in this flame. But Abra- shall say, Where is he? He shall fly ham said, Son, remember that thou in away as a dream, and shall not be thy life-time receivedst thy good things, found ; yea, he shall be chased away and likewise Lazarus evil things : but as a vision of the night. The eye also now he is comforted, and thou art which saw him shall see him no more; tormented, Luke xvi. 19-25. neither shall his place any more be
hold him. His children shall seek VER. 25.
to please the poor, and his hands shall Ουαί υμίν, οι έμπεπλησμένοι» έτι πειvégere. 'ovai ipño, oi yetārtes vīr• őrs of the sin of his youth, which shall lie
restore their goods. His bones are full πενθήσετε και κλαύσετε.
down with him in the dust. Though a Woe unto you that are full! for ye wickedness be sweet in his mouth, shall hunger. 6 Woe unto you that laugh though he hide it under his tongue; now! for ye shall mourn and weep. Though he spare it, and forsake it not,
a And they shall pass through it but keep it still within his mouth; hardly bestead and hungry: and it Yet his meat in his bowels is turned, shall come to pass, that, when they it is the gall of asps within him. He shall be hungry, they shall fret them- hath swallowed down riches, and he selves, and curse their king and their shall vomit them up again : God shall God, and look upward. And they cast them out of his belly, Job xx. shall look unto the earth, and behold 4–15. He shall flee from the iron trouble and darkness, dimness of an- weapon, and the bow of steel shall guish; and they shall be driven to strike him through. It is drawn, and darkness, Isa. viii. 21, 22. And he cometh out of the body ; yea, the glitshall snatch on the right hand, and be tering sword cometh out of his gall : hungry; and he shall eat on the left terrors are upon him. All darkness hand, and they shall not be satisfied, shall be hid in his secret places ; a fire ix. 20. Therefore thus saith the Lord not blown shall consume him ; it shall God, Behold, my servants shall eat, go ill with him that is left in his tabut ye shall be hungry : behold, my bernacle. The heaven shall reveal servants shall drink, but ye shall be his iniquity; and the earth shall rise thirsty : behold, my servants shall re- up against him. The increase of his joice, but ye shall be ashamed, lxv. 13. house shall depart, and his goods shall
b When once the master of the house flow away in the day of his wrath. is risen up, and hath shut to the door, This is the portion of a wicked man and ye begin to stand without, and from God, and the heritage appointed to knock at the door, saying, Lord, unto him by God, 24–29. My heart Lord, open unto us; and he shall an- panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the swer and say unto you, I know you night of my pleasure hath he turned not whence ye are; Then shall ye be- into fear unto me, Isa. xxi. 4. Behold, gin to say, We have eaten and drunk the LORD maketh the earth empty ; in thy presence, and thou hast taught and maketh it waste, and turneth it in our streets. But he shall say, I tell upside down, and scattereth abroad you, I know you not whence ye are ; the inhabitants thereof. And it shall depart from me, all ye workers of ini- be, as with the people, so with the quity. There shall be weeping and priest ; as with the servant, so with
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A. D. 31. his master; as with the maid, so with a Woe unto you, when all men shall her mistress ; as with the buyer, so speak well of you! b for so did their fawith the seller; as with the lender, thers to the false prophets. so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of and falsehood do lie, saying, I will
a If a man, walking in the spirit usury to him. The land shall be ut. terly emptied, and utterly spoiled; prophesy unto thee of wine, and of for the LORD hath spoken this word strong drink; he shall even be the The earth mourneth, and fadeth away: If ye were of the world, the world
prophet of this people, Mic. ü. 11. the world languisheth, and fadeth away; the haughty people of the would love his own : but because ye earth do languish. The earth also is
are not of the world, but I have chodefiled under the inhabitants thereof, world hateth you, John xv. 19. Ye
sen you out of the world, therefore the because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken adulterers and adulteresses, know ye the everlasting covenant. Therefore
not that the friendship of the world is hath the curse devoured the earth, and enmity with God? whosoever therethey that dwell therein are desolate: fore will be a friend of the world, is therefore the inhabitants of the earth
the enemy of God, James iv. 4. They are bumed, and few men left. The are of the world : therefore speak they new wine moureth, the vine languish them. We are of God: he that know
of the world, and the world heareth eth
, all the merry-hearted do sigh. eth God, heareth us; he that is not The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of of God, heareth not us. Hereby know the harp ceaseth. They shall not
we the spirit of truth, and the spirit drink wine with a song; strong drink
of error, 1 John iv. 5, 6. shall be bitter to them that drink it. the prophets together, about four hun
b Then the king of Israel gathered The city of confusion is broken down; dred men, and said unto them, Shall every house is shut up, that no man may come in. There is a crying for
I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, wine in the streets; all joy is darken
or shall 1 forbear? And they said, Go ed, the mirth of the land is gone. In up; for the LORD shall deliver it inthe city is left desolation, and the gate shaphat said, Is there not here a pro
to the hand of the king. And Jehois smitten with destruction, xxiv. 1-12. The Lord hath sworn by the excel- phet of the LORD besides, that we lency of Jacob, Surely I will never
might enquire of him? And the king forget any of their works. Shall not
of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There the land tremble for this, and every Imlah, by whom we may enquire of
is yet one man, Micaiah the son of one mourn that dwelleth therein ? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; the LORD; but I hate ħim ; for he and it shall be cast out and drowned, doth not prophesy good concerning as by the flood of Egypt. And it shall me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, come to pass in that day, saith the Let not the king say so, 1 Kings xxii. Lord God, that I will cause the sun to
6-8. And the messenger that was go down at noon, and I will darken gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, the earth in the clear day: and I will saying, Behold now, the words of the your
feasts into mourning, and prophets declare good unto the king all your songs into lamentation : and
with one mouth : let thy word, I pray I will bring upsackcloth upon all loins, thee, be like the word of one of them, and baldness upon every head; and i and speak that which is good, 13. will make it as the mourning of an
to the seers,
See not; and only son, and the end thereof as a bit
to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us ter day, Amos viii. 7-10.
right things ; speak unto us smooth
things, prophesy deceits, Isa. XXX. 10. VER. 26.
The prophets prophesy falsely, and Ουαί υμίν όταν καλώς υμάς είπωσι | the priests bear rule by their means ; πάντες οι άνθρωποι κατά ταύτα γαρ | and my people love to have it so: and εποίουν τοϊς ψευδοπροφήταις οι πατέρες | what will ye do in the end thereof ? αυτών.
Jer. v. 31. But there were false pro
LUKE VI. 26-35.
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phets also among the people, even as
VER. 51. there shall be false teachers among Και καθώς θέλετε ένα ποιώσιν υμίν οι you, who privily shall bring in dam- άνθρωποι, και υμείς ποιείτε αυτούς ομοίως. nable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them; and bring upon
a And as ye would that men should do themselves swift destruction. And
to you, do ye also to them likewise. many shall follow their pernicious
[Therefore all things whatsoever ye ways; by reason of whom the way of would that men should do to you, do truth shall be evil spoken of, 2 Pet. ii. ye even so to them: for this is the 1, 2.
Law and the Prophets, Matt. vii. 12.] VER. 27.
a See on Matt. vii. ver. 12. 'Αλλ' υμίν λέγω τοϊς ακούουσιν· 'Αγα
VER. 32. πάτε τους εχθρούς υμών: καλώς ποιείτε τους μισούσιν υμάς:
Και ει αγαπάτε τους αγαπώντας υμάς,
ποία υμίν χάρις εστί; και γάρ οι αμαρ• But I say unto you which hear, Love τωλοί τους αγαπώντας αυτούς αγαπώσι. your enemies, do good to them which hate
a For if ye love them which love you, you,
what thank have ye? for sinners also love (But I say unto you, Love your ene- those that love them. mies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that bate
[For if ye love them which love and you,
pray for them which despitefully use
you, what reward have ye? do not you
even the Publicans the same? Matt. and persecute you, Matt. v. 44.] a See on Matt. v. ver. 44.
a See on Matt. v. ver. 46. VER. 28.
VER. 33. Ευλογείτε τους καταρωμένους υμίν και προσεύχεσθε υπέρ των επηρεαζόντων υμάς.
Και εάν αγαθοποιήτε τους αγαθοποιούνBless them that curse you, and pray
τας υμάς, ποία υμίν χάρις εστί; και γαρ for them which despitefully use you.
οι αμαρτωλοί το αυτό ποιούσι.
And if ye do good to them which do VER. 29.
good to you, what thank have ye? for Τα τύπτoντί σε επί την σιαγόνα, πά- sinners also do even the sume. ρεχε και την άλλην και από του αίροντός σου το ιμάτιον, και τον χιτώνα μή κω
VER. 34. λύσης.
Και εάν δανείζησε παρ' ών ελπίζετε 8 And unto him that smiteth thee on απολαβείν, ποία υμϊν χάρις εστί; και γαρ the one cheek offer also the other ; and οι αμαρτωλοί αμαρτωλούς δανείζουσιν,
ivec him that taketh αφαy thy cloak forbid απολάβωσι τα ίσα. not to take thy coat also.
And if ye lend to them of whom ye [But I say unto you, That ye re- hope to receive, what thank have ye? for
Ι sist not evil : but whosoever shall sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as. smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to much again. him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take
VER. 35. away thy coat,
let him have thy cloak Πλήν αγαπάτε τους εχθρούς υμών, και also, Matt. ν. 39, 40.]
αγαθοποιείτε, και δανείζετε, μηδέν απελa See on Matt. v. vér. 39, 40.
πίζοντες και έσται ο μισθός υμών πολύς,
και έσεσθε υιοι του υψίστου ότι αυτός VER. 30.
χρηστός έστιν επί τούς άχαρίστους και Παντι δε τώ αιτούντί σε, δίδου και από πονηρούς. του αίροντας τα σα, μη απαίτει.
a But love ye your enemies, and do a Give to every man that asketh of good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; thee; and of him that taketh away thy and your reward shall be great, and ye goods ask them not again.
shall be the children of the Highest: for [Give to him that asketh thee, and he is kind unto the unthankful and to from him that would borrow of thee the evil. turn not thou away, Matt. v. 42.]
[That ye may be the children of a See on Matt. V. ver. 42.
your Father which is in heaven: for