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a Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called, Rom. ix. 7.


b See on Matt. xii. ver. 14.

See on chap. i. ver. 11. clause 2.

VER. 38.

Ἐγὼ ὃ ἑώρακα παρὰ τῷ πατρί μου, λαλῶ· καὶ ὑμεῖς οὖν ὁ ἑωράκατε παρὰ τῷ πατρὶ ὑμῶν, ποιεῖτε.

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wardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God, Rom. ii. 28, 29. And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father: Abraham, which he had al speak that which I have seen with being yet uncircumcised, iv. 12. Neimy Father and ye do that which yether, because they are the seed of have seen with your father: Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called, ix. 7. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham, Gal. iii. 7. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise, 29.

VER. 40.

Νῦν δὲ ζητεῖτέ με ἀποκτεῖναι, ἄνθρωπον Tv åλbelav vμïv λeλáλnna, v ňnovea παρὰ τοῦ Θεοῦ· τοῦτο ̓Αβραὰμ οὐκ ἐποίηeV.

* See on chap. v. ver. 19. clause 1. b Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication: we have one Father, even God, ver. 41. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do: He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speak-ös eth a lie, he speaketh of his own: for | he is a liar, and the father of it, 44. He that committeth sin is of the devil: for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother, 1 John iii. 8-10.

VER. 39.

̓Απεκρίθησαν καὶ εἶπον αὐτῷ· Ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν ̓Αβραάμ ἐστι. Λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Εἰ τέκνα τοῦ ̓Αβραὰμ ἦτε, τὰ ἔργα τοῦ ̓Αβραὰμ ἐποιεῖτε ἄν.

a But now ye seek to kill me, ba man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.

a See on Matt. xii. ver. 14.
b See on chap. iii. ver. 32. clause 1.

VER. 41.

Ὑμεῖς ποιεῖτε τὰ ἔργα τοῦ πατρὸς ὑμῶν· Εἶπον οὖν αὐτῷ· Ἡμεῖς ἐκ πορνείας οὐ γεγεννήμεθα· ἕνα πατέρα ἔχομεν, τὸν Θεόν. ས』

a Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; b we have one Father, even God.

a See on ver. 38. clause 2.
b See on Matt. v. ver. 16. clause 3.

VER. 42.

Εἶπεν οὖν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Εἰ ὁ Θεὸς πατὴρ ὑμῶν ἦν, ἀγαπᾶτε ἂν ἐμέ· ἐγὼ yàp in ToŨ BOũ Dov, nai huo vide γὰρ ἀπ ̓ ἐμαυτοῦ ἐλήλυθα, ἀλλ ̓ ἐκεῖνός με ἀπέστειλε.

They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our Father. a Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's chil dren, ye would do the works of Abraham. I know that ye are Abraham's seed: but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you, ver. 37. And think not to say within Jesus said unto them, a If God were yourselves, We have Abraham to our your Father, ye would love me: for I father: for I say unto you, that God proceeded forth and came from God; is able of these stones to raise up chil-neither came I of myself, but he sent dren unto Abraham, Matt. iii. 9. For me.

he is not a Jew, which is one out- a See on chap. v. ver. 23.



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1. 3.

JOHN VIII. 42-44.

See on chap, iii. ver. 13. clauses

c For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved, John iii. 16, 17. I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear I judge; and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of my Father which hath sent me, v. 30. But I have greater witness than that of John; for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape. And ye have not his word abiding in you; for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not, 36-38. I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive, 43. Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me ig true, whom ye know not. But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me, vii. 28, 29. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven, vi. 32. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, That of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, That every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life and I will raise him up at the last day, 38-40. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me, 57. Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me, vii. 16. And yet if I judge, my

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judgment is true; for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me viii. 16. For I have not spoken of myself: but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak, xii. 49, 50. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, Gal. iv. 4. In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only-begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins, 1 John iv. 9, 10.

VER. 43.

ὅτι οὐ δύνασθε ἀκούειν τὸν λόγον τὸν ἐμόν. Διατί τὴν λαλιὰν τὴν ἐμὴν οὐ γινώσκετε ;

Why do ye not understand my speech? a even because ye cannot hear my word? a See on Matt. xiii. ver. 14.

VER. 44.

καὶ τὰς ἐπιθυμίας τοῦ πατρὸς ὑμῶν θέ. Ὑμεῖς ἐκ πατρὸς τοῦ διαβόλου ἐστὲ, λετε ποιεῖν. Ἐκεῖνος ἀνθρωποκτόνος ἦν ἀπ' ἀρχῆς, καὶ ἐν τῇ ἀληθείᾳ οὐχ ἕστηκεν, ὅτι οὐχ ἔστιν ἀλήθεια ἐν αὐτῷ. Ὅταν λαλῇ τὸ ψεῦδος, ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων λαλεῖ· ὅτι ψεύστης ἐστὶ, καὶ ὁ πατὴς αὐτοῦ.

a Ye are of your father bthe devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do, He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. e When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

* See on ver. 38. clause 2.
b See on Matt. iv. ver. 1. clause 4.

e But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes,

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JOHN VIII. 44-46.

and a tree to be desired to make one | wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons, Gen. iii. 3-7. And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel, Chron. xxi. 1. So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men. And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, 14, 15. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour, 1 Pet. v. 8. Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother, 1 John iii. 12.

For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment, 2 Pet. ii. 4. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day, Jude 6.


e But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be ed, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil, Gen. iii. 3-5. Then there came out a spirit, and stood be fore the LORD, and said, I will entice him. And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And the LORD said, Thou shalt entice him, and thou shalt also prevail: go out, and do even so, 2 Chron. xviii. 20, 21. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the

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Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Acts v. 3. And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord? xiii. 10. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ, 2 Cor. xi. 3. For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming them. selves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works, 13-15. Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved, 2 Thess. ii. 9, 10. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him, Rev. xii. 9.

VER. 45.

Ἐγὼ δὲ ὅτι τὴν ἀλήθειαν λέγω, οὐ πιστεύετέ μοι.

And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

VER. 46.

Τίς ἐξ ὑμῶν ἐλέγχει με περὶ ἁμαρτίας; εἰ δὲ ἀλήθειαν λέγω, διατί ὑμεῖς οὐ πιστ τεύετέ μοι ;

And if I say the truth, why do ye not bea Which of you convinceth me of sin? lieve me?

a Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me, John xiv. 30. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love, xv. 10. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him, 2 Cor. v. 21. For such an high priest became us, who is holy,

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harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens, Heb. vii. 26. For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth, 1 Pet. ii. 21, 22. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous, 1 John ii. 1. And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin, iii. 5.

VER. 47.

Ὁ ἂν ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ, τὰ ῥήματα τοῦ Θεοῦ ἀκούει· διὰ τοῦτο ὑμεῖς οὐκ ἀκούετε, ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ οὐκ ἐστέ.

a He that is of God heareth God's words: bye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.

a My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me, John x. 27. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Now they have known that all things, whatsoever thou hast given me, are of thee. For 1 have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they | have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me, xvii. 6-8. We are of God: he that knoweth God, heareth us; he that is not of God, heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error, 1 John iv. 6.

b But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you, John x. 26.

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Μὴ σὺ μείζων εἶ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν ̓Αβραὰμ, ὅστις ἀπέθανε; καὶ οἱ προφῆ ται ἀπέθανον τίνα σεαυτὸν σὺ ποιεῖς;

a Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?

a See on Matt. xii. ver. 6.

VER. 54.

̓Απεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς· Ἐὰν ἐγὼ δοξάζω ἐμαυτὸν, ἡ δόξα μου οὐδέν ἐστιν· ἔστιν ὁ πατήρ μου ὁ δοξάζων με, ὃν ὑμεῖς λέγετε ὅτι Θεὸς ὑμῶν ἐστι.

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Καὶ οὐκ ἐγνώκατε αὐτόν· ἐγὼ δὲ οἶδα

αὐτόν· καὶ ἐὰν εἴπω ὅτι οὐκ οἶδα αὐτὸν, ἔσομαι ὅμοιος ὑμῶν, ψεύστης· ἀλλ ̓ οἶδα αὐτὸν, καὶ τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ τηρῶ.

Yet a ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, 1 shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.

a See on chap. vii. ver. 28. clause 4. b See on Matt. xi. ver. 27. clause 3. See on chap. iii. ver. 11. clause 1.

VER. 56. Αβραάμ, ὁ πατὴρ ὑμῶν, ἀγαλλιάσατο iva in Tv népav Tùv éμhv• nai elde, nal ἐχάρη.

Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

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a See on chap. i. ver. 1.

a And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM and he said, Thus Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. shalt thou say unto the children of And God said, moreover, unto Modren of Israel, the LORD God of your ses, Thus shalt thou say unto the chilfathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you; this is my name for

all generations, Exod. iii. 14, 15. ever, and this is my memorial unto Remember the former things of old : for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Isa. xlvi. 9.

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a I and my Father are one. the Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? The. Jews answered him, saying, For a goodwork we stone thee not; but for blas phemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God, John x. 30-33. And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death, Lev. xxiv. 16. And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord. And cast him out of the city," and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon

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