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And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth, Luke xxii. 66-71. Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them. But they cried, Crucify him, crucify him. And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required, xxiii. 20, 21. 24. When the morning was come, all the Chief Priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor, Matt. xxvii. 1, 2. and Mark xv. 1. But the Chief Priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus, which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. And the governor said, Why? what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified, Matt. xxvii. 20-26.
Ἡμεῖς δὲ ἠλπίζομεν ὅτι αὐτός ἐστιν ὁ μέλλων λυτροῦσθαι τὸν Ἰσραήλ. Αλλά γε σὺν πᾶσι τούτοις, τρίτην ταύτην ἡμέραν ἄγει σήμερον ἀφ' οὗ ταῦτα ἐγένετο.
But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to-day is the third day since these things were done.
A. D. 33.
a And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities, Psal. cxxx. 8. VER. 22.
̓Αλλὰ καὶ γυναῖκές τινες ἐξ ἡμῶν ἐξέστησαν ἡμᾶς, γενόμεναι ὄρθριαι ἐπὶ τὸ μvnμstov,
Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre ;
a And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the It was eleven, and to all the rest. Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not, ver. 9-11.
Καὶ μὴ εὑροῦσαι τὸ σῶμα αὐτοῦ, ἦλθον λέγουσαι καὶ ἐπτασίαν ἀγγέλων ἑωρακέναι, of λéyovσw autòv Cõv.
And when they found not his body, they came, saying, That they had also he was alive. seen a vision of angels, which said that
Καὶ ἀπῆλθόν τινες τῶν σὺν ἡμῖν ἐπὶ τὸ μνημεῖον, καὶ εὗρον οὕτω καθὼς καὶ αἱ γυναῖκες εἶπον, αὐτὸν δὲ οὐκ εἶδον.
And a certain of them which were with us, went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
a Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass, ver. 12. Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, and the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple,
Καὶ εἶπον πρὸς ἀλλήλους· Οὐχὶ ἡ καρδία
See on Matt. vi. ver. 30. clause 2. ἡμῶν καιομένη ἦν ἐν ἡμῖν, ὡς ἐλάλει ἡμῖν ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ, καὶ ὡς διήνοιγεν ἡμῖν τὰς γραφάς ;
VER. 26. Οὐχὶ ταῦτα ἔδει παθεῖν τὸν Χριστὸν, καὶ εἰσελθεῖν εἰς τὴν δόξαν αὑτοῦ;
Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? VER. 27.
Καὶ ἀρξάμενος ἀπὸ Μωσέως καὶ ἀπὸ πάντων τῶν προφητῶν διηρμήνευεν αὐτοῖς ἐν πάσαις ταῖς γραφαῖς τὰ περὶ ἑαυτοῦ.
And beginning at a Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.
a See on Matt. xi. ver. 3.
Καὶ ἀναστάντες αὐτῇ τῇ ὥρᾳ, ὑπέ στρεψαν εἰς Ἱερουσαλὴμ, καὶ εὗρον συνηπροισμένους τοὺς ἕνδεκα καὶ τοὺς σὺν αὐτοῖς,
And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found, the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,
[Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, John xx. 19.]
Λέγοντας· Οτι ηγέρθη ὁ Κύριος ὄντως, καὶ ὤφθη Σίμωνι.
Saying, the Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.
Καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐξηγοῦντο τὰ ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ, καὶ ὡς ἐγνώσθη αὐτοῖς ἐν τῇ κλάσει τοῦ ἄρ
And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.
[And they went and told it unto the residue, Mark xvi. 13.]
Ταῦτα δὲ αὐτῶν λαλούντων, αὐτὸς ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἔστη ἐν μέσῳ αὐτῶν, καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς· Εἰρήνη ὑμῖν.
A. D. 33.
Καὶ λαβὼν, ἐνώπιον αὐτῶν ἔφαγεν. And a he took it, and did eat before them.
a Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead, Acts x. 40, 41.
Εἶπε δὲ αὐτοῖς· Οὗτοι οἱ λόγοι οὓς ἐλάλησα πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ἔτι ὧν σὺν ὑμῖν, ὅτι δεῖ πληρωθῆναι πάντα τὰ γεγραμμένα ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Μωσέως, καὶ προφήταις, καὶ ψαλ μοῖς περὶ ἐμοῦ.
And he said unto them, a These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, dand in the Psalms, concerning me.
a The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and Chief Priests and Scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day, Luke ix. 22. and xviii. 32, 33. Matt. xvi. 21. xvii. 22, 23. xx. 18, 19. Mark viii. 31. ix. 31. x. 33, 34.
b And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel, Gen. iii. 15. And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled; and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil, Numb. xxxv. 25.
c Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. As many were astonished at thee; (his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men ;) So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see, and that which they had not heard shall they consider, Isa. lii. 13-15. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from
him; he was despised, and we esteem-
A. D. 33.
troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate, Dan. ix. 24-27. And they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, Zech. xii. 10. Awake, O sword, against my Shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the Shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered; and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones, xiii. 7,
d Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth; my flesh also shall rest in hope: For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore, Psal. xvi. 9-11. My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? O my God, I cry in the day-time, but thou hearest not; and in the nightseason, and am not silent. But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel. Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them. They cried unto thee, and were delivered; they trusted in thee, and were not confounded., But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. But thou art he that took me out of the womb : thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts. I was cast upon thee from the womb; thou art my God from my
mother's belly. Be not far from me, for trouble is near; for there is none to help. Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls_of Bashan have beset me round. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. For dogs have compassed me; the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture, Psal. xxii. 1-18. Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt-offering and sin-offering hast thou not required. Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me; I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart, xl. 6-8. See also on Matt. xi. ver. 3.
Τότε διήνοιξεν αὐτῶν τὸν νοῦν, τοῦ συνιέναι τὰς γραφάς.
a Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the Scrip
A. D. 33.
a And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning, John xv. 27. And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own power. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me a Open thou mine eyes, that I may both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, behold wondrous things out of thy law, and in Samaria, and unto the utterPsal. cxix. 18. But their minds were most part of the earth, Acts i. 7, 8. blinded; for until this day remaineth This Jesus hath God raised up, wherethe same vail untaken away in the of we all are witnesses, ii. 32. and reading of the Old Testament; which iii. 15. And with great power gave vail is done away in Christ. But even the apostles witness of the resurrecunto this day, when Moses is read, tion of the Lord Jesus: and great the vail is upon their heart. Never-grace was upon them all, iv. 33. The theless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord, 2 Cor. iii. 14—18. For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ, iv. 6.
God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. Him hath God exalted with his right hand, to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him, v. 30— 32. And we are witnesses of all things which he did, both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree. Him God raised up the third day, and