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THE EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE

TO THE

HEBREWS.

INTRODUCTION.

This epistle is not directed to any particular church or people; and on this account some have doubted its authenticity; but from the matter, style, and sentiments, there is the strongest evidence both of its authenticity, and of its being written for the use of the Hebrew christians. See Ch. xiii. 13—19. It is most probable that it was composed during Paul's first imprisonment at Rome, and sent either to the church at Jerusalem, or some other in Judea, where the believing Jews were suffering great persecutions. 1 Thess. ij. 14, 15. The design of the epistle is to confirm them in the steady profession of the faith, by exhibiting its divine author, and showing in what manner the gospel had been typified by the Mosaic economy, and how that economy was fulfilled and superseded by the gospel.

CHAPTER I.

and the express image of his substance, and

upholding all things by his powerful word, A. D. 63. In these last times Christ coming to us from the Father is pre- when he had by the sacrifice of himself made ferred above angels, both in person and office.

a cleansing of our sins, sat down on the right 1 God, who in various parts and in various hand of the Majesty on high : Being so much 4

manners spoke formerly to the fathers by the greater than the angels, as he hath inherited a 2 prophets, Hath in these last days spoken more excellent name than they.

to us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir For to which of the angels said God at 5

of all things, by whom he made the worlds any time, “ Thou art my Son, this day have I 3 also; Who being the brightness of his glory, begotten thee ?” And again, “I will be to

αιώνες

CHAP. I. 1. In various parts. Not giving them a system of revelation death of Christ, from what immediately follows, his sitting down at the right at once, but in such parts as to his wisdom seemed proper; yet one bearing a &c.; and how he made a cleansing of our sins, unless by this, it will be diffirelation to another, and constituting a regular whole.-In various manners, cult to explain. Comp. Ch. ix. 12, 26.- - The right hand, &c. Ps. cx. 1, and fc. By visions of the day and the night, by angelic appearances, by a voice Ch. viii. 1. Peirce thought that Jehovah is said to dwell in heaven, because . addressed to them, and by inspiration - To the fathers. To Jacob by Isaac, he there displays some peculiar visible glory; and on the right hand of this Gen. xxvii. To the twelve patriarchs by Jacob, Gen.Ixix. To the Israelites our Lordjin his human nature is seated, among, but higher, that the holy by Moses, and by the prophets to the following generations.

angels. See Eph. i. 20, and I Peter iii. 22. 2. By his Son, 8c. By him as incarnate, the Word made flesh.p 4. Being so much, &c. I render the participle being, as what it often pointe: heir, &c. That is, head and possessor of all things, Lord and proprie- signifies. See note, John i. 3.-_Than the augels. Some would render, tor. Gal. iv. 1. -Made the worlds. Some would render, “for whom he “messengers," and apply the words to the prophets mentioned verse 1; and constituted the ages," the antediluvian, patriarchal, Mosaic. Such a sense of yet inconsistently render the term “angels,” throughout Ch. ii. ' Nothing da is unsupported, notwithstanding what Grotius affirms; and that de. can be more clear than the common version ; and as it is certain that the Jews notes the material worlds, see Ch. xi. 3, aud verse 10. Matt. xxviii. 20, were inclined to pay homage to the angels, as a kind of mediators, (Coloss. ii. comp. with John i. 3. Coloss. i. 15–17.

18,) because by them the law was given, (Deut. xxxiii. 2. Acts vii. 53, and 3. The brightness. Or effulgence of his glory. As the father is called Gal. iii. 19,) so nothiug could be more pertinent thau to state that Jesus is far , light, 1 John i. 5.; so is the Son the brightness of this light. The express greater, as he hath inberited a more excellent name thap they.' His official image, &c. Such as the seal leaver on the wax. I follow Jerome in rendering uames are many, as Christ, Saviour, Word of God, Prophet, Priest, &c.; but the URTEOTACI;, substance; and it is so rendered, Ch. xi. 1. See Campbell's Diss. 1ė, n name which be inferils is that of Son, which implies his peculiar relation to Parts 5, 9. Macknight observes, that if there be any difference between the the Father, in consequence of which he is styled the Son of God, and the only. brightness of his glory,” and the express or exact image of his substance, the begotten of the Father. former may express what the Son is to angels and men; and the latter what he 5. Thou art my son, &c. See note on Ps. ii. 7. I will be to him, &c. is in his own nature. Comp. John i. 14. Coloss. i. 15.- Upholding all things, 2 Sam. vii. 4–17. Peirce has satisfied me that the passage referred to is in. 8r. Comp. Coloss. j. 17. As he made all things, so he supports them.- deed a prophecy concerning Messiah, and has no respect to Solomon. In this. When he had by, &c. There can be no doubt that the apostle referred to the case the version of the 14th verse should be, “ Him who committeth iniquity L 3 e 2

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Christ the Creator,
HEBREWS II.

and immutable. him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son ?" shall be changed; but thou art the same, and ! 6 And when he bringeth again the first-begotten thy years shall not have an end." But to 13

into the world, he saith, “ And let all the an- which of the angels said he at any time, “Sit 7 gels of God worship him.” And concerning on my right hand, until I make thine enemies

the angels he saith, “Who maketh the winds thy footstool ?Are they not all ministering 14

as his angels, and flaming fire as his ministers.” spirits, sent forth to serve those who shall be 8 But concerning the Son he saith, “Thy throne; heirs of salvation ? O God, is for ever and ever : a sceptre of

CHAPTER II. righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. 9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated in

A. D. 03. We ought to be obedient to Christ, who in his love assumed our

nature, as it was necessary for him to do in order to save is. iquity; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed

thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” • We ought therefore to give the more earnest 1 jo And, “ Thou, Lord, in the beginning laidst attention to the things which we have heard,

the foundation of the earth ; and the heavens lest at any time we should let them escape. 11 are the works of thine hands: They shall For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, 2

perish ; but thou shalt remain ; and they all and every transgression and disobedience re12 shall be worn out as a garment; And as a ceived a just recompence of punishment;

vesture shalt thou fold them up; and they How shall we escape, if we neglect so great 3

REFLECTIONS UPON CHAPTER 1. 1. We hence learn the

possesses the same nature with the Father, and as he is the brightness divine authority of both the old and new Testameni, or Covenants of his glory, so he is the express inage of his person, exhibiting the They are not cunningly devised fables; but God formerly spoke to the holiness, wisdom, justice, and truth of God, in his incarnate state, so fathers by the prophets, revealing not at once, but in such parts and that he who saw the Son, might be said to see the Father. He is the portions, his own will and grace, as the state of men seemed to re- Creator of heaven and earth, and of all the various ranks and orders of quire, and as his own unerring wisdom judged to be proper. And in beings contained therein ; and he upholds and supports, and gorers what a variety of ways did he manifest himself and his kind designs to and regulates all by his own powerful word. And as to his office, he them, sometimes he appeared in a glorious visible form, and conversed is the appointed heir of all things, in and by whom we enjoy all the with them in the most condescending and engaging manner; and at blessings of grace and glory. It is he who has expiated our sins by others, by visions and the inspirations of his Spirit, he addressed the sacrifice of himself, and is now exalted to the Father's right hand, them. To us he has spoken by his incarnate Son! He who had expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. He is as Mediator dwelt in the bosom of the Father, and knew perfectly all his designs invested with an authority far above whatever any prophet, priest, and purposes. How thankful should we be, that we see and hear king, or even angel ever enjoyed, or shall enjoy. In the administra

. what so many prophets and righteous men desired to see and hear, but tion of his empire, he is immutably just ; and his glorious throne shall their desires were not granted. We enjoy the clearest, fullest, best, abide for ever. The heavens which he originally formed may be and last discovery of the mind and will of God; and O that we may worn out like a vesture; but he will for ever be the same, as the cofaithfully improve it to his glory.

equal Son of God. O may we admire the grace of our Lord Jesus, and 2. We are again reminded how glorious a person our Lord and cleave to him with full purpose of heart. May we share with him the Saviour is; and what homage and regard we ought to pay him. He glories of his heavenly kingdom.

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will correct, &c." that is, any of the subjects of Messiah. Comp. Ps. lxxxix. stands by the heavens and the earth, the governments of angels, and among 30-33.

mens and that Christ was to change these and bring them into subjection to 6. Bringeth again, &c. He came into the world by his incarnation ;

and

himself. Ch. xii. 26-28. That the words in the Psalm refer to the formahe came again, or was brought into it, by his resurrection, when the angels tion of the heavens and earth, there can be no doubt; and I am convinced that were commanded to worship him, as a part of his reward. Philip. ii. 9, 11, :hey are quoted in proof that he who was called God, and whose throne was and Ps. xcvii. 7. The apostle gives rather the sense than the exact words of to endure for ever and ever, is truly so, as he was the creator. the Psalmist.

13. Sit on my right hand, &c. Ps. cx. 1, and comp. Matt. xxii. 43, &c. 7. Who maketh the winds, $c. See note, Ps. civ. 4. In this version it and notes. is implied that angels are servants, and subject, as the elements of nature are. 14. Ministering spirits, &c. Are they not sabject to the Son, and by

8, 9. But concerning the Son, &c. He does not speak of him in this him as sitting at the right hand of the majesty on high, sent forth to serve style; but, “Thy throne, O God, &c." See Ps. xlv. 6, 7, and notes.

those, &c. Comp. Philip. ii. 10. Eph. i. 21, &c. 10--12. And,Thou, Lord, &c. See Ps. cii. 25-27, and notes. If the CHAP. II. 1. We ought to yide, 8c. If the Son be so glorious, we ought Son laid the foundation of the earth, and formed the heavens; and if be be as to regard whatever he has taught either personally, or by his inspired apos here stated, immutable, he must be the living and true God, Pierce under. tles, and should not forget them.

The Lord of angels.
HEBREWS 11.

His incarnation. a salvation ; which at first began to be spoken || for whom are all things, and by whom are all

by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make 4 that heard him; God at the same time bear the author of their salvation perfect through

ing testimony, by signs and wonders, and vari- sufferings. For both Christ that sanctifieth, 11

ous miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, ac- and they who are sanctified, are all of one 5 cording to his own will? For to the angels Father ; for which cause he is not ashamed

hath he not put in subjection the world to to call them brethren, Saying, “I will declare 12 6 come, of which we speak.. But David hath thy name to my brethren, in the midst of the

somewhere testified, saying, “What is man, congregation I will sing praise to thee." And 13

that thou art mindful of him? or the son of again, “I will put my trust in him.” And 7 man, that thou visitest bim? Thou madest again, “Behold I and the children whom God · him a little lower than the angels; thou

thou | hath

hath given me.”. Since then the children are 14 crownedst him. with glory and honour, and partakers of flesh and blood, Christ himself

didst set him over the works of thy hands : also likewise partook of the same; that through 8 Thou hast put all things in subjection under death he might destroy him that hath the :: his feet.”. Now in that he put all in subjection power of death, that is, the devil; And might 15

under him, she left nothing that is not put | deliver those who, through fear of death, were

under him. But now we do not see all things all their life-time subject to bondage. For 16 9 yet put under him. But we see Jesus who truly he taketh not hold of angels; but of was made a little lower than the angels, that, the seed of Abraham he taketh hold. Where- 17

grace of God, he might taste death for fore it behoved him to be made like his breevery one, for the suffering of death crowned thren, that he might be a merciful and faithful 10 with glory and honour. For it became him, high priest in things relating to God, to make

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24. Spoken by angels, &c. That the law of Moses was given by the 11. That sanctifieth. By the shedding of his blood, expiating and mak. ministration of angels, see Acts vii. 53. Gal. iii. 19, where see the notes. ing a cleansing of their sins. Ch. i. 3.; ix. 13. How shall we escape, &c. The punishment due for neglecting a salvation so 12, 13. I will declare, &c. Ps. xxii. 22. Isa. viii. 17. These quotations Important in its nature, and in its cousequences.-Began to be spoken. show that the Saviour was to partake of human nature; and as a kinsman, or Jesus first preached it, and as he is Lord of all, can punish the neglect of it. brother, have the right to redeem, as it follows. Acts x. 36. -Bearing testimony. To the truth of the gospel, by signs, by 14. Since then the children, &c. He takes up the term children from the enabling the apostles to work a miracle as a sign, and to perform wonders on preceding verse, and reasons upon it. Since those given to Christ to save, inanimate nature; and he bestowed the powers and gifts of the Holy Spirit on were men, partakers of flesh and blood, Christ in like manner partook of the them and by them, &c.

same flesh and blood; and the merciful design he had in view was, that through 5. The world to come. This is a literal version; and I consider the sense his own atoning death, he might, &c.Destroy him, &c. Not his being to be, that the heavenly world is not under the government of angels, but of but his usurped power and dominion. Christ, by his death, vanquished him Christ; and that the heirs of it are also under him, who for their sakes became who had by his bold falsehoods prevailed to bring death into the world, and man, and to him as having assumed human nature, and the consequences of it hoped to reign as prince over them.Hath the power of death. Who in. may be applied the words of David.

troduced it into the world by the fall of Adam; and is thereby the author of 6-8. What is rran, &c. That the psalm primarily regards man in gene- that dominion which death exercises over mankind. ral, and the kindness and honour with which God has invested bim, cannot, I 15. Through fear of death. And of its consequences. Jesus did this by think, be doubted; but the application of it to Christ, as her for the illustra-making more clear a future life of happiness, and by becoming the first-fruits tion of his condescension, and of his exaltation, caunot but be considered as of a blessed resurrection; so that they who believe in him, have no reason to pertinent, and no doubt as containing a sense which the Holy Spirit might be as it were in a state of slavery under a cruel and an inexorable tyrant." originally intend.

16. Taketh not hold, &c. This is our marginal version, and is literal 9. But we see Jesus. Whatever may be the intention of putting all things and just. The apostle had before stated, that “because the children were under him, we do not see this accomplished, as to all mankind, death, the partakers of flesh and blood, he partook of the same;" which expresses his inevil angels, &c.; but we do see Jesus, &c.-By the grace of God. Sending carnation ; and it is out probable that he would return to the same subject. him into the world, that he might die for the sins of men ; and for thus dying, “He taketh not hold of angels," of those that sinned, to deliver and save them he is crowued with glory and honour. , I have, with Macknight, followed the “but he taketh hold of the seed of Abraham," of all his believing seed, to help construction of the test, and not the order of the words.

and rescue them from the pit of perdition. See Schleusner on the verb. 10. It became him. The Father, for whom are all things, &c.—Sons ! 17. Wherefore it behoved, &c. It was fit and proper that he should be to glory. Those who are made sons by faith in Christ; and for every one of made like his brethren in nature, in afflictions, and temptations, that he might whom he tasted death, to make Jesus the author of their salvation, perfect, or be a merciful, as well as a faithful high priest; and might be capable of maka complete Saviour, by his sufferiugs. It became the righteous governor of | ing reconciliation for the sins of the people, by offering up himself on the all things, only to exalt sinners to glory through the intervention of such a cross. See Ch. v. 1, and 1 John ii, 2. comp. with Dan. ix. 24. See also mmediator, and such a sacrifice as he offered.

Peirce's excellent note.

3

Christ above Moses.

HEBREWS III.

Household of Christ. reconciliation for the sins of the people. For || formed by some one ; but he who formed all in that he himself hath suffered, having been || things is God.) And Moses indeed was faith- 5 tempted, he is able to succour those that are ful in all God's household, as a servant, for tempted.

a testimony of those things which were to be

spoken after; But Christ as a son over his 6 CHAPTER III.

own household; whose household are we, if A. D. 63. Christ more worthy than Moses; and they that believe not in him we maintain our confidence and glorious hope are worthy of greater punishment than the hardened Israelites.

firm unto the end. Wherefore 'as the Holy 7 1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of Spirit saith, “ To-day if ye will hear his voiee,

the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, 8. and High Priest of our profession, Christ in the day of temptation in the wilderness : 2 Jesus; Who was faithful to him that ap- When your fathers tempted me, proved me, 9

pointed him, as Moses also was in God's whole and saw my works forty years. Wherefore I 10 3 household. For this person is counted worthy was grieved with that generation, and said,

of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who They do always err in their heart; and they

hath formed the household hath more honour have not known my ways. So I swore in my 11 4 than the household. (For every household is

(For every household is wrath, That they should not enter into my

REFLECTIONS UPON CHAPTER 11. 1. We hence learn that our inferior nature into a personal union with himself. By this astonish the gospel is more excellent and important than the law given by Moses. ing act of condescension he became related to us, and could take hold This indeed was established and confirmed, so that every transgression of us, so as to redeem us from our guilt, sanctify us for his service, and and disobedience received a just recompense of punishment; and what bring us into a state of holy fellowship and communion with God and then shall we deserve, if we disobey Christ, and neglect the great sal- one another. This he has accomplished through his own death; and vation which he announced? With what holy diligence should we has also vanquished Satan, and delivered his people from the slasish keep in our memories the things which we have heard from him! fear of death, giving them the assurance of a blissful immortality. When They are of everlasting importance! The blessings of his salvation are reflecting on this scheme of redemption and salvation, well may we cry incoríceivably great and glorious ; and they are freely exhibited to the out in wonder, Lord, what is man that thou shouldst thus visit bim! faith and hope of men. Nor can there be any just ground of doubt, as How low was Jesus brought for a little while! He was made lower the glad tidings were first published by our Lord, and then by his in- than the angels, when he tasted death for men. But now he is crowned spired apostles, who received the fullest and stronge-t testimony from with glory and honour, as the reward of his sufferings; and all things God, of the truth of what they taught, by signs and wonders, and va- arr, and shall be put into subjection under him. This method of saving rious miracles and gists of the Holy Spirit. As much then as our Lord us sinners became the wisdom, holiness, justice, and government of excells Moses in nature, in dignity, and in his office, so much more verio God. No other way seemed so proper than by the sufferings of Christ, geance will be executed on them that despise him, and reject the gospel. to bring many sons to glory. Let us exult in vur relation to our Re12 rest."

2. We also learn the righteous sovereignity of divine grace, deemer, who calls us brethren ; and let us live in the joyful hope of ste Christ passed by the angels that kept not their first state, and assumed ing his face, and living for ever with him.

CHAP. III. Heavenly calling, $c. Of the calling of the gospel, which 5, 6. Faithful as a servant, Acting according to the directions which is from heaven, and announced by the Son of God, who came from heaven, and he received -For a testimony. The rites, ordinances, &c were to be for å the design of it is to induce us to pursue life and glory in heaven. -Apostle, testimony of what should be done and spoken under the gospel-dispeusation. as one sent, by whom God hath spoken in these last days; and he is the high That Moses spoke of Christ as well as the prophets, Jobu v. 46. Luke sir. priest of our profession, or of the religion we profess, as has been just stated. 44.ds a son, 8c. To whom all power and authority is given, and whe

2. Fuithful to him, &c. Exactly performing all things agreeably to his having purchased the church with his own blood, in which he hath not ozly will; and of whom the same may be said as was of Moses, Numb. xii. 7. a trust and office as Moses had, but also a property; and which church or Comp. Gal, vi. 10. Eph. ii. 19, &c.

household we are, if we hold firm, &c. I read with all the old versions, and 3. Formed the household. He who formed, constituted, and appointed many of the edit.aútoi, and apply it to the household. Peiree and others read any church or society, hath greater honour than that church or society, or auto, and apply it to the Father. than any member of it. But Christ ordered and formed even the Jewish dis- 7-11. Wherefore, &r. The end I have in view in showing the dignity pensation, with all its laws and ordinances. See John i. 18. He was the of Jesus, and his great superiority even to Moses, is that ye may ahide frmis angel of the.covenant. Mal. iii. I. comp. with Exod. xxiii. 20, &c.

attached to him and the gospel ; and with the same view I would caution you 4. For every household, &c. Every religious or civil society bas some against unbelief and hardness of heart, by the example of your forefathers head, as the angel Jehovah was to the Israelites, when they came out of Egypt, “To-day, then, if ye will hear his voice, &c." See Ps. xcv. 1, &c. and received the law at Sinai; but the former, and supreme head uf all societies 12, 13. Take heed, brethren, sc. Warned by this example, do not har. is God.

den your hearts as they did, nor reject the gospel by unbeliet, and fall and 14,15. Made partakers, &c. Of the benefits and blessings of Christ, as our high priest, and as the Son over his own household, if we maintain, &c.

Deceitfulness of sin.
HEBREWS IV.

Rest of the sabbath.
Take heed, brethren, lest there. be

CHAPTER IV. in any of you in like manner an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. .

A. D. 63. Christians utlain rest by faith; the power of God's rord; by

Christ pur lliyh-priest we must confidently come unto God. 13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called

To-day ; lest any of you should be hardened Let us fear therefore, lest, a promise being 1 14 through the deceitfulness of sin. For we are left of entering into God's rest, any of you

made partakers of Christ, if we maintain the should come short of it. For to us glad tidings 2

beginning of our confidence firm to the end ; have been preached, as well as to them: but 15 While it is said, “ To-day if ye will hear his the word preached did not profit them, not

voice, harder not your hearts, as in the pro- being mixed with faith in those that heard it. 16 vocation.” For some, when they had heard, For we who believe shall enter into rest, as 3

provoked God: however not all who came he said, so I swore in my wrath, “ They shall 17 out of Egypt under Moses. But with whom not enter into my rest :” although his works

was he grieved forty years ? was it not with were finished from the foundation of the world.

those who sinned, whose carcases fell in the For Moses somewhere speaketh thus of the 4 18 wilderness? And to whom swore he, that they seventh day, “And God rested on the seventh

should not enter into his rest, but to those day from all his works.” And in this place 5 19 who believed not? So we see that they could it is said again, “ They shall not enter into not enter in, because of unbelief.

my rest." Since therefore it remaineth that 6

REFLECTIONS UPON CHAPTER 11. 1. Let us consider with perished in the wilderness, we are forcibly admonished, not to be highonfeigned joy and gratitude, the qualifications and excellencies of Jesus, minded, but to fear. Who can say that he is beyond all danger of our great high priest. Being a partaker of our nature, and having being enspared by an evil heart of unbelief, or of being hardened through suffered trials and temptations, he is able and willing to succour his the deceitfulness of sin ? If ne would be secure, we must maintain people in their temptations. As we are partakers of the heavenly call

our confidence in Christ firm to the end, guarding against every unheing, and by our profession holy and separated from the world, let us lieving thought, and listening to his gracious voice. It is our duty, and attend to Christ, the apostle and messenger of divine mercy to us; and will be our highest interest, to regard and obey the admonitions and who is the high priest, and the only priest, who has offered himself for directions of the Holy Spirit contained in his word, lest God should our sins, and in whom we believe. How far superior to Moses is our swear in his wrath, that we shall not enter into his rest.

O how necesLord. Moses was only a man and a servant in God's household and sary is it, thal we exhort one another daily; that we should watch onto church; and the best that can be said of him is, that he was faithful. prayer, Jest we should err in our hearts, and apostatize from God's But Christ is the co-equal Son of God; and is the former of the house. ways. We see whence all the sins and miseries of Israel sprang. hold and church, the lord, proprietor, and ruler of it; and is in all his Their unbelief occasioned their fall, and prevented their entrance into adıninistration faithsul to the Father who appointed bim to bis high and the good land. But even then there were some who believed and englorious office. What a privilege is it to be members of his household, tered in. In like manner may we believe, be partakers of an interest for it is with his family he delights to dwell, and to impart the assu- in Christ, and hold firm our confidence, that an abundant entrance may rances of his love and savour!

be administered to us into the everlasting and heavenly kingdom of our 2. From the conduct, unbeliel, and end of the Israelities, who Lord and Saviour.

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depart from the worship of the living God, as you will do, if you obey not the voice of his Son; but rather exhort and encourage one another, to perseverance in the faith, lest any of you, &c.--Deceitfulness of sin. Which assumes a variety of arts to allure and destroy, like the original tempter, by whom it came into the world.

came out of Egypt; and concerning whom he swore, &c.- -Those who be. lieved not. God's promise, or the report of Joshua and Caleb concerning the good land.

- Because of unbelief. This was their sin, and prevented their going in, and enjoying the good land.

CHAP. IV. 1. Should come, &c. I consider doxn as a mere atticism; and in a translation it should be omitted See I Cor. vii. 40, and note.

While it is said, To-day, 8c. I have good reasou to urge you to exhort one another, since God, by the Psalmist, does the same, still saying, “To-day · if ye will hear his voice, &c."

16. For some, &c. When they had heard God's voice and promise, still went on provoking him.—Yet not all, $c. Joshua and Caleb, &c. were es. ceptions.

17-19. Carcases fell, 8c. With the whole generation of those who

2. Glad tidings have, &c. Respecting a heavenly rest and country, by Jesus and his apostles, as it was to the Israelites by the type of the earthly Canaan, and by the language of God in the Psalms.The word preached, Sc. Was of no use to them, because they did not believe it; for faith is the recep. tion of the word of promise, by which it becomes effectual to the safety and edification of the soul.

3. We who believe, &c. We christians shall enter into rest; but this rest is different from the rest of the sabbath, or that which the Israelites were

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