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And there was given me a 2 And when they thall reed like unto a rod : and the have nearly finished their tes, angel stood, saying, Rise, and timony, the beast that ascenda measure the temple of God, eth out of the bottomless pit and the altar, and them that shall make war against them, worship therein. .

and all overcome them, -.. 2 But the court which is and kill them. without the temple leave out, 8 And their dead bodies and measure it not; for it fhall lie in the street of the is given unto the Gentiles : great city, which spiritually and the holy city shall they is called Sodom and Egypt, tread under foot forty and where also our Lord was two months.

crucified. 3 And I will give power 9 And they of the people unto my two witnesses, and and kindreds and tongues they shall prophesy a thou- and nations shall see their sand two hundred and three- dead bodies three days and score days, clothed in fack- an half, and thall, not suffer cloth.

their dead bodies to be put in 4 These are the two olive graves. trees, and the two candle

10° And they that dwell sticks, standing before the upon the earth fhall rejoice God of the earth.

over them, and make mer| 5 And if any man will : ry, and shall send gifts one hurt them, fire proceedeth to another because these out of their mouth, and de- two prophets tormented

them youreth their enemies: and that dwelt on the earth. if any man will hurt them, 11 And after three days he must in this manner bé and an half the Spirit of life killed.

from God entered into them, 6 These have power to and they stood upon - their fhut heaven, that it rain not feet;, and great fear fell upon in the days of their prophecy: them which saw them.'17 and have power over waters 12 And they heard a great to turn them to blood, and voice from heaven, saying to smite the earth with all

unto them, Come up hither. plagues, as often as they will. And they ascended up to

heaven

heaven in a cloud; and their 17 Saying, We give thee enemics beheld them.

thanks, O Lord God Al13 And the same hour mighty, which art, and wast, was there a great earthquake, and art to come; because and the tenth part of the city thou hast taken to thee thy fell, and in the earthquake great power, and haft reigned. were flaínséyen thousand men 18 And the nations were of name; and the remnant angry, and thy wrath is come, were affrighted, and gave and the time of the dead, glory to the God of heaven. that they mould be judged,

14 The second woe is paft; and that thou shouldest give and, behold, the third woe reward unto thy servants the cometh quickly.

prophets, and to the saints, 15 And the seventh angel and them that fear thy

name, founded; and there were small and great; and shouldgreat voices in heaven, say- est destroy them which deing, The kingdoms of this stroy the earth. world are become the king- 19 And the temple of God doms of our Lord, and was opened in heaven, and of his Chrift; and he shall there was seen in his temple reign for ever and ever. the ark of his teftament; and

16 And the four and there were lightnings, and twenty elders, which fat be- voices, and thunderings, and fore God on their seats, fell an earthquake, and great upon their faces, and wor- hail. fhipped God,

CHAP

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A brief prophetic Hiftory of the Weftern Part of the

Church, and of the Beast of the bottombefs Piti"!! The preceding chapter being ng more than a summary introduction to the digressive part of the prophet's plan,, or the little book," I bave thought it neceffary. to give it only a general explanation. But as, in applying the various figurative marks of this chapter to their proper events, I shall have frequent occafion' to differ in opinion from former commentators, I feel the propriety, as well as the necellity of translating every type and figu. rative expression, into that which I, conceive to be the natural, literal, and true prophetic fense, before I apply them to their correfponding events. Upon faithful performance of this duty, a right application of them to the events foretold must altogether depend, and the reader will thereby be the better enabled to discern, on which fide the truth preponderates ; for, as Lord Coke observes, “ nomi na si nescis, perit cognitio rerum.'

Ver. 1.-" And there was given me a reed, like « unto a rod; and the angel stood, saying, Rise, " and measure the temple of God, and the altar, « and them that worship therein.”

A reed is a very proper type for a pen. The ancients used it in marking out their hieroglyphics and it is still used in some parts of the East. A rod is an instrument by which stripes are made on the body of a man, corrected for his crimes ; and therefore a “reed, like unto a rod,” is a just figure for a pen, with which the scourges and afflictions of the

church * See the last chapter, ver. 4..

church are to be marked out on paper.

" And the " angel stood;" he paused to give the prophet time to recover from the confusion of ideas, which the awful events unfolded to him by the “ fevén thunsi ders *" liad occafioned; and then ordered him to * rise;": that is, to prepare to receive his infiructions; and to perform the duty which should then be required of him. This was to “ measure the " temple of God,” &c. The word measure here is certainly a figure tò denote the writing of the history of “the temple of God :" for to measure, in the sense it is commonly used, is to take the dimensions, qualities, and circumstances of a thing; and therefore is a natural and well-adapted metaphor, in the present case, as applied to prophetical events. By the “ temple of God, and the " altar, and them that worship therein," we are to understand the true church of Chrift, or that part of mankind, who still adhere to the doctrine of the » two witnesses of God," hereafter mentioned and described. "If I am right in this expofition of the text, the instructions of the angel so far amount to this : * Take a pen, and write a history of that

part of the church of Christ, as I shall direct at this time, omitting such things as I shall order to

be omitted, until you shall more particularly be * informed in a future vifion respecting them.'

Ver. 2.-" Bat the court, which is without the " temple, measure it not, for it is given to the Gentiles; and the ĦOLÝ CITY they thall tread under

foot forty and two months..

These figurative expressions are evidently taken from Jerusalem, and the temple. Jerusalem was called the Holy City; and " the temple of God” in it,

was built within several courts. In the principal or inner court, the temple and the altar were erected; and here the Priests, Levites, and other Jews who had purified themselves, and conformed to the rites of the church, alone sacrificed and worshipped. Here the unclean Jews were not admitted ; but the onter court was a place common to both. And thus they who worshipped in the temple, and before the altar," as well as the “holy city," are very apt and proper figures for the true church of Chrift, founded on the word of God, revealed through his ... two witnesses:" while “ the court which is with. . “out the temple, given to the Gentiles," signi, ficantly designates

, a church which should apoftatize from the truths of the Gospel of Christ, into Gentile sensuality and idolatry; and is here intended to prefigure both the Mohamedan and Papal hierarchies ; which were to separate themselves from, and to become as scourges upon the primitive church of Christianity, in her degenerate state, for her lukewarmness, and want of perfect faith in the revealed word of God. These hierarchies, thus prefigured by the “ court without the temple," the prophet is inform. ed shall “ tread the holy city under foot, forty and « two months;" which, when translated from the figurative into the literal fenfe, means, that those two apostacies should so corrupt and pervert the pure truths, upon which the Gospel of Christ is tounded, and prevail on mankind to embrace their errors so generally, as to render those truths as grass constantly trodden under foot, withered, defiled, and blafted; and that this depression should continue “ forty and two months,” that is, 1260 prophetic years.

But the prophet is commanded, by the angel, not to make a particular history of those apostacies, a part of his present subject or vision; but the court

" which

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