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surpassing all the other kings of Europe ; and hence the appellation of the grande monarche, has been given to them. Befides, with tuperlative pride they have worn an einblu of the fun, as a type of their superior power and magnificence over the kings of the earth; and presumptuously assumed as their motto, “ NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR :". and this emblem was worn by the late king. These circumstances united, being peculiar to the monarchs of France and no other; teein plainly to indicate, that Lewis XVI. was, the object;intended to be marked out by the hieroglyphic, the... Sun," and upon which this vial was to be poured out; and it has been pouted out upon him by the providence of that God, who E fets, up kings, and overturns kingdoms, according to his righteous pleasure,

To unfold all the calamities suffered in body and mind by this unfortunate King, would engrois .a volume : it would be to write a history of the revolution. Let it then fuffice to say, that, deftitute of friends, he fought them abroad and at home, and found none. The princes of Europe were in a manner deaf to his cries, and his people were so many..yultures preying upon his vitals. His cabinet was faithless and treacherous; his army, lately the most loyal and devoted, forsook him, and revolted to his 'enemies, who were ingenious in contriving the means of distracting and tormenting his mind, disgracing his dignity, and annihilating his power, Surrounded by factions, who were fearless of God or man, the moft bloody insurrections and massacres : displayed themselves without intermission, not only in all parts of his kingdom, but in his capital, nay before his face, me

nacing him and his family with death. At length, helpless and hopeless, he was obliged to seek for refuge among the very fiends, who aimed at obtaining his throne, and his life being a bar to their success, they thirsted for his blood. They now: imprisoned him; and during his confinement covered him with insults; and they who had no right, dared to try and convict him without evidence, and put him to an ignominious death, as the most atrocious criminal. cipled men among them. In the next place fell the faction of the Rolandifts, &c.

Having denounced this judgment of God upon the King, the prophet naturally proceeds to the dreadful events which were to follow. For the angel, commissioned with this vial, had a two-fold errand, first, tó pour it out upon the sun, and next to « scorch men with fire; and we are i told, that men should be scorched with great heat.Now, what are we here to understand by “ fire?" When we consult the Scripture, we find it often

a. wrath of offended omnipotence, and the plagues with which he punishes incorrigible finners * . Nor is it lefs than an appofite figure, because of all the elements it is the moft powerful and tremendous, and like the wrath of God destroys whatever*it operates upon. '; This fire, or wrath of God, was to cause “ a great heat." It seems impossible for the prophet to have chosen a more suitable expression to describe the woesul state of France, which took place immediately after the death of the king, than a " great heat. "... " Heat," when it refers to a man figuratively, means pasfion; as we say, "he is in a heat, or passion :" when to a number of men united, it means a faction, or a tumultuary number of men in a fermentation or passion against government. "Heat" is also, in a literal sense, that quality by which fire destroys all things. And this was to be “ a great heat." So

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* Deut, iv. 24. Nah, ii 6. Heb. xii. 29.


Nebuchadnezzar, when in great wrath he decreed Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego to be put to death, ordered the furnace to be “ heated one seven "times more than it was wont to be heated of," that the heat might be the quicker and fiercer in destroying them. Taking the expreffions of the text in these their true fentes, what do they amount to? but that when this vial should be poured out, the country ihould be tormented and plagued with the most outrageous factions, and that these factions should be the means of destroying “ men,” or a great number of the people, in a thort time. Let us then apply these fenfes of the text to the late transactions and events which have taken place in France, and then judge whether they do not firictly correspond.

The monarchy being desiroyed, and the monarch murdered, the dæmons of revolution had no. thing left to suffer but themselves, and the wretched people who had escaped their former massacres. From among them arose new factions, more violent, more ferocious and blood-thirsty than their predecessors, and all aiming at the fovereign power. These were in the heart of the republic, in the convention itself: that body became “ suddenly the “ Nave of factions.” It is compared by an historian of the day, and spectator of the tumultuous scene, to the “ fea, when furious whirlwinds agitate the "waves, and vehemently dath one against the “ other." He also, laboaring for language to paint their bloody designs, calls it a “ theatre of gladiators ;” and these gladiators foon began the tragical "and bloody scene by murdering one another. Such was the righteous will of God. They began with -suppressing the Orleans faction by the destruction of the Duke their chief, one of the most unprin

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In these terrible scenes of action and reaction, Roberspierre, that eldest son of Satan, that " fon of perdition,rode out the storm, and became paramount despot of France. His word was now the law in the National Convention, in the Commitiee of Safety, in the Jacobin Club, in the revolutionary committees, and revolutionary armies, However great the calamities and woes of the French nation might have been under the former general plunder, insurrections, and massacres, they were now increated an hundred fold: the blood of the people of France flowed without measure.

To describe in detail all the nefarious acts of this dreadful period, must be an unnecessary task, inafmuch as they have been faithfully written by several French historians, and some of them fpectators of the facts. I shall therefore submit to the confideration of the reader, only a summary account taken from them, for the most part from one who juftifies the revolution, and cannot therefore be reasonably supposed to have exaggerated any of the facts. He tells us *, that, in " violation of every

principle, murder, theft, and plunder, massacre " and devastation, were legalized :” that “under "the name of Revolutionary Government, all the "public functions were united in the Committee of “ Public Safety, where Roberspierre had for a long “ time dominated : then it was that this Committee “ became dictatorial, and hurried into the depart“ments that horde of ferocious proconsuls, whom

we have seen betraying and flaughtering the “people, whose servants they were, and to whom

* Page's Secret History of the Revolution.

“ they “ they owed their political existence; fometimes “ carrying with them, in their murderous circuits, “the guillotine, at others declaring it permanent, " which was saying, in other words, that the exe"cutioner was not to have a moment's rest. These "* monsters in mision, these colossuses of crime, these "phænomena of cruelty, hunted men as a German Baron hunts wild boars." In another part he tells what he confeffes “ had never before been seen, " and what probably will never be seen again, “that a great and enlightened nation were mutilated, decimated, fhoi, drowned, and guillotined

by their own representatives : that Rome had a leries of tyrants in fucceflion, or at least at short “ intervals ; but France had, at one and the fame in.' ftant, a hast. of CaliGULAS: that Tacitus himself, "(the great historian) would have broken his pencil “from regret at not being able to paint all the "crimes which sprang from the monstrous junc** tion of the ferocious Roberspierre, with the fangui

nary Cuthon; the barbarous Billaud, with the " gloomy Amar; the tyger Collot, with the tyger "Carriere ;; the cut-throat Dumas, with the cute * throat Caffinhal, and a thousand fubalterns, sub

miffive to their orders; and that Mirabeau un“ doubtedly saw a part only of thefe horrors when " he said Liberty flept only on mattrelles of dead curcaffes !!!

Having thus confessed the inadequacy of language to a just description of the crimes, horrors, and destruction of this woeful period, and given the inost faithful account of it in his power, the fame historian exclaims, " What A PICTURÈ ! " the waves of the ocean swelled by the mangled bodies committed to the Loire ; blood flowing in " torrents down the streets of every town; the dungeons of a hundred thoujand bastiles groaning


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