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vile hands, and is now broke loose. I assisted in setting him free, and will do my utmost to hinder him from getting in with them again. He was of opinion that passive goodness was sufficient; and would fain have kept in with his acquaintance and God at the same time. He durst not receive the sacrament, but at the usual times for fear of being laughed at. By convincing him of the duty of frequent communicating, Į have prevailed on both of us to receive once a week.
“ I earnestly long for, and desire the blessing God is about to send me in you. I am sensible this is my day of grace; and that upon my employing my time before our meeting and nest parting, will in a great measure depend upon my condition for eternity."
From these extracts of two of Mr. Charles Wesley's letters to his brother, and from the account which he has given of himself in a letter to Dr. Chandler, the following particulars appear evident. 1. That he was awakened to a most serious and earnest desire of being truly religious and devoted to God, while his brother was at Epworth, as his father's curate. 2. That he observed an exact method in his studies, and in his attendance on the duties of religion ; receiving the sacrament once a week. 3. That he persuaded two or three young gentlemen to join him in these things, among whom I believe Alorgan was one. 4. That the exact method and order which he observed in spending his time, and regulating his conduct, gained him the name of Methodist. Hence it appears that Mr. Charles Wesley was the first Methodist, and laid the foundation of that little society at Oxford, which afterwards made so much noise in the world: but it does not appear that any regular meetings were held, or that the menbers had extended their views beyond their own improvement in kņowledge and virtue, untił Mr. John
Wesley left. his curacy, and came to reside wholly at Oxford in November 1729. The beginning of this society was small, and it appeared contemptible to those around; but events have shewn, that it was big with consequences of the utmost importance to the happiness of thousands. So little do men know before-hand of the designs of providence..
Man, was made for social intercourse with man, A well-regulated society of a few well chosen persons, improves the understanding, invigorates the powers of the mind, strengthens our resolutions, of and animates us to perseverance in the execution of our designs. These were the happy effects of the union of the two brothers in November this year, when Mr. John Wesley left Epworth, and came to reside at Oxford. They now formed a regular society, and quickened the diligence and zeal of each other in the execution of their pious purposes. About this time Mr. Charles began to take pupils. On this occasion his father wrote to him as follows, in a letter dated January 1730, when Charles had just passed the 21st year of his age.
“ I had your last, and you may easily guess whether I were not pleased with it, both on your account and my own. You have a double advantage by your pupils, which will soon bring you more,
will improve it, as I firmly hope you will, by taking the utmost care to form their minds to piety as well as learning. As for yourself, between Logic, Grammar, and Mathematics, be idle if you can., I give my blessing to the Bishop for having tied you a little faster, by obliging you to rub up your Arabic: and a fixed and constant method will make the whole both pleasing and delightful to you. But for all that, you must find time every day for walking, which you know you may do with advantage to your pupils; and a little more robust exercise, now and then, will do
you no harm. You are now launched fairly Charles ; hold up your head, and swim like a man ; and when you cuff the wave beneath you, say to it, much as another hero did,
CAROLUM vehis, et CAROLI fortunam.* But always keep your eye fixed above the pole-star, and so God send you a good voyage through the troublesome sea of life, which is the hearty prayer of
your loving father.”
Mr. Charles Wesley, and his brother John had been always united in affection ; they were now united in their pursuit of learning, their views of religion, and their endeavours to do good. Mr. Morgan was to them as another brother, and united together, they were as a three-fold cord, which is not easily broken. Though few in number, of little reputation in the world, and unsupported by any powerful allies, yet they boldly lifted up their standard against infidelity and profaneness, the common enemies of religion and virtue. They did not indeed, at present, make any great inroads into the enemy's territory, but they bravely kept their ground, and defended their little fort with success, against every attempt of the enemy to dislodge them. When death robbed them of Morgan, the two brothers remained unshaken in their purpose. They were the bond of union between the members of their little society at Oxford; and if one or more of these deserted-them, through fear, or shame, or being weary of restraint, they stood firm as a rock, persevering in their resolution to serve God and do good to men, without the least shadow of wavering, through evil report and good report, as if alike insensible to either. Happily they were not hurried on by a rash intemperate
Thou carriest Charles, and Charles's fortunc.
zeal in their proceedings ; which is the common failing of young men. They were cautious and wary, using every prudential means in their power, to prevent the good that was in them from being evil spoken of, Charles had much more fire, and openness of temper than his brother; but he was not less cautious in this re, spect. If any doubts arose in his mind; or if any practice, which he thought proper and commendable, seemed likely to give great offence to others, he asked the advice of those who were older and wiser than himself, how he ought to proceed. This appears from a letter which he wrote to hụs father in June 1731, in which he says, “ On Whitsunday the whole College received the sacrament, except the servitors (for we are too well bred to communicate with thein, though in the body and blood of Christ) to whom it was adminis. tered the next day ; on which I was present at church, but with the canons left the sacrament to those for whom alone it was prepared. What I would beg to be resolved in is, whether or no my being assured I should give infinite scandal by staying, could sufficiently justify me în turning my back on God's ordi
It is a question my future conduct is much concerned in, and I shall therefore earnestly wait for your decision.'
Mr. Charles Il'esley proceeded Master of Arts in the usual course, and thought only of spending all his days at 0.xford as a tutor ; for he “exceedingly dreaded entering into Holy Orders."* In 1735, Mr. John Wesley yielded to the pressing solicitations of Mr. Oglethorpe, Dr. Burton, and some others, to go to Georgią as a missionary, to preach to the Indians, and he prevailed on his brother Charles to accompany him. Their brother Samuel consented that Mr. John
* Hi: letter to Dr. Chandler.
fesley should go, but vehemently opposed the design of Charles to accompany him. But his opposition had no effect, for Mr. Charles engaged himself as Secre. tary to Mr. Oglethorpe, and also as Secretary to. In, dian affairs, and in this character he went to Georgia. A little before they left England, Dr. Burton suggested that it might be well if Mr. Charles Wesley was ordained before he left this country. His brother John over-ruled his inclination in this thing also, and he was ordained Deacon by Dr. Potter, Bishop of 0.xford ; and the Sunday following, Priest, by Dr. Gibson, Bishop of London *
Of Mr. Charles Wesley's Voyage to Georgia : his Situation there, and return to England in 1736.
HEY sailed from Gravesend the 22d of October 1735, but meeting with contrary winds, they did not leave Cowes till the toth of December. Mr. Charles IVesley preached several times, while they' were de tained here, and great crowds attended his ministry. His brother Samuel, who was viokently against his going abroad, observes, that he hoped Charles was conyinced by this instance, that he needed not to have gone to Georgia to convert sinners. After a stormy passage
they • His letter to Dr. Chandler.