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would it be were a moral blended with their physical expression! The Municipalities ought therefore to establislı patriotic feasts to attach Citizens to the Constitution. A sublime essay has been made to this effect in the field of Mars, denominated at that era the Field of Confederation; but it was a military festival merely, hardly any thing was to be seen in it but men in uniforms. The patriotic altar ought to be encompassed with a civil and religious pomp and splendour, and with the national guards should be intermixed choirs of young women and of boys crowned with flowers, chanting alternately, to the music of flutes and hautboys, French hynius similar to the Carmen Seculare of Horace. In a word, those public festivals ought to be presided over, as their natural pontiffs, by the chief men in Administration, having the King at their head: thus the Priesthood will be restored to it's primitive dignity.
The Field of Confederation may be rendered for this purpose a spot of dignified importance, by surrounding it, like a Roman Circus, with stone benches, and the statues of our illustrious men, and by lodging the National Assembly in the Military-School which terminates it at one of it's extremities. But however vast it may be, I think it much too small for giving festivals to the People of Paris.
I have to propose a space much more capacious, more within reach, and the architecture of which is already completed. There is no one square in Paris capable of containing so much as the tenth part of her population; and on the supposition that it
were possible to assemble the whole in some adjacent plain, such as that of Sablons, it would ever be an insurmountable obstacle to this universal assemblage, that the distance of the greater part of the inhabitants from their own home, would be far too remote. Paris nearly a league and a half in diameter. Add to that distance, which must be tramped on foot, in the heat of the Sun, by most of the women and children in coming and going, a circumstance which involves, in Paris, the necessity of interrupting the circulation of carriages and of people on horseback, the confusion inseparable from great multitudes which, collected in a single mass, bears always heavy on their centre.
In order to assemble commodiously the People of Paris, they must not be withdrawn to any considerable distance from the City; and as no one place in it can contain the whole, instead of attracting them from the suburbs toward a common centre, it would be proper, on the contrary, to draw them from the centre to the suburbs. Accordingly, in place of convoking them, as under the old Government, to that miserable small Place de la Grede, destined to executions, which have been for so many ages polluting the Hotel de Ville, they must neet on the Boulevards. There they will find a spacious walk several leagues in length, shaded by four rows of trees, without reckoning those which are planted on the outside of the walls. Each Bouvelard is within reach of the inhabitants of it's own quarter; and each inhabitant has it in his power to make the tour, on foot, bn horseback, or in a carriage, of that vast circular space which en:
compasses Paris, enjoying at once the city and the country, as soon as the walls are levelled which intercept the view of it. There results from this choice of situation some other very considerable advantages : such as our being able to employ the superb buildings of the barriers, constructed in form of rotundos, of colossal columns, of pantheons, of Egyptian temples, formerly appropriated as lodging houses for the Clerk of the Exchequer, to serve in future as monuments of the great men who have deserved well of their Country. Their statues might be placed between the columns or upon
the entablature of those edifices at the same barriers where the roads terminate which lead to the provinces from which such great men originally came. Their august images might be made to face toward those same provinces, as if they were in, viting the People of the country to the capital to take an interest in the inhabitants of the provinces. Each of these monuments might be devoted as a place of transient hospitality to poor travellers.
There we should read, on large tablets of stone, inscriptions relative to the great men who attained the rank, of tutelary deities from the services which they rendered to the unfortunate. On patriotic feast days, they might be decorated with garlands of foliage and flowers; there it would be proper
to make distributions of provision among the people, and at night they might be illuminated with rows of lamps. Those temples of hospitality, of an antique architecture, linked together by a triple avenue of trees in verdure, filled with a peopeople free and happy; would form around Paris a
crown of felicity and glory which would render her the capital of the Nations.
The Constituent Assembly decreed that the new church of Sainte-Genevieve should serve as a receptacle for the remains of the great men who shall have merited well of the Nation. As these. Illustrious Citizens are frequently of different commu- nions which excommunicate' each other, it has been deemed
proper, that there may be no discord among them at least after death, to admit no kind of religious worship in the temple where their ashes repose. An interesting memoir has appeared on this subject, in which it is proposed to dedicate the Altar of that church to the COUNTRY, and there to administer the oaths of office to Magistrates. But where are the virtues which can rest on any other foundation than the Supreme Being who bestows them, and who alone can suitably reward them?
I could wish then that this monument might be consecrated to Deity by these words: To GOD, THE FATHER OF ALL MEN. The memoir to which I have referred, observes that sculpture ought to be employed in figurative representations, at the extremities of the nave, of four religions, the Jewish, the Greek, the Roman and the Gallician. I know not what train of reflection could have suggested the symbols of four religions geperated the one from the other, which hate and persecute each other. It seems to me much more conformable to the design, to introduce the primitive or patriarchial religion, from which all the rest have emanated, and to constitute the first
Magistrates the pontiffs of it. It's ancient worship, simple and diffused over the whole earth, would adapt itself to the great men of every communion, as they must derive their greatness entirely from the services they have rendered to mankind. It is the only one which unites men of all religions, for there is no one but what admits DEITY as it's principle and as it's end. The dead would thus convey lessons of toleration to the living.
I cannot terminate this article better, than by subjoining an oriental anecdote, much calculated to inspire all men with mutual religious toleration.