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exposed to diseases and violent passions, and who attain the greatest longevity. Such are in Europe a great proportion of the Swiss. Most of the pea. santry, who are in all countries the healthiest and most vigorous part of the community, eat very little flesh. The Russians observe the season of Lent and other days of abstinence innumerable, from which even the soldiery is not exempted; they are nevertheless capable of enduring every species and degree of fatigue. : The Negroes, who in our Colonies are doomed to labour so severe, live entirely on manioc, potatoes and maize. The Bramins of India, who' frequentiy live beyond a century, eat nothing but vegetables. From the Pythagorean school it was that Epaminondas issued forth, a man so renowned for for his virtus, Archytas celebrated for his skill in mechanics, Milo of Crotona for his strength, and Pythagoras himself, the finest man of his day, and beyond the power of contradiction the most enlightened, for he was the father of philosophy among the Greeks. As vegetable diet has a necessary connection with many virtues, and excludes no one, it must be of importance to accustom young people to it, seeing it's influence is so considerable and so happy on beauty of person and tranquillity of soul. This regimen prolongs infancy, and of consequence the duration of human life. I have seen an instance of it in an English youth of fifteen, who had not the appearance of being so much as twelve. He was a most interesting figure, possessed of health the most vigorous, and of a disposition the most gentle: he performed the longest journeys


on foot, and never lost temper whatever befel hiin. His father, whose name was Pigot, told me that he had brought him up entirely under the Pythagoric regimen, the good effects of which he had learned by his own experience. He had formed the project of employing part of his fottune, which was considerable, in the establishment, in some part of British America, of a Society of Pythagoreans, who should employ themselves in training, under the same regimen, the children of the American colonists, in the practice of all the arts connected with agriculture. May Heaven prosper such a plan of education, worthy of the most glorious periods of antiquity! It is no less adapted to a warlike than to ani agricultural Nation. The children of the Persians, in the time of Cyrus, and by his orders, were fed with bread, water and ctésses: they elected leaders' among themselves, to whom they yielded prompt obedience; they formed Assemblies in which, as in those of their fathers, were discussed all the questions which concerned the public good. With these children it was, after they had become men, that Cyrus effected the conquest of Asia. I observe that Lycurgus introduced a considerable part of the physical and moral regimen of the children of the Persians, into the education of those of Lacedemon.,' 'I

It is at least indispensably necessary to teach our children what they are bound to practise when they are grown men, and to prepare the rising generation for relishing our new Constitution, for fear lest one day, out of emulation with respect to their fathers, as we have frequeutly done respect ing outs, they should think of subverting all our A a 4


Laws, merely to gratify the vanity of substituting others in their place. : From a national education, connected with our future legislation, there will result a Constitution appropriate to our occasions and to those of our posterity. The effect of this will be, that the greatest part of men of superior minds, being no longer repelled from public employments, by their venality, will not hencefor- ward seclude themselves in Academies and Universities, to devote their whole attention to the affairs of Greece and Rome, in which they oblige us to admire their powers of thought, though they are scarcely ever employed in the service of their Country; like those antique vases which give us pleasure from the beauty of their forms, but serve na purpose except to make a shew in our cabinets, because they were not fabricated for use.

: Having made provision for the felicity of the French Nation, by all the means capable of perpetuating the duration of it within the Kingdom, it would be worthy of the National Assembly to direct it's attention to those which may secure it exterpally, by proper arrangements with foreign Nations. A 13';

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THE same policy which, for their common happiness, unites all the families of a Nation among themselves, ought to unite all the nations of the Globe to each other, for they are the families of the human race., All men mutually communicate, even


without any doubt on the subject, their calamities and their benefits, from one extremity of the Earth to the other. The greatest part of our wars, of our epidemic disorders, of our prejudices, of our errors, have come to us from without. The same thing is true as to our arts, our sciences, and our laws. But without going farther than to the blessings of Nature, let us çast an eye on our plains. We are indebted for almost all the vegetables, with which they are enriched, to the Egyptians, to the Greeks, to the Romans, to the Americans, to savage Nations. Our flax comes from the banks of the Nile, the vine from the Archipelago, the corn-plant from Sicily, the walnut-tree from Crete, the pear-tree from Mount Ida, the lucern from Media, the potatoe from America, the cherry-tree from the Kingdom of Pontus, and so of the rest. What a delightful harmony is this day formed of the assemblage of those foreign vegetables all over the mountains and plains of France! It looks as if Nature, like a King, were there assembling her Estates-general. We there distinguish different orders, as aniong the men of the country. Here are the humble grassy plants, which like the peasantry produce useful harvests: out of their bosom rise the fruit trees, whose productions though less necessary are more agreeable, but which require the operation of grafting, and aculture more assiduous, like our burghers. On the high grounds are the oaks, the firs, and the other powers of the forests, who like the Nobility shelter the low-lands from the winds, or like the Clergy raise themselves to Heayen to catch it's refreshing dews. In the cor,


ner of a valley are nursery grounds like schools in which are reared the youths of the orchards and of the woods. No one of their vegetables injures another; all enjoy the benefits of the soil and of the Sun; all contribute mutual assistance, and lend to each other mutal graces. The weakest serve as ornaments to the most robust, and the more robust as a support to the feeble. The evergreen ivy mantles round the rugged bark of the oak; the gilded mistletoe glitters through the dusky foliage of the alder; the trunk of the maple encircles itself with garlands of honeysuckle, and the pyramidical poplar of Italy raises toward Heaven the empurpled clusters of the vine. Each class of vegetables has it's proper bird for it's orator: the lark warbles as he soars above the swelling harvest; the turtle murmurs and sighs from the summit of an elm; the nightingale utters her plaintive strain from the bosom of a thorny brake. At the different seasons of the year, tribes of swallows, of quails, of plovers, of loriots, of red-breasts, arrive from the North or from the South, build their nests in our plains, and go to rest in the caravanseras which Nature had prepared for them. Each of them addresses his petition to the Sun, as to a King, and implores the diffusion of his blessings over the district which he inhabits. They sojourn in our fields, our fallows and our groves, only because they recognize in thein the plants of their own country, and find among us the means of living in abundance. Man alone finds no asylum in the possessions of Man, if he has the misfortune to be a stranger. In vain does the Italian sigh at

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