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even in the eyes of the men of the World: “Do not “ to another what you would not another should do “ unto you.” Let them consider that this people, whò in times past so liberally endowed them, is pow sinking under a load of impositions; that the vices against which they have been so long preaching are not infused into Man by Nature, but they are the necessary results of our political Institu, tions; that they spring out of the extreme opu. lence of a small number of citizens who have swallowed up every thing, and out of the absolute indigence of an inconceivable number of others who no longer possess any thing; that on the one part, opulence produces voluptuousness, avarice, monopolies, ambition, which of themselves occasion so many woes to mankind; and that on the other, poverty reduces young women to the necessity of prostituting themselves, mothers to expose their own children, and that it generates sedition, theft, quackery, superstition, and that innumerable mul. titude of miserable beings, who, stripped of every thing by the first, are reduced to the necessity of finding a livelihood at their expense.

I could wish therefore that the Clergy would step forth to the relief of the wretched, and first of all make provision for the necessities of the poor members of their own body; that there may not be a single Ecclesiastic destitute of the decent means of support. Not a simple village Vicar ought to be without the actual necessaries of life so long as his Bishop enjoyed a superfluity, It accordingly appears reasonable to me, that the National Assembly should employ the revenues of


the rich Abbeys, founded of old by the Nation, in distributions, diffused over the whole Kingdom, by the provincial Assemblies, to the indigent of all countries, and of every communion, known and unknown, after the example of the good Samaritan; for the charity of the Gospel should extend to men of every Religion, and French hospitality to the men of all Nations.

It is of essential importance that the Clergy should abolish in their own order those strange and shameful establishments, totally unknown to the Greeks, the Romans, and even to the Barba rians, I mean Convents, which in France are merely houses of confinement and correction. Those dolorous abodes, in which Monks undertake, for

pay, the infliction of domestic and public vindictive punishment, are scattered in such numbers over the Kingdom, and have become so detestable as to tarnish the very names of the Saints whom they have presumed to adopt as patrons. In some of them are still to be seen cages of iron, the cruel invention of Louis XI. Most of them labour under a reputation so disgraceful, from the penances which they inflict, that a young man, or young woman, derives more infamy from having been an inmate, than from having been shut up in a common prison. Hence Monks and Nuns refase to blush at executing the abominable functions of gaolers and executioners for the sake of a paltry emolument. Is it not wonderfully strange that persons consecrated to God, who professionally preach up humanity, consolation, and the forgiveness of injuries, should have suffered themselves to be made the instruments of cruelty,



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of infamy and of vengeance, to acquire a little wealth; and that on the other hand, the people should have seen the creation of such houses, more cruel and more degrading than the Bastile, without perceiving the manifest contradiction between the doctrine and the practice of the persons who established them ?. It belongs to the State, and not the Monks, to punish offenders against the State. :

I could farther wish that the Clergy, having contributed from their superfluity a supply for indigence, the source of so many private vices, would thunder their eloquence against ambition, that fertile source of public and private vice: that they would proscribe the first lessons of it in our schools, into which it has found admission under the name of emulation, and from infancy arms fellow citizens against each other, by instilling into every child this pernicious maxim, “Be the first :” let the preachers of the Gospel inveigh vehemently, in the name of GOD, against the ambition of the Poteptates of Europe, which results from the am- / bitious education they procure for their subjects, and which, after having brought an accumulation of misery on their own People, communicates that misery to the Human Race: let those sacred Ministers of Peace attack the sacrilegious Laws of War; let themselves desist from the practice of de. corating our Temples dedicated to Charity, with banners won by shedding the blood of Nations; let them strenuously oppose the slavery of the Negroes, who are our brethren by the Laws of Nature and of Religion; let them withhold their benediction from vessels employed in this infamous


traffic, as well as from the standards around which our sanguinary soldiers assemble; let them, refuse their ministrations to every one who contributes toward the increase of human wretchedness; let them make the reply to the Powers who would engage them to consecrate the instruments of their politics, which the priestess Theano made to the People of Athens when they tried to persuade her to pronounce a malediction upon Alcibiades,

, though convicted of having profaned the mysteries of Ceres: “ I am a Priestess to offer up pray“ers and implore blessings, not to execrate and “ devote to destruction.”

Let our Priests then say to ambitious Potentates: 6. We are not sent to excite men to the furies of

war, but to concord, love and peace; not to pronouncé a blessing on ships of war, on vessels

engaged in the Slave-trade, on regiments; but, " after the example of the blessed JEsus, on little “children, on marriages and on harmless festivity.”

Thus the French Clergy, by taking a lively interest in the condition of suffering humanity, will render themselves dear to the men of all Nations. They will have the satisfaction of beholding their religious Empire revive in the hearts of the People, as in the early ages when 'the Gospei was first preached, and, when, speaking in the nanie of the GOD of Peace, they made tyrants tremble,


WISHES FOR THE NOBILITY. MAY that Nobility, who in barbarous ages presented to the People models of heroism in times of var, and of urbanity in times of Peace, exhibit to them a pattern of every patriotic virtue in an age of illumination! It is my earnest wish that they should not only march, as heretofore, at the head of their warriors, to defend them against external enemies, or to protect the weaker of them from the oppression of domestic foes, as in the days of ancient chivalry, but that, rising to the patrician greatness of old Rome, they would adopt into their bosom the plebeian families who may render themselves illustrious by virtue. Thus were the Catos and the Scipios adopted into noble families. May they farther, after the example of the Roman Nobility, ally themselves with the people by the bonds of marriage! Augustus, in the zenith of his glory, gave his only daughter Julia in marriage to the plebeian Agrippa; and Tiberius on the throne, married his grand-daughter Drusilla, and daughter of Germanicus, to Lucius Cassius, “of an ancient and “honourable plebeian extraction,” to use the ex, pression of Tacitus. Our own Kings themselves have often contracted similar marriages. Henry IV. who valued himself on being the first Gentleman in his kingdom, took to wife Mary de Medicis, who descended from a family who were once merchants at Florence. The Nobility in our days, it is true, are coming nearer to the people by forming plebeian alliances, but if they were more fre. quent, and had not fortune merely for their ob


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