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THE

CONTAINING

A concise and impartial Collection os News,

INTRODUCTION.

THE Proprietors of The Student: Or, The Oxford and Cambridce Monthly Miscellany, sensible of the great Obligations they owe to the Publick, and willing in return to give all the Satisfaction in their Power, have, in compliance with the Request of many, but especially their Country Readers, subjoined an additional Hal/Sheet; containing, a compleat Summary of 'whatever is comprehended under the Denomination of News. This they intend to give away Gratis every Month; and as it no ways interseres with the rest of their Work, it will be printed on a different Letter, and paged separately; with an Intent that (when the Number is susficient) they may be collected and bound together in a Volume by themselves. This, they hope, will appear to be no inconsiderable Improvement of their original Design, and must certainly be useful to some; — at least, as it is no Expence to the Purchaser, it can offend nobody.- As to the Execution, that surely cannot fall Jhort of the present Monthly Productions. — But their Aim is much higher. The fame Spirit and Dignity which has hitherto commanded Success, will be exerted and preserved in this as well as the other Parts of their Undertaking: Nor let it be thought Arrogance in the Authors to add, that even in this Point they have as little to feai from the Rival/hip of others.

B

FOREIGN NEWS.

PORTUGAL. which his Catholick Majesty pretends

TH E king of Portugal has they shall behave there towards Engiven orders, that for the glim ships failing directly to their future no person condemned own Colonies: And that as for the to death by the inquisition, shall be last depredations complained of, they executed, until the sentence has been mould be enquir'd into with the most seen and approved by his council, scrupulous attention, and due fatisand signed by his majesty; and faction made for the damage done to at the fame time he has given the owners of any vessels that may great fatisfaction t(j the people at have been unjustly taken or visited. Lisbon, by obtaining of the court of ITALY. Spain, an explanation of the treaty The Genoese have at last agreed onconcluded by his father, by which it a regulation of their bank of St. is stipulated, that the limits of the George, which bears date the 12th two empires in America shall be ult. N. S. and was puBfished the 6th marked out and fully fettled, before inst. In the preamble they emphathe town of Sacrament be given up: tically set forth the misfortunes And that the term of five years shall brought upon the republick in the be allowed for that purpose; in which year 1746, which forced them, for time the merchants hope, that some the first time, to lay hands on the new incident may happen for pre- facred depofi, to draw out of it fifteen venting the cestion of that town, millions of livers, and consequently which they look on as the bulwark of to stop payment of its notes. Now the mines in Brazil, and their chief to restore the credit of this bank, they mart in that part of the world. have determined, that in a very short

There has been a violent Earth- time all the old bills and notes of this quake in the Island of St Vincent in bank shall be united, and constitute the Brazils, by which the town of a new fund, to be called Consccrazione, Santos and part of the fortress of and to be divided into so many actions St Vincent were destroy'd. By the or shares, of 200 livers each, bank masters of feveral ships from the money, which actions shall every year Levant, we hear that the plague, in certain portions be publickly drawn which has raged there for sometime, by lot, and paid by the treasurer achas entirely ceased. cording to their just value of 200 ef

SPAIN. festive livers, bank money. As a

Madrid, Dec. 3. N. S. Mr Keene sinking fund for this purpose, th* delivered his master's ratification of the republick has made over to the house new treaty of convention, and at the of St. George, as they call the bank, fame time communicated to our mini- several new duties; and to make this fters a new commission, with which fund the more considerable, the house he is charged, of infinitely more im- is to pay out of its old income, half portance than that which he had so the interest fettled upon the actions happily concluded 5 which are, That of the new stock, till its entire exhaving complain'd to the Spaniih Mi- tinction.

nistry of the new Depredations com- The infanta, duchess of Parma, was mitted by their Garda de la Ccstas in on the zd. inst. N. S. brought to bed the West-Indies, M. de Carvajal made of a prince.

Answer, That all Depredations, or Naples, Jan, 29. The new gang illegal Visits, if any such had been of freebooters, who have assembled committed, would cease of courfe, as themselves together in Terracina and soon as they mould be inform'd in the Parts adjacent, being the remArnerica of the Treaty lately concluded nants of the party, under that notohetween the two Crowns, and receive rious villain Mastrigly, and who have •rdirs concerning the manner in at present at their Head, as their

captains

captains and ringleaders the sons, and one of the nephews of the faid Mastrigly, still continuing from time to time to make their incursions and outrages in those provinces in particular of this kingdom, which belong to the Ecclesiastical State, his Majesty has been pleased to issue out express orders for the immediate march of several strong detachments out of his troops, in order to give a check to their insolence, and if possible to destroy them, and by that means to fecure the lives and etfects of his good subjects from being lost and plunder'd ty such a den of thieves.

TURKEY. The grand signior has admitted even to the most secret consultations of the divan, the sultan Ibrahim, his nephew, the son of Achmet HI. deposed in 1704, and who was declared successor to the empire in March 1736. This prince is much beloved by the Janissaries, because they perceive in him a martial genius, which they like in their sovereigns. This disposition makes them somewhat displeased with the pacifick reign of the prefent sultan, who has deposed four grand vizirs, because their measures were such as tended to engage him in it.

FRANCE. The christenings in Paris for the year 1750 amount to 19031?, marriages 4619, burials 1S0S4, foundling children 3785.

An edict for establishing a royal military School imports, that there Æall be eight classes of children admitted into it. The 1st composed of orphans, whose fathers have been killed in the fervice, or died of their wounds. The ad, of children whose fathers have died of a natural death in the service, or retired after having been 30 years in commission. The 3d of children burthensome to their mothers, and whofe fathers were killed in the fervice. The 4th, of children burthensome to their mothers, and whose fathers died in the service, or retired after having been 30 years in commission. The 5th, of those whose fathers are actually in the fervice. The 6th, of those whose fathers shall have quitted the fervice because of their intirmities or age.

The 7th, of children whose fathers have not ferved, but whose ancestors have. The last, of children of the other noblesse, who, through their indigence, shall have occasion for the assistance of this school. They shall enjoy the fame rights and privileges as the hotel royal of invalids.

As his most christian majesty was some few days ago taking the diversion of stag-hunting- the beast finding himself distressed, turned short, and made head at his majesty; but Mr. d'Estournelles being apprehensive of the danger his majesty was in, threw himself in his way, and prevented his progress; by which bold and brave attempt, he was wounded in the leg, and his horse was most desperately gored by the animal's antlers- Afterwards the rest of the sportsmen coming up, gave him a fresh chace, and killed him soon after.

Two celebrated actors, Ribou and Rozelli, having differed about their characters, in the play of Andromachus, met to dispute the point in the field, when the former was killed upon the spot.

We are assured, that ten men of war of the line will be launch'd in the spring, and that our marine is intended to be augmented to what it was in the reign of Lewis XIV. it having since that time been lessened every year, by a different turn of politicks.

NETHERLANDS.

From Holland we hear, that the people there are very uneasy about two projects now on foot, one upon the north, and the other upon the south side of that republick. The first is the East-India company proposed by the king of Prussia to be set up in Embden, which may draw many Dutch merchants to settle there, and very much diminish their exports of EastIndia goods to the Baltick and Germany; and the other is a canal which is proposed to be made from Ostend, by the way of Bruges, to Ghent, deep and wide enough for three mast ships; and as from Ghent there is a communication by the river Schelde down to Antwerp, and up the Schelde and the Lys through a great part of Flanders, and some part of Hainault, they

B 2 think

think it will diminish their trade with * election, in order to prove the lethe Austrian Netherlands, for which 'gality thereof. If it unfortunately reason they have found out, that this 'happens that his imperial majesty last project is contrary to the spirit of 'should die, which God forbid, what the treaty of Westphalia, and are 'a situation would the empire be in, making strong remonstrances against it 'being then govern'd by an emperor at the court of Vienna. 'a minor, and under guardianship?

The states of Zealand have resclv- 'The king would therefore rather adtd upon a new negotiation for life- •« vise their majesties to wait'till that rents, to be drawn by way of a lot- 'young prince is of age, before they tery, consisting of six classes; the 'bring this election on the carpet, as first class to bear 5 per Cent. interest, 'such a delay would likewise render the second 6 per Cent. the third 7 per « the election more conformable to Cent. the fourth 8 per Cent. the fifth * the laws, to the constitution of the 9 per Cent. and the last 10 per Cent. 'empire, and to the majesty of the The Spanish ambasfador, having re- ( germanick body.* ceived the necessary instructions from For the better understanding this his court, went this day about three declaration, it is proper to observe, that of the clock, to wait upon the prince tho' a king of the Romans may be Stadtholder, with a very handsome chosen at any age, and when so chosen retinue. His serene highness is to re- always succeeds to the empire, withturn him the visit to-morrow. The 0ut any other election, yet no emperor fame ceremonial is used upon this oc- ;s esteemed of age before 18 years; cafion, as was settled lately for the so that the government of the empire French ambassador. must be in a regency till he comes of

GERMANY. age. The house of Austria was once

The answer of the king of Prussia so powerful, that their emperors proto the memorial of the emperor re- cured their sons to be elected kings lating to the election of a king of the 0f the Romans at what age they pleasRomans. ed; but the eldest son of Ferdinand III.

'The king is ever inclined to seize dying before his father, and before 'all opportunities of obliging their Leopold the iA son, grandfather to 'imperial majesties, the emperor and her imperial majesty, was chosen king 'empress queen: He would even do 0f the Romans, the empire was abso'it in regard to the election cf a king sotely without a head for almost a. 'of the Romans in favour of the arch- year and a half; during which time 'duke Joseph : Nay, his majesty more- the French made great interest to pre'over acknowledges, that as matters vent Leopold's election, but in vain, 'now stand in the empire, that prince sor he was unanimously chosen at 'would be a candidate deserving of Ratisbon, the very day that compleat'the most notice. But the king ed the 18th year of his age, and qua'leaves their imperial majesties to con- lify'd him for government according to 'sider, whether it would not be the constitution of the golden bull. 'hastening that election too much, to The alliance lately concluded with 'bring it on whilst the emperor is in Russia, which is regarded as tie work 1 the flower of his age, while he en- of his Britannick majesty, occasions 'joys perfect health, and all Europe, much fatisfaction at Vienna. 'and the empire in particular, are P O L A N D.

'in a state of profound tranquillity. The nobility of this country have 'Besides nothing can be alledged for great power, but are so much divided 'the necessity of such an election; into factions, that their diet and other 'no, not even the motives alledged assemblies generally terminate with'in the capitulation of the reigning out producing any advantage to the 'emperor; the examination of which community. Such has been the issue * motives, wherein the whole empire of their last senate. The quarrels be'has an interest according to the 8th tween the powerful families have often 'article of the treaty of Westphalia, proceeded to blood and slaughter; 'ought necessarily to precede that there is no hint of such calamity now

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