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ROM. II), 811.

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evil-doers, they may be ashamed that with himself, God, I thank thee, that falsely accuse your good conversation I am not as other men are, extortionin Christ. For it is better, if the will ers, unjust, adulterers, or even as this of God be so, that ye suffer for well- Publican. I fast twice in the week, doing than for evil-doing, 1 Pet. iii. I give tithes of all that I possess. 16, 17.

And the Publican, standing afar off, Moreover the law entered that the would not lift up so much as his eyes offence might abound. But where unto heaven, but smote upon his sin abounded, grace did much more breast, saying, God be merciful to me abound, Rom. v. 20. What then shall a simer. I tell you, this man went we say? Shall we continue in sin, down to his house justified rather than that grace may abound ? vi. 1. What the other : for every one that exalt. then ? shall we sin, because we are eth himself shall be abased; and he not under the law, but under grace ? that humbleth himself sball be er. God forbid, 15. What shall we say alted, xvii. 9—14. For who maketh then ? Is the law sin? God forbid. thee to differ from another? and what Nay I had not known sin, but by the hast thou that thou didst not receive? law : for I had not known lust, ex now if thou didst receive it, why dost cept the law bad said, Thou shalt not thou glory, as if thou badst not recovet, vii .7. For there are certain menceived it ; 1 Cor. iv, 7. crept in unawares, who were before b For as many as are of the works of old ordained to this condemnation, of the law are under the curse: for it ungodly men, turning the grace of our is written, Cursed is every one that God into lasciviousness, and denying continueth not in all things which are the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus written in the book of the law to do Christ, Jude 4.

them, Gal. iii. 10. But the Scripture

hath concluded all under sin, that the VER. 9.

promise by faith of Jesus Christ might Τί ούν και προεχόμεθα και Ου πάντως προη- | be given to them that believe, 28. τιασάμεθα γαρ Ιουδαίους τε και Έλληνας πάντας υφ' αμαρτίας είναι:

VER. 10. What then ? * are we better than they? oude ele

Καθώς γέγραπται· "οτι ουκ έστι δίκαιος No, in no wise : for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are

As it is written, a There is none rigtall under sin ;

teous, no, not one : a Even the righteousness of God

a See on Matt. vii. ver. 11. clause 1. which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto

and ix. ver. 12. all and upon all them that believe :

VER. 11. for there is no difference : For all

Oix ictiv o cunsăr, oix icter • izstá have sinned, and come short of the Roy Debr. glory of God, ver. 22, 23. Which

There is a that understandeth, say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me: for I am holier than thou.

b there is none that seeketh after Gala These are a smoke in my nose, a fire * Professing themselves to be wise that burneth all the day, Isa. Ixv. 5. they became fools, Rom. i. 92. And Now when the Pharisee which had even as they did not like to retain bidden him, saw it, he spake within God in their knowledge, God gave himself, saying, This man, if he were them over to a reprobate mind, to do a prophet, would have known who those things which are not convenient, and what manner of woman this is that 28. The Lord looked down from toucheth him : for she is a sinner, heaven upon the children of men, to Luke vii. 39. And he spake this see if there were any that did under parable unto certain which trusted in stand, und seek God. Have all the themselves that they were righteous, workers of iniquity po knowledge! and despised others : Two men went who eat up my people as they eat up into the temple to pray; the one bread, and call not upon the LORD, a Pharisee, and the other a 'Publican. Psal. xiv. 9, 4. Understand, ye brutThe Pharisee stood, and prayed thus ish among the people : and ye fools,


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ROM. III. 11, 12.

A. D. 60. when will ye be wise ? xciv. 8. The be, Rom. viii. 7. What is the Al. fear of the LORD is the beginning of mighty, that we should serve him? knowledge : but fools despise wisdom and what profit should we have, if we and instruction, Prov. i. 7. How long, pray unto him? Lo, their good is not ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? in their hand : the counsel of the and the scorners delight in their scom- wicked is far from me, Job xxi. 15, ing, and fools hate knowledge, 22. 16. For the people tumeth not unto For that they hated knowledge, and him that smiteth them, neither do did not choose the fear of the LORD. they seek the LORD of hosts, Isa. ix. They would none of my counsel : 13. Woe to them that go down to they despised all my reproof, 29, 30. Egypt for help; and stay on horses, When the boughs thereof are withered, and trust in chariots, because they are they shall be broken off : the women many; and in horsemen, because they come, and set them on fire : for it is a are very strong ; but they look not people of no understanding : therefore unto the Holy One of Israel, neither he that made them will not have seek the LORD, xxxi. 1. Seek ye the mercy on them, and he that formed Lord while he may be found, call them will shew them no favour, Isa. ye upon him while he is near, lv. 6. xxvii. 11. For my people is foolish, I am sought of them that asked not they have not known me: they are for me ; I am found of them that sought sottish children, and they have done me not: I said, Behold me, behold understanding : they are wise to do me, unto a nation that was not called evil, but to do good they have no by my name, lxv. 1. And the pride knowledge, Jer. iv. 22. My people of Israel testifieth to his face: and are destroyed for lack of knowledge : they do not return to the LORD their because thou hast rejected knowledge, God, nor seek him for all this, Hos. I will also reject thee, that thou shalt vii. 10. be no priest to me: seeing thou hast

VER. 12, forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children, Hos. iv. 6.

Ιάντες εξέκλιναν, άμα ηχειώθησαν: Therefore speak Ito them in parables: ουκ έστι ποιών χρηστότητα, ούκ έστιν έως because they seeing, see not : and

ενός. . hearing they hear not, neither do they

They are all gone out of the way, understand. And in them is fulfilled they are together b become unprofitable; the prophecy of Esaias, which saith,

cthere is noe that doeth good, no, not By hearing ye shall hear, and shall one. not understand : and seeing ye shall • They have turned aside quickly out see, and shall not perceive, Matt. xiii. of the way which I commanded them : 13, 14. When any one heareth the they bave made them a molten calf, word of the kingdom, and understand and have worshipped it, and have saeth it not, then cometh the wicked crificed thereunto, and said, These be one, and catcheth away that which thy gods, O Israel, which have brought was sown in his heart. This is he thee up out of the land of Egypt, which received seed by the way-side, Exod. xxxii. 8. They are all gone 19. For we ourselves also were aside, they are all together become sometimes foolish, disobedient, de- blthy; there is none that doeth good, ceived, serving divers lusts and plea- no, not one, Psal. xiv. 3. Lo, this sures, living in malice and envy, hate- only have I found, that God bath made ful and hating one another, Tit. iii. 3. man upright; but they have sought And we know that the Son of God is out many inventions, Eccl. vii. 29. come, and hath given us an under- All we like sheep have gone astray; standing, that we may know him that we have turned every one to his own is true, and we are in him that is true, way; and the LORD hath laid on him even in bis Son Jesus Christ. This is the iniquity of us all, Isa. liii. 6. the true God, and eternal life, 1 John The way of peace they know not ; v. 20.

and there is no judgment in their gob Because the carnal mind is enmity ings; they have made them crooked against God : for it is not subject to paths : whosoever goeth therein shall the law of God, neither indeed can not know peace, lix. 8. For my peo.

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ROM. III. 12, 13.

A. D. 60. ple have committed two evils; they | Phil. ii. 12, 13. Looking for that bave forsaken me the fountain of liv- blessed hope, and the glorious aping waters, and hewed them out cis- pearing of the great God and our Saterns, broken cisterns, that can hold vioor Jesus Christ; Who gave himno water, Jer. ii. 13. Among whom self for us, that he might redeem us also we all had our conversation in from all iniquity, and purify unto times past in the lusts of our flesh, himself a peculiar people, zealous of fulfilling the desires of the flesh and good works, Tit. ii. 13, 14. Do not of the mind; and were by nature the err, my beloved brethren. Erery children of wrath, even as others, good gift and every perfect gift is Eph. ii. 3. For ye were as sheep from above, and cometh down from going astray: but are now returned the Father of lights, with wbom is no unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your variableness neither shadow of tumsouls, 1 Pet. ii. 25.

ing, Jam. i. 16, 17. b And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very

VER. 13. good. And the evening and the morn Τάφος ανεωγμένος ο λάρυγξ αυτών ταις ing were the sixth day. Gen. i. 31. yaorais aitär idoncūrar. ics écoles And it repented the LoRD that he | υπό τα χείλη αυτών. had made man on the earth, and it

a Their throat is an open sepnlehre; grieved him at his heart. And the Lord said, I will destroy man, whom the poison of asps is under their lips :

c with their tongues they have used deceit; I have created, from the face of the earth ; both man and beast, and the a For there is no faithfulness in their creeping thing, and the fowls of the mouth; their inward part is very air : for it repenteth me that I have wickedness; their throat is an open made them, ví. 6,7. And cast ye the sepulchre, Psal. v. 9. Their quiver unprofitable servant into outer dark is an open sepulchre, they are all ness: there shall be weeping and mighty men, Jer. v. 16. Woe unto gnashing of teeth, Matt. xxv. 30. you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypoWhich in time past was to thee un crites ! for ye are like unto whited profitable, but now profitable to thee sepulchres, which indeed appear beauand to me, Philem. 11.

tiful outward, but are within full of c The fool bath said in his heart, dead men's bones, and of all uncleanThere is no God. Corrupt are they, and ness. Even so ye also outwardly aphave done abominable iniquity: there péar righteous unto men, but within is none that doeth good, Psal. liii. 1. ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity, For there is not a just man upon earth, Matt. xxiii. 27, 28. that doeth good and sinneth not, b They flatter with their tongue, Eccl. vii. 20. But we are all as an Psal, v. 9. The LORD shall cut off unclean thing, and all our righteous- all flattering lips, and the tongue that nesses are as filthy rags; and we all speaketh proud things. Who have do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, said, With our tongue will we prelike the wind, have taken us away, vail; our lips are our own: who is Isa. Ixiv. 6. For by grace are ye lord over us? xii. 3, 4. The words saved through faith; and that not of of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: yourselves; it is the gift of God: Not of he hath left off to be wise, and to do works, lest any man should boast. good, xxxvi. 3. Thy tongue deviseth For we are bis workmanship, created mischiefs ; like a sharp razor, workin Christ Jesus unto good works, ing deceitfully, lii. 2. My soul is which God hath before ordained that among lions : and I lie epen anong we should walk in them, Eph. ii. them that are set on fire, even the sous 8-10. Wherefore, my beloved, as of men, whose teeth are spears and ye have always obeyed, not as in my arrows, and their tongue a sharp presence only, but now much more in sword, lvii. 4. For your hands are my absence, work out your own sal. defiled with blood, and your fingers vation with fear and trembling, For it with iniquity : your lips have spoken is God which worketh in you both to lies, your tongue hath muttered per. will and to do of his good pleasure, 1 verseness, Isa. lix. 3. And they bead

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ROM. III. 13-18.

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their tongues like their bow for lies; as he delighted not in blessing, so let but they are not valiant for the truth it be far from him: As he clothed upon the earth ; for they proceed from himself with cursing like as with his evil to evil, and they know not me, garment, so let it come into his bowels saith the LORD. And they will de- like water, and like oil into his bones, ceive every one his neighbour, and cix. 17, 18. Out of the same mouth will not speak the truth: they have proceedeth blessing and cursing. My taught their tongue to speak lies, und brethren, these things ought not so to weary themselves to commit iniquity, be, Jam. iii. 10. Jer. ix. 3—5. O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good

VER. 15. things ? for out of the abundance of οξείς οι πόδες αυτών εκχέαι αίμα. the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of

Their feet are swift to shed blood : the heart bringeth forth good things :

a For their feet run to evil, and and an evil man out of the evil trea make haste to shed blood, Prov. i. sure bringeth forth evil things, Matt.

16. An heart that deviseth wicked xii. 34, 35. Even so the tongue is a imaginations, feet that be swift in little member, and boasteth great running to mischief, vi. 18. Their things. Behold how great a matter, feet run to evil, and they make haste a little fire kindleth! And the tongue to shed innocent blood : their thoughts is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the

are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and tongue among our members, that it destruction are in their paths. The defileth the whole body, and setteth way of peace they know not: and on fire the course of nature; and it is there is no judgment in their goings: set on fire of hell. For every kind of they have made them crooked paths ; beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, whosoever goeth therein shall not and of things in the sea, is tamed, and know peace, Isa. lix. 7, 8. hath been tamed, of mankind : But

VER. 16. the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison,

Συντριμμα και ταλαιπωρία εν ταϊς Jam. iii. 5–8.

οδούς αυτών. o Their wine is the poison of dra. Destruction and misery are in their gons, and the cruel venom of asps, ways: Deut. xxxii. 33. Yet his meat in his

VER. 17. bowels is turned, it is the gall of asps within him. He hath swallowed

Και οδόν ειρήνης ουκ έγνωσαν. . down riches, and he shall vomit them And a the way of peace have they not up again: God shall cast them out of known : his belly. He shall suck the poison

. See on chap. i. ver. 7. clause 5. of asps : the viper's tongue shall slay him, Job ii. 14–16. They have

VER. 18. sharpened their tongues like a ser Ουκ έστι φόβος Θεού απέναντι των οφpent: adders’ poison is under their beauãy aut v. lips : Selah, Psal. cxl. 3.

There is no feur of God before their VER. 14.

eyes. "Ων το στόμα αράς και πικρίας γέμει:

& And Abraham said, Because I Whose a mouth is full of cursing and in this place ; and they will slay me

thought, Surely the fear of God is not bitterness :

for my wife's sake, Gen. xx. 11. The * His mouth is full of cursing, and transgression of the wicked saith deceit, and fraud : under his tongue is within my heart, that there is no fear mischief and vanity, Psal. x. 7. For of God before his eyes, Psal. xxxvi. 1. the sin of their mouth and the words The fear of the LORD is to hate evil : of their lips let them even be taken in pride, and arrogancy, and the evil their pride: and for cursing and lying way, and the froward mouth, do I which they speak, liz. 17. As he hate, Prov. viii. 13. By mercy and lored cursing, so let it come unto him: truth iniquity is purged: and by the

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ROM. III. 18–20,

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fear of the LORD men depart from darkness; there shall be weeping and evil, xvi. 6. Let not thine heart envy gnashing of teeth, Matt. xxii. 12, 13. sinners: but be thou in the fear of the And they which heard it, being conLORD all the day long, xxiii. 17. victed by their own conscience, went But the other answering rebuked out one by one, beginning at the eldest, him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, even unto the last: and Jesus was left seeing thou art in the same condemna- alone, and the woman standing in the tion ? Luke xxiii. 40.

midst, John viii. 9. That no flesh

should glory in his presence, 1 Cor. VER. 19.

i. 29. Οίδαμεν δε ότι όσα ο νόμος λέγει, τοίς c What then? Are we better than iv tớ vórco nade iva Tão atója peamine they? No, in no wise : for ve have και υπόδικος γένηται πάς ο κόσμος τω Θεώ. | before proved both Jews and Gentiles, Now we know thuta what things soever

that they are all under sin, ver. 9. the law saith, it saith to them who are

For all have sinned, and come short under the law : b that every mouth

of the glory of God, 23. Therefore

may be stopped, and all the world may be thou art inexcusable, 0 man, whosocome guilty before God.

ever thou art that judgest: for wherein

thou judgest another, thou condemnest a See on chap. ii. ver. 12. clause 2. thyself : for thou that judgest doest

bGod forbid: yea, let God be true, the same things, ii. 1. For as many and every man a liar; as it is written, as are of the works of the law are That thou mightest be justified in thy under the curse : for it is written, sayings, and mightest overcome when Cursed is every one that continueth thou art judged, ver. 4. For the in- not in all things which are written in visible things of him from the creation the book of the law to do them. Gal. of the world are clearly seen, being iii. 10. But the Scripture hath conunderstood by the things which are cluded all under sin, that the promise made, even his eternal power and by faith of Jesus Christ might be Godhead ; so that they are without given to them that believe, 23. excuse, i. 20. Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art

VER. 20. that judgest: for wherein thou judgest Διότι εξ έργων νόμου ού δικαιωθήσεται another, thou condemnest thyself; for rãsa odpt événiov avtu dià yaa régsso thou that judgest doest the same | επίγνωσις αμαρτίας. things, ii. 1. He will keep the feet Therefore a by the deeds of the law of his saints ; and the wicked shall there shall no flesh be justified in his be silent in darkness : for by strength sight : Cfor by the luw is the knocledge shall no man prevail, 1 Sam. ii. 9. of sin. So the poor hath hope, and iniquity a See on chap. ii. ver. 12. clause 2. stoppeth her mouth, Job v. 16. 1 How then can man be justified know it is so of a truth: but how with God? or how can he be clean should man be just with God? If he that is born of a woman? Job IIF. 4. will contend with him, he cannot an If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquiswer him one of a thousand, ix. 2, 3. ties: 0 LORD, who should stand? The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: Psal. cxxx. 3. And enter not into and all iniquity shall stop her mouth, judgment with thy servant: for in thy Psal. cvii. 42. That thou mayest re- sight shall no man living be justified, member, and be confounded, and never cxliii. 2. open thy mouth any more because of c What shall we say then? Is the thy shame, when I am pacified toward law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had thee for all that thou hast done, saith not known sin, but by the law: for the Lord God, Ez. xvi. 63. And he I had not known lust, except the saith unto him, Friend, how camest law had said, Thou shalt not coret. thou in hither, not having a wedding But sin, taking occasion by the comgarment? And he was speechless. mandment, wrought in me all manner Then said the king to the servants, of concupiscence. For withoat the Bind him hand and foot, and take law, sin was dead. For I was alive him away, and cast him into outer without the law once; but when the

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