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titles of books, pamphlets, etc., but all the important articles in the largest and most valuable works and periodical publications. The number of volumes described not far from 12,000. Many of them are of great value. A very considerable proportion are in the Latin and German languages connected with biblical and theological studies. The library is deficient in English literature. Mr. Taylor will have the thanks of all the friends of the Seminary and of religion for his labor. It is what few persons will fully appreciate. Industry, perseverance, accurate and extensive bibliographical learning have been lavishly expended. We hope to notice the volume more fully hereafter.
The cause of science has lately met with a very severe loss in the death of Nathaniel Bowditeh, LL, D., F. R. S., president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He died in Boston March 16, in the 65th year of his age. His translation of the great work of La Place on Celestial Mechanics, to which he added a commentary and many original notes of his own, has given celebrity to his name throughout the world. His practical works on navigation are of the highest value.
Mr. Marsh's Icelandic Grammar is in the press at Burlington, Vt.-The New York Review is to be hereafter united with the American Quarterly.
Great Britain. Mr. Wilberforce's Life is in the press of Mr. Murray. It will be comprised in four Vols. 8vo., with portraits. It is edited by his sons Rev. Rob. ert I., and Rev. Samuel Wilberforce. The Memoirs are drawn from a jour. nal, in which, during a period of fifty years, Mr. Wilberforce was accustom. ed to record his private sentiments and his remarks on the incidents of the day. The work will be enriched from his correspondence with his distinguished contemporaries.
Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire with notes by Milman and Guizot is publishing in London in monthly volumes. The original, unmutilated text of Gibbon is given, along with a candid and dispassionate examination of his misstatements on the subject of religion.
Lieutenant. Wellsted's Travels in Oman, the Peninsula of Mt. Sinai and along the shores of the Red Sea are in press in two Vols. 8vo.
A Catalogue of the Irregular Greek Verbs, with all their tenses extant, their formation, meaning and usages, has been translated from Buttmann's Ausfabrliche Sprachlehre, by Mr. Fishlake.
Leonard Horner, F. R. S. has translated M. Cousin's " Present State of Education in Holland, with special reference to the schools for tho working classes."
The second and third volumes of Mr. Hallam's • Introduction to the His. tory of Literature in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries," the first volume of which was noticed in our last No., are now in press.
Dr. Carr has been consecrated bishop of Bombay, and Dr. Spencer bishop of Madras; the last as the successor of the holy and venerated bishop Corrie, The distribution, printing, or translation of the Scriptures, in whole or in part, has been promoted by the British and Foreign Bible Society, directly in 66 languages or dialects, indirectly in 69; total 135. The number of versions, omitting those which are printed in different characters only, is 157. Of these, 105 are translations never before printed. Issues of Bibles, since the commencement of the society, 3,990,678; Testaments, 6,302,987; total, 10,293,645. Expenditure from the commencement, £2,291,884.
Belgium. By recent investigations it was ascertained that the scarcity of Bibles is very great. In one village, a Bible was found, which ten or twelve persons subscribed for together, and sent one of their number into Holland to buy ; and there it cost them 42 francs. During the last year, 8420 copies of the Bible were distributed in this country.
Germany. Strauss's Life of Jesus continues to attract great attention. Its publication seems to have been the signal for an avowal of infidelity on the part of multitudes in Germany. The book has been ably examined, and its positions overthrown particularly by Neander and Tholuck.-Gesenius is now prosecuting his labors on his Thesaurus.--Hengstenberg is regarded with increasing fear by the enemies of evangelical religion. His views on church government, church and State, etc, are not of the most tolerant order, Some of the posthumous works of William von Humboldt are looked for with much anxiety. The concluding Nos, of Freytag's Arabic Lexicon do not yet come to hand.—The Leipsic Gazette announces that the new num. ber of Schumacker's Astronomical Notes contains a discovery, made by Dr. Encke, professor of astronomy at Berlin, that the planet Saturn has three rings instead of two, as hitherto believed.
Polynesia. The people of Polynesia have no names for many of the animals mentioned in the Scriptures. They had never seen horses till the missionaries introduced them. At some of the islands the people had pigs in great abundance, and they called the horse " the pig that carries the man.” In the Polynesian dialects, a vowel intervenes between every two consonants. This made it impossible to Tahitianize the word horse, for not only the two consonants must have been divided, but the letter s, not known in the language, must have been changed or omitted. In this case, the missionaries resorted to the Greek, hippos, and rejecting the s and one p, made hipo. In reference to baptism, there was a native word, which signified the application of water, without determining the precise manner in which that water is applied, Lest, however, dispute should arise, they resorted, like the English translators, to the Greek, and chose a term which any native can pronounce and comprehend.
INDEX TO VOL. XI.
Antiquitates Americanae noticed 519.
Lectures on, noticed 515.
Hengstenberg on the Causes of the
Biesenthal's Hebrew Lexicon reviewed
Bush, Prof. Exposition of the Books of
Addison, Joseph, Works of, noticed 257.
of in Greek and Roman writers 203.
Catholic Union on Apostolic Principles,
religious Dissensions 259.
which they are taught in academies and colleges 36 etc. Connection of the Old and New Testaments, by Prof. Twesten of Berlin
Court of Rome, History of, noticed 254. Cousin, Victor, his Life and Works, noticed 519.
Cowper, new edition of his works by Southey and Grimshawe 514. Critical Notices 245, 503.
Day, Pres. on the self-determining Power of the Will 503. Deluges, Historical and Geological, compared 1. Argument from examination of contents of caverns and fissures 1. In a cavern in
Yorkshire, more than twenty species of animals made out from relics 2. The deluges of Geology and of Scripture agree in being comparatively recent 4. In being of great extent 4. The language of Scripture 5. Of commentators 6. Objections 8. Arguments against the identity of the two deluges appear to preponderate 9. Objections derived from Geology, etc. against the truth of the Mosaic history of the deluge considered 10.— viz. It is thought that certain natural processes now going on must have had an earlier date than the Noachian deluge 10. It was formerly urged that it is mathematically impossible for the present oceans of the globe to be raised so high as to cover its whole surface 11. Some parts of the globe are said to exhibit no marks of diluvial agency 12. The existence and preservation of the olive on mount Ararat have been urged as objections 13. Change of climate at the epoch of the geological deluge, etc. 13. Another objection is, that pairs of all the animals on the globe could not 'have been preserved in the ark 14. The present distribution of animals on the globe, etc. 16. Many species, both of animals and plants, are capable of enduring great varieties of climate 16. But the greater part of animals and plants are
confined to particular districts of the globe 17. The deluge may not have been universal 19. A new creation of animals and plants may have taken place subsequent to the deluge 19. Such a hypothesis probable 21. Could any natural causes have produced the deluge? 22. Some suppose the deluge was caused by the approximation of a comet to the earth; some, by the sinking down of continents beneath the ocean, etc. 22. Others impute it to the sudden elevation of the bottom of the ocean, etc. 23. Summary of conclusions from the preceding discussion 25. Denial of the Mosaic Origin of the Pentateuch, Causes of 416. Design of Theological Seminaries 187.
Edwards, B. B. on the Connection between the Old and New Testaments 232.
Europe, State of during the Middle
their Reign, by Prescott 518. Fish, Samuel, M. D. on the Nature of Instinct 74. Fosdick, D. Jr. on Literary Impostures 39.
Fraternal Appeal to the American Churches, together with a Plan for catholic Union, on Apostolic Principles 86.
G. Gospels, the, Evidences of the Genuineness of, by A. Norton, Reviewed by M. Stuart 265. General remarks 265 etc. The work of Mr. Norton not superfluous 271. Positions which have been taken by leading Neologists 272 etc. The aim of Mr. Norton's book is to examine the positions 275. Agree
ment of the respective copies of the amples of discrepancy, etc. 33). four gospels, the present Greek Has Justin Martyr actually quoted text 275. Interpolations 276. Was our canonical gospel 339. Mr. the gospel of Matthew written in Norton supposed to reject the idea Hebrew 276. Argument against of inspiration : expressions to be Eichhorn's positions 278 etc, Evi. regretted 340. Concluding redence respecting the authors of the marks 341 etc. gospels to be derived from the Greek and Roman writers, infrequency works of Justin Martyr 298 etc. of Allusions to Christianity in 203. Supposition that he quoted the Grimshawe, his edition of Cowper nogospelaccording to the Hebrew 301. ticed 514, Not probable 302. The testimony
H, of Papias as recorded by Eusebius Hackett, Prof. H. B. Translation 'of 304. Spurious epistles 304. Mr. Tschirner on the infrequency of AlluNorton's caution commended 305. sions to Christianity in Greek and Testimony of Clement of Rome 305. Roman writers 203. Importance of the author's notes Hallam, Henry, Works of, noticed 247. 306. Examination of Griesbach's Head of the Church, Head over all celebrated theory respecting the Things 344. Western, the Alexandrian, and the Hebrew Prophets, a new Translation Byzantine classes of Mss. 307. The of, noticed 260. author's reasoning highly com- Hebrew Tenses, Review of Prof. Ewmended 308. Huy's recensions ex- ald on the, by M. Stuart 131. Comamined 310. The author's conclu- mendation of Prof. E. 132. Syntax sion on the subject of Mss. 310. of the Verb 134. Of the two modes Commended 311. Various read. with Var relative or conversive ings of the Greek text of the New 137. Vad relative with the second Test. considered in relation to their mode 137. Var relative with the character and importance 311. Less first mode 141. Participle or relain proportion than in most of the tive tense 143. Remarks on the classic authors 312. Method of preceding account of the Hebrew detecting passages of spurious ori- tenses 146 etc. gin 315. No new doctrine discov. Hengstenberg, Prof. on the Causes of ered and no old one shaken by the Denial of the Mosaic Origin of criticism 316. The author's effort the Pentateuch 416. to show that Matthew's gospel was Hickok, Prof. L. P. on the Design of originally written in Hebrew, and Theological Seminaries 187. his reasons for considering Matt. I. Historical and Geological Deluges II. etc.supposititious, examined 317 compared 1. etc. Various readings of the gos. Hitchcock, Prof. on the Historical and pels compared by Origen 317. Geological Deluges 1. Correspondencies of the first three Holy Ghost, on the Sin against 506. gospels 318. Discrepancies in Horcy Prof., his Letters from the chronology 321, 336. The suppo- West Indies noticed 512. sition that two of the evangelists copied, the one from his predeces
I. sor, and the other from both his Impostures, Literary 39. What are predecessors, examined 32). Ori. we to understand by the expression, gin of the theory of a Protepangcli- literary impostures ? 39. Three um 322. Recapitulation 325.
A classes, the first of which are plamore satisfactory method of ac- giarists 41. There have been men counting for the coincidences of of considerable reputation who the first three gospels 326. Fur- could unblushingly advocate this ther consideration of the same 327. species of robbery 42. Examples The author's theory of an original of its practice among the ancients Hebrew gospel examined 330. Ex- 43. Modern examples : Barbora,