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venient and portable volume. It contains what is not common in these days, a very full index.
3.—The Christian Professor, addressed in a series of Counsels and
Cautions to the Members of Christian Churches. By John
The substance of this “ series of Counsels and Cautions," as the author states in his preface, was delivered in a course of sermons addressed to the church of which he is pastor. This book is designed as a sequel to the “ Church Members' Guide,” and treats of the practical rather than the private, experimental and doctrinal parts of religion; though these are distinctly exhibited and insisted on, as essential, not only to true piety, but to the acceptable profession of it. Yet the design of the author is to "contemplate the believer rather as a professor, than a Christian, or at least rather as a Christian in relation to the church and to the world, than in his individual capacity, or in his retiremenis."
The work is divided into nineteen chapters, embracing the following topics:
What the christian profession imports.—The obligation and design of the christian profession. The dangers of self-deception.—The young professor.--An attempt to compare the present generation of professors with others that have preceded them. The necessity and importance of professors not being satisfied with low degrees of piety, and of their seeking to attain to eminence. The duty of professors to avoid the appearance of evil. On conformity to the world.—On the conduct of professors in reference to politics.—On brotherly love.
- The influence of professors.--Conduct of professors towards unconverted relatives.---The unmarried professor.-The professor in
prosperity. The professor in adversity.-The conduct of professors away from home.-The backsliding professor.-On the necessity of the Holy Spirit's influence to sustain the christian professor.—The dying professor.
We have read most of these chapters with great satisfaction, and cordially recommend the book to American readers. Though the author had in his eye the professors of Christianity in another nation, and wrote for their benefit especially, his Counsels and Cautions and even his descriptions of the present generation of professors, are equally applicable to those of our own country. He does honor to several of our own authors by quoting them in confirmation or illustration of the sentiments he inculcates. Among these are an admirable "address to persons on their joining the church contained in a manual used in one of the Presbyterian churches in America," the excellent "advice" given by Edwards" to a young lady who had just commenced the life of faith," and portions of a sermon by the Rev. Albert Barnes of Philadelphia on "the rule of Christianity in regard to conformity to the world," which has been republished in England.
The sentiments of this little volume are evangelical. Some passages of it are eloquent, and highly attractive.
4.-Outlines of a history of the Court of Rome and of the Temporal Power of the Popes. Translated from the French. Philadelphia: Joseph Whetham, 1837. pp. 328.
This book is executed in a manner which is creditable to the publisher. In its bearings upon the Catholic controversy in this country both ecclesiastical and political, it is a timely and important publication. It is divided into thirteen chapters, the running titles of which are, "The origin of the temporal power of the popes." "Enterprises of the popes of the ninth century."-"The tenth century."Enterprises of the popes of the eleventh century."—" Quarrels between the popes and the sovereigns of the twelfth century.""The power of the popes of the thirteenth century."—"The fourteenth century."- "The fifteenth century."-" Policy of the popes of the sixteenth century."-"The attempts of the popes of the seventeenth century."-"The eighteenth century."-" Recapitulation."-"The conduct of the court of Rome since the year 1800.”
The first French edition of the work was published in 1810. The last chapter, (on the conduct of the court of Rome since 1800,) was not added until the fourth edition, which was published in 1818. To this also was appended a "Chronological Table of the popes" from St. Peter in the first century, which is continued, in the American edition, to the election of Gregory XVI., in 1831. This table throws some light upon several of the details of the work, and is a valuable appendage.
This work, though published anonymously, is asserted to be the production of M. Daunou. M. Dupin, recently a member of the French ministry, calls it a historical work of the first order, and gives it a place in his “ BIBLIOTHEQUE Choisie des liures de droit qu'il est le plus utile d'acquerir et de connaitre.”
We extract the following from the able and interesting preface to the edition now before us.
“The author composed this work, (which he modestly calls an essay,) under peculiar advantages. The Archives of the Vatican, which had been removed to Paris, were in his custody, at the time, by order of the government, (says M. Dupin,) and subject to his inspection. He appears to have been elaborate in research and judicious in the selection of his authorities. He is clear and methodical in the arrangement of facts, philosophical and profound in his views and spirited in his composition. His purpose in composing it was to prove that the temporal power of the Roman pontiffs originated in fraud and usurpation; that its influence upon their pastoral ministry has been to mar and degrade it; that its continuance is dangerous to the peace and liberties of Europe ; and that its constant influence and effects are to retard the advancement of civilization and knowledge. Among the documents upon which he relies are many which, he says, had never before been published.
“In treating the subject, M. Daunou very naturally gives prominence to those passages in the bistory of the court of Rome which are particularly connected with the affairs of his own country. The liberties of the Gallican church and the quarrels which have occurred between the kings of France and the Roman pontiffs, on account of those liberties, are set forth with considerable detail.”
It should be remarked, however, that the author has, in some instances, traced with minuteness the policy and conduct of the court of Rome towards other countries, and the effects of that policy.
It adds greatly to the value of this work that the author is decidedly a Roman Catholic, and that, while he deprecates the temporal power of the popes, he not only admits but positively asserts their supremacy in all things purely spiritual, and the claims of the Roman Catholic church to determine authoritatively all matters of faith. In the latter particular he differs from Gibbon in his “ History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," and from Hallam, in his “View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages.” Differing from the above authors, as M. Daunou does, in regard to the spiritual supremacy of the Roman pontifis, his agreement with them in other matters of fact and opinion may be deemed a mutual confirmation, and a disagreement between them, a reason for further investigation.
On the whole, this book comes to us with high authority and we regard it as well adapted to the instruction of American readers. It
teaches lessons of wisdom in regard to the assumptions of ecclesias, tical power in matters of faith, which will not fail to be appreciated by the members of the protestant churches in this country, and our statesmen and those who aspire to become such may here obtain enlightened and definite views of that court which was the founder, and has been the principal teacher of European diplomacy.
It is also well remarked by the American editor, that the sentiments of the author, upon the important topics of this book, are not unworthy of the attention of the Roman Catholic citizens of the United States.
“For a long period these topics have attracted the attention of the politicians as well as the clergy of France. Several works have been published in that country, relative to the temporal power of the popes, among which a small volume entitled “ Origine, progres, et limites de la puissance des popes,” etc. (Paris 1821) which possesses considerable merit. The object of it is the same as that of this. Its author remarks in his preface that his work may be useful not only to ecclesiastics, who ought to blush at their need of instruction in that matter, but also to those public men, who feel the necessity of maintaining the Catholic religion, and at the same time making it consistent with our liberties.' The liberal party in France, (to which both these authors belong,) insist upon the restoration of the Catholic religion to the simplicity and moderation of the ancient church, as a measure which is indispensable to the civil and religious liberties of that country. This simplicity has been marred, they say, by the false decretals, the decree of Gracian, the decretals of the popes, etc. and the church (than which as it was in the early ages no society could be more free) has, they affirm, become an engine of intolerance and even of despotism. This party is opposed by another, which contends for the system as it is, notwithstanding the admitted spuriousness of the decretals, upon which the most objectionable parts of the system are founded. Their disputes have given origin to many treatises of great learning and ability, upon the subject of the early discipline of the church of the liberties of the Gallican church of the pragmatics of the concordats, etc. etc. It is not an absurd supposition, that causes which, in times past, have affected injuriously the public and individual interests of the people of France may, in times future, affect in like manner the citizens of other countries. On no other supposition can we, in any case, with propriety invoke history, as a guide in present emergencies. That the doctrines of this book, and the expedients proposed in it, are still accredited and approved by Catholic Frenchmen, distinguished for learning and talents, as well as by the popular voice of that country, is sufficiently shown by the testimony of M. Dupin, to the merits of this book and by the number of editions through which it has passed. It is impossible, that the Roman Catholic laity of the
United States, should condemn, what the intelligence and experience of the best minds in France decidedly approve, or that they should deem that, to be trivial, which, such men as the advocate general Talon, M. Dupin, M. Daunou and many others not less distinguished, have considered of the utmost importance to the social and political interests of their country."
5.-The Elements of Political Economy. Abridged for the use of Academies. By Francis Wayland, D. D. President of Brown University, and Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy. Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln, 1837. pp. 254.
Our opinion of the original work of Dr. Wayland, from which the above has been abridged, was expressed in a former No. of the Repository, Vol. X. p. 399 seq. The author has now accomplished what we then suggested as highly desirable. He has so condensed and abridged his original work as to furnish an admirable text book for the use of academies and higher seminaries. We are glad to see this Abridgement before the public, and cordially recommend it.
6.—Principles of Interpreting the Prophecies; briefly illustrated and applied. With Notes. By Henry Jones. New York and Andover: Gould & Newman, 1837. pp. 150.
The principles formally stated in this book are twenty-four. In excogitating and arranging these principles the author seems to have confined himself principally to the study of the English Bible without recourse to the more extended investigations of others. The work is original and appears to have been the result of much study. Some of the principles here illustrated are not as well guarded as they might have been by more extensive learning, and some of them, we think, are not fully sustained. Yet the author has succeeded in stating with clearness some important facts, as "First principles of the oracles of God," which, as he remarks in his Introduction, "have heretofore been, and are still too much overlooked in the study of the prophecies." These principles are easy to be understood and applied even by the unlearned," and may be safely submitted to every class of readers.
7.-The Works of Joseph Addison, complete in Three Volumes. Embracing the whole of the" Spectator," etc. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1837. pp. 456, 459, 535.
The Works of Addison have acquired a reputation which needs not the aid of the periodical press to sustain it. They are among the richest treasures of English literature, and will not cease to be admired so long as the elegancies of the English language shall be 33
VOL. XI. No. 29.