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was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of the cattle. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night and said, “ Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Israel ; and go and serve the Lord as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.” And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, “ We be all dead men.”

:

The Story of Pharaoh and his Host Swallowed up

in the Red Sea.

(From the 12th, 13th, and 14th Chapters of Exodus.)

Now the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks and herds, even very much cattle. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders ; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victuals. For it came to pass that at midnight the Lord smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne, unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon ; and all the first-born of cattle. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead. And he called

for Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.” And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, “We be all dead men.” And the children of Israel went out with a high hand, and the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light.

But when it was told Pharaoh that the people fled, the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, “ Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?” And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him : and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel with all his horses, and his chariots, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea.

And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid : and the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord. And they said unto Moses, “ Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness ? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? Is not this the word that we did tell thee

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in Egypt, saying, ' Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?' For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.” And Moses said unto the people, “ Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will show to you to-day : for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to-day, ye shall see them again no more forever. The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.”

And the Lord said unto Moses, “ Wherefore criest thou unto me ? speak unto the children of Israel that they go forward : but lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them : and I will get me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gotten me honor upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen." And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them : and it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel ; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea ; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground : and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the Lord looked upon the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, and took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily : so that the Egyptians said, “ Let us flee from the face of Israel ; for the Lord fighteth for them against the Egyptians.” And the Lord said unto Moses, “ Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.” And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared ; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. And the waters returned and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them. But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand and on their left. Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore. And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did unto the Egyptians: and the people feared the Lord, and be lieved th: Lord, and his servant Moses.

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