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70
Antiquurian Researches.

[Jan. or mortar, and of as few and unwrought Usages of that country," 1 vol. 8vo. pp. stones as possible, and capable of holding 600, with fac-similes. one person. These little dwellings were their sacred cells, to which the people re We have the satisfaction of extracting sorted for divination, or decision of contro the following interesting details from a versy, or petition, but not their family habi- letter of M. Caillaud, the Egyptian traveltations, for these were large palaces. Caves ler, respecting the Antiquities of Ancient were winter habitations of the Britons, and Nubia. residences or places of protection for the “ I am come from the Desert, where I Celtic Highlanders. Fingal's Hall, an ex have visited two places, in which there were cavation, was occupied, at least during numerous curiosities. M. Linant, a Frenchhunting seasons.

man, not having left the country of Senaar, EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES.

saw them some days before I did. Near the

village of Wetbeyt Naga are the ruins of The spirit of criticism and analysis with two small temples; in the Desert, about which the antiquities of Egypt are now in- eight leagues to the South-east, are the revestigated, daily conducts to the same goal mains of seven other small temples. The men of letters who follow the most different valley which leads to these ruins, and the routes. Thus M. Champollion, jun. who ruins themselves, are called Naga, and I applies with so much success to the investi- have no doubt are the remains of the angation of the ancient writing of Egypt, and cient city of Naka. Three of these temples M. Lehonne, who endeavours to explain are in tolerable preservation ; one of them the Greek and Latin inscriptions found in is highly interesting for the objects with that country, have both arrived at the same which it is ornamented. The figures are in results ; for the discovery of the phonetic costumes very different from those seen in hieroglyphics, which we owe to the former, Egypt: the garments are like those which I has only confirmed, with regard to the date have mentioned to you before as having seen of productions of Egyptian art, the conclu- in the pyramids. The second is larger than sions which the latter had drawn two years the first, with an avenue of sphynxes; the ago from the incriptions engraved on the third consists of an isolated portico, highly façade of certain temples, and which M. curious, and of a less ancient construction. Champollion discovers by the designs of the The architecture is a mixture of Greek and bas-reliefs of the great portico of Esné, Egyptian, it having Corinthian capitals. that the Zodiac of that temple was carved The other temples are complete ruins. In under the reign of the Emperor Claudius. the great valley of the Desert, about six We are informed that M. Lahonne proves, hours' journey from the Nile, and eight from Greek inscriptions discovered in the hours' South-south-east from Chandy, there temple of Esné, that the Zodiac sculptured are other and more considerable ruins, on the ceiling of the pronaos of that edifice, which, I think, are the remains of a college was made in the reign of Antoninus. Now from Meroe. They consist of eight little this Zodiac, as well as that of the great temples, all joined in a line by galleries and temple, begins with the sign of the Virgin, terraces. It is altogether an immense conand the date of it had been also fixed at struction of numerous chambers, cells, three thousand years before the Christian courts, and galleries, surrounded with double

The temple itself, the erection of enclosures. I am unable to give you here which was assigned to that remote period, the slightest description of these ruins. The is not anterior to the reign Adrian. As central temple communicates with the others for the planisphere of Denderah, we know by these galleries or terraces, 185 French that M. Champollion reads on it in phonetic feet long. Each temple has particular hieroglyphies the word Autokrator, and as

apartments, which tand in a line. In the signs it to the reign of Nero. M. Lehonne eight temples are thirty-nine chambers or had also proved, from Greek inscriptions, habitations, twenty-six courts, and twelve that the rectangular Zodiae of the pronaos staircases. The ruins cover a space of 2500 must belong to the reign of Tiberius. It feet. But in this so great extent of ruins, may therefore be considered, as a fact re all is in small proportion as to size, both as sulting from positive researches, that not it respects the monuments, ayd the stones one of the four famous Zodiacs discovered employed in them. The stones are placed in Egypt is anterior to the dominion of the in courses of twenty-five centimètres in Romans in that country. The important height, and are frequently square in form. facts connected with this question are laid The largest temple is eleven métres in length. down by M. Lebonne in a work which will On the

columns are figures in the Egyptian appear in a few days, under the following style : and on some columns of the same

“ Researches into the History of portico there are channellings (Autings) as Egypt during the domination of the Greeks in Greek architecture. On the base of one and Romans ; derived from Greek and Latin of them are the remains of a Zodiac. I inscriptions, relative to the Chronology, the could see the Twins and Sagittarius, and state of the Arts, the civil and religious have taken a faithful copy of it.”

SELECT

era.

title :

1823.]

[71]

SELECT POETRY.

FRIENDSHIP.
By Mr. STOCKDALE Hardy.
FRIENDSHIP! why, what is a friend ?

One who soothes another's woe;
And strives to cheer,

The desert drear,
Which once in beauty smild,
And many an hour beguild,

When blest with those we loy'd below! Friendship! can'st thou e'er be cold? Can'st thou lose thy genial heat ?

Can'st thou ever,

From thee sever,
Those who bent with cares and grief,
Stand in need of thy relief,

And ask assistance at thy feet?
Friendship! can the Widow's tears,
Can the Infant's lisping pray'r,

Unheeded be,

By one like thee,
Where once affection's smile
Cheer'd a faithful Husband's toil,

And dwelt with pleasure there?
Oh, no! in gloomy times like these,

Thy social influence thou wilt spread; The tortur'd mind thou’lt strive to ease,

The Widow cheer-the Infant lead. 'Tis now as Mem'ry calls thee back,

To scenes once blooming—now forlorn, Thou'lt scorn engagements to forsake,

Which on thy altar once were sworn!

Arrested in their silent course,
By the Night-frost's resistless force,
The liquid streams have ceas'd to flow,
The soil is overwhelm'd with snow.
Thro' the wild waste what stillness reigns !
Save when across the desert plains,
Sweeps with wide range the sullen blast,
Driving the flaky billows fast,
Till into hills the valleys rise,
And all the prospect wears disguise.
Dark falls the night, while buried deep,
As in a long and death-like sleep,
The vegetable world abides.
One thick white veil its verdure hides,
Contrasted with that solemn gloom,
The close embodied Clouds assume.
The Birds forsake each leafless spray.
Thick mists invest the opening day.

What tho' the melancholy view
Present its most disheart'ning hue,
E'en yet be mine, as heretofore,
To praise the Lord of Heaven once more,
And while I own His sovereign sway,
Whose Word the hurricanes obey,
With friends or relatives most dear,
The lengthen'd eventide to cheer.

This season has its social hours ;
Domestic comforts still are ours.
Ours too, those days of sacred mirth,
Which call to mind a Saviour's birth,
And tune the grateful voice, to sing
The glories of that heavenly King
Who sits at God's right hand above,
Dispenser of his Father's love.
He, with strong curb the tempest binds,
Stilling the tumult of the winds.
He bids the gentle zephyr blow,
And the bright Sun with ardent glow
Resume its influence mild and fair
To rarify the frigid air.
'Tis He, who, ever gracious found,
Scatters his choicest favours round.
Successive Seasons, as they roll,
Proclaim his reign from pole to pole,
That every Nation in its time,
May hail him, Lord of every clime.
With strength renew'd the orb of day,
Again shall all its powers display,
At its great Maker's high command,
Deal forth fresh blessings thro' our land,
And as the vernal months advance,
Rouse Nature from her seeming trance,
Of Resurrection Type how just!
When wak’d from slumb'ring in the dust
The dead in CHRIST shall rise again,
And everlasting Life attain,

[shine Where the blest Sun of Righteousness shall In all his Power of Plenitude divine.

Blandford. MASON CHAMBERLIN

THE SAILOR'S RETURN. METHINKS I hear the plashing oar,

And murm'ring voices meet mine ear, Of seamen, as they near the shore,

And by the beacon steer.
And hark! that lov’d and cheering air,
Tells my fond heart my Edmund's there.
As breaks the light of reason o'er

A mind long sunk in memory's grave,
Or comes in lone and silent hour,

Sweet freedom to the slave ;
So seems some vision fair and bright,
To burst upon my raptur’d sight.
O! dwells on earth a hope more sweet,

In heaven, a ray more pure than this?
Do lovers at the altar meet,

To seal a holier bliss
Than mothers feel; when, face to face,
They fold them in a child's embrace ?

W. A. A.

HYMN FOR WINTER. WITH furious aspect issuing forth,

From the bleak regions of the North, Relentless Winter, clad in storms, The turbid Atmosphere deforms.

* Author of the “Path of Duty," &e.

I turn

grant breath

79
Select Poetry.

[Jan. LINES

In form, but not in purity and truth. Suggested while proceeding by Stanwell, to That arm the dead can quicken with new

wards Richmond, and frequently looking life, back upon Elon College, after the Inter And raise the mourner from extremest woe ment of an amiable Son*.

To comfort and to peace.--I know that He By his afflicted Father.

Who died for sinners, lives, - with head

adorn'd AS

one who travels o’er a lengthening By many crowns; and at the latter day

vale, Which his reluctant feet may cross no more,

Will stand upon the earth : wheu they who Oft to the hill where stands his much-lov'd

sleep

Within the confines of the silent dead, home, Casts a reverted glance thro' gushing tears ;

Again shall wake; and, leaving in the dust

Whate'er was mortal, be invested bright So, Eton ! as to such a scene, To thee my aching sight. For, lo! fast by May thy now-sorrowing Sire, enraptur’d,

With immortality.-Oh, then, my Son! The hallow'd walls of thy Collegiate fane, Which lifts its clust'ring pinnacles on high, Thee in his fond embrace to part no more!

clasp Sepulchred sleeps -of my worn remnant self

Dec. 14.

L. B. So lov'd a part, that scarce I seem to live. In the fresh-cover'd grave of thee, my Son!

LINES My EDWARD! lies any heart. And there, entranc'd,

[lie, On the Death of EDWARD-LUKE BOOKER, With thee; in Death's cold slumber must it

who was accidenially drowned, in the 11th Till he who clos'd, untimely, thy young be Year of his Age, at Eton College, Dec. 9, ing,

1822. Restore me to the world, a world of woe ! Untimely! said my erring, impious tongue ?

By an affectionate Brother. Alas! not length of days forms life mature;

THERE is a tear of holy sorrow
But Virtue, Innocence, and holy Truth. That's dropt upon the humblest grave;
And these were thine ; which, as the fra And there's a joy the heart can borrow

When those it lov'd we try to save.
Of vernal flow'rs regales the ravish'd sense,
Delighted all who knew thee. Wisdom, too,

There is a sigh, the bosom rending,
And piety, which hoary Age might shame,

When some fond spirit soars on high ; Adorn'd thy blossom'd Youth. And shall

And there's a soothing balm attending, not these,

To know that anxious friends were nigh. In brighter radiance, like a robe of light, Ah! yes; the tear for those that languish Clothe my now-sainted Child, where ruth In Death's last speechless agonies,-. less Death

(tears, The sigh of grief,—the throb of anguish, No more can blight thy loveliness, nor Is sooth'd to watch the closing eyes. For such bereav'd perfections, e'er be shed ? Is the strong arm now shorten'd in its But, when away from friends that cherish'd might,

Hopes of joys they ne'er can see, That bore thy spotless spirit to the skies?

Such hopes as, EDWARD! now have perish'd,

Whelm'd in the ruthless wave, with theeNo; I again shall see thee lovelier far

Tho' amid smiles and joy surrounding, * See our Obituary, for Dec. 1822, p. 571. The ghastly monster mark'd his prey ; Inscription for his Monument When, while thy heart with glee was bound“ To the Memory of

ing,

The soul was summon'd swift away EDWARD Luke, Son of the Rev. Luke Booker, LL.D. Tho’ short the pains, the pangs of dying, who was accidentally drowned

And quickly every struggle o'er, on the 9th day of December, A.D. 1822, Tho' wrapt in smiles, thy spirit flying, in the 11th year of his age.

Soar'd spotless to its blissful shore His much beloved and lamented Body

Yet, oh! the thought that, torn for ever reposes near,

From hearts that shar'd thy weal and woeg while his pure Spirit

rejoices That lov'd thee, EDWARD! and which never in the presence of his Redeemer.

Will let thy fond Remembrance go. May this plain memorial, recording his virtues and disastrous fate, Ah! who his bosom's grief can smother? prove a salutarywARNING to incautious youth, Or who would check the hallow'd tear? to avoid the Dangers of that element, Not he who mourns thee as a Brother, which deprived him of life,

Who loy'd thee as thou lov'dst him dear, and overwhelmed his friends in sorrow!

Velindra House, S. Wales, T.W.B. Yά Πατης.

Dec. 16.

HOPE .

73

1893.]

Select Poetry.
НОРЕ. .

LINES
IT is Celestial Hope's sweet tale

Addressed by a Daughter to her deceased Relieves the drear of waking dreams,

Mother. And that begem3 life's thorny vale WHAT tho' ten years are past and gone, With bright altho' reflected beams.

Since to the grave thou wert convey'd,

And the green moss creeps o'er the stone Then thro' all this tearful scene may

Which on thy mould'ring bones is laid ; Hope be the inmate of the breast, T'illume the mind with light serene,

Yet, still thy Memory, ever dear, And guide to everlasting rest.

Lives deep impress'd upon my mind,

And still I shed the silent tear,
For if blest Hope the bosom flies,
Distressful gloom assunies the reign ;

And mourn, to inward grief resign'd.
In ruins ev'ry prospect lies,

For thou, when first in childhood's days And ev'ry thought 's replete with pain.

I heedless rang'd from flower to flower,

Did'st cheer my infant mind with praise, Night succeeds night, but not one ray

And lead me forth from hour to hour.
Of mental sunshine gilds the soul,
All, all is fled with Hope away,

And when maturity of years,
And fell Despair succeeds the whole. Composing by the hand of Time,

s. Thy long anxieties and fears,

Gave promise of my youthful prime ;

Thy soft persuasive Voice repress'd,
EPITAPH ON BENJAMIN TREMLYN, Únwearied with a Mother's care,
An old Soldier, buried in Bremhill Church Each wild emotion of my breast,
Yard, who died Dec. 1, 1822, aged 92. And fondly stamp'd Religion there :

Since then from infancy. I owe
By the Rev. W. L. Bowles.

To thy protecting hand and love,
A poor old Soldier shall not lie unknown, My source of happiness below,

Without a verse, and this recording And hopes of future joys above, .
stone.

[stray,

I duly still, whilst Heaven shall doom 'Twas his, in youth, o'er distant lands to

This ever grateful heart to beat, Danger and Death, companions of his way:

Will bend with reverence o'er thy tonab, Here in his native village, drooping age

And pour my Sorrows at thy feet.

Z. Clos'd the long evening of his pilgrimage. Speak of the past, -of names of high re

WINTER (down,

By BERNARD BARTON, the Quaker Poet. Or his brave comrades long to dust gone His look with instant animation glow'd, THOU hast thy beauties ; sterner ones, I Tho' ninety winters on his head had snow'd.

Than those of thy precursors ; yet to thee His Country, whilst he liv’d, a buon supplied,

[died. Belong the charms of solemn majesty And Faith her shield held o'er him when he And naked grandeur. Awful is the tone Hope, Christian, that his spirit lives with Of thy tempestuous nights, when clouds are God,

[sod,
blown

[sky; And pluck the wild weeds from the lowly

By hurrying winds across the troubled Where dust to dust, beside the chancel's

Pensive, when softer breezes faintly sigh shade,

[laid. Through leafless

boughs, with ivy overgrown.

Thou hast thy decorations too; although Till the last trump, a brave Man's bones are

Thou art austere; thy studded mantle, gay With icy brilliants, which as proudly glow

As erst Golconda's; and thy pure array THE CHARM.

Of regal ermine, when the drifted snow (From the Spanish.)

Envelopes nature; till her features seem

Like pale, but lovely ones, seen when we WIND the shell, bind the spell;

dream. What is in it ? Fond farewell! Wreath'd with drops from azure eyes,

The Old Man's Triumph over Time. Twilight vows, and midnight sighs.

" TIME has not thinn’d my flowing hair," Bind it on the Maiden's soul !

Nor laid, as yet, my temples bare : Suns may set, and years may roll;

But he has played the barber's part, Yet beneath that tender twine

And powder'd me with wond'rous art. All the spirit shall be thine.

To show, no doubt, that 'tis his aim Oceans may between you sweep;

To pulverize this mortal frame. But the spell 's as strong and deep :

But let him know, that, on a day, Anguish, distance, time are vain

God will reanimate this clay; Death alone can loose the chain.

And life unchangeable will give

PULCI. When Time himself shall cease to live.
Gent. Mag. January, 1823.

Historical

nown,

own

[ 74 ]

[Jan,

HISTORIČAL CHRONICLE.

FOREIGN NEWS.
SPAIN, &c.

order of the world. The legitimate antho. CONGRESS OF Verona.

rity fettered, and changed into a forced inThe Sovereigns of Austria, Russia, and strument of the overthrow of all rights, and Prussia, lately assembled at Verona, have all legal privileges; all classes of the people addressed to their Ministers at the several hurried away by the stream of revolutionary European Courts a most important Circular. movement; violence and oppression exerThis document commences with announcing cised under the forms of law; a whole kingthat the Austrian troops are to be with- dom given up a prey to disorders and condrawn from the territory of Sardinia by vulsions of every kind; rich colonies, which successive draughts, the last of which is to justify their separation by the very same have evacuated that kingdom before the end maxims on which the mother country has of September 1823.- It also states that the founded its public law, and which it would Austrian army which now occupies Naples, willingly, but in vain, condemn in another is, in the shortest period possible, to be re- hemisphere; the last resources of the State duced by 17,000.' In announcing these consumed by civil war : this is the picture arrangements, the Sovereigns say, “ They which the present state of Spain presentsrejoice at being able to leave the security such are the evils by which a generous peoand tranquillity of the people to the Princes ple, deserving of a better fate, is visited to whom Providence has intrusted them, such, in fine, are the grounds of the just and to deprive calumny of its last remaining apprehensions which such an assemblage of pretext to disseminate doubts respecting

the elements of trouble and confusion must exindependence of the Italian Princes."

--The cite in the countries more nearly in contact affairs of the Greeks are next alluded to, with the Peninsula. If ever, in the bosom and the Princes lament that the “firebrand of civilization, a power arose hostilely of rebellion has been thrown into the Otto- alienated from the principles of preservaman Empire." They denounce the conduct tion, from the principles in which the Euroof the Greeks as being "rash and culpable." pean Confederation reposes, such a power

The state of affairs in Spain is thus is Spain, in its present state of dissolution. noted:-“Spaip now endures the fate which "Could the Sovereigns have contemplated awaits all States that are so unfortunate as with indifference so many evils heaped upon to seek what is good in a way in which it one country, accompanied with so many never can be found. It passes through the dangers to the others? Depending, in this fateful circle of its revolution-a revolution important affair, only on their own judgwhich deluded or ill-disposed men would ment and their own consciences, they have willingly have represented as a blessing, been obliged to ask themselves, whether nay, as the triumph of an enlightened age. they were longer allowed to remain calm All Governments are witnesses of the zeal spectators of an evil which every day with which these men have endeavoured to threatens to become more terrible and danpersuade their contemporaries that this re

gerous, and even, by the presence of their volution was the necessary and wholesome representatives, to lend the false colouring fruit of the progress of civilization; and the of a tacit sanction to the measures of a facmeans by which it has been effected and tion which is ready to undertake everything supported, the noblest essay of generous for the maintenance of its destructive sway. patriotism. If it could be the object of The decision of the Monarchs could not be civilization to overthrow human society--if doubtful. The Legations have received it were possible to suppose that the armed orders to quit the Peninsula. force, which has no other vocation than

“ All Europe must at length acknowledge that of maintaining the internal and exter that the system pursued by the Monarchs nal peace of the State, might with impu- is in the most perfect harmony with the nity assume the supreme dominion over it well-understood interests of the people, as the Spanish revolution might certainly pre- well as with the independence and strength tend to the admiration of all ages, and the of the Governments. They recognize no military insurrection in the island of Leon enemies but those who conspire against the serve as a model for reformers. But truth legal authority of the one, and the simplihas soon asserted her rights, and Spain, at city of the others, to plunge both into one the expense of her happiness and glory, has common abyss of destruction. The wishes only furnished a new and melancholy ex of the Monarchs are directed to peace alone; ample of the inevitable consequence of every but this peace, though fully established betransgression of the eternal laws of the moral tween the Powers, cannot diffuse its bless

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