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1823.]

Review.-Dr. Booker's Euthanasia. Theo

Encylopedia of Music" an fancied its feeble ray of light more resplendexed, is intended to form a separate

dent than all the stars of heaven?" volume ; which, in addition to the Against the Materialist, we think variety of valuable matter, will render the Author's reasoning conclusive. this publication one of the cheapest of A scriptural detail of the Day of the present day. We sincerely hope it final Judgment follows; and also an will receive the patronage it merits. interesting view of the Millenary State,

A striking likeness of Giovaccino which it is supposed will precede it. Rossini, from a bust executed at Flo

Concerning the different destinies of rence, einbellishes the Number.

the Righteous and the Wicked, the

opinions are given of Bishops Hall, Euthanasia ; or, The State of Man Bull, Pearson, Smallridge; Doctors after Death. By the Rev. Luke Booker, Isaac Barrow, Whitby, and Paley ; LL.D. Vicar of Dudley. 12mo, pp. 169. and, against “ the Materialist's notion Simpkin and Marshall.

of a dead Soul in a dead Rody," are THE Reverend Author will, we are Seneca, Cicero, Socrates, and Plato;

adduced the high authorities of Homer, persuaded, feel happy to be apprized in later times, also, of Feltham, the of the gratification which we have excellent Jonas Hanway, and the derived from the perusal of his truly amiable Father O'Leary. On closing edifying work.

the evidence of this « cloud of witAfter giving a discursive view of of earth, air, and water, distinguishing terialist or the Antinomian be the greater Creation, with its different inhabitants nesses,” the Author adds,

“ It is difficult to say whether the Maman as their delegated Lord, the au

foe to rectitude of conduct and purity of thor contemplates him reduced to that

life. If the one ' continue in sing' from an state of corporeal decay, “ when his

impious presumption that

will

grace feet begin to stumble on the dark abound in the pardon of it; the other mountains, without either staff or

opens the flood-gates of iniquity and crime, guide to prevent his fall.” This is by reducing the apprehended danger of appropriately, followed by what the Divine punishment. author calls St. Paul's “ burst of excla “ But not only has the baneful error mation, at the opening of a passage, which we oppose, this fatal tendency; it that is not more grand, than beautiful degrades the diguity of human nature, far and just" Behold! I show you a

below the state of degradation in which it is mystery,” &c. His argument in favour involved by Adam's fall

, and occasions unneof an uninterrupted immortality of the cessary pain to the breast of the mourner, soul is then brought to bear equally already, perhaps, too much resigned to

sorrow on the loss of friends. against the Materialist, as against the

“ To witness the melancholy wreck and Atheist, whom he justly terms isolated kind of mortal, a cheerless Sadu- frame of man; to see the exquisite work of

change which death produces in the noble cëan, who, having forsaken God, brings the Most High, so visible in female beauty, himself, at last, to deny his existence. turned to a pallid mass of corruption; to

“ Refuted,” says the author, “ by Sages view the cheek, once rivalling the rose; the of every age

and every clime, such a being, bosom, once white and pure as the mounwhen discovered among any people, must be

tain spow,' converted into food for worms. regarded as a solitary instance of unbelief, This is humbling and painful enough to suras a creature of a peculiar kind, either abso- viving mortals, without inflicting a needless lutely insane, or compounded of folly and additional pang, by endeavouring to perimpiety, uttering his blasphemous dogmas suade them that the Jewel which was once in the midst of myriads of intelligent wit- enshrined in the once lovely casket, that the nesses, all, with one voice, refiting his invisible, the spiritual inmate of what was so bold assertions ; surrounded by countless noble and so fair, has undergone a change works too, in the visible creation, all pro no less revolting. In vain will abettors of claiming the hand that made them to be this cheerless persuasion tell the afflicted divine.

that death is but a sleep, in “ When we see a being of this sort ex

which both soul and body are merely in a pecting more deference to his individual quiescent state till the day of resurrection ; conclusions, than is paid to those of num and that, though that sleep be prolonged berless persons, eminently distinguished by throughout the revolutions of a million of science and learning, is it not as prepos- years, yet when broken by the archangel's terous as if a poor solitary glow-worm trump, it will seem to have been but for a Gent. MAG. January, 1823.

moment.

an

mourner

66
REVIEW.-Literary Intelligence.

[Jan. moment*.' Were it to last one year, or Spain," says the Author, in his Preface, one hour, it would be a degradation of our “ they are, probably, more full of interest species : as, what lies worthless and insen to Europe now, than at any former period : sate during any space of time, is of inferior it is impossible any longer to misconceive value to what is susceptible, during the the real nature of the struggle, or to deny same term, of inconceivable bliss."

that the people who were slaves, little more Here we must close our account of than two years ago, are now the advanced this (as we again term it) “ truly edify- guard of civilization.” ing work.”

16. In our last volume, ii. 244, we noticed, 15. At this very important crisis, Mr. E. with approbation, Mr. Weir's “ History of BlaQuiere's Historical Review of the Spanish Horncastle.' We rejoice to find that he Revolution, deserves universal attention. He has met with sufficient encouragement to details the Religion, Manners, and Litera undertake a second edition of it; at the ture of Spain with considerable ability and same time that he has accommodated the judgment, and enters into the causes which purchasers of the first edition, with the have conduced to the renovation of that Additions " in a separate form, and at an degraded country, with the genuine warmth easy price. From these “ Additions" we of an enlightened and liberal-minded histo have given an interesting extract in our prerian. “ With respect to passing events in sent Number, p. 17.

LITERATURE, SCIENCE, &c. CAMBRIDGE, Jan. 2. The prize for the has subscribed one hundred guineas to the Hulsean Essay for 1822, has been adjudged fund for the erection of the Observatory. to Mr. C. Austin, of Jesus college. Subject, Mr. Bankes, has also presented to the The Argument for the genuineness of the University Library, several valuable books, Sacred Volume as generally received by Chris- recently printed at Milan and Venice, among tians. The subject of the Hulsean Essay which are the classical works edited by for the present year is, The nature and ad- Angelo Maio, the learned librarian of the vantage of the

influence of the Holy Spirit. Vatican ; the Chronicle of Eusebius by Jan. 10. The subjects for Sir William Aucher; Ciakciak's Italian, Armenian, and Browne's medals for the present year, are, Turkish Dictionary; and Aucher's ArmeGREEK ODE: In Obitum Viri admodum Re- njan and English Grammar. Of some of verendi Doctissimique Thos. Fanshawe Mid- these works ouly 20 copies have been printed. dleton, Episcopi Calcuttensis.-Latin Ode: Africani Catenis Devincti. - Greek EpiGRAM: Εαν ης φιλομαθης έση πολυμαθης.

Ready for Publication. LATIN EPIGRAM: "Os PEUEl Tally Waynoeta..

A Vindication of the Authenticity of the Jan. 17. In conformity with the regula- Narratives contained in the first two Chaplations passed by the Senate, March 13,

ters of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. 1-822, the Vice Chancellor, the Regius Luke ; being an Investigation of Objections Professors of Divinity, Law, and Physic, urged by the Unitarian Editors of the imand the Public Orator, have given notice, proved Version of the New Testament ; that the following will be the subjects of with an Appendix. By a LAYMAN. Examination in the last week of the Lent Sermons. By the Rev. JOHN HAYDEN, Term, 1824. 1. The Gospel according to

Curate of Londonderry Cathedral. St. Luke. 2. Paley's Evidences of Chris

Journal of a Tour from Astrachan to Katianity. 3. The Two first Books of Xeno rass, containing remarks on the general apphon's Anabasis. 4. Cicero's Oration for Milo. pearance of the Country, Manners of the

The Subject of the Seatonian prize for Inhabitants, &c. By the Rev. William the present year is Cornelius.

GLEN, Missionary, Astrachan. List of Wranglers. - Doctors Airy, Trin.; Mr. Scott's History of England during Jeffreys, Joh.; Mason, Joh. ; Drinkwater, the reign of George IIÍ. designed as a conTrin.; Myers, Trin. ; Foley, Emm.; Fisher, tinuation to Hume and Smollett. Pet. ; Hamilton, Joh. ; Buckle, Trin. ; BoUtenock's History of Spanish and Field, Trin.; Hodgson, Pet.; Stephenson, Portuguese Literature, translated from the Joh. ; Punnett, Clare ; Sutcliffe, Trin. ;

German. By Thomasina Ross. Clowes, Qu.; Winning, Trin.; Rusby,

Narrative of a Tour through the Morea, Cath. ; Sandy, Qu.; Currie, Pemb.; Brett, giving an Account of the present State of C. C. C. ; Cooper, Joh. ; Kempson, Trin. ;

that Peninsula and its Inhabitants. By Sir Waring, Magd. ; Beauclerk, Caius ; Mar- William Gell. shall, Qu.; Wharton, Joh.

The History of Roman Literature, from Mr. Bankes, M. P. for the University, the earliest periods to the Augustan Age.

By Mr. John DUNLOP, Author of the “His* Priestley, &c. tory of Fiction,”

The

1823.]

Literature and Science. The Translation of the very interesting Pagan (instead of the Mosaic) account of private Memoirs of Marie Antoinette. By the great Deluge. MADAME CAMPAN.

Mr. SHARON TURNER, F. S. A. is about Novus Thesaurus Philologico-criticus : to publish the third Volume of his History sive Lexicon in Lxx et Reliquos Interpretes of England, embracing the Middle Ages. Græcos, ac Scriptores Apocryphos Veteris A Prospectus and Specimen of a prepared Testamenti, post Bielium et alios Viros doctos: Work on the present State of Baronies by congessit et edidit J. Fried. SCHLEUSNER.

Writ, compiled from the MS. collections of Memoirs of the Founders and Principal the late Francis Townsend, Esq. Windsor Benefactors of the Universities of Oxford Herald, and other sources. By FRANCIS and Cambridge, with Portraits of the most TowNSEND, Rouge Dragon Pursuivant. eminent. By Alex. CHALMERS, Esq. F.S.A. A History of the Commonwealth of Eng.

The Library Companion; or the Young land. By Mr. Godwin, the Author of the Man's Guide and the Old Man's Comfort Life of Chaucer. in forming a Library. By the Rev. T. F. Observations made during a Residence in Dibdin, F.R.S. S. A.

the Tarentane and various Parts of the GreOriginal Letters, chiefly illustrative of cian and Pennine Alps, in Savoy, and in English History; including numerous Royal Switzerland and Auvergne, in the Years Letters ; published from Autographs in the 1820, 1821, and 1822, with Comparative British Museum, and other Collections. Views of the Geology of the Countries with By Henry Ellis, Esq. F. R. S. Sec. S. A. that of Great Britain. By Mr. BAKEWELL, Memoirs of the Court of King Charles II. Author of an Introduction to Geology.

Early English Poetry, and Historical and An English Translation of the Gulistan, Romantic Ballads. By J. HASLEWOOD, Esq. from the Persian text of Gentius, with an F. S. A.

Essay on the Life and Genius of the Author Monumental Remains of Eminent Per Sadi, dedicated, with special permission, to sons, engraved from drawings by Mr. BLORE the Chairman, Deputy Chairman, and Diand other Artists. With Biographical and rectors of the Hon. East India Company, Historical Illustrations.

and chiefly intended for their College. By Journal of the Siege of Lathom House, James Ross, Esq. late of the Bengal Estan during its defence by the Countess of DERBY, blishment, and well known as an oriental against Fairfax.

scholar by his Persian Anthology, and other Universal Stenography, or a Practical translations, under the name of Gulchin. System of Short Hand. By W. HARDING. Collections and Recollections ; His

A new Poem, entitled, A Sabbath among torical, Biographical, and Miscellaneous the Mountains.

Anecdotes, Notices, and Sketches, from The Hermit of Dumpton Cave.

various sources; with Occasional Remarks. A concise History of the Aucient Insti- By Joun STEWART, Esq. tutions, Inventions, and Discoveries in Sci

An English Version of Sismondi's Hise ence and Mechanic Art. From the German tory of the Literature of the South of Euof Professor Beckmann.

горе,

with Notes. By Mr. Roscoe. Part II. of John Bohn's Catalogue of The Elements of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, Books, accompanied by bibliographical and with copious Notes, illustrating the strucliterary notices.

ture of the Saxon, and the formation of the

English Lauguage. By the Rev. J. BosPreparing for Publication.

WORTH, M.A. and Vicar of Harwood Parva. Σωματοψυχoνoολογια, or Proof of the The Hermit Abroad. By the Author of the distinct existence of Body, Life, and Mind, Hermit in London and Hernit in the Country. shewn not to be derived from Physiology. Two large Perspective Views of Fonthill Contained in an examination of the Contro Abbey. By Mr. BUCKLER. versy between Messieurs Lawrence, Aber The entire Works of Demosthenes aud nethy, and Rennell; together with an Exa- Æschines ; with the Greek Text selected mination of the Origin and Genealogy of from the different editions which have been our ideas concerning the Soul, and other published of the whole of their Works. subjects connected therewith. By Vuola. Mr. John FOSBROKE, vow Surgeon of

The Progresses of Queen Elizabeth are Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, and Author of nearly finished, and may be expected early several Essays on Pathological subjects, has in March. Those of King James are also it in intention to publish some Original Ob; begun at the press.

servations on the Connection between cerA Series of Letters on the Manners, tain Affections of the Kidneys aud those of Amusements, and Literature of England, the Brain. from the original Manuscripts of Count An Elegy to the Memory of the late Rev. Victoire De Soligny.

Henry Martyn, with smaller Pieces. Mr. BARRY CORNWALL's new volume of

The Disappointment; or Religion the Poems. It will be composed, we uncler- only source of True Happiness. stand, of five or six subjects ; the first is Poems, Dramatic and Miscellaneous. By the Flood of Thessaly, an adoption of the HENRY NEELE.

Mr.

or,

68
Literature and Science.

[Jan. Mr. SCORESBY, who is already favourably died full of years and honours; and, when known to the public, by his Description of unable any longer to labor himself, he saw the Arctic Regions, and by various scientific a kindred disposition and kindred talents papers in the Transactions of learned So- displayed by his son.—The premature death cieties, has now in the press an Account of of Dr. Alexander Marcet was deplored his Voyage to Greenland, in the summer of with equal eloquence and feeling. Sir 1822. ' In the course of this voyage, he Humphry Davy characterised him as an inexplored the Eastern Coast of Vest Green- genious and accurate chemist, a learned land, to the extent of between 700 and 800 physician, a liberal and most amiable man ; geographical miles, the greater part of and whilst he vindicated the claims of the which

may be considered as original dis- departed to scientific eminence, the faltercovery. He has constructed a chart, four ing voice, and scarcely repressed tear, paid ed on about 500 angles or bearings, taken the honest tribute of regret to the warm reat 50 different stations, most of which were collections of long and sincere friendship. determined by astronomical observatious. Of the deceased foreign members, Haüy This, we understand, is to accompany the was spoken of as a man whose name will work; and it will constitute the first and always be remembered in the history of mionly accurate map of that remote and all neralogy, in consequence of his having estabut inaccessible region. The fate of the blished what may be considered as a matheLost Colony, said to have been established in matical character, in the discrimination of West Greenland in the beginning of the mineral species. Delambre was eulogised 15th century, has long excited great inte as an excellent astronomer, and a candid rest. There is reason to think, that the and liberal historian of his own science. descendants of the colonists may still exist; Berthullet, Sir Humphry designated as the for traces of recent inhabitation were found patriarch of modern chemistry. He dwelt in different places.

on his discoveries and labours at some

length; and paid a just tribute to the canANNIVERSARY OF THE Royal Society.

dor and liberality of his mind, to his warm At the late anniversary of the Royal So- and zealous patronage of rising genius, and ciety, Sir Humphry Davy gave a new inte to his social virtues. rest to the business of the day, by the elo The President then announced that the quent eulogies he delivered on some of the Council had awarded the Copley Medal to members deceased in the course of the pre- the Rev. Wm. Buckland, Professor of Miceding year. Amongst these were, Sir H. neralogy and Geology in the University of C. Englefield, Sir W. Herschell, Dr. Mar- Oxford, for his paper on the. Fossil Bones cet, the Rev. Mr. Vince, &c.

and Teeth discovered in a cave near Kirkdale, Of Sir H. C. Englefield* he spoke as an in Yorkshire I, and printed in the Society's accomplished gentleman, gifted with a great Transactions. The President, on this occavariety of information, and considerable ta sion, delivered a concise view of the general lents for philosophical inquiry. He was a history and importance of geology, as well respectable astronomer, a learned antiqua as of the interest and value of Mr. Buck.. ry, a clear writer, and eminently distin- land's recent labours in particular, guished for his conversational powers. He was worth all the rest—a truly honest

Bristol PHILOSOPHICAL INSTITUTION. man, and an ornament to that class of society This Establishment was opened on the in which he lived.--The progress of modern 6th of January, to Proprietors and their astronomy is so connected with the labours friends. It had been previously announced, of Sir W. Herschell t, that his name, Sir that an inaugural Lecture would be delivered Humphry justly observed, will live as long by Dr. C. Daubeny, F.R.S. Professor of as that science shall exist. His discovery of Chemistry at Oxford. The Lecture-room a new planetary system, and of several satel was completely filled, there being upwards lites before unknown, prove his happy and of 350 persons of the first respectability indefatigable spirit of observation_his views present, half of whom were ladies. By way of the stellar systems of the heavens, his of beginning in the formation of a Museumi, bold imagination and power of inductive & beautiful specimen of organic remains, reasoning.--and his discovery of the invisible cut from the face of a rock at Lyme, Dorset, rays in the solar spectrum, his talents for has been presented to this Institution. It philosophical experiment. He was a man, is the skeleton of a wonderful fish, between said the President, who, though raised by the porpoise and the dolphin, having paddles the powers of his own intellect to the or fins (it is not determined which), instead highest degree of scientific eminence, was of feet. It is about five feet long, and is, spoiled neither by glory nor by fortune; but perhaps, the best and most perfect specimen retained, under all circumstances, the native of the kind in the kingdom. We believe it simplicity of his mind. His private cha- is that description of fossil which some Georacter was amiable, and his life happy. He logists call Proteothaurus-others Ichthyo

saurus. It was embedded in blue lyas. * See vol. xcii. pt. i. pp. 292, 418. of See vol. xcii. pt. ii. p. 274.

See vol. xcii. pt. i. pp. 161, 352, 491.

ANTE

1923.]

[ 69.]

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.

Houses OF THE ANCIENT BRITONS.
Esctracted from the Second Number of Fosbroke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities,

and Elements of Archæology.)

[graphic]

“ Diodorus Siculus speaks of the houses GUYN, that is, the White House. For, to of the Britons as built of wood, the walls the end that it might be distinguished from made of stakes and wattling, like hurdles, vulgar buildings, he caused the twigs (acand thatched with either reeds or straw. cording to his princely quality) to be barkt;: (Wattled chimuies still occur in Wales.] nay, castles themselves, in those daies, were Afterwards the dwellings were improvedl. framed of the same materials, and weaved Some set up strong stakes in the banks of together; for thus writes Giraldus Camearth, as well as large stones, rudely laid on brensis, of Pembroke Castle : Arnulphus de each other without mortar. Strabo says, Montgomery (saith he), in the daies of King that the fashion was round, with a high Henry the first, built that small castle of pointed covering at top; and Cæsar, that twigs and slight turf. Such reed houses as they resembled the Gaulish housės, and these we all along see in Ireland, and in were only lighted by the door. That this many places in England.' Rowlands says, was perfectly correct appears from the re that the British houses were generally in presentations of them on the Antonine co clusters of three or four, sometimes mapy, lumn, where they are either cylinders, with within a square court. At Grimspound, an arched lofty entrance, single or double, Devonshire, within a circular inclosure, or exact fac-similes of great tea-canisters in situated in a marsh, are numerous round grocers' shops; the orifice, where the lid foundations of stone houses, about 12 feet shuts, being, according to Henry, for emis- diameter. Near Chun Castle in Cornwall, sion of smoke. Strutt says, that they were within the parish of Morva, in the uninbuilt at some distance from each other, not closed and uncultivated downs, are several in streets, generally on the banks of a river dilapidated walls of circular buildings, which for water, or in woods, &c. where forage appear to have been the residence of a tribe might be found for the cattle. The prince or class of people, who, protected by the chose the most convenient, and his fol- adjacent fortification, formed a settlement lowers erected theirs around, as well as stalls here. The foundations are detached from for the cattle ; a ditch and mound of earth, each other, and consist of large stones, or rampart, surrounded the whole. Sammes, piled together, without mortar. Each hut speaking of the first church of Glaston measures from 10 to 20 feet in diameter, bury, says : The walls of the Church, and has a door-way with an upright stone or according to Malmesbury, made of twigs, jamb on each side. There is no appearance winded and twisted together, after the an of chimneys or windows. Several banks for cient custome, that Kings' palaces were small and large inclosures are remaining used to be built. So the King of Wales, near the houses, and from these a sort of by name HEOLUS Wha, in the year of our covered way, or guarded road, communicates Lord 940, built a house of white twigs, to with the fortress, which occupies the sumretire into when he came a hunting into mit of a hill. The caves of the Druids South Wales; therefore it was called Ty were very rude, their houses without lime

or

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