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VOL. XCIII. PART I.
Embellished with Views of the Gateway of LULLINGSTONE Castle, Kent; and the
Free SCHOOL at STAMFORD :
Bromley, Kent, Peche or Pechyt. This gateway is
March 1, 1820. Aanked by two polygonal towers; an ATTEMPTED in my last com
entablature in the centre exhibits the munication to afford some account
lion double queued, and the motto of of, the Antiquities at Otford *; the sub- the Peches, “ Prest à faire." To the ject of the present leads me along the left of this entrance, on the lawn, and banks of the Darent about four miles forming a right angle with the manto the northward of the village above- sion, stands the antient little church. mentioned, to the antient demesne of
The beautiful site of Lullingstone Lullingstone.
was not, it appears, overlooked in RoThis consists of a park, nearly four
man times. Near the North-eastern miles in circumference, lying on the boundary of the park a tesselated pareleft bank of the Darent, and rising to
ment was discovered in the course of a bold éminence towards the South- the last century, and several coins and west, crowned with finely-clustered other relics of Roman occupation were woods, and interspersed with venerable ploughed up: It may be observed that insulated trees of beech, oak, or ash.
a lane leads from Lullingstone through Five hundred head of deer by their Chelsfield, and points directly on the placid browsings, or sudden and cau
fortifications commonly called Cæsar's tious Aight, enliven the upland scene Camp at Keston, the antiquities of of Lullingstone park.
which I have elsewhere endeavoured Close to the seat of the present pos
to describe I. sessor, Sir Thomas Dyke, now styled into two distinct parishes and estates.
Lullingstone was formerly divided Lullingstone Castle, the river is received into a capacious basin, and Their population having greatly deforming in its course a pretty fall of a clined, in the year 1412 the church of few feet, glides on, at the back of the Lullingstane on the northern side was mansion, towards its mouth. From the abandoned, the parishes united S, and lulling murmur of this stream, rippling the service of the Deity performed in over the pebbles, the place is said to that of Lullingstone. Thorpe describes have derived its appellation. This much Roman bric as visible in the
stille sound” has not escaped the ruins of the church of Lullingstane ; notice of Spenser in his beautiful de- it had been worked into the walls when scription of the house of Morpheus :
the remains of Roman buildings were
plentiful in the neighbourhod. It apto lulle him in his slumber soft a
pears from Domesday. that the two trickling streame
estates at Lullingstone were held of The front of the existing house at Odo Bishop of Bayeux, by the families Lullingstone appears to have been of Ross and Peyforer. erected as late as the reign of Queen Anne. It is, however, approached + It is evident, from the quantity of the on the eastern side by the noble lines in the epitaph on Sir Percival Hart, portal of brick (represented in the that the final e in Peche was pronounced. Plate), and erected by Sir John . In the tract entitled, “Investigation of
the Antiquities of Holwood Hill," appended
to Dunkin's Bromley. See vol. xc. i. p. 489.
§ Registrum Roffense, p. 477. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCIII. PART I.
« Goisfrid A
Account of Lallingstone Church, Kent. EXCILE “Goisfrid de Ros ten' (de ep'o) Lolinger. his figure in armour, and the follow. stone: p. uno sol. se def'd. &c.
ing legend : “ Osb’nus Pastforeire ten' in Lolinge
« Enea Willi' Peche hec est mortis imago, stone dimid' sol. de ep'o. &c.”
Marmore suppos'ti cui sua facta manent. Hence the estates were probably Olim milés erat, non prosunt militis arma; distinguished by the titles of Lolinge- Mors jubet, et morti cuncta creata favent. stone Rosse and Lolingstone Peyforer. Quilegis hoc scriptum memor esto qd morieris Anketellus Rosse held lands at Lul- Pro illo funde preces hasque sequaces lingstone in the 20th of William the
babes. Conqueror; his grandson William de Qo dio mensis Aprilis anno dm' 1487." Rosse held two knight's fees in Lul- The monument of Sir John, son of lingstone in the 1st of King John. Şir William Peche, is very sumptuous. Alexander de Rosse his son was one It consists of his effigy in armour, of the Recognitores Magnce Assisce beautifully sculptured in free stone; at the end of that King's reign. Lora on his surcoat is the lion double queued, de Rosse, sole daughter of William and the border is enriched with the de Rosse, afterwards marrying Wil- motto Prest à faire, and a running deliam de Peyforer, the estates were pro- vice of peaches, in allusion to his bably united, and the whole called This monument, when I vie by the name of Lullingstone Peyforer. sited the church in company with Mr. William de Peyforer sold his demesne Charles Stothard, was faithfully copied of Lullingstone to Gregory de Rokesly, by him for his series of “ The Mono“ Maior of London, Master of the mental Effigies of Great Britain,”-a King's Mintes, and therefore a gold- work in which History and ancient smith, I think,” says Stow in his Costume are illustrated by an elegant “ Summarie.”
and accurate pencil, and which emuWith John the son of this Gregory lates in its decorations the lustre of the de Rokesley, the succession of the old illuminated MSS. monuments of the Lords of Lulling- John Peche was Sheriff of Kent in stone now remaining in the church be- the 10th of Henry VII. He deterred gins, and few places can present a Perkin Warbeck from landing at Deal, chain so little interrupted, I shall and afterwards was greatly instrumental therefore leave to professed topogra- in preventing the Cornish insurgents, phers the description of the carved under James Touchet Lord Audley, screen,
the chancel from froin penetrating into the county. He the nave, executed in the 15th century; was created a Knight Banneret, and with that of the painted glass, of which in the subsequent reign appointed Lord two fragments representing bishops, in Deputy of Calais. The monument of the little chapel North of the chancel, Sir John Peche was erected in his lifeare of the 13th century; and shall con- time,-a very customary thing in those fine myself to a chronological detail of days: it bears the inscription “ Peche the sepulchral monuments and their in- me fieri fecit,” and is evidently by the scriptions, which I faithfully copied in saine hand as the sculptured entablathe summer of 1819*. On a brass :
ture over the gateway. The Peches “ Hic jacet dn's John's de Rokesle qnda' bore for their arms, Azure, a lion do' de Lullyngston q' obiit primo die mensis rampant Ermine à la queue fourchée, septembr' a. d'i m. tricentesimo lvt cuj'. crowned Or. He founded the almsa'i'e p’piciet' de' am’.”
houses at Lullingstone, and gave 5001. A shield displays the arms of Rokesley, a cross with a rook in the dexter
to other pious uses, to be performed canton.- John de Rokesle was Rector by the Grocer's Company, of which
he was free. of Chelsfield. This quondam Lord of Lullingston, his sister Elizabeth becaine his heir,
Sir John Peche dying without issue, as he is styled in the
inscription, bad and Lullingstone passed by her marin the 33d year of Edward III. sold his estate to Sir John Peche, whose riage with John Hart, Esq. into the grandson William died and was buried possession of the family of 'that name. at Lullingston: his brass is the next cival Hart and his lady, representing
The next inonument is that of Sir Per. in my note book. It is
them in a bad style of sculpture, and * The orthography and abbreviations are bearing the following inscription, the exactly followed.
quaint diction of which is in the true f. Thorpe says 1361.
spirit of the epitaph poetry of the time:
PART 1.) Account of Lullingstone Church, Kent.
579 “Percivall. Hart, goode knight, lieth here, that heir to Peche was,
Who did his daies in service of four worthy princes pass,
Obiit vicesiino primo die Maii, anno 1581." Sir Percivall must indeed have pos- The next monument is formed by sessed some remarkably respectable or modern Gothic screen, ornamented pliant qualities which enabled him to with various escutcheons of the alretain his office with perfect approba- liances of the Harts. The beautifying tion in the succeeding reigns of Henry of which the inscription boasts, has VIII. Edward VI. Mary, and Eliza- been greatest injury to the church, beth.
and has destroyed, by the anomalies On an altar toinb in the North of Grecian and undefinable architecchapel are the effigies of a knight and ture, the purity of its Gothic character. his lady, sculptured in a much supe
“ In memory of Percyvall Hart, Esq. the rior style to the monument of Sir Per
munificent repairer and beautifier of this cival. The inscription is as follows:
church, himself a true lover of the Church • Here lieth Sir George Hart, Knight, of England, and Representative of this second sone of Sir Percivall Hart, Knight, county in the two last Parliaments of her who spent his youth in travel into forayne most pious Majesty Queen Ann. During partes, for his better inabling to dve his which time the church and clergy received prince and country service, which he ac
greater tokens of royal bounty than from cordingly performed in his elder yeares to- the Reformation to her time, or since to wards them both to his great reputation. this day. Mr. Hart's steady attachment to Queen Elizabeth of famous memorie (that the old English Constitution disqualified ever carried a sparing hand in bestowing of him from sitting any more in Parliament, honor), gave him the order of knighthode. abhorring all venality, and scorning as niuch He married Elizabeth Bowes, the daughter to buy the people's voices as to sell his of John Bowes, of Elford, in Staffordshire, own, conscious of having always preferred Esquier, descended of that auncient family of the interest of Great Britain to that of any the Bowses of Yorkshire, by whom he had foreign state. He passed the remainder of his five children, namely Percivall, Robert, and life in hospitable retirement, with as much George, sonnes, and Frances and Elizabeth, tranquillity as possible under the declension daughters. He lived vertuously the term both of his own health and that of his native of 55 years, and died religiously the 16th country, which when he could not serve, he day of July, 1587."
could not but deplore. He married Sarah, On a blue slab :
youngest daughter of Edward Dixon, Esq. “ Here lies the body of William Hart, of Tonbridge, by whom he had one danghEsq. eldest sonn of Sir Percivall Hart, who ter, Ann, married to Sir Thomas Dyke, died on the one and thirty of March, 1671,
Baronet, of Horeham, in Sussex; he died in the 77th
on the 27 day of October in the year 1738, Comparing the dates given on the aged 70. Mrs. Hart died on the 6th day of
The curious inscriptions, this could not be a son of November, 1720, aged 57. Sir Percivall Hart first commemorated,
inspector of these monuments will see
a and who died in 1581. He might be
short account of an anncient family for more
than four ceuturies, contented with a modea grandson.
rate estate, not wasted by luxury nor in1 Bearings of the Harts: Azure and
creased by avarice. May their posterity, Gules
per chevron, three harts trippant emulating their virtues, long, enjoy their Or. Of the Bowes : Ermine, three
possessions. Percyvall Hart, Esq. was bapbows proper.
tized 7 May, 1666; buried Nov. 6, 1738.
“Rowme” is frequently used by the writers of the 16th century for office.
Lullingstone Church. Stanford Free Schoola [XCH. Mrs. Sarah Hart, wife of Percyvall Hart, future Kentish topographers, and that Esq. was buried Nov. 14, 1720.
I have not wearied the patience of Lullingstone now descended for the your readers. Their favourable recepthird time by the female line to a new
tion of this account, may prompt to family, by the marriage of Ann Hart future perambulations in my neigh
bourhood. to Sir Thomas Dyke, who first con
Á. J.K. ferred on the present seat at Lullingstone the title of a castle. His wife
Mr.URBAN, Bainton, April 2, 1815. and himself are at once commemorated I Have Esent you a drawing of the
“ Sacred to the memory of Dame Ann is part of the parish church of St. Paul. Dyke, who died November 24, 1763, aged (See the Plate, p. 577.) 71, a lady of exemplary piety and virtue. “William Ratcliffe, Esq. having been In religion most sound and sincere; in her Alderman of Stamford four times, in love and friendship steady and constant; only the year 1530 gave all his messages, child of Percivall Hart, of this place, Esquire. lands, and tenements in Stamford, for She was twice married; first, to John Bluet, the perpetual maintenance of a Free of Holcombe Court, in the county of Devon, Grammar School in that town, which Esq. and afterwards to Sir Thomas Dyke, of land as it stands for the present imHoreham, in the county of Sussex, Bart. to whose memory she by her will ordered this proved (A. D. 1646) yields to the
head schoolmaster and usher 301. per monument to be erected. Mr. Bluet was a
ann. or thereabouts : for the augmenworthy descendant of a very ancient family, a man of great endowments and sound learn- tation of which stipend Wm. Cecil, ing, which he manifested to the world by late Lord Burleigh, gave (or pretended some excellent writings. He departed this to give) 41. per ann.
to the said school life Dec. 17, 1728, aged 29, and was buried for ever, issuing out of a depopulated near this place. Sir Thomas Dyke was a town near Stamford, called Pickworth. truly honest Englishman; in his domestic But in regard the heirs of the said Lord concerns discreet and frugal; in all acts of Burleigh (when they let the last leases hospitality magnificent and noble ; ever
of the said manor of Pickworth, for the zealous to maintain and defend the true
better advancement of the fines) preprinciples of religion, liberty, and loyalty: tended to the
tenants that they should He departed this life the 18 of Aug. 1756; hold their farms tithe-free, but no in the 58 year of his age. He lies buried
sooner were their leases made, sealed, in this chancel.” Arms of Dyke are, Or, three cinque presented a chaplain of his own to the
and delivered, when as the said heir foils Sable.
parsonage thereof, the same having Thus the Lullingstone monuments
neither town nor church standing, have brought this estate through various possessors down to Sir John- that the parson making good the title
only the ruins of both appearing, so Dixon Dyke, the son of the above Sir and tithes from the tenants, they have Thomas, and from him it has descend
ever since refused to pay the said 41. ed to his only son, Sir Thomas Dyke, Sheriff for Kent in 1820, and colonei per ann. to the use of the said school."
See Butcher's Survey of Stamford, p.62. of the West Kent Militia. Before I quit
Mr. Truesdale gave the interest of the subject of Lullingstone church, I 501. to free-born scholars belonging to cannot but observe the extreme neat: the Free School, going directly from ness which is every, where seen in it, thence to the University. The above as worthy of general imitation ; and I
sum is vested in the hands of the Corshall record one more epitaph which it contains for the artless simplicity of poration, for which they pay at the
rate of 5 per cent. interest. the request therein expressed
In the South wall of the Court yard “ of your charite pray for the soule of of the house in which the master of M'res Alice Baldwyn, late gentilwoman to the ladie Marey princes of England, which is a stone with the
the School resides, over the door-way, Alice decessid the 10th day of July, anno 1533. On hir soule Jhu' have mercy. a."
M': Tho': Ballot In having thus sketched the history
Stamfordiæ of Lullingstone, and first given a com
Gymnasi. plete account of the monumental in
Archis. scriptions of its possessors, I trust I
An'o D'ni have furnislied some useful matter to
PART 1.) Stamford Free School.-Singular Accident.
581 This house was rebuilt in the year (which undoubtedly is true), that that 1724, by subscription from some realm cannot be rich whose coin is neighbouring gentlemen, and the Core poor or base. poration stock. It is probable that the From Stamford School the Lord Trea-' above inscribed stone was fixed in the surer probably went to St. John's Colfront of the house before it was rebuilt, lege, Cambridge ; for the above author and that Mr. Ballot gave the house to says that “ His Lordship being in his the school.
infancie so pregnant in wit, and so deOn the verge of an arch in the North sirous and apt to learne, as in expectation wall, behind the wainscot of the seats foretold his great fortune, was virtuousin the Free School, is this inscription: lie brought up and taught at school, “ Hic jacet Eustachius Malherbe Bur- (first) at Grantham, and (then) at Stamgensis Staunvordie.” In a deed of the ford, both in the countie of Lincoln. 20th of Edw. II. in which the situa- And at the age of fourteene yeres in tion of some lands in Stamford field is May, 27 Hen. VIII. (1535) he went described, it is said that, “ Robert le to Cambridge, where he was a Student Flemyng of Staunford; gave to John in St. John's College." de Christemnes, burgess of Staunford, Dr. Zachary Brooke and Dr. John two acres of arable land lying in Staun- Chevallier were educated at Stamford ford fields, near the mill that was Eus- School : the former commenced his tace Malherbe's, abutting on the land residence in St. John's College, Camof the Priory of St. Leonard East.' bridge, in 1734, and was afterwards This was probably the mill now called Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity Hood's mill.
in that University. The latter left In the 10th year of James I. Thomas Stamford for St. John's College, CamEarl of Exeter gave a yearly rent of bridge, in 1747 ; and was afterwards 1081. to the Master, &c. of Clare Hall, Master of that Society. R. H. * Cambridge, on condition that he and his heirs should have the nomination Mr. URBAN,
June 3. of three
the following story, which is eight Scholarships became void, it was
f. 2, be worthy a place in your pages, agreed that preference should be given it is much at your service. I am not to such youths of the said University
aware if it be taken from any printed as had been educated in the Free School
X. in Stamford. In the indenture it was agreed that the three Fellows and six “ A miraculous accident happened in Spiof the Scholars should be called the nola campe, wherein the power and providence
of God declared themselves. There was in Earl of Exeter's Fellows and Scholars ; and the other two the Countess of Ex. the enemie's quarters about Mount Nay
bergh, where the troops of Don Corduba lay, eter's Scholars. We learn from Peck's “ Desiderata from the mount to fetch water,
a certain souldier's wife, which went downe
poore Curiosa,” that Sir William Cecil, Lord
woman being great with child, and its supBurghley, Lord High Treasurer of posed neere her time of child-birth, was England to Queen Elizabeth, received shott off about the middle of her body with a portion of his elementary education a cannon bullett. Some that were neere at Stamford School; an honour truly when the blow was given, came to behold great to any school, to have had the the particulars of this occurrence, where education of a man, if equalled, we they found one halfe of the woman upon the may venture to affirm, not surpassed ground, and the other halfe upon the brinke
of the water. The matrix or wombe was
wherein the child, unborne as it was, did first Parliament holden in the begin
moove and struggle, which thing being ning of the Queen's reign, many difficulties arose in reforming and altering out of the wombe; drawing it out of the
perceived by these beholders, they tooke it religion, a work of great moment, and flood like another Moyses, and brought it which by his great skill, temperance, to Antwerpe, where it was baptized, and and learning was effected. After this he laboured for the wealth of the state; * This article was sent to us, in 1815, by for by his advice the coin was brought our late valuable Correspondent Robert to the standard of fineness now current Henson, Esq. who died at Dieppe, Sept. 7, in England; for he held a position 1817.