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cept himself.

1823.] Review.-Napoleon's Memoirs of France.

53 conspicuous and important an indivifended himself with his usual vivacity. He dual have been actuated.

would read the passages several times over: Before entering on the historical then, folding his arms, and walking up and part, we shall explaiw the origin of the

down with more or less rapidity, according to Memoirs, by extracting the Adver

the degree in which he felt excited, he tisement of the Editors.

would dictate a reply; but in the course of

a few sentences, hurried away by the force During the last seven years much has of his imagination, he almost always forgot been written respecting Napoleon; all have both the author and the book, and was enwished to say what they knew of him ; tirely absorbed by the fact itself to which many have said what they did not know, the work related. Statesmen, soldiers, and authors of all “ Napoleon considered these notes nations have been desirous of passing judg- constituting materials for his memoirs ; they ment upon him; everybody has spoken ex are the more interesting, because, being

At length he also breaks the fruits of an unpremeditated dictation, the silence, and in the most solemn manner. author's ideas lie on the surface; and beAt the time of his abdication at Fon cause they

throw a light on events, the partainbleau, he said.to the remains of his old ticulars of which have hitherto remained legions, I will record the deeds we have per unknown. We have therefore made a sepaformed together;" but the rapid succession rate collection of them." of events which led to the revolution of the

Our Author does not fatigue us by 20th of March, did not permit him to write his memoirs at the Isle of Elba; nor

an unnecessary exordium. He is as was he able to fulfil the promise given at

prompt an historian as he was a sol

dier. Under the head of the “ SIEGE Fontainbleau, until he arrived at St. Helena. Too active to delay for an instant the

of Toulon,” where his military caexecution of a project on which he had de

reer first commenced, he enters at once termined, he did not even wait till he ar on the following particulars : rived at the rock of exile; on board the “ First operations of the Army of Italy vessel which carried him thither he com

in 1792-Expedition against Sardinia menced his memoirs.

Toulon delivered up to the English “ He employed the six years of his capti Plan of attack adopted against Toulon vity in writing the account of the twenty Siege and taking of the place --Hints on years of his political life. So constantly the fortifications of coasts - Fortifying was he occupied in this undertaking, that to the shores of the Mediterranean—Taking describe the labour he bestowed upon it, of Saorgio Positions of the French would almost be to write the history of his Army - Napoleon accused - Action of life at Saint-Helena. He seldom wrote him Cairo - Montenotte - Napoleon goes to self; impatient at the pen which refused Paris-Kellerman Commander-in-Chief of to follow the rapidity of his thoughts. the Army of Italy-Schérer-Loano.” When he wished to write an account

Napoleon was sent by the Comof any event, he caused the Generals who

mittee of Public Safety to command surrounded him to investigate the subject; and when all the materials were collected,

the besieging artillery against Toulon, he dictated to them extempore.”

which had been taken by the English.

“ In conformity to the plan adopted, the The Notes and MISCELLANIES are French raised five or six batteries against of a more detached description ; but, Little Gibraltar, and constructed platforms in our judgment, they possess a more for fifteen mortars. A battery had also extraordinary degree of interest; and been raised of eight twenty-four pounders may be considered as invaluable to and four mortars against Fort Malbosquet, military men, on account of the im the construction of which was a profound portant suggestions connected with the secret to the enemy, as the men who were tactics and operations of war.

The employed on the work were entirely conEditors introduce them with the fol

cealed from observation by a plantation of

olives. It was intended that this battery lowing explanation :

should not be unmasked till the moment of “ Napoleon had requested that all new marching against Little Gibraltar ; but on works should be sent to him from France ; the 20th of November the Representatives some of them reached him. He read them of the People went to inspect it, when they with eagerness, particularly those which were informed by the cannoneers that it had were published against him. Lampoons been completed eight days, and that no use and libels only excited in him a smile of had yet been made of it, though it was contempt; but when he met with passages supposed the effect produced by it would in important works, in which his policy had be very important. Without further exbeen mistaken or misinterpreted, he de- planation, the Representatives ordered them

to

arms.

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54
Review.-Napoleon's Memoirs of France.

[Jan. to open a fire, and accordingly the can

EGYPT. noneers with great joy immediately opened

“ The army of Egypt might have mainan alternate fire from the battery.

tained, nay, might have perpetuated itself « General O'Hara, who commanded the in that country, without receiving any asAllied Army at Toulon, was greatly sura sistance from France ; provisions, clothing, prised at the erection of so considerable a

all that is necessary for an army, abounded battery close to a fort of such importance in Egypt. There were military stores and as Malbosquet, and gave orders that a sortie ammunition enough for several campaigns ; should be made at break of day. The bat- besides, Champy and Conté had established tery was situated in the centre of the left of powder-mills; the army had sufficient ofthe army: the troops in that part consisted

ficers, &c. to organize a force of 80,000 of about 6000 men ; occupying the line men; it could obtain as many recruits az from Fort Rouge to Malbosquet, and so dis- might be desired, especially amongst the posed as to prevent all individual communi

young Copts, the Greeks, Syrians, and necation, though too much scattered to make

groes of Darfur and Sennaar.

The 21st an effectual resistance in any given point. demi-brigade recruited 500 Copts, many of

“ An hour before day, Generál O'Hara whom were made sub-officers, and received šallied out of the garrison with 6000 men ; the decoration of the Legion of Honour ; and, meeting with no obstacle, his skirmish- there are, no doubt, some of them now in ers only being engaged, spiked the guns of France. But what power was there that the battery.

could possibly attack Egypt ?–The Otto“ In the mean while the drums beat the man Porte ? It had lost its two armies of generale at head-quarters, and Dugommier Syria and Rhodes; the battles of the Pywith all haste rallied his troops: the Com ramids, of Mount Tabor, and of Aboukir, mandant of Artillery posted himself on a

had completely exposed the weakness of the little headland behind the battery, on which Ottoman armies. The Grand Vizier, with he had previously established a depôt of his mob of Asiatic rabble, was not even for

A communication from this point to midable to the inhabitants. — Russia ? the battery had been effected, by means of mere phantom. The Czar wished the a boyau which was substituted for the French army to be established in Egypt; trench. Perceiving from this point that the it was playing his game, and opening the enemy had formed to the right and left of gates of Constantinople to him.-- What rethe battery, he conceived the idea of leading mained ? England. But it required an army a battalion which was stationed near him of at least 36,000 men to succeed in such through the boyau. By this plan he succeeded an operation, and England had no such in coming out unperceived among the bram- force disposable ; and it was evident, since bles, close to the battery, and immediately she had succeeded in forming a new coacommenced a brisk fire upon the English, lition, that she should attempt the conquest whose surprise was such, that they imagined of Egypt in Italy, Switzerland, or France." it was their own troops on the right, who through some mistake were firing on those of

MAMELUKES. the left. General O'Hara hastened towards “ Two Mamelukes kept three Frenchmen the trench to rectify the supposed mistake, at bay, because they were better armed, betwhen he was wounded in the hand by a ter mounted, and better exercised; they musket-ball, and a serjeant seized and drag- had two pair of pistols, a tromblon, a cared him prisoner into the boyau; the disap- bine, a helmet with a vizor, a coat of mail, pearance of the English General was so several horses, and several men on foot to sudden, that his own troops did not know attend on them. But a hundred French did what had become of him.

not fear a hundred Mamelukes; three hun“ In the mean time, Dugommier, with dred were more than a match for an equal the troops he had rallied, placed himself number; and 1000 would beat 1500 : 80 between the town and the battery: this powerful is the influence of tactics, order, movement disconcerted the enemy, who

and evolutions! Murat, Leclerc, and Laforthwith commenced their retreat." They salle, cavalry generals, presented themselves were hotly pursued as far as the gates

to the Mamelukes in several lines : wher of the fortress, which they entered in the the latter were upon the point of outfronting greatest disorder, and without being able to

the first line, the second came to its assistascertain the fate of the General."

ance on the right and left; the Mamelukes

then stopped, and wheeled, to turn the wings Of the HISTORICAL MISCELLA- of this new line : this was the moment seizNies, we have already expressed our ed for charging them; they were always opinion. We shall therefore, at pre

broken." sent, confine ourselves to a few 'de.

CONSCRIPTIONS. tached selections from this volume;

« Forced enlistments have ever been in réserving our further notices of both for a future Number.

use among Republics as well as Monarchies, both with the ancients and the moderns.

The

1823.) Review.-Las Cases' Journal of Napoleon at St. Helena. 55 The peasants being slaves in Russia and Po 8. Journal of the private Life and Conland, men are levied in those countries as versations of the Emperor Napoleon at horses are in others. In Germany, every St. Helena. By the Count De Las Cases. village has its lord, who names the recruits, 2 vols. 8vo. without regard either to their rights or con THIS Journal, like Mr. O'Meara's venience. In France, the recruiting of the “ Voice from St. Helena," relates more army has always been determined by lot: particularly to the private life of Buounder Louis XIV. Louis XV. and Louis XVI. it was called drawing the Militia ;

naparte; and is more amusing than under Napoleon, drawing the Conscription.

the “Memoirs,” but not so valuable The privileged classes were exempt from

or important, though it will probably the former ; no one was exempt from the be as generally read. It must be borne latter: it was a levy without distinction, in mind that'Las Cases is an old emiwhich rendered it as unpalatable to the pri- grant; and as he seems frequently to vileged classes, as the former mode was to forget the obligations due to England the mass of the people. The Conscription from that class of Frenchmen, his statewas the milder, the more equitable, and the ments ought to be received with some more advantageous plan for the people in degree of caution. Renegades are often general. The regulations respecting it were the most intolerant opponents of their rendered so perfect under the Empire, that old friends. Las Cases having first there is nothing to change, not even the emigrated as a royalist, then made his name, lest it should lead to an alteration in

peace with the Emperor, then offered the principle. The departments which since

himself to Louis xviii. and, finally, 1814 have been detached from France, have solicited and obtained, as a benefit, the con

gone back again to Napoleon, it may tinuance of the laws of the Conscription, in readily be anticipated that his tergiverorder to escape the arbitrary, unjust, and sations have imbued his work with the vexatious regulations of the Austrians and spirit pertaining to all his weathercock Prussians on this subject. The Illyrian

tribe. provinces, long accustomed to the Austrian The Count commences his work by mode of recruiting, never ceased to express detailing several particulars respecting their admiration of the French Conscription; himself, from which it appears, that he and since they have returned to the domi- often considers himself as great a pernion of their former sovereign, they have

sonage as his master.

He was origiobtained a continuance of its regulations."

nally a Lieutenant de Vaisseau, and BERNADOTTE.

joined the emigrant Princes in the “ Bernadotte was for two months minis- early part of the revolutionary war. ter of war; his administration was marked At the peace of Amiens he returned to only by folly, and by the protection he af France, and found his patrimony disforded to the vulgar declaimers of the So- posed of, and then devoted himself to ciété du Manège. He affected nothing in literature. In progress of time he atthe way of organization, and the Directory tached himself to the Emperor, and was obliged to dismiss him from office, on obtained several official and diplomatic account of his seditious intrigues. He had

situations. After the battle of Waterceased to be minister, when Massena decided the campaign, by the victory of Zu- loo, the Emperor's fortune was like a rich, towards the end of September 1799. sinking ship, that promised

more perils He was completely ignorant of these com

than prize money to those that should binations, and his causing a diversion to be cling to it. He requested permission made on Philipsburg with 25,000 men, was to accompany his fallen inaster to St. an operation contrary to all rule.”

Helena.
" Do

know,” said Na. “The conduct of Bernadotte, at Jena, poleon, “ whither your offer would was such, that the Emperor had signed the lead you?” “I care not,” said Las decree for bringing him before a council of Cases, " and I have made no calcula. war, and he would inevitably have been shot, tion about it;" and he lived to write 80 general was the indignation of the army the account of these transactions in against him; he had nearly occasioned the

St. Helena. loss of the battle. It was out of regard for his wife, that the Emperor destroyed the which is now printed, comes down no

The portion of Las Cases' Journal order, at the moment he was about to put it in the hands of the Prince Neufchâtel.

farther than the end of March 1816, Shortly after, Bernadotte distinguished him- but several parts are yet to follow. self at the battle of Halle, which in some

We have been much amused with degree effaced the former unfavourable im- this Volume; which is embellished pressions."

with a ground plan of Longwood. (To be continued.)

9. A Letler

you

56

REVIEW.-Durham Clergy, and Edinburgh Review. (Jan. 9. A Letter to Francis Jeffrey, Esq. the fore they had heard the evidence.

reputed Editor of the Edinburgh Review, Their duty to God implied the very on an article entitled, “ Durham Case- part which the majority of them did Clerical Abuses.By the Rev. H. Phil- take, that of considering the affair to potts, D. D. Rector of Stanhope. 8vo.

be one which regarded justice, and pp. 40. Hatchard.

not feeling; fact, and not prepossesDr. PhilPotts' “ Letter to Mr. sion; evidence, and not advocacy. At Jeffrey” is a very able answer to the all events, they had a right to exerintemperate article in the Edinburgh cise their own judgments, as EnglishReview. After disposing of the theo men ; and, if those judgments were logical matter which the ill-advised unfavourable, they were not the inCritic introduced into his Review, Dr. stigators or abetiors of the events P. shews, that in talking of the doc- which led to that bias. In the same trines of the Church of England, he unjustifiable manner is the conduct has displayed woeful ignorance; as of the Durham Clergy misrepresented. well as on the subjects of Transub- To the masterly writing of the Northstantiation, the Real Presence, and ern Reviewers we readily bear testithe Power of Absolution. What the mony; but in manners should they be Reviewer says of Bishops Burnet and butchers? The facts are these. The Butler is shewn to be at variance with party of the Opposition Member is history. His censures on the excel- very strong in the County; and the lent Bp. of London are next exposed Bishop and his Clergy are, if not the with still greater force. That amiable sole, at least the chief defenders of individual, so grossly misrepresented Government, and so it is their duty by the Reviewer, is one of the best of to be. By what authority does the human beings; mild and benevolent, Editor of a Provincial Journal take in every thought, word, and deed, and upon himself to pass a censure upon an ornament to that profession, in a learned body of men, who had as which he holds so conspicuous a sta- much right as himself to form an opition.

nion of the guilt or innocence of the After thus disposing of the introduc late Queen? Who made him “a Judge tory matter, Dr. Philpotts enters into or Decider

among

them?" They prohis more immediate subject, his refu secuted him for an unwarrantable intation of the calumnies against him sult offered to them an act of atroself particularly, and the Durham cious presumption. Had he contentClergy in general, by an able exposi- ed himself with lamenting a difference tion of the real state of the case. of opinion, which led to the event in

It is manifest, that the Clergy had question, that of not tolling the bell nothing to do with the cause or the at the funeral, not a word could have effect of the Queen's Trial; nor could been said. We might say that they had they alter the Act of Uniformity, which more civil right to omit tolling the bell, compelled them to adhere to the Royal than he had for meddling with them Proclamation, prohibiting the insertion for so doing. Equally fallacious is the of her Majesty's name in the Liturgy. doctrine, that the property of the Clergy Admitting with her Majesty's own is that of the Publick. The duty we especial friends, that "she was so odd admit to be so. The Church property a woman, no one could form correct was given by pious individuals to opinions about her” (and we quote Churchmen, and for Church purposes. their own words), appearances were Surely Sacrilege is not a word withunquestionably against her, nor were out meaning. Commit the sin. Comthey removed by her own counter mutation is no accession of wealth. testimony. The feelings of the ma Hierarchy is only office, and office jority of the Publick were with her, there must be in all civil institutions. and those feelings saved her. To the The Clergy are the guardians of the Clergy the question came as one of Literature and Civilization of the Counmorality and reason. To comply with try, and their incomes are spent in it, popular feeling they were called upon

or saved for it. The same thing only to sanction either immorality or im ensues, if it be done by persons in a prudence, (for what other name can brown coat: Thus far we have gone be given to women of rank being for from sincere respect for a munificent days and weeks without female attend Prelate and learned Clergy, and in ants ?) and to join in the verdict be accordance with our principles of at

tachment

in

1883.] Review.-Account of the Coronation of Charles II.

57 tachment to the Constitution in Church Noblemen and Gentlemen who were and State. We could say more; but in the Procession, and “ ranked acis it necessary in a mere affair of party cording to their degrees ;” and lastly, perversion ?

an Account of the Procession itself;io. A circumstantial Account of the Prepa this is very minute, containing every

rations for the Coronation of His Majesty particular connected with it, and conKing Charles II. and a minute Detail of cludes with a detail of the Festival in that splendid Ceremony, with all the Par Westmiuster Hall. ticulars connected with it; including the Installation of Knights, Creation of Peers, &c. To which is prefixed, an Account of

11. Two Reports of a Deputation, who in the Landing, Reception, and Journey of

pursuance of the Resolutions of the Court

of Assistants of the Drapers' Company of His Majesty from Dover to London. By Sir Edward Walker, Knight. 8vo. pp. 132.

the 23d of Jan. 1817, and 3d of Aug. Nichols and Son.

1818, visited the Estates of the Company

in the County of Londonderry in Ireland AMONGST the various publica in those years; and which were ordered by tions consequent on the late Corona the Court to be printed for the use of its tion, noticed in our Review, we acci

Members.

8vo. pp. 96. dentally omitted to make mention of THE present state of Ireland leads this curious work, which is printed men to reflect inore particularly on its from an original Manuscript, by the resources and its local government; Garter Principal King of Arms at that

and on that account induces us to noperiod; the authenticity of which is tice this privately-printed work. Hapthus attested by the present Garter

py would it be for Ireland, if all her King of Arms :

great Landlords would follow the wise Having examined & MS. entitled,

nieasures adopted by the respectable • The Preparations for his Maiesties Coro Company of Drapers. nation, together with the Installation of The first Report contains many Knights of the Garter, the makings of teresting statistical particulars of the Knights of the Bath, Creation of Noblemen, Company's estate, which is on lease to . His Maties Royall Proceeding through Lon

Sir William Rowley. don, and his Marties Coronation at West “ The summary of the property, in point of minster the 28th of Aprill, 1661. Col

profit to Sir William Rowley, was as follows : lected by S. Edward Walker, Knight, Gar - The whole of the estate is situate in the ter Principall King of Arms ;' I do hereby Barony of Longhinshollin, bordering tocertify that the same appears to me to be wards the South-West, on the county of an authentic document, and that I consider Tyrone: it lies in several distinct parcels, the signature annexed thereto to be the and extends into ten parishes, some of actual Signature of the said Sir Edward them in the diocese of Armagh, and others Walker. Witness my hand, at the College in the diocese of Derry: it divides itself of Arms, London, this thirtieth day of May into three principal districts, each consist(Signed)

ing of several townlands, which are ancient “Geo. NAYLER, Clarenceux.” civil divisions, answering to tythings or hamThe work is embellished with 21 lets in England. The three principal divineatly engraved Representations of the

sions referred to, are Moneymore, BrackaRegalia, from drawings annexed to

sliavgallon, and Ballinascreen with Dunthe MS.; and contains the names of About 13,761 acres English of Sterling.

logan.” those Noblemen and Gentlemen, liv

cultivated land, and about ing in England, who adhered to the

12,284 acres English of uncause of his Majesty during his exile; cultivated land, making toge- £. d. a List of the Regalia, and numerous ther 26,045 acres of land, let other ornaments, used at the Corona in 948 parcels at sundry tion, and a particular description of rents, amounting to 9,084 14 4 the different purposes for which they About 100 houses, besides the were used; the names of those Gen mansion-house, let in 68 tlemen and Sons of Noblemen who holdings at sundry rents were made Knights of the Bath, and a amounting to

571

227 5 very particular account of the creation Three Grist Mills, let for of Noblemen previous to the Corona

Moneymore Fair let for

Quit-rents, payable by freetion; the procession of his Majesty from the Tower through the City to

tenants, amounting to Whitehall, on the day previous to the

£.9,871 6 11 Coronation, with the names of those Gent. MAG. January, 1823.

1820.

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