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539 RBVIEW. Robinson's Enfield.Memoir of William Hayley. (June, founded, as it was upon a difference SO direct and extensive is the inof opinion concerning the réparation Auence of letters in meliorating the of Salisbury Cathedral, it was at the condition of society, that the history time scarcely possible to justify, and of every eminent Scholar may

be safely is most absurdly extended to his ex- regarded as a subject of more honouristing representative, his literary fame able record than that of Heroes and but to injure that, partakes of the Statesmen, who often shine with a same mean character as defacing a dazzling, but destructive splendour. monument.

Other views and feelings, too, than In p. 274 we have the following those connected with gratitude alone, article, concerning Geoffrey de Mag- contribute to the importance of imparnaville, created first Earl of Essex by tial displays of Literary Biography, since Stephen, in 1148.

no object can more deeply interest the “The Chronicle of Walden Abbey, which student of human nature, than a cultihe founded, says, after his creation he aug- vated understanding, and in no cirmented his former arms, which were quar- cumstances are the mental faculties terly, Azure and Gules, with an escarbuncle ;

more distinctly developed than in the postquam gladio accinctus erat arma pro- acquisition of knowledge and science. genitorum cum carbunculo nobilitavit.' This

We may be allowed to add that, next is the first instance of arms on a sepulchral to familiar access to living models of figure among us.”

learning, the memorials of their taCoronets and supporters were then lents are powerfully calculated to rouse unknown in the modern use; but it genius, and inspire emulation. It appears, from this instance, that new

must at the same time be conceded, rank was designated by an augmenta that the task of commemoration too tion of the arms. The escarbuncle is frequently devolves on those who are known to have been a cognizance of by no means qualified for its perform Henry the Second; and there was no ance; and while one presents us with doubt an important reason why it was little more than a chronicle of events, made here a designation of new rank. a second blends with facts the partiIt would be a novel and curious en alities of consanguinity or friendship, quiry to find out what bearings, in the a third recites with complacency the infancy of Heraldry, were assumed as most trivial incidents, and a fourth extokens of a particular order or new alts the Hero of his theme to a Saint, or creation,-modes now superseded by the a Derni-god. coronets and supporters. Of one fact These general reflections have been we are here certified, that a nobleman, suggested by the title of the present upon a new creation, did augment his volumes, respecting an amiable litearms, as a symbol of such new crea

rary character, whose name and metion, and that by so doing he was con mory are connected with the most sidered to nobilitate his paternal coat. pleasing poetical lucubrations. It is also probable that such an aug From the Memoirs of the Author, mentation was understood by the to which our first and principal attenpeople in those ages (when arms were tion is due, we shall endeavour to colin fact uniforms) to mean a nobleman; lect some of the more important no-and hence we may infer, that there tices. might have been once a distinction be

William Hayley succeeded at an tween the Ordinaries borne by noble- early age to a patrimony which enabmen, and those borne by commoners. led him to choose his own pursuit, We speak only in pure hypothesis; and he first directed his studies toand merely start the question for the wards the Bar, but soon abandoned microscopical investigation of our he- the profession, and betook himself to raldic Antiquaries.

that retirement at Eartham, in which (To be continued.)

he passed a long and studious life,

intent on the improvement of his 112. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of

own mind, and equally desirous of William Hayley, Esq. the Friend and Bio- benefiting the minds of others. grapher of Cowper, written by himself ;

In delineating the character of our and Memoirs of his Son Thomas Alphonso Poet, Dr. J. Johnson observes that, Hayley, the Young Sculptor. Edited by “In so summary an account of the Poet J. Johnson, LL. D. 2 vols, 4to. with of Eartham, as this professes to be,' and Portraits. Colburn,

from a pen so unqualified to delineate the

cha

prose and

1823.1 Review Life and Writings of William Hayley. 1539 characteristics of his genlus, as that of the and make a journey of forty miles in writer of it most assuredly is, the less that the depth of winter, if he might hope is offered upon this subject the better ; by his personal intervention to benefit especially since the public opinion, as to a friend, and it appears to have been the merits and defects of his various com to this amiable disposition, so conpositions, both in

verse, has been

spicuously prominent in his characso long and so firmly established. It may

ter, that he was indebted for that suffice therefore to say, that an easy flow

firm attachment which Cowper maniof versification, great sweetness of numbers, and an engaging playfulness of fancy have fested for him; as the following sonbeen generally conceded to the Poetry of net, addressed to him in 1792, will Hayley. As a prose writer also he has show. been allowed to exhibit & peculiar facility “Hayley-thy tenderness fraternal shown, of style, and at the same time a graceful In our first interview, delightful guest ! ness of expression that has placed him high To Mary and me for her dear sake disin the list of authors; while as an annota

tress'd, tor, especially, it would not be perhaps easy Such as it is has made my heart thy own, to find any writer to whom the friends of li- Though heedless now of new engagements terature have confessed themselves more in

grown;

(breast, debted both for copious and varied informa For threescore winters make a wintry tion, and for a fund of entertainment co And I had purpos'd ne'er to go in quest extensive with the treasures of an exquisite Of Friendship more, except with God alone." Jibrary."

But thou hast won me; nor is God my “ In concluding these imperfect remarks

foe, on the literary character of the author of Who, ere this last afflictive scene began, this Memoir, whose extensive compositions,

Sent thee to mitigate the dreadful blow, and especially his • Triumphs of Temper,' My brother, by whose sympathy I know are so honourable to the school in which Thy true deserts infallibly to scan, he formed his taste, the Editor cannot help Not more t' admire the bard than love the

man." expressing his conviction, that had the studies of the Poet been directed to happier Among the distinguished persons, models, or had his genius, like that of his whose names have place in these Vofriend Cowper, drunk deeply into the sub- lumes, we notice those of Dr. Beattie, lime simplicity of Scripture, elevated as he Gen. Burgoyne, the EarlofCharlemont, confessedly was above the far greater part Capt. Cook, Lord Chatham, J. B. Çitained to a much prouder eminence on the priani, the Poet Cowper, Dr. Darwin, scale of positive merit, and travelled down

Duchess of Devonshire, the Earl of to posterity with a transcendant lustre."

Egremont, Princess Elizabeth, Mr.

Flaxman, Mr. Garrick, Mr. Gibbon, It appears that Hayley was extremely Jonas Hanway, Lord Hardwicke, Mr. fortunate in the choice of his friends. Henderson, Lady Hesketh, Lord HolThose of his juvenile days, when land, Rev. Mr. Hurdes, Dr. Johnson, friends are formed more by chance Sir William Jones, Mr. Kemble, Dr. than by selection, were men of con- Kippis, Marquis of Lansdown, Bp. siderable intellectual powers and ho- Lowth, Lady Lucan, Mrs. Montagu, nest hearts; but these favourites, Mrs. Opie, Mr. Pitt, Romney the Thornton, Clyfford, and Beridge, and Painter, Prince and Princess of Saxe their successors of more renown, Gib- Coburg, Miss Seward, Mrs. Sidbon, Howard, and Cowper, sunk into dons, Earl Spencer, George Steevens, the grave long before his decease. Lord Thurlow, Dr. Warton, Caroline The latter years of the life of Hayley Watson, Mr. Wilberforce, with many do not appear to have been distin- others of distinguished celebrity in the guished by any literary composition literary world. — We doubt not, the either in prose or verse.

It is certain work will be considered as an acquithat he published nothing after the sition to our stores of National BioMilion and a Volume of Tragedies.

Though devoted to retirement, he graphy and Literary History. was not inactive; he persevered in

113. An Essay on Marriage, Adultery, and the practice of early rising, to a late

Divorce, (now first printed,) and an Essay period of his life, walking in his gar

on the State of the Soul between Death and den, even in winter, when the ground

the Resurrectioni(the third Edition), to both was covered with snow, with a lan of which Premiums have been adjudged by tern in his hand, some hours before the Church Union Society; the outline of day-light. He would mount his horse, a Sermon and a Lecture on Taste, &c. By

the

540 Review.Polwhele's Essays on Marriage, &c. (June,

the Rev. R. Polwhele, Vicar of Newlyn, mon, or_moral discourse, Mr. Pol. &c. cr. 8vo. PP. 269. Nichols und Son. whele's Essay is exceedingly good.

MULTUM in parvo ! as the Title. The Essay on the State of the Soul page demonstrates. - The Volume is

we have before noticed (vol. LXXXIX. printed (at Truro) in a cheap form; ii. 47, 313.). The ". Outlines of a Serand contains the result of much la- mon" contain much interesting matborious research, and the demonstra. ter upon the subject of ancient edution of superior intellect. As a Poet, cation of the poor, when governHistorian, and Divine, Mr. Polwhele mental power was in full action, has been long and deservedly esteemed; through the Ecclesiastical Courts, and and his reputation as a Writer will not interferences impracticable under : a be diminished by what is now sub- state of Toleration. We therefore has mitted to the publick.

ten to the Lecture on Taste. Much We regret that the Writers on Mar- discussion has arisen, in our opinion riage, Adultery, &c. have not availed useless, upon this seemingly indefinathemselves of the fine argument of ble topic. To us, as generally underLord Kaimes on this subject, in his stood, it appears to be nothing more Sketches of the History of Man, and than a correct judgment upon the subProfessor Millar's collateral illustra. ject which it regards, and to be the tions of the union of the sexes in this joint offspringeof skill and reduction form, as varying according to circum- to a standard model. In landscape stances, in the respective states of So. gardening, for instance, it is no more ciety. The former Philosopher states,

than a knowledge of fine scenes in that Providence has ordained the close Nature, and assimilation to thein ; in connection of the male and female to matters of dress and furniture, of consubsist in all animals, so long as the formity to the best pattern; in forms efforts of both are essential to rearing of animals, to the best natural objects; the young; and the latter notes the in architecture, to improvements which different state of things, which grew

are spontaneous results of skill and exont of the avocations of women in the perience. In proof of this, we need conjugal state, i.e. when females ceas-only say, that taste is never seen where ed to be sources of profit to the hus- there is not a thorough knowledge of band. We differ too from Mr. Pols the subject to which it applies. Manwhele, in p. 31, concerning the pre- kind act upon this principle. They sumed indifference of the Romans to go to the best taylors, best architects, Adultery. The contrary is the fact ; and best artificers of every kind for for in the MS. Notes * of Spence and tasteful things, nor do they unreasonHoldsworth, upon Horace, (with the ably expect them from others. In sight

of which we have been favoured,) short, we see nothing metaphysical the Roman opinions on this subject in the subject. It is the natural offare clearly established. One main disa spring of improvement, which has gust of Lucretia on account of the its respective degrees of comparison, rape, was that she had been treated as good, better, best, and at last dies in a "slave; and however justified the Ro- the l'ennui du beau, the gaudy or mans might think themselves to be fantastic. All the difficulty seems to in taking liberties with this unfortu- have proceeded from the vagueness of nate class of persons, nothing was

the term. It has an application to more severely reprobated by them than numerous distinct faculties; but in violation or corruption of the freeborn each of these it only means the most virgin or matron. This note explains

correct judgment. Mr. Polwhele's the apparent inconsistency of Horace Poem, Lecture on Taste," has many in his occasional ebullitions of pria- School,” though borrowed from Shen

sweet lines. The “Deserted Village pism and moral strictness on the same

lity , we perfectly agree with Mr. Polwhele, which is the most curiou's (and which in its shocking tendency. As a ser

we hope will soon be enlarged) is the

* Postcript, containing some Notices They are, or recently were, in the pos

of a large MS. Volume, entitled, session of a very amiable and worthy man ;

• Traditions and Recollections, Dothe Rev. Thos. Foster, of Salisbury. Jas. mestic, Clerical, and Literary,' &c. Wadmore, Esq, of Chapel-street, New-road, Among these are several interesting has others of them,

documents respecting the Author's

An

1828.] Miscellaneous Reviews ---Literary Intelligence. $41

Ancestors and some entertaining Anec propenisities to mimickry and coarse dotes of the celebrated Mrs. Macau- humour. lulay, the facetious Foote, and Dr. Walcot (the once popular Peter Pindar), 114. A most absurd and indeed dan

whose Alagitiousness in sundry import gerous publication has been recently is*ant views is either kindly suppressed, sued, entitled Accredited Ghost Stories, conor was unknown to Mr. Polwhele. sisting of a ridiculous collection of falseOf this we are sorry, because it is

boods, originating from the cunning or igper

norance of the inventors. As an antidote fectly, proper that the real character of this poet should descend to poste

to these baneful fabrications, Mr. Acker

MANN has published a neat edition, illusrity, together with his works ; other

trated with six coloured engravings, entitled wise his coarse satire of various excel

Ghost Stories. They have been collected, lent persons, now known to be the

as the Compiler states, with a particular mere mercenary, indeed base, asper view to counteract the vulgar belief in ·sions of a man of no principles, may, ghosts and apparitions, and to promote a from a wrong opinion concerning the rational estimate of the nature and phenoAuthor, be deemed just and fair. mena commonly considered as supernatural. The following anecdote of Foote The principal story, consisting of 120 pages,

is the “Green Mantle of Venice." There (p. 234) is, we believe, new.

are seventeen others, all demonstrating bow “One of the earliest instances of his jo- easily the imagination may be imposed upon cularity, as practised upon his father by appearances, resulting alone from natural • The Old Justice,' is yet in the minds of

We should therefore particularly several aged people of this neighbourhood. recommend them to the notice of those who Imitating the voice of Mr. Nicholas Don may still labour under the early prejudices

nithorne, from an inner apartment, where & his father had supposed Mr. D. was sit 115. Of Mr. Usher's New Version of the

ting, he drew his father into conversation Psalms, we can only say, that we bave seen 1

on the subject of a family-transaction be sublime paraphrases of them, but never an

tween the two old gentlemen, and thus pos- unexceptionable translation, nor do we bebesessed himself of a secret, which, while it lieve that they are translateable at all in a : displayed his mimickery, justly incurred his literary view. "Mr. Usher's version is a very parent's displeasure.”

fair one, and we do not expect impossibilities. Whether a buffoon was ever known

116. The Bases for the Establishment of to be a man of character, we shall not Literary Societies, contain many valuable inquire. We know that such instances hints, particularly on the distinction of subare at least rare, and recommend pa- jects; but there is such a thing as legislatrents, as they value the best interests ing too much, and less than a dozen of the of their children, to correct in time bases would be more than sufficient.

causes.

of the nursery

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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
CAMBRIDGE, June 13.

The first stone of the new buildings at The Chancellor's gold medal for the best Corpus Christi College, will be laid on English poem by a resident undergra- Wednesday the 2d of July. duate, was adjudged to Winthorp Mackworth Praed, of Trinity College. Subject,

OXFORD COMMEMORATION. Australasia.

OXFORD, June 12.-In the Convocation June 19. Sir William Browne's gold medals the following were admitted to the Honorary for the Greek Ode, and for the Greek and La- Degree of D.C. L. and presented by the ptin Epigrams, were yesterday adjudged as Rev. Dr. Bliss, Deputy Professor of Civil follows :

Law :- Sir Berkeley William Guise, of Greek Ode-In Obitum Viri admoduin Rendcombe !Park, co. Gloucester, M.P. : Reverendi Doctissimique Thomæ Fanshawe Maj.-gen. Sir George Sackville Browne, Middleton, Episcopi Calcuttensis. To Win K.Č.B. : Edward Webb, Esq. of Stoke Bithrop Mackworth Praed, Trin. Coll. shop, co. Gloucester, M.P. Greek Epigram.-Eay ng pinopaons, son The Creweian Oration was delivered by

the Rev. Henry Hart Milman, M. A. of BraLatin Epigram. Os çevya wady Nam sennose, Professor of Poetry, in a pure and xnottar. To John Wilder, Fellow of King's classic style. The learned Professor comCollege.

menced his discourse with an address to the 2015 Latin Ode..Africani Catenis Devincti. Members of Convocation present, and then > No prize adjudged."

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