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534 Review.-Nichols's Queen Elizabeth's Progresses. [June, as Pantlers, Butlers, Ewrers, Sellerers, was dailie entertained eight or ten of the Wardrobe.
poor of the town by turns. The Sub-Al“ Yeomen of the Horse
moner had a chest for broken mete and “ Master of the Bardge, 41. wages.
brede, and a tub with broken beer, for “ Porters, Granator, Sub-Almoner, Slaw. reliefe of other poore, as they wer put in terman, Gardner, 41. wages.
bills parted among them *. “ Gromes of the Presence of the Privie- “ Tonching the Parsons, besides his ordiChamber, Hall, Parler, Chappell, Landry, nary servantes that he had in private lodg. of the Stable, six ; two Laborers ; Ewerie ings, his wife, who kept a table, whither Yeoman; Officers last mentioned and oft came Gentlewomen and other friends; Groomes 40s. the pece wages ; amounting where was also daily, imprimis, his eldest to yerly at 2001. wages, which was paid son and his wife (who had, as also the every quarter eve in the counting-house by yonger son and his wife, a woman and man the Steward, who was ever Justice of the servaut); his brother Baker's wife, her Peace and of the Quorum in Kent and Sur- daughter and maide; his neece Clerke, her rey; having the rule and government of all son, and a maide servant: the Comptroller's the Household save the other two Chief wife, who had a maide of her own; maide Officers and Chaplains ; being to entertain servants mit; in toto 16. noble personages and men of great place til « Of those that were his household serthei wer brought to the Archbishop; to vants, of good birth and parentage, weare take account of the bills of every Under- Egremont Ratcliff, half brother to the Earl officer, and to allow or disallow of them. of Sussex, Lord Chamberlain ; Charles Gray,
« All thes had allowance for their diett brother to the Earl of Kent; Edward Cobin the hall at Lambith; as first was the ham, brother to the Lord Warden Cobham, Steward's table on the one side, for himself, Privie Counsellor ; Richard Bingham, after his two fellow Officers, Gentlemen of the & Knight and worthie soldier in Ireland; Horse, Secretaries, Gentleman-Usher, that Geffrey Benton, Secretarie of Estate and waited not at the Archbishop's table, with Privie Counseiler thear; John Stafford, sou other Gentlemen-Waiters : and if al cold to the Lady Stafford of the Queen's Bednot sit thear thei were placed at the Gentle- chamber; Warham St. Leger; Henry Harmen's table. Next to that table, over rington, brother to the Lord Harrington; against the Steward's table on the other side Henry Mainard; who all cam after to the of the hall, had the Almoner his table, with honour of Knighthood; and many more the Chapleins and the Stewdents ; and that wear Knights' sons, and of good birth, either of thes tables had like allowance of owtof fower contaies, as of the Scotts in Kent, diet, manchet, and wine. The Gentlemen's Morlies, Parkers, Jermyes, Doyles, Nevils. long table, at first sitting, was for some “ He had also, as part of his household, Gentlemen of household and manors, and several persons of eminence that were comfor the Archbishop's Waiters when he had mitted to him in free custody; namely, dined. On the other side against them sat Cuthbert Tonstall, Bishop of Durham, the Yeomen-Waiters and Yeomen-Officers, whom he entertained most kindly. But that attended not, and meaner sort of that learned and excellent man lived but strangers. At the table next the hall dore about four months in this Palace, and dying sat the Cooks and attendant Yeomen Offi- November 18, 1559, aged 83, was buried
Over against them sat the Gromes in Lambeth Church. Thomas Thirlby, the before mentioned of the stable and other deprived Bishop of Norwich, was also his extern places. Then, at the nether end of guest upwards of ten years, and was buried the hall, by the pantry, was a table, whereat near Bishop Tonstal : not to mention Dr. 1883.) Review. Dr. Robinson's History of Enfield.
* “ Strype gives this further account of Archbishop Parker's hospitality: In the daily eating this was the custom. The Stewards, with the servants that were Gentlemen of the better rank, sat down at the tables in the Hall on the right hand; and the Almoner, with the Clergy and the other servants, sat on the other side; where there was plenty of all sorts of provision both for eating and drinking. The daily fragments thereof did suffice to fill the bellies of a great number of poor hungry people that waited at the gate ; and so constant and unfailing was this provision at my Lord's table, that whosoever came in either at dinner or supper, being not above the degree of a Kniglit, might here be entertained worthy of his quality, either at the Steward's or at the Almoner's table. And moreover, it was the Archbishop's command to his servants that all strangers should be received and treated with all manner of civility and respect, and that places at the table should be assigned them according to their dignity and quality: which redounded much to the praise and commendation of the Archbishop: The discourse and conversation at meals was void of all brawling and loud talking, and for the most part consisted in framing men's marners to Religion, or in some other honest and beseeming subject. There was a Monitor of the Hall; and if it happened that any spoke too loud, or concerning things less decent, it was presently husht by one that cried Silence. The Archbishop loved hospitality, and no man shewed it so much, and with better order, though he himself was very abstemious'.".
535 Boxal, late Secretary to Queen Mary. All be of Roman character ; and perhaps these had lodgings to themselves ; several part of a chain of forts, of which Camwith chambers for three men, and diet for let-moat may have been one; for it them all in those lodgings; save only when
was customary with the nation in they were called to the Archbishop's own
question, to throw up, under circumtable (when he dined, as the speech went abroad, out of his own private lodging three stances, not one, but two or three more days weeklie; and then persous of the de- camps adjacent, of which practice nugree of Knights and upwards came to him);
merous instances appear in Cæsar.
The distinction between a publick fewel for their fier, and candle for their chambers ; without any allowance for all
and a private road is so little known, this, either from the Queen or from them
that we could mention a case within selves; saving at their deths he had from our knowledge, where a justifiable them some part of their libraries that thei cause of action met with a nonsuit, had thar. Often had he others committed through a defect of this necessary acor commended unto him from the Queen or quaintance with the law. We there Privie Council to be entertained by him at fore subjoin the following statement: his charge, as well of other nations as home
-In Hilary Term 1819, the parish of subjects; namely, the L.
..... as a pri- Enfield was indicted for not repairing soner, and after the L. H. Howard, brother
Welch's-lane. It was proved, that it to the Duke of Norfolk. Those ever sat (but when thei wear with the Archbishop had been paid for the liberty of pass
led only to a farm-house, and that toll himself) at the Steward's table, who had provision of diett aynserable to their call- ing. Lord Chief Justice Abbott ruled, inge, and thei had also fewell to their that it was necessary to the definition chambers." P. 204.
of a publick highway, that it should The philosophical reader will
lead from one town or vill to another,
peruse these interesting volumes, in two views, and be free for the passage of all his -traits of character and traits of cu- Majesty's subjects. P. 80. riosity, being perfectly satisfied, that mily of the name of Bohun, pronounced
In p. 94, mention is made of a fabe exhausted. We do not mean any sumed to be descendants of the fa
Boon, in a state of poverty, but preadulatory compliment to our venerable and learned Coadjutor (for he cannot
mous De Bohun. We knew a gentleneed it), because no man of common
man of that name, we believe of Magsense, liberal education, or civilized dalen College, Oxford, who claimed ideas, will ever deny, that the publica- descent from that very high family. tion of the “ Progresses of Queen Eli
Opposite p. 95, we have a portrait zabeth,” in their original details, can,
of the Princess (afterwards Queen Eliin themselves, be other than great lite zabeth), which may sufficiently vindirary curiosities of high Archäological cate her from the character of ugliness, and Historical value, even if the Edi- which Lord Oxford ascribes to her, tor had not added his valuable notes.
It is noticeable, that We have no hesitation in saying, that the gown, quilted or worked, which works of higher curiosity do not exist, she wears in the portrait, is similar in and in confirmation of our opinions general pattern, to one with which she we need only quote the proemium to
is attired in a fine whole-length porthe charter of the Society of Anti- trait, as large as life, at Berkeley Castle. quaries :
Enfield was one of the few places,
which had a parish priest, when the “ The study of Antiquity and the History of former times has ever been esteemed Domesday survey was compiled. We highly commendable and useful, not only to
mention this, in order to introduce a improve the minds of men, but also to excite paragraph from Selden. He says, in them to virtuous and noble actions, and speaking of Domesday book, such as may hereafter render them famous “ In certain counties, as Somerset, Devon, and worthy examples to late posterity.” Cornwall, and some few others, you shal
Several of the prints are uncom- rarely have a Parish Church noted; but, in monly curious.
others, very often Churches are.” (Hist. of Tythes, Ch. x. p. 281. Ed. 4to, 1618.)
We invite our Readers to run over 111. Robinson's History of Enfield.
Domesday book, and favour us with a (Continued from p. 428.) list of Churches before the Conquest. WE concluded our last, with no- We proceed now to record the exticing Old-Bury, which we think to istence of two very curious literary
when in years.
536 Review.-Dr. Robinson's History of Enfield. [June treasures, which from the facility of tions the cornua cervi," as a present lithographick copying, might, we think, to a female. On coins in Vaillant, we be given to the publick in fac-simile. have a Diana, accompanied by a man, We know the Vice-chancellor, the holding in one hand a ștag's head, in Master of Pembroke, to be publick- the other a stag by the jaws; and in minded, amiable, and liberal; and we the 18th vol. of the “ Memoirs of the also know, that Dr. Bliss is a man Academie des Inscriptions,” are some very capable of such an undertaking, hunting bas-reliefs, published by We venture, therefore, to throw out a L'Evesque, as of the 13th century, in broad hint.
one of which a hunter on horseback “ In the Bodleian Library, Oxford, there holds up a stag's head to a Queen, is a manuscript copy of a Sermon, translated standing over the gateway of a castle. into Latin by the Princess (Elizabeth] from It is a singular recommendation of the Italian hy Occhini. Caligraphy was a this work, that it contains wood-cuts requisite accomplishment in these times, of all the curious old buildings in the and it is accordingly written on vellum with Parish, which in a very few years will uncommon elegance, with her own hand,
of course be no more. In p. 153, is and dedicated to her brother King Edward
a view of the Manor house of DuVI. (MS. Bodl. Arch. D. 115) to whom she sent it as a New Year's gift.' The dedi- rants ; and in p. 156, of a Summercation is dated Enfield, Dec. 30, but the house, thus described : year is not mentioned. [It must have been « On the west side of the moat, there between the years 1546, and 1552]. There was a summer-house with a balcony and is, in the same library (Arch. B. 82) a vo- weather-cock, surmounted by a flying-horse lume containing sentences and phrases, col- on a pyramid of iron-work, with Neptune, lected by the Queen in the twelfth and thir- Bacchus, &c. painted on the West front of teenth years of her reign.” P. 106. the building."
What a fool may have read in his Many fine old cabinets still exist, early years, is no more indicative of but few persons have any idea of the any thing, with regard to character, enormous cost of them. than would be his having read Virgil " In this house [the Manor House of at school. But the intellectual great- Durazits] was a curious old cabinet, said to ness and wise conduct of Elizabeth have belonged to Judge Jeffreys, and which are a study, and the germs of such a he brought from Italy. It cost 700 moimind are, to the Philosophical Curioso, dores, as appeared by a receipt to that matters of deep interest.
effect, found in one of the drawers by a Mr.
Jones, who purchased it for thirty guineas. “ In April 1557, the Princess was escort
There were also some curious paintings on ed from Hatfield Hall to Enfield Chase, by the doors and flaps, which were considered a retinue of twelve ladies, in white satin, green on horseback, that her grace might on ambling palfries, and twenty yeomen in very valuable." P. 159.
Some archæological incidents of mohunt the hart. On entering the chase, she ment are connected with Enfield was met by fifty archers in scarlet boots and Chase. Monkey Mead is the site of yellow caps, armed with gilded bows, each the famous battle called of Barnet, of whom presented her with a silver headed where Warwick the Kingmaker was arrow, winged with peacocks' feathers, and killed. The account given, p. 220, of by the way of closing the sport, the Princess his death is, that, after the mistake, was gratified with the privilege of cutting which occasioned the turn of the day, the throat of a buck*." P. 107.
he rushed, “ though on foot, amongst Her Majesty, in the pedantry of the the thickest of his enemies, where he age, had, no doubt, an assimilation in quickly fell, covered with wounds." view of Diana and her Nymphs, and Some ancient historians, however, an allusion by the white costume of state, that he attempted to escape down the ladies, to the virgin purity of her- a riding of the Chase, pursued by horseself and her maids of honour, to whom men, but there being no outlet, was however Howell, in his Letters, gives overtaken and killed. The other cir. no such reputable character. The cumstances refer to very early and green was the uniform of foresters, latent history. It is known, that Coldwhence our sign of the Green Man. Harbour, Wick, Stretton, Street, the Virgil, in his seventh eclogue, men- termination Cester, Ambrey. (applied * We believe it to have been a common
to Earthworks), &c. are names of compliment of chivalry. It appears to have places, which indicate British or Ro been Elizabeth's practice to kill the stag
man settlements. We strongly suspect, with her own hand; see the note in p. 533. because Camalodunum, a Celtick name