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1928.) Review.-Bp. Burgess on Greek Original of New Testament, 529 are however made, by various delight- his eminent learning and talents in fal traits of the peasantry, in which defence of the doctrines and principles we see sentiment, sincerity, and feel- of that Church, of which he is an iming in their native garb of beauty, portant pillar, because he does exactly glowing with health, not their sickly what the Apostles did before him, representatives of compliment, pro- strenuously maintain sound faith and fession, and. ceremony, when trained principles. With exceeding sorrow, by Art, and mere masquerade disguises we see, however, the Quarterly Reof pure selfishness. To these are added viewers (men highly to be respected) verses of various merit, mostly good, lately striving to write down this excelbut all drawn from soul.

lent Prelate, upon grounds which we, The Ingle (fire] side, and the in our dislike of unnecessarily dividing Hameward Hymn are sweet; but we a house against a house, cannot admit shall give the address of the Jingler to be founded upon common sense ; [the poetical companion), to his first for accusations more frivolous were Love, whom he finds on his pilgrimage never brought forward, as will appear to his native land, a wife and mother. almost by the bare enumeration of " It was you, Christy, you

them. This we do, because his LordFirst warm'd this heart, I trow

ship has himself touched upon them Took my stomach frae my food

(pp. xxxii-xliii).
Put the devil in


Accusation the

first. Griesbach havMade my doings out of season,

ing pronounced the well-known verse Made my thinkings out of reason, of 1 John, v. 7 (" there are three that It was you, Christy lass,

bear record in Heaven,” &c.), to be Brought the Jingler to this pass." spurious, the Bishop has maintained « An' Christy, faith, I see

the contrary. In this effort the QuarBy the twinkle o' thy ee,

terly Reviewers say, that he has failed; An' Christy, lass, I fin

by which we are to understand, that By a something here within

his Lordship has not given that direct “ That tho' ye've ta’en anither,

physical proof of black and white, An tho' ye be a mither,

which does not exist; but proceeded There's an ember in us yet,

by the only proof which was, under That might kindle—were it fit.

the circumstances, practicable. Now

it is a rule with us, if we see a man « Then fare ye weel, my fair ane, And fare ye weel, my rare ane,

with one leg, to think that he was oriI once thought, my bonny leddy,

ginally born with two; and yet that it That thy bairns wou'd call me deddy.

may be absolutely impossible for us, « But that bra' day's gane by

after his death, to know how he lost

one of them. If St. John has thought Sae happy may ye lie, An canty may ye be,

proper to particularize and personally Wi' the man, that sou'd been me.” distinguish the Holy Spirit (as descend

P. 39, 40. ing, like a dove) at the baptism of

In Willy and Helen we have,

and also to say, that God the

Father no man hath seen or can see; « Will it be time to praise this cheek,

we verily think it probable, that such When years an' tears has blencht it;

a text might have existed; because, if Will it be time to talk o' love, When cauld an' care has quencht it.

a man elsewhere mentions nostrils, wę

suppose it possible that he may not He's laid ae han' about her waist,

have denied the existence of noses, The ither's held to heaven;

We speak in no levity. We are obliged
And his luik was like the luik of man,
Wha's heart in twa is riven."

to use only strong figures to explain
our meaning, because our limits are

scanty; and, knowing as we do, that 109. The Greek Original of the New Testa some of the Epistles of St. John have

ment asserted : in Answer to a recent descended to us in a mutilated state, Publication, entitled, Palæo-Romaica." we do not see how the Bishop can be By Thomas Burgess, D.D.F.R.S. F.A.S. said to have fuiled in an undertaking and F. R. S. L. Bishop of St. David's. which he never meditated; namely,proof 8vo, pp. 52.

from the external evidence, whereas THE Bishop of St. David's, very he expressly disavows (Vindication, meritoriously in our opinion, has used Pref. viii.) any such mode of treating Gent. Max. June, 1823.


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530 Review.-Bp. Burgess on Greek Original of New Testament. (June, the enquiry. There is, therefore, no a gentleman of eminence, universally error of judgment here.

respected for his amiable character. Accusation the second. The institu- That candidate was one, who unsolition of Prize and Premium Societies, citedly relinquished the presentation of as a fallacious mode of encouragement. a living of 500l. per annum, to the Conceding that public favour and ap- patron, that he might release himself probation are the superior title, we from incumbrances, by the sale of it; conceive that the proposition of a pre- and who also declined an annuity of mium is only an inducement to make 2001. that he might not compromise the a bird sing that can sing and will not principles due to his profession. We sing. It is a mode which has been know and respect this candidate: he has often practised with success ; and, a family of seven children unprovided therefore, no error of judgment. for, some of them of an expensive age,

Accusation the third. The Thesis of and who certainly is not a “ deaf and Adultery, as a prize essay, which essay dumb author, an usher of a school, or was a plagiarism from the “ Nuptiæ an attorney's clerk,” but a man reSacræ" of Dean Ireland. Now, if a spected by neighbouring Dignitaries, crime, worse under circumstances than of elaborate pursuits, and philosophical murder, is not full as fit a subject of abstract habits, patiently enduring discussion, as a knotty point of divi severe sacrifices for his family, and supnity, then by the same arguments, St. porting Church and King by his pen Paul ought not to have talked to the and conversation, in the good old manCorinthians about incest; Nathan not ner of our ancestors. The lady who have visited David; and the Command obtained the poetical prize, and is ment against Adultery not be read in much respected in her neighbourhood, our Churches. The Queen's affair Mrs. Hemans, is, we believe, an offibrought up certain casuistical niceties cer's widow with a family. Who were on the subject. The Bishop says, that the other candidates we know not; he was shocked to see the supposititious but these instances may show, that notion of Christ encouraging facility any abuse of the Royal munificence of divorce, through a perversion of was not contemplated." It seems, furcertain texts (p. xxxvii). To clear up ther, that the Royal Society of Literathe doctrine, he proposed the thesis in ture originated in his Majesty's graquestion, in order to take a moral ad cious and unsolicited commission : and vantage of the unhappy affair alluded it is some consolation to those deservto. That there was a felicitous pro- ing persons, whom the Institution priety in its being made the subject of would have seriously benefited, to know a Church Society in Wales, will appear that their disappointment is not owing from the following extraordinary fact; to the Royal feelings, but an hypothenamely, that the old British practice of tical misrepresentation of the subject, community of wives does partially absolutely cruel *. exist in that country.

“ Religion,

Here we leave the painful topick. says Nicholson (Cambr. Travell. 572), The common sense of our countrymen s'has much influenced this athletic will decide, whether a Bishop's suprace of men [the lead-miners of Rhyd- part of an important text of the New fendigạid], in suppressing their habit Testament, of a Church Society for proof having a community of wives." As moting Religious Knowledge, and of to the plagiarism of Mr. Tebbs, the another to encourage suffering literati

, author of the essay, the Bishop observes are errors of judgment, and such things (p. xxxvii), that a comparatively small as justify a work of high merit and inportion of the materials is in common fluence, in holding up his name to to the two tracts.

irreverence, and dividing a house against Accusation the fourth is the presum a house. For our parts, we consider ed origination of the Royal Society of the accusations such, because the Literature, which the Reviewer says statements are erroneous in facts, as was an injudicious emanation of mis- will be injurious to the Review. taken loyalty, for the encouragement With regard to the pamphlet before of “ deaf and dumb Authors, Ushers of Schools, and Attornies' Clerks.”

* See our present volume, p. 413, for a One candidate, we know, was proposed further expostulation concerning the Royal for the emoluments of an associate, by Society of Literature. Edit.


1893.) Review.-Bp. Burgess on Greek Original of New Testament. 531 us, the Bishop calls it a Postscript to

notion that the Greek Testament is a the Vindication of 1 Jobn, v. 7. It translation, is ignorance which may be seems that certain persons have thought felt. fit to propagate a notion, that the Conceiving it therefore unnecessary Greek Testament is only a copy of a to bring forward the immense mass of Latin original, for which strange, in learning used by the worthy and bene our judgment very absurd, opinion, volent Prelate, in demolishing this their main support is, that Latin was ignis fatuus of Latin being the original the vernacular language of the whole of the New Testament, we beg to stop Roman empire. Two great blunders here, with expressing our sincere reseem to have led to this opinion. One spect for the Apostolical zeal and actiis, that the Scriptures were intended vity of his Lordship. from the first for indiscriminate perusal. This is not the fact. In the Disputatio Francisci Balduini,” pre

110. The Progresses and Public Processions

of Queen Elizabeth. Among which are fixed to the Cambridge edition of “Mi

interspersed other solemnities, public ernucius Felix," 8vo. 1707, p. 34, it is

penditures, and remarkable events, during said, that the primitive Christians did

the reign of that illustrious Princess. Colnot converse concerning the sacra lecled from Original Manuscripts, scarce ments and mysteries of their religion, Pamphlets, Corporation Records, Parochial in the presence of the uninitiated; and, Registers, &c. &c. Hlustrated with Hisof course, the New Testament was toricul Notes. By John Nichols, F.S.A. not a work of indiscriminate access.

Lond. Edinb. and Perth. A new Edition, The authority quoted is the following:

in 3 vols. . 4to. Nichols and Son. - Theodoritus Cyrensis Episcopus, in

IF we may venture to use a bold dialogis, quibus Eraniste nomen dat, Dia- figure, we would call the reign of Elilogo 11,

pag: 159, ed. Lips. ita orthodoxum zabeth the Parthenon of British Royalty, inducit Eranistæ de S. eucharistia interro- and herself the Minerva of our regal ganti respondentem : * xpn O&IWS gimeiy. deities, whose colossal statue, like that ElXOs gap tivas auuntes taptiva.. ' Non decet of Phidias, ennobled the fabrick. That aperte loqui : fortassis adsunt mysteriis non- Henry the Eighth, her father, in the dum initiati. Refert Eranistes, anıypatwdws variety of his amours, and the arbinamoxparis E9TW. Proponatur ergo in forma trary use of his thunder, lorded it, as a ænigmatis responsio." Cellarius.

Jupiter, in the British Olympus, there The second mistake is, that Greek can be no doubt; and if he did not acwas not a familiar language. Here tually suffer labour-pains in the head we antiquaries can show the importance to give birth to this Daughter, he cerof Archæology. Suetonius, Horace, tainly felt them severely in regard to and Classical Authors without end, getting rid of the Mother. Upon a disprove the absurd notion. But it is visit years ago to Havering Bower, a utterly unnecessary to multiply quota- most delightful spot, the following imtions. Borlase says (Cornwall, 34) perfect distich, whence derived we “ it was the universal fashion of the know not, was there mentioned : world to write in Greek, two or three that Henry VIII. was at Havering, centuries before the time of our when Anne Boleyn was executed, and Saviour." le is a modern; but Cicero was walking upon a terrace, belonging also gives the coup de grace to the whole to the palace, at the time of the unfornotion of Latin being the vernacular tunate Queen's decapitation. By the language of the Empire, in the follow- firing of guns, or some signal, he had ing words, in his Oratio pro Archiả the speediest intelligence of this despiPoetâ ; and we are happy to add it to cable assassination, and immediately the Bishop's store.

exclaimed, “ Nam si quis minorem gloriæ fructum

"here I stand, putat ex Græcis versibus percipi, quam ex

As jolly a widower, as any in the land.” Latinis, vehementer errat. PROPTEREA We will not say, with Strabo (L. ix.) QUOD GRÆCA LEGUNTUR IN OMNIBUS FERE that it rained gold when this our MiGENTIBUS; LATINA SUIS FINIBUS EXIGUIS

nerva was born, as it did upon


apCONTINENTUR.P. 390. Ed. fol.

pearance of the goddess; but we assert Lond. 1681.

that it was attended with the establishSuetonius de Grammaticis gives ment of the Protestant Religion, and ample proof of education in Greek, the birth of Commerce. The first ciramong the Romans. In short, the cumstance is well understood ; the se



532 Review. Nichols's Queen Elizabeth's Progresses. (June, condis not. “Money was scarce,” says and perhaps, therefore, providentially Mr. Lodge, " and the persons called implanted in us. Where there is a Merchants were generally factors of wise sovereign, wisdom must become the men of landed property, who own a court necessity, and foolish things ed the great mass of wealth.” Lords cannot be endured where none are Burleigh and Leicester were both, in said or done. In every state in which this way, engaged in trade. (Lodge's Elizabeth appears, Nature never exIllustrations, Brit. Hist. ii. 211.) In tinguishes Reason, nor does CondeMason's “ Dublin” are authentic do scension encourage Familiarity. This cuments, which show her encourage- is a common consequence of high ment of this plan, by which, in the intellectual character. end, Factors became Principals. If, Johnson appears in Boswell in every therefore, we are indebted to Eliza- situation, but his occasional wit and beth for those two great parents of levity never degrade him. Of the chaliberty and wealth, the Protestant Re- racter of the interesting work alluded ligion and Commerce, we see no rea to, the book before us strongly par. son why she should not be deemed the takes, though the materials and contutelary deity of our Athens; for with struction are dissimilar. We see both out the blessings which we owe to the woman and the queen in the one, her wise reign, we should neither have as we see the man and the instructor liberty, wealth, nor naval power. in the other; and we see them in in

We take the opportunity of inserting tercourse with every mode of life, and here a very curious Jesuitical slander; every variety of character. One has for such tales were common in the weaknesses, and the other has preju. reign of Elizabeth; witness Saunders, dices; but in their strongest exhibi, Campian, &c.

tion, they are only the haze of a bril

liant summer's day-the imperfection “ Dr. Bailey (says the communicator to our friend) the biographer of Fisher, Bishop attached to every thing human. of Rochester, is made to assert, that Anna

In subordinate views, this Collection Boleyn was begotten upon the body of the dramatically shows the singular manwite of Sir Thomas Boleyn, by Henry (VIII.) ners of the day; chivalry and pedantry himself, when he was about seventeen years strangely jumbled together ; favouritold, and that her Ladyship told him so, ism openly displayed without conceswhen he was about to marry her. And it is sion of mental independence ; love further intimated, that Elizabeth, knowing with bridled feelings : nature confined this incestuous origin, was afraid that the to studied forms of affectation, in the Duke of Norfolk, or some powerful Baron, expression of it; men, grown old in by marrying Mary Queen of Scots, might years and wisdom, kept in the subjecplace the latter upon the throne.”

iion of children at school; nonsense This extract is professed to be con- and buffoonery, and long repetitions tained in Bailey's “ Life of Fisher.” of verses not always harmonious, enNow it so happens, that Fisher was dured without a murmur, and got up beheaded in 1535, and that the book by approbation ; implying taste, which was written by Richard Hall, of neither judgment or feeling could Christ's College, and printed under sanction ;-these, and many more such the name of T. Bailey, at London, anomalies mark the extraordinary 1665, 12mo, as Tanner, Bibl. Brit. character of an age, which abounded p. 372, cited Gough's Brit. Topogr. i. with festivities, of which the prin238; but 1655, as Mr. Pegge, in our cipal wit consisted in the pageantry. Magazine for 1752, p. 554. It is also Dry things her Majesty says; and to said, that Annc Boleyn, like Herodias, awkward compliments, she returns exulted over Fisher's head, which she amiable answers ; but it is always enhad brought to her, on purpose, &c. durance, always a landlord giving a &c.

-a story in this very book, of which treat to his tenants; always condescenstory, &c. Fuller observes (Churchsion only; always obedience and adHist. xvi. p. 205) “ but enough, yea miration exacted, as the price of favour. too much of such damnable false. However una niable this may appear, hoods."

it restrained Favourites from endeaEvery thing relative to Elizabeth, vouring to influence her (see vol. 1. p. as well as to all great personages, gra- 385), and caused her subjects to entertifies a natural instinct, often of high tain no fear of them. The Sovereign, benefit in the amelioration of character, throughout the whole nation, was the


one Man.

1923.] Review.-Nichols's Queen Elizabeth's Progresses. 533 only Sun or the system ; the others were originally intended only as a wise were mere planets.

and justifiable substitute for the 'sumis **Shakspeare knew the age and her expended upon superstitious trash. greatness too well to make her, at his The establishment and mode of live' awful peril, directly or indirectly the ing by an Archbishop of Canterbury, subject of a drama; but no loss has in the 16th century, are curious. It been sustained. In the admirable novel would be characteristick in the preof Kenilworth the portrait is exact; sent day of a large boarding-house or and, if we there see her in romance, hotel. we behold her in this work in reality,

“On the 8th of May, Archbishop Parker with the addition of very curious in

obtained from his Royal Mistress *

a grant, formation, in the text and notes, con- having furty retainers + ; but he had a great cerning the manners of the times.

many more, as appears from the following Some of these we shall extract, as Cheque-roll of his Household: historically instructive. Every body “ His Chancellor, with allowance of three knows that the Poor Laws commenced Servants. in the reign of Elizabeth; but they do “ The Steward 201. wages, with two Men not know, that wisdom and piety, not

and two Geldings. necessity, produced them. Dr. Cox,

“ The Treasoror 20 marks wages, with Bishop of Ely, writing to the Parson

two Men and two Geldings. of Downham, says,

“ Controller 101. wages, with one Man

and one Gelding. " I must nedes earnestlie call upon you 6. These three Chief Officers : liberally and cherefully to helpe youre poore Chief Almoner, a Doctor, with other neighbours, consideringe many causes that

Chaplens. ought to move you thereunto ; scil. First,

“ Dr. Drewrie, the Master of the Faculye ar delivered in manner from all kind of ties. The Doctors and Chaplains every one wicked and ungodly beggars, as from friers,

Man without any wages. perdours, charges of pilgrimages, and deck

“ Chief Secretary 20 nobles wages, and ings of images, and such like ; whereby ye be the better able to comfort your poore

" Students, Antiquaries, and Writers. neighbours. Secondly, the Quene's Ma

« Gentlemen of the Horse 41. wages. jestie, with her Counsel, do daily travaile to

« Gentlemen Huishers two, like wages, deliver you from valiant vagabonds and idle and every one of them one Servant. beggars. Thirdly, her Majesty, by her said

“ Of the Private Chamber, one GentleCounsell, bathe geven expresse commaunde

man, 3l. 6s. 8d. ; three others; Gentlemen ment, that the effect and matter of the sta- Daily Waiters, 16 or 14, every one of them tute for the provision of the poore shal be

31. wages. Clerk of Kitchin 40s. wages, put in use......I require and charge ye, the and his fee. The Cater 40s. wages. Minister of the Church, the Churchwardens

“ The Master Cook, Larderers, and and the Collectors for the poore, to certifie

Postler, besides four Pages; this four nobles me, or my Chancellor, within one moneth after the recite hereof, of the names of wages, the other 40s, and their fees.

* Yeomen of the Squillery and two them, that gave wekely to the poore, and

Gromes. also the summes, and further the names

« Yeomen Usher of the Great Chamber also of them, that are able and yet will de and of the Hall, four marks wages the peece. part with nothinge.” P. 257.

- Yeomen Waiters eight. Thus it appears, that Poor's Rates “ Yeoman Officers, two in every office ;

* « In the preceding year Archbishop Parker had the honour of being godfather to the infant son of the Margravine of Baden, when the Queen was personally present as godmother. Another signal mark of the Queen's favour will be seen in the following Letter from Lord Robert

Dudley to the Archbishop : “6. MY LORD, The Queen's Matie being abroad hunting yesterday in the Forrest, and having had very good hap, besides great sport, she hath thought good to remember your Grace with part of her prey, and so commanded me to send you from her Highness a great and fat stag killed with her own hand, which because the weather was hot, and the deer somewhat chafed, and dangerous to be carried so far without some help, I caused him to be perboyled in this sort for the better preservation of him, which I doubt not but shall cause him to come unto you as I would be glad he should. So having no other matter at present to trouble your. Grace withall, I will commit you to the Allmighty, and with my most hearty commendations take my leave, in haste, at Windsor, this third of Sept.

Your Gr. assured R. Duddeley'." of “ Cardinal Pole had a patent, dated Aug. 20, 4 Philip and Mary, for retaining a hundred servants which gives some idea of his splendour and hospitality."


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