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Lord, your

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1656.

518

James Morice, Esg.-Capt. Miles Standish. (June, perverters of law and public justice, graciously respect both me and the and wrong doers unto the liberties and

causes I have preferred, and be a mean freedoms of all her Majesty's subjects, to pacify and appease her Majesty's by their extorted oaths, wrongful im displeasure conceived against me her prisonments, lawless subscriptions, and poor yet faithful servant and subject. unjust absolutions) would rather have Being sorry that I have troubled you sought means to be cleared of this

with so many words, I humbly take weighty accusation, than to shroud my leave; beseeching God to preserve themselves under the suppressing of your Lordship in all honour and felithe complaint, and shadow of mere city. This ist of March 1592-3. imprisonment.

Her Majesty's humble Prisoner There is fault found with me, that Your Lordship’s most bounden I, as a private person, preferred not

JA. MORICE. my complaint to her Majesty. Surely, my

wisdom can conceive what a proper piece of work I had

Lea Hall, near Bir.

Mr. URBAN, then made of that. The worst prison

mingham, May 12. had been, I think, too good for me; YOUR Correspondent

, Philo-Hissince now, sustaining the person of a

TORICUS, who is making enquiry Public Counsellor of the Realm, and for any particulars respecting Captain speaking for her Majesty's prerogatives, Miles Standish, may perhaps be gratis which by oath I am bound to assist fied, if he has not seen Morton's Newand maintain, I cannot escape displea- England's Memorial, by the following sure and restraint of liberty. Another extract from that Work. fault, or error, is objected—that I preferred these causes before the maiters ". This year Mr. William Bradford was delivered from her Majesty were de- chosen Governor of this Jurisdiction of termined. My good Lord, to have New Plymouth.

“Mr. Thomas Prince, Mr. William Colstayed so long, I verily think had been to come too late.' Bills of as

lier, Mr. Timothy Hatherley, Capt. Miles size of bread-shipping of fish-plead, Willett, and Captain James Cudworth, were

Standish, Mr. John Alden, Capt. Thomas ings, and such like, may be offered chosen to be his assistants in the Goveraand received into the House, and no offence to her Majesty's royal com “ This year Captain Miles Standish exmandment, being but as the tithing of pired his "mortal life. He was a gentlemint; but the great causes of the law man, born in Lancashire, and was heirand public justice may not be touched apparent unto a great estate of lands and without offence. Well, my good Lord, livings surreptitiously detained from him ; be it so; yet I hope her Majesty, and his great grandfather being a second or you of her honourable privy council, younger brother from the House of Stanwill at length thoroughly consider of dish; in his younger time he went over these things ; lest, as heretofore

into the Low Countrys, and was a soldier prayed, from the tyranny of the Bi- there, and came acquainted with the Church shop of Rome, good Lord, deliver us! land with such of them, as at the first set

of Leyden; and came over into New Engwe be compelled to say, from the ty

out for the planting of the plantation of ranny of the Clergy of England, good New Plymouth, and bare a deep share of Lord, deliver us !

their first difficulties, and was always very Pardon my plain speech, I humbly faithful to their interest. He was grown beseech your honour; for it proceed- ancient, became sick of the Stone or Štraneth from an upright heart and sound gullion, whereof after his suffering of much conscience, although in a weak and dolorous pain, he fell asleep in the Lord, sickly body; and, by God's grace, and was honourably buried at Duxbury." whilst life' doth last (which I hope From the above it appears that 'now after so many cracks and crazes Philo-Historicus is in an error in will not be long) I will not be ashamed saying, that Captain Miles Standish in good and lawful sort to strive for emigrated to America some time bethe Freedom of Conscience, Public Jus- tween 1630 and 1640, he being one 'tice, and the Liberties of my Country. of the first adventurers in the settle

And you, my good Lord, to whose ment of New Plymouth, which took hand the stern of this Cominonwealth place in 1621 ; nor does it appear that is chiefly committed, I humbly be- he lost his estate by any thing arising seech (as I doubt not but you do) from the war between Charles I. and

the

ment.

we

66 had no

1823.]
Capt. Standish.-Remarks on Tithes.

519 the Parliament, for his emigration tooķ times, have come into possession of place in the reign of James I.; also the same estate by purchase, gave less Philo-Historicus is, I think, mis- for it, probably one-fifth less, than they taken in supposing that the loyalty of would have given, had they bought it these emigrants was the means of their not subject to the out-going Church being banished from their native coun payment." try, as will appear by the following ex Who that reads these words of tract from Morton.

R. C.” can say that, under such cir“In the year 1602 divers godly Christians cumstances, the successor of our English nation, in the North of Eng- right to complain?” By devoting, in land, being studious of Reformation, and the shape of Tithes, a tenth part of his therefore not only witnessing against hu- estate to the service of God, the founder mane inventions, and additions in the wor of the Church (unthinking, mortal!) ship of God, but minding most the posi- absolutely annihilated another tenth tive and practical part of divine institutions, part of it; for, according to “R. C." they entered into covenant, to walk with (and I believe the statement is corGod, and one with another, in the enjoy- rect,) the value of the estate is onement of the ordinances of God, according fifth, or two-tenths, less than if it had to the primitive pattern in the Word of God; but finding by experience they could not Church payment.” Thus, however

not been “subject to the out-going peaceably enjoy their own liberty in their that were differently minded, they took up is equal to all its parts," it may apnative country, without offence to others paradoxical, however repugnant to

the well-known axiom, “The whole thoughts of removing themselves and their families into the Netherlands, which ac pear, it is plain from “R. C.'s' own cordingly they endeavoured to accomplish words, that when, in Tithes, one-tenth but met with great hinderance ; yet after of an estate is given to a Church, eightsome time, the good hand of God removing tenths, and only eight-tenths, or fourobstructions, they obtained their desires ; fifths, remain to the owner of such arriving in Holland, they settled themselves estate. in the City of Leyden in the year 1610 *." When such an inference as this is It farther appears, that Holland was

clearly deducible from the statement a country not altogether suited to their of “R.C.” will it not appear surprisviews—from thence they went to Ame. ing that he should tell us, that the rica in the

mode in which God himself prescribed 1621.

year Yours, &c. John BLOUNT. for the support of his Church under

the ancient dispensation, is the most

eligible, and the most expedient for Mr. URBAN,

Moorlands of Staf- all parties, for the payer as well as the fordshire, May 3.

receiver of Tithes ?" being considered Many well-wishers to the Church mical to the interests of the admit that the mode of providing for Established Church, (of which I

pro our Clergy by Tithes is liable to sefess to be a member,) I trust I may veral very serious objections. By opebe allowed to make a few remarks on rating as a direct tax upon industry, a statement in the letter of “R. C.” they greatly impede the progress of concerning. Tithes, which appeared in agricultural improvements; and, when your valuable Magazine for March, taken in kind, are generally found

produce more vexation than any tax Åfter some observations on the ori- which our Legislature ever thought gin of Tithes, “ R. C.” proceeds thus: proper to impose. Indeed, when it is

“He who first succeeded, say by considered that, from the expense ininheritance, to the founder of a Church, curred in collecting them, they are less had no right to complain that his fa- beneficial to him who receives them, ther, having the absolute disposal of than prejudicial to him on whom they an entire estate, devoted one-tenth of levied, it is not so surprising that this it to the service of God; and bequeath- system excites such general disgust, as ed nine-tenths, and only nine, to his that some more eligible plan should heir. And all who, in succeeding not before this time have been adopted

for providing for that respectable body, * Morton's New England's Memorial, the Clergy; so that they might hold Cambridge, printed by Š. G. and M. J. for the same station in society they now John Usher of Boston, 1669.

in general so deservedly occupy,

with

page 197.

SO

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VIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

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William Davison, Secretory Reformer had acquired friends and Privy Counselior to Queen consequence, nothing bat a salvacient Be Nicholas Hærris Nico interposition of Providence could be the Ime Temple. Svo. PP established the Protestant Religion Elie s and Son.

zabeth so sensitively felt the fears of valnable piece of histo- treason, that she even ponished the inye faptical information, and sane and futile attempt of Ex** **sh attention, as being of death, merely bxxas she shacmagalit, ***

cording to Robertson's state ruumi put,
mace to be drawn by philo- that where such an insurgeat ***
the reign of Elizabeth, is support from furre ne pepe: arina
mas inscence of charac was the case both with Easex free
ans of unitng wisdom and Jlary', the critice was rental tingen

bez Gorerament was abso- her own preservauon. It ise manne
it. Ii there were circum- purpose talking of moral and envie
be isos favourable to such vous considerations, where the media
tas, the chief was the ence of tear us predominant. A mant
popularity of Mary, under who is in danger of being downed
coas discipline Elizabeth will lay hold of the leg of his father or
pridentially educated in the mother, without any proper riples
, that of adversity. She how very unjustly anut cruelly he is
sa Princess endured, not acting, by saving himself in a manner
Attachment she could only 90 utterly inconsistent with heroism,
bi conciliating esteem. Loy. sentiment, and principle. Elizabeth
isciple and feeling (for she had great qualities, and probably wenild
pparently a rising Sun) could have headed her troops, and died in
rate in the attentions paid to battle with the Spaniards (if they had
zabeth was obliged to be landed in the Armada Expertition);
system of art was forced up- but she had no inclination for petty

necessity; and, as in all assassination. Wyeherley justly one
sons to whom such a conduct serves, there is a feeling which will
me habitual, it induced a re- prompt snbmission to fortune in a field
self-interest and self-preserva- of bat:le, but none in being ziiled with
he expence of principle, where a pot-de-chamber thrown out of a zarret
s could not be carried by any window. In our judgment the perpe-

Elizabeth had been an tual plots of the Papists and produced uy perpetual plots from the Ca. a sensitive irritability and fear in Elie

Treason was the only source zabeth, which occasionet ne decapi jer, and from that religious sert tations of Esses and Mary, na winid only to fear either, because of which stimulus he praises of hat party only she was anpop - her mind minnt have promvred only There could be on her side ng milder measures. Vow et inv nan ence wherever the parties pro sunnase, that once i ponth furng 115

that creed. Proverbs, notwith whote bite, ze is in tanzer of esing ing Lord Chesterfield, are not that ite by a consdirey o any sind. ions of manners, in the use of and then udge whether le vil ot.

by ell persons. They are com within a short period, wish to set id fous roles of the best wisdom.- of such a sorrible innovance. burnt child trends the fre" Trear mot ta ut ike z Jero, and rear it ibe knew nust be amshent n the accomringts, with Casa-ikecemerley. ; and that she thought correctly 19 Wiat sach ortearance most im, ve ilest, from the wise emarte of Rs know well: mt en fit ad been : oe, that if Les X. Tart not need sate rule 'o ict man, 3 ander circumder is contemnt, but ismert the stances t is, he asse vis tirferent with

de her stico mmourants, betore te regard to E.izabeth. * Reizious ends INT-MAG Inte, :98.

eaps.

But he

be sup

nes.

520 Legality of Easter Dues-Society to protect Dissenters. (June, so much credit to themselves and be the land: but the publication to nefit to the community.

which I have alluded is the groundYours, &c.

RURICOLA. work to the resistance to what I con

tend are the legal demands of the Es

tablished Clergy. It is stated that Mr. URBAN,

June 19.

Sergeant Heywood gave his opinion, I

HAVE been a constant subscriber " that Easter dues could .

to your entertaining Work for ported !You will rema. he Setabove the space of forty years, and I geant's opinion is not given. Zw, in wish to submit few observations to contradiction to this opinion, whatyour numeroas clerical readers. ever it was, that bowed to the ground

In the year 1814, was published a this poor solitary Curate, and induced 'book, entitled “ A Sketch of the His- him to give up to the mandate of these tory and the Proceedings of the De- deputies his civil rights, I will fear. puties appointed to protect the Civil lessly contend that the judges of the Rights of the Protestant Dissenters.” land have ever spoken a far different The chairman, it appears, of those de- language. I will not take up your puties was William Smith, esq. M.P. time with quoting many cases, but I for the city of Norwich. I beg leave will mention one or two, and beg of to draw your attention to an assertion you to refer for further proofs to Guilmade by the deputies in the book to lim on Tithes, Hutton Wood's Exwhich I have referred, p. 157, Tow- chequer Cases, Blackstone, Burn, &c. cester, 1798.

&c. In the 11th of George I. Trin. The Curate of the parish having A. D. 1724, Egerton v. Still, it was made a demand of Easter dues, the decreed by the Court in this cause, Committee took Mr. Sergeant Hey- 1st, that the Plaintiff should have wood's opinion upon the subject, Easter offerings, as due of COMMON which being that the demand could RIGHT, though he demanded them as not be supported, it was communi. due by custom. cated to the parties, and the matter A.D. 1724, Lawrence v. dropped !!!

The lay impropriator is not cutitled Upon reference to the sixth clause to offerings, but he only who exerof what has been denominated the cises a spiritual function. 33 Geo. II. Toleration Act, viz. 1st. W. and M. A.D. 1760. To à bill for Easter ofchap. 18, you will find it expressly de- ferings, the defendant demurred; the clared, that Dissenters are not entitled demurrer was overruled. to any exemption from Tithes, or any Much has been said in Parliament other parochial duties, or any other and elsewhere concerning the illegaduties to the Church or Minister there- lity of the Constitutional Society; now of. I need not observe, that in a I should be glad to ask whether these Northern county a person has been Deputies, who throw down the apple of found to contest with the Clergy of discord between a Clergyman and his his patish, the legality of the demand parishioners, are better than these for Easter reckonings. That person poor stigmatized persons who united is and has been supported by the Ra- in the hope of extinguishing the sedidical Societies of Leeds, Manchester, tious publications of the day; and yet Newcastle, &c. and the consequence their Attorney is continually, accordhas been, that a decision in that case ing to the account of the proceedings has been protracted by every species

of published by themselves, writing to delay! One purpose has thereby been different Clergymen throughout the promoted by the Radical Press, hold- realm, either threatening them with ing up the Clergy as a set of persons prosecution, or that their claim will be who were not only acting illegally, but "resisted by the Deputies appointed to were oppressing the poor man, and protect the civil rights of the Dissenttaking away from his starving family ers! Have the Church any such a their daily bread! The people at largé, society? If they had, no language however, are not yet come to that would have been slanderous or impepitch of delusion, as to take the slan- rative enough for the mouth and pens derous ravings of the “ Black Dwarf” of their opponents. for truth, nor the opinions of Messrs. Yours, &c. CARTAUSIANUS. Wooler and others, for the law of

Mr.

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