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508 Inquiries respecting the Framptan and Nelson Families. [June,

Sir I. Brydges would wish it, would much pleased with the very peculiar go to the total exclusion of all hope of noatness and order which prevailed. distinction in newly-raised families I was fortunate enough to get admis: (except perhaps to a descendant, thro' sion into the Church; among several marriage into a good family), it is quite inscriptions, the two following atelear that no one ought to bear arms, tracted my attention, being on flat unless he can show his title by descent stones in the body of the church. The or by a grant from the College ; but in firstproportion as those grants are too ea “ Hester Nelson, uxor Z. N. exuit mori sily obtained, so will their value be talitatem Nov. 9, A.D. 1637. Gloria tess considered as trifling; and this I con sis erit." ceive has led many to think so lightly The other of them as to decide (though very im

« H. N. Matri Redita, Novemb. $9 properly) to use them without that evi.

1638." dence of right. Whoever sports upon his earriage a coat of arms under such On referring to Hutchins's Dorset, eircumstances, only proclaims to those I find they are preserved in that

work who know better, that he is a “novus and further, that Zachary Nelson, the homo,” and not what he pretends to person designated by 2. N. in the first be. A mortifying reflection to him. inscription, was incumbent of the live Yours, &c. T. R. Weeton. ing of Frampton, between the years

"1645 and 1601.”

Query,--Can any of your numerous Mt. URBAN,

June 2. Readers or Correspondents furnish any * H

ÆC olim miminisse juvabit,” account of the family and connexions is as old and true an adage as

of the said Zachary Nelson-I mean any on record; it combines the "utile more particularly of his ancestors. The et dulce” to an indescribable extent, name is not a county name, as I have Every liberal-minded scholar, who is been informed, in Dorset. --Some of blessed with a recollection of the his immediate descendants fixed their “times that are past,” feels the high- residence in Dorchester, and were of est gratification in imparting a portion note and great respectability. “Joha of his stores occasionally to the san. Nelson appears as one of the Bailiffs guine inquirer for information; and of the Borough of Dorchester," 37tle ihe receiver experiences an equal plea- of Chas. II. A.D. 1684; Mayor 1686 ; sure in participating a gathering of and again Mayor 1704. --Zachary Neleven a few crumbs from the well

son stands on record as Bailiff, A.D. arranged hoard.

1716; Mayor 1717; and again Mayor Among the deaths recorded in your 1729" each of them executing the invaluable register, is inserted the fol- office of Bailiff occasionally, in the ins lowing: in the list for the year 1749, termediate periods of their Mayorals Sept. 23, “ Lieut.-gen. Frampton, at ties. Butley Abbey, Suffolk, remarkable for A failure of male descendants has his integrity and honour, as well as now, as I understand, nearly rendered great humanity to all mankind.”- the name extinct in that town. character mentioned with such parti Any information tending to illus cular distinction, could have been nei, trate the early pedigree of the family, ther a private nor unknown one, and especially, prior to Zachary Nelson, respecting whom, even at this distant first mentioned, would be most thank period, one would expect little diffi. fully acknowledged by one who feels a culty would occur in obtaining some natural interest, independent of any interesting information; as a constant private consideration, in developing reader, I should feel much obliged for and ascertaining the correctness of faany particulars respecting Gen. Framp- inily connexions,

VIATOR. ton and his family connexions.

Rambling lately by accident through the village of Frampton, in the county Mr. URBAN,

Lake House, Amess of Dorset, as is customary with me,

bury, Wilts, May 23. when I have a spare half-hour, I sauntered through the churchyard, and was

A

late Number of your Magazine,

p. 317, under the signature of A. H. See Censura Literaria, vol. III.

P:
which from its stateinents is calcu-

lated

80.

lated to make my observations on, oval, with their imposts, are alike a 18230

Observations on Stonehenge. In at 509 mislead

readers, I am those of the outer circle, and outer induced and, I hope, to confute them. I for: coarse grained sand stone, granular bear to trouble you with any theory of quartz, provincially called sarsens, and my own, as to the origin of Stone- of a similar nature with those of which henge, but merely answer what the other wonder of our county, the deem the errors of your Correspond. Temple of Abury, near Marlborough, ent, as they occur in his letter. I shall was constructed, and which are scatpass over without comment the ex tered over the downs of North Wilts tract given by him from the letter of in great numbers, and are also thus Mr. Greetheed, referring the æra of plentifully found on the Berkshire Stonehenge to the Romans; I do this, Downs near Lambourne. I think it considering him not answerable for

most probable that the larger stones the errors of Mr. G., but there are were brought from the North Wiltassuredly no tenable grounds for attri- shire Downs, a distance of about 30 buting this curious structure to that miles, but by what means I cannot people. A. H. then proceeds to speak suggest, as we know not the extent of of, and to reason on, the number of mechanical knowledge amongst the stones, as they are at present in situ; ancients; however, I do not think I he says, there are seventy-four, and go too far in advancing that the same that on this point he was corroborated mechanical knowledge which enabled on reference to another person ; where- the Romans to poise aloft the weighty as in reality their number is ninety- stones of Trajan's Pillar, and which at two, which I have been enabled to a far more remote date, qualified the ascertain from repeated opportunities then inhabitants of Egypt to raise and of investigation, as I reside within pile on each other the ponderous masses two miles, and from reference also to of the Pyramids, would with ease enaa very accurate model in my posses- ble the perhaps contemporary inhabitsion; but amongst these stones, as ants of these isles, endowed, we may thus erroneously numbered by A. H. suppose, with equal knowledge, to efmany are fragments, two of the largest fect the far less wonderful transportafor instance, an upright of one of the tion of these stones from the North trilithons of the outer oval, and its im. Wiltshire Downs. post, are fallen, and each broken into A. H. will probably say, that the three pieces; and I must farther ac- superior size of the stones at Stonequaint him, that this grand and vener- henge militates against the opinion able ruin presents in many different that they were brought from thence, parts a deplorable hiatus, the original the scattered bowlders of those Downs situation of many stones in succession, being of so much smaller size. In which were essentially necessary for answer to this we may aver, that the the completion of the structure, not largest were selected for the admirable retaining even a fragment, etiam ipse structures of Stonehenge and Abury, ruine periere. From the great diffi- the latter of which consisted of many culty of numbering these stones and hundred stones; and thus the stones fragments of stones, arising from their now lying on those Downs are in geapparently confused state, such an at- neral of a much smaller size than what tempt is often made a common amuse were used for the above two temples. ment, the result of idle and futile cu Your Correspondent next asserts, țiosity, but is not often succeeded in; that the architects of Stonehenge, alit presents however no difficulty to though he admits that they possessed one acquainted with the original skill in the construction of the circles, ground-plan; thus, whether the stones, yet " that they had no skill in sculpas at present in situ, are seventy-four, ture, either for ornament, beauty, or or ninety-two in number, is perfectly use;" that none of the stones immaterial as a fact in itself, since no ver the slightest impression of the chia inference can be drawn from it, and it sel;” that they are all in fact shapeis unnecessary to refer to “temples of less, and are such as might be supposed either Jewish, Greek, Roman, or Bri- to have been set up in the state in which tish architecture.”

they were found “ without order, A. H. next enters on the subject of the substance of the stones, which, I * Notwithstanding this expression, your can inform him, consist of five distinct Correspondent subsequently argues that they species; all the larger stones, being are the production of art.

of

"disco

510
Observations on Stonehenge.

June of the earliest æra of architecture, with spond with all other structures in Eng out roof, and without inscription." land, usually considered Druidical, it

Now, Mr. Urban, my opinion is, corresponds, for instance, with the that the plan of Stonehenge embraces temples and cirques of Abury, Rowlin its whole the greatest order, the wright, Stanton Drew, Boscawen, nicest symmetry and proportion; that Winterborne Abbas, &c. &c. in be it presents an admirable union of gran. ing situated in an open and campaigti deur and simplicity; and that in all country, and it peculiarly corresponds these characteristics 1 much doubt with the temple of Rowlwright both in whether any architect of the present its diameter, and in its having a single day would be able

raise even on stone at a distance with the same bear paper,

the elevation of a structure of a ing from the body of the temple. The like nature, essentially different in all antient authors certainly represent the its relative parts, and which yet would Druids as resorting to woods and compete with the plan of Stonehenge groves; and I must confess, I know in its perfect and original state. not how to reconcile such 'representa

A. H. is certainly incorrect in say- tion with the fact, that the siructures ing that the several stones are “shape- of stone, nsually denominated Draidi. less," and without the mark of a tool, cal Temples, are ever found in the when on the most cursory inspection, most open and campaign countries. ". it will be evident that one and all the A. H. finally closes his letter with larger stones (except the single stone the conclusion that the stones are facat a distance from the body of the tem- titious; but in such conclusion he is ple) are reduced by art to a parallelo- certainly erroneous: and when I as gram. In a small groupe of tarrows, sert that I could show him veins i very near Stonehenge, chippings of the different stones, conviction of his etgranular quartz or sand-stone were ror will doubtless flash upon

his mind. abundantly found, and they are also Factitious stones would be hoinoge: to be met with on digging within the neous in their substance; they would scite of the temple; all the smaller not present veins to the eye; and in stones were also evidently shaped, and addition to this argument, if any other that by tools of very superior temper, need be urged, I must again remind as they consist of granite of extreme him, that all the large stones are gra hardness. As to the want of roof, nular quartz, exactly similar in submay we not suppose that those who stance with those of the North Wilt raised this temple disdained the shire and Berkshire Downs. It is in thought, that their orisons and the deed highly singular that those Downs smoke of their altar should be inter should be thus scattered with such rupted in their ascent to the “King of enormous and detached blocks of sarkings." And as to inscription, A. H. sen, coarse sand-stone, or granular must recollect that it is improbable the quartz, which has never yet beed inhabitants of these isles at that time found in a continuous bed; and I bepossessed the knowledge of letters. In lieve I am correct, in informing A. H. the numerous barrows on the plains that there is no quarry of stone at Marlaround, opened by my friend Sir Ri- borough, as asserted by him. These chard Hoare (and at the opening of immense detached masses of sandwhich I was present), which evidently stone have been frequently found in bear a relative connexion with the the sub-stratum of the vale of Pewsey temple, and are probably the sepul- in that neighbourhood, at the depth of chres of the families of the chieftains twenty feet. of the surrounding hordes, not a coin, A. H. may possibly object that denot an article has ever been found, tached stones of no' kind are to be which tends even to the presumption found inland of the size of the large that they were a lettered people. stones of Stonehenge; but I can inThe writer of the letter then goes on

forın him, that I have seen covering to say, that it is not clear to him that a valley in the parish of Luxilian in it was a Druidical temple, as it does Cornwall, innumerable detached blocks not correspond with others so called ; of granite of a much larger size. The that such were usually fixed in the ob chain of reasoning adopted by him to scurity and retireinent of deep cells, prove the stones 10 be factítious, is &c. So far from such assertions be most inconclusive, and contrary to ing correct, Stonehenge dues corre- existing facts; and were it yet possible

to

o talk

GREEN.

1823.]
Stonehenge.--Evils of false, Criticism.

511 to entertain any doubt on the ques- made any impression on my mind; cjon, he may rest assured he will find doubtless every hypothesis deserves an no sand on the surrounding plain, af- impartial consideration, and I dare say fording, as he conjectures, a ready ma- the literary world will look forward terial for his factitious stone. In this with interest to the production of his discussion, A. H. alludes to the com intended work, and do it every justice pages of stones or trilithon, which fell which it may merit. I must beg also, in the year 1797, and which he states Mr. Urban, to mention, that the into have been particularly examined by genious talents of the above gentlehim; this is the only change which man have enabled him to make mohas occurred within the memory of dels of Stonehenge, both in its present man, and he speaks of one of these and original state, which are very sustones as being commonly called the perior in their execution and accuhigh altar ; but it so happens there racy. never was a stone thus contra-distin. Yours, &c. EDWARD Duke. guished; the altar-stone ever lay on the ground in the inmost recess of the inner oval, being the portion of the

Mr. URBAN,

April 19. temple elegantly and emphatically de

IN

N an article which you have been noininated by Stukeley, the sanctum pleased to insert in March, p. 218, sanctorum.

et seq. I have said that there is a great I have thus, Mr. Urban, endeavour- decline of taste and erudition in our ed to refute in order the errors of A.H. modern Literature. If you are disposed and have refrained, as I before said, to insert them, I will send you a sefrom giving any opinion of my own as ries of papers, illustrative of this subto the origin of Stonehenge; it is a ject, under the name of The Everquestion on which we may about it and about it," but it must It is now a favourite doctrine, which ever remain a mystery for develope- I hear through the Continent, as well ment, an ignis fatuus for Antiquaries, as in England, that we live in an age an inexplicable riddle for the enquiring of comparative illumination. The foolmind of man. Nevertheless, Mr. Ur- ish world repeat it, believing it: but ban, there is no reason why the cu it is set afloat by those, who have the rious and the learned should not pur- deepest design in it,--not because they sue their enquiries; the collision of believe it to be true (for many of them opinion ever tends to elicit learning, know better), but because it is intendand increase knowledge. “ Truth, ed to conceal those sources of ancient said the ancients, lies in the bottom of wisdom which would detect their false a well;" let not, therefore, the learned doctrines. and the able sit down in apathy, but Upon the mention of the recolet them act vigorously, and however very of the fragment of Cicero deep the well, make their best endea- De Republica, as matter of exultavours to draw her forth.

tion, a literary man, whose opinions Although I refrain at present from hold a sway in Europe, said to me, even declaring my predilection for any I cannot think it of any interest! one of the many hypotheses as to the The greatest genius in the time of Ciæra, and founders, and purpose, of this cero could have but a very imperfect admirable and venerable structure, yet idea of politics! It is not till the preI must beg leave to be the precursor sent day that we have known any thing of a novel hypothesis entertained by upon those subjects !" Mr. Henry Brown of Amesbury, and Let interest and ignorance clamour which he is about to impart to the against the laudator temporis acti as world by a work which is now in the much as they will, the superiority of press, In his opinion, a too modern the past ages to the present, in point æra has been hitherto assigned by all of taste and erudition, is quite inconparties to the Temple of Stonehenge testible: and a main part of it is owing and Abury, and in his publication he to false criticism. Every one rememis about to advance his arguments, that bers what Gray wrote to Muson about they are of antediluvian structure. It Reviewers. It is ten times more apis not for me to anticipate them, and I plicable to the present day. refrain from stating whether they have Then as to Politics, it is a noble

sub

512
Inferiority of modern Poetry.

(June subject, when properly discussed: but There is no merit in that which it ought not to supersede, or pervert gives no light to some one of the prime the character of every other branch of qualities of the mind. Surely no such Literature.

light is afforded by a forced and monIn that powerful and profound arti- strous combination of discordant macle in the Edinb. Rev. upon Parti. terials. What a sound fancy cannot TIONS, which cannot be too much believe, it revolts at: it will not be praised, it is openly professed that the coerced : it will only follow in direcmain object of the establishment of tions that are in unison with those nás that Review was as an instrument of tive dreams, of which there seems to a great political purpose : -a legitimate be some common principle implanted purpose, no doubt :--but of this I am in our mental composition. doubtful, whether it was right to in The stringing together a series of troduce it under the veil of a work in lifeless flowers, culled and stolen from tended to guide Literary opinion. poetical phraseology, is another dis.

But there is no branch of composi- gusting attempt at a substitute more tion, in which the practice of authors, offensive than the dullest prose. Life, and the taste of the publick, has become nature, pathos, touches of eloquence, so corrupt, as in Poetry. That which which go home to the moral feelings was intended for the vehicle of the bursts of fire, which rouse the slumhighest display of native eloquence, is bering understanding,-these are the become an artificial and heartless ex• irresistible ingredients, which will at hibition of mock splendour.

last work their way in defiance of criWe have a great many temporary ticism and fashion. But feeble powers favourites among the living: but we working by art; adorning, polishing, have scarcely any genuine Poets. Ima- patching, joining, borrowing, imitatgination, without judgment, is the cha- ing, may exalt themselves in their own racter of insanity. The insane make eyes, and delight a few amateur friends, the most powerful and vivid combina- or mechanical judges, who think the tions of extravagant images.

more art, the more inerit:--to vigorous Genuine Poetry is an embodied re- apprehensions, which look for impulse presentation of abstract truth; conveyed to their faculties, or glow to their bowith all the fervour of actual presence; soms, they will be like sickly sweets, and under all the agitation and inspi -nauseous and contemptible. ration of extreme moral sensibility. In being thus the advocate of good Examine if all poems of universally- sense as a necessary ingredient of good admitted excellence do not answer this poetry, let me not be misunderstood. definition. Take, for instance, Pope's There is a quality called common sense, Eloisa to Abelard ; take his Address which is generally applied to a steady to Parnell: and his Elegy on an Un- judgment in the little every-day affairs fortunate Lady! Take every thing of of life. This is not what I mean by Shakspeare, and Milton, and Gray! good sense applied to poetry.--I mean Take the solemn and affecting Elegy a strong, sound, and elevated underof Tickell upon Addison !

standing and judgment operating on a What the fancy, or the imagination vivid and active fancy: an understandrepresents, and the heart, under the ing exercised in great truths: a sagaguidance of reason, melts at when re- cious and philosophic reason! Ideas presented, is that which Aows from merely in the state in which they are the real spring of Helicon. To pro- received by the perception of the senses duce this is

are liable to violent and repeated error; "To wake the soul by tender strokes

of art; understanding and the heart ; and as

they must be corrected both by the To raise the fancy, and to mend the heart !"

sociated with the previously-acquired What creates mere wonder by its no- riches of the mind! I believe that this velty and extravagance, certainly neither is a position laid down in some similar raises the fancy nor mends the heart. manner by Descartes : to whom though

It is the faculty of the intellectual superseded by Locke, metaphysics owe vision of things absent, which it is the much. duty of Poetry to encourage and invi As good Poetry is the noblest and gorate :—but certainly not of things most instructive of all human compowhich neither exist, nor can exist. sitions ; so vad Poetry is the most in

tole

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