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28 Mistaken Liberality and Licentiousness of the Age. [Jan. Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 12. and superstition run wildly into one THE liberality of the age in which extreme, so indifference and irreligion, 10 require definition; it runs, however, versal toleration, throw themselves most sometimes into a licentiousness which criminally and most fatally into the even Fashion dare not recognize with- other. out a blush,--and Toleration itself, I have been led to say so much by that triunıph of reason and true wis an impression made upon me through dom over superstition and bigotry, is the medium of feelings painfully alive now extended not only to the preju- to the dangerous condition in which we dices, the errors, and the follies of men, all are placed, by the overwhelming but to their very blasphemies and im- advances of sectarian enthusiasm in pieties. It is a very common thing to some, and of a very general apathy and hear very good men say, “It is this indifference, to moral and religious man's creed, and that man's misfortune principles and practices in almost all to hold opinions, and to encourage ha- the world. bits absolutely abhorrent to reason and Let it not, however, be supposed for common sense, but then it is to be
a moment, that any member of the hoped they are still conscientious in Protestant Church, as it is established principle, and do really believe them in these realms, would restrain the selves to be right in principle, and ve conscience, or limnit the right of any nial if not strictly correct in practice, man to worship God according to the and therefore they must not be con- faith that is in him. Religious Tolerademned.” Nay, it is a matter of so tion is man's most sacred birth-right. much indifference, now-a-days, what But where is the privilege, where the a man's religious opinions may be, or right, which man in his folly or his whether he have any or no faith what- wickedness may not and will 'not viosoever, provided only he preserves the late. There is indeed a practice to decencies of social life, mis obedient to which I will now draw your attention, the laws of etiquette, and to those of dreadfully proving, how dangerous is the land, without offending his neigh- excess, even in the exercise of the bour by grossness in his outward de- greatest good. It is only reasonable to portment, or by any overt act of trea- presume that no man, be his persuason against the Statute Books,--that a sions dark and glooiny as the grave of universal licence is given to him to absolute annihilation, or bright as the be in all religious matters as careless Christian's hope of everlasting life, will and indifferent as he will; and as to sanction or tolerate a direct insult put the hallowed considerations of Gospel upon the name of God in the broad Truth and pure Christian holiness of and open face-I must not say of day, life, through faith in a Redeemer - because some silly jester may ridicule these may be bartered with impunity the anachronism, ---but before large for the creed of Brama or the absurdi- assemblies of Christian people. ties of Johanna Southcote.—This, Sir, It matters not the purpose for which is strong language, but it comes of ex men meet, for devotion or for enterperience, and let saiuts or sinners au- tainment,-—in the Temple or in the gur as they will, it speaks a sad and Theatre, every good man will listen lamentable truth. There is doubtless with religious reverence, and an awful much apostolic goodness yet amongst us, sense of his immediate presence, whenand there is, I believe, an honest, tho' soever the name of God but touches upit may be a misguided sincerity in the on his ear; and if the sound shall conie dissent of thousands, - but what are with unhallowed and unmeaning levity, units or thousands to the mass of an with circumstances of irreverence and irreligious and graceless population ?- vain and idle application, he will, as and it is only necessary for a man in every Christian must, stand appalled his sober senses to enter into the ways with fear and trembling. Corah and of social life, the domestic or the public his company offer an instructive lesson, haunts of the wise, or the foolish, or and without straining the point of just the wicked,--to take his station on and proper feeling, -- if we believe the the heights of fashion, or in the val. Scriptures, we may reasonably fear the lies where illiterate vulgarity and consequences of blasphemy, and of shameless ignorance take up their taking the name of God in vain. abode, to perceive that as enthusiasm Amongst the various ways in which
Mockery of Religion on the Stage. the Almighty is insulted by a vain and substituting less offensive terms for the sinful deprecation of his name, there literal version of the prompter, did is not one more offensive or more dan- away the guilt of many a blasphemous gerous in its effects on the public mind, expression, is now forgotten, or sacrithan that in which dramatic writers so ficed to the public taste; and our ears constantly indulge. Indeed it is most are insulted by a wanton profanation painful to hear the invocations made of God's holy name in places wherein to the Deity with all the solemnity of it should be regarded with that reverhallowed adjuration and prayer, byence with which the great Jewish hispersons tricked up in the mummery torian speaks of it, as the name whose and mimicry of real life, prostrate on sanctity was so great, that his Religion their knees, and with their hands and forbade him to utter it. eyes lifted up to Heaven, and their lips There is a note to a passage in one uttering with all the energy of devo- of the plays in Bell's Edition of Shakstion, and in the very spirit of absolute peare, which observes that the Courts adoration, that form of words and those of Law have determined the use of expressions of religious reverence which such expressions and invocations on should be put up to God in silence the Stage to be legally justifiable; but from the heart, or only when we on what plea, or where the record of commune with him in our chambers such adjudication may be found, are and alone. It is most disgusting and not set forth; and it is scarcely possible, fearful, too, to witness and to hear this I think, to credit an assertion which mockery of hallowed rites and sacred could sanction and encourage a prac. services on that stage where, by the tice contrary to the principle of all shifting of a wire, the fall of a curtain, laws, human and divine. the ludicrous mistakes of a fool, or the Colley Cibber was called in his day pantomimic revolutions of a harlequin, a puritan, an enthusiast, a man over. the temple of God is changed into the scrupulous, and, as in modern times cavern of a necromancer, or the palace we should say, ultra righteous, because of Pandemonium.
he corrected the ribaldry, the indeThe Stage inay and should be made cency, and the indelicacy which had so a school of useful instruction and ra- long disgraced the Stage, though under tional entertainment; but let it be the the authority of fashion, and with the lyceum of moral philosophy, and not sanction of public approbation. He the temple in which idolatrous repre- triumphed over custom, and purified sentations of the Deity, or blasphemous the corruption of ages: and every man imprecations of his name, insult the of sense, of right feelings, and sound decency and the dignity of his religion. moral and religious principles, will
I can remember the time when my crown with just commendation this young heart throbbed with delight at rational reformer, and rejoice in the the anticipation of witnessing in the decorum which at the least clothes a Theatre the mimic representation of double meaning in a decent garb. things as they are; I have enjoyed the But how far superior will be his changing scene, have wept with Sid- claim to praise and honour, who, in dons, and have roared in very climax defiance of long-accustomed privilege of mirth and merriment at the buf- and deep-rooted prejudices, shall renofooneries of Edwin ; and when all was vate the purer spirit of dramatic landone, have left the schools of Shaks- guage, correct a style and character by peare and of Colman with my heart time grown ricious and disgusting, and warmed by the better charities of na- put down a practice now "much more ture; my understanding improved by honoured in the breach than in the lessons of admirable morality, and the observance?" whole inward man made better and The wisdom of Government, by apmore social by the contemplation of pointing a public censor to license or virtue exalted' and vice detected and to forbid the representation of all dradespised. And even now, at an ad- matic compositions, before they have vanced time of life, I could be pleased been submitted to the arbitrary dicta with the same anticipations, warmed by of interested criticism and jealous the same scenes, and instructed and power, seemed to have placed a bar improved by the same reflections. against these dreadful inroads of ofBut things are not as they should be, fence: but modern liberality and a and that propriety of acting, which species of poetic toleration have super
30 Moore's “ Loves of the Angels." --Church at Chunar. [Jan.' seded the intended good, and daily ex man. . For the very angels here are by perience shows how possible it is to their earthly loves brought down to blind or to evade the vigilance even of the standard of mortal imperfection. despotic authority. To suppose that The appeals, therefore, so forcibly and authority and power in the hands of in many cases so beautifully made to Government will slumber or sleep, or the Deity, are most irreverent and disthat they are capable of corruption, or gusting; they appal the Christian, and subject to infirmity, like other vices in make the truly pious reader tremble at other hands, may betray much weak- the cool and daring boldness with ness in judgment, and a degree of scep- which the Poet measures to his purticism and infidelity very justly to be pose the earnestness of devotion, condemned and censured. But so it prayer, remonstrance, and complaint. is. In defiance of all restraints, the The Author has done no more by his laws of the Statute Book, the re- subject than perhaps bis subject reproaches of conscience, the inflaence quired; but it is to be lamented that of moral feeling, and the Command so rare a talent should be thus exerments of God; very abominable blas- cised, or that the public taste should phemies are uttered on the boards of a authorize or invite such open violaTheatre, which would not be endured tion of the most sacred offices of Reliin any other place, although there they gion, and such irreverent trifling with are listened to without any sense of the name and attributes of God. shame or fear; and there also very Yours, &c.
D. great impieties are practised and approved under the insufficient and ab
CHURCH AT CHUNAR. surd plea of mere poetic licence. If by any means these sentiments of
"HE following cautious attention mine are congenial with yours, as they to scruples of the natives in atare with those of thousands beside, tending public worship according to who can do no more than I can, but the Church of England, is worthy obonly, buffet with airy shadows, and servation. “ tell our anger to the winds ;" it may
During the past year (1821), the chance that through the Press at
Church has been finished, and it is Westminster my complaints may meet
now conveniently fitted up for the the ear or eye of some one, having double purpose of English and Hinpower to redress the evil; at all events doostan worship. The middle aile is they may thus become known and ac- pewed for the accommodation of Euknowledged by the public, and so ropeans, and such native Christians as challenge the sympathies and influence have adopted European manners; and the general voice of the people,
a considerable space round the pulpit John Buil is in every stage of his is left open and matted, to admit of life, and in every condition of it, a ra natives sitting in their usual posture; tional being; and although somewhat while the side-ailes are supplied with rude and rough at times in the expres
moveable seats. -( Church Missionary sion of his feelings, he very generally Report for 1822, p. 119.) feels as a man should feel, and speaks
Mission HOUSE AND SCHOOLS AT as a Christian should speak.
CALCUTTA. Since writing the above, I have read “The Loves of the Angels,” by Mr. At the suggestion of the Church T. Moore ; and here I find a melan- Missionary Society, an institution sicholy proof of that vicious taste of the milar to that in progress at Madras has times, in which the evil custom of been formed at Calcutta, comprising a lightly and irreverently playing with Mission House, and Church, a semithe character and the name of God, nary, and printing department; and finds too ready sauction. It is a very so conducted as not to interfere with
and if neither so bril- the Bishop of Calcutta's College, but liant or so pleasing as his Lalla Rookh, rendered subservient to it. still it abounds in sweets and flowers An estate having been on sale in of a delicious beauty. But then the the native town, has been purchased, subject! It is not a sacred poem; it at the sum of 40,500 rupees, but a conis not a paraphrase of Holy Writ; it siderable further expenditure will be is dictated by all the feelings of a nere necessary to render the premises; availman, upon a matter in fact inerely hu- able: there will be room for two Mis
31 sionary families, besides excellent ac desire for learning to read and write, commodation for the students, and a but some shewed considerable talents. school : the whole comprises about from this foundation a most favourthree acres of ground. The house able anticipation has been justly formstands in an enclosed square, compre- ed, that other similar schools will be hending about half an acre, with a founded, wherein females shall at broad piazza all round, and an open length be 'raised to the rank which area in the centre, after the model of a they are well entitled to hold in the College square, with a pond of sweet scale of human beings. water; and the situation is considered Our new schools in Calcutta (says as highly desirable for the purpose in the Rev. Mr. Corrie in his last leiter) tended, especially that of fixing Mis are bringing us acquainted with the sionaries on their arrival at once in native population here ; already a petia situation where they will have a view tion, signed by 14 residents, has been of their work. They will have ample presented, praying us to give them à opportunity to reflect on the new scene school. The temporal circumstances on which they have entered, of being of our Committee 'I see clearly give us introduced to new converts entertain- a ready access to the natives, &c. Two ed on the establishment, and thus their more schools are to be opened, and (he missionary feeling will be brought into adds) as many more are to be added as exercise, and every human encourage we can procure funds to support. ment afforded them to persevere.
Mr. Schmid continues his labours The late Bishop of Calcutta accept in translations;' he has lately transed with cordial acknowledgments the lated select portions of the Liturgy inSociety's grant of 50001.; and in conse to Bengalee. The Collects have also quence of his Lordship's just and for been carefully rendered, and are now cible appeal for support to the College, ready for publication. He has likethey placed at his disposal 10001. as a wise translated from the Bengalee, a contribution from the Society for 1822. tract against the prevailing system of
The following testimonies to the Hindoo Idolatry." The author, who character of the late venerable Metro- is since dead, was Brajomohun Majpolitap of Calcutta, are extracted from moodar, a native of Bengal, and an inthe letters received by the Church timate friend of Rammonun Roy, who Missionary Society, and stated in their revised the translation, and printed it last Report.
at his own expence. This piece has “The Metropolitan is a man deserv- excited much attention in Calcutta. ing of all honour; not only from his It seems, from the correspondence rank, but from his character : he is a from India, that there are more sanwise man, and an humble man. He guine hopes from the establishment of is the head not only of the Syrian schools, than from any efforts for the Church, but of the Mission. Nothing conversion of adults. takes place within the Mission with By a return brought to the 30th of out acquainting him with it, nor is September, of the scholars in the Engany thing allowed to which he at all lish and Tamul schools, the Tamul objects.
schools separately, and the country " It is not remarkable that such a schools for the Tainul children, it apclose and indissoluble union should pears that the Brahmin were 76, the subsist between us and the Metropo- Soodras 1171, the Mussulman 69, the litan,-a man of remarkable wisdom, Roman 37, the Protestant 166, and the dignity, judgment, and humility." girls 72, making a total of 1591 young
This happy co-operation cannot fail persons; of whom the three latter beto strengthen the cause of Church ing Christian, about one-seventh of Missions and of Christian instruction the whole, leaves the work of converamong the natives. A female teacher sion to be effected upon all the rest, was sent thither to superintend the in- a work of great magnitude, which no struction of native females in India; means can accomplish without educaand their progress has been such that tion. The heathens in general seemn much their examination has since shown attached to their superstitions; and the that the female sex in India might be Brahmins, in particular, avoid entering benefited, if the people would consent into conversation on religion, and proto have their female children instruct- bably do all that they can to stifle any ed. They displayed not only a great good desire which here and there may
[Jan. arise among the people..“We trust Agnes, derived from the Greek,
pious Missionaries) that the means Chaste. Lord will in due time prosper the work Anne and Hannah, Hebrew, fa, of our hands. What is now crooked voured (with any excellence or mercy). he may easily make straight; what is
Barbara must be an exception to now hard and stiffened, he can soon the rule that names have arisen from soften and bend; what is now barren, the good wishes of
parents ; if derived may, by his powerful influence, soon from the Latin, it is a name not very become fruitful! Upon his promises much to be coveted. In the Dictionary we would labour,-may he guide us we find its meaning, unpolished, foolish, by his counsel, and at last receive us cruel, savage ; it may, however, as to glory!”
Peregrine, have been given to a stranger.
Blanch, French, fair, Mr. URBAN,
Catherine, Greek, purified, pure. N reading a note in page 506, of
Caroline and Charlotte appear to be
the feminine of Charles. thought occurred that few people are Clara, Latin, almost explains itself acquainted with the meaning of what in its English sense; it may be underare called their Christian names. stood as signifying fair, noble, illus
The names of families have been trious. frequently illustrated in your Maga Dorothy, Greek, the gift of God. zine, particularly in vol. xlii. by the Elizabeth, Hebrew, God hath sworn. Searned Dr. Peyge, under the signa
Esther is a Persian name. Esther, ture of “ T. Row," and more recently the Jewish captive, whose history is in vol. xc. p. ii.
related in the Holy Scriptures, was We learn in Chambers's “ Encyclo. named in her own country Hadassah pedia” (and the inforınation is copied
(Esther II. 8), but, as was customary, in that of Dr. Rees), that
lost her name with her liberty. Ster, “ Camden takes it for granted, that says Scaliger, is Persian for a star, as names, in all nations and languages are sig ásn'p is Greek. nificative, and not simple sounds, for mere Helen has been derived from the distinction. This is the case not only Greek word 'aw, to draw, because the among the Jews, Greeks, Latins, &c. but
beauty of the famous Helen attracted even the Turks, among whom Abdalla signifies God's servant; Soliman, peaceable ;
so many admirers; and from Hellas,
the ancient name of Greece. Mahomet, glorified, &c. And the savages of Hispaniola and throughout America, who
Jane. Janus is by Macrobius used in their languages name their children Glis
as a name of the sun; thus Jane or
Jana tening Light, Sun Bright, Fine Gold, &c.; may, as Phæbe, mean the moon. and they of Congo by the names of precious
The different derivations of Janus are stones, flowers, &c.
too uncertain and numerous to parti“ To suppose names given without any cularize. meaning, however by the alteration of lan Isabella is Spanish for a bright bay guages their signification may be lost, Cam colour. den thinks, is to reproaeh our Ancestors, Laura, perhaps from the Latin for and that contrary to the sense of all ancient laurel. writers.”
Lucy, from the Latin prænomen Since the chief of our Christian Lucea, from Luceo, to shine, synonames are derived from languages not nymous with Clara, or from the child understood by the generality of people, being born primâ luce, early in the it shall be my endeavour to present to morning. Luce is also an old name those who have before overlooked this for a pike or jack, from the Latin important knowledge, the meanings of Lucius, or French lus; I mean not to some of the most coinmon of their ap say the Christian name has any conpellations. Mr. Urban will perhaps nection with this, but the family, excuse the intrusion, and allow me bearing that sirname, of Charlecot, co to present his readers with the follow. Warwick, certainly bore for arms three ing, thus alphabetically arranged. I Luces hauriant Argent, on a field begin with the Ladies, not only out of sprinkled with crosslets, as may be due politesse, but because they may be seen in Dugdale's “Warwickshire," supposed to be the least informed on of which family was Sir Thomas, supthe subject.
posed to be personified in Shakspeare's