Page images

Ancient Liverpool.-Fly Leaves, No. VII.

23 (Whitechapel) all is unoccupied. Sir FLY LEAVES.- No. VII. Thomas-buildings has a few houses at

Rump Songs. the top, but all beyond is fields. Dalestreet is built on both sides; but from IN Moorfields to Dig-lane (now Cheap- said : “ the Rump Parliament (so call

under date of 11 Feb. 1660, it is side), and from thence Easiward, there are none. Such were the scanty limits

ed as retaining some few rotten memof Liverpool less than a century ago.

bers of the other) being dissolved ; for The Population of the town had joy whereof were many thousand of more than doubled since 1650, it being rumps roasted publiquely in the streetes

at the bonfires this night* ; with in 1725 about 11,000.

The Trade of the port had also con- ringing of bells, and universal jubilee. siderably increased. In 1723, one

This (continues Evelyn) was the first hundred and thirty-one vessels entered good omen.” Thị same event gave

title to an octavo volume as : The the port, of the tonnage of 8,700 tons; and the dock duties amounted to

Rump, or a Collection of Songs and 8101. 11s. 6d.

Ballads, made upon those who would

be a PARLIAMENT, and were but the The town had not received much embellishment, by the erection of PUBLIC RUMP of a House of Commons, five

times dissolved. London : Printed for STRUCTURES, in the interval between the two periods. The ancient town

H. Brome, &c. 1660. Copies of this

edition are of unusual rarity. It was house was rebuilt, and St. Peter's Church and the Blue School were

reprinted as the Rump, or an exact erected.

collection of the choycest Poems and The style of DomesTIC ARCHITEC- Songs relating to the late times. By ture had improved, but it was still the most eminent Wits, from Anno 1639

to Anno 1661. London, 8c. 1662; extremely rude, and the houses were huddled together without any regard to

and has an engraved title and frontisregularity of appearance.

piece prefixed, supposed to be done by Thus it has been attempted to sketch Hollar. The frontispiece shows the the aspect of Liverpool in 1650 and people roasting a rump, gibbeted in 1725. The town was now advancing chains; and the title in compartwith accelerated pace to cominercial

ments is allusive to public events, and eminence. The inhabitants were

giving whole lengths of “the Purident, economical, and skilful; and tan” and “ Covenanter.” The latter they had not only the sagacity to dis- plate afterwards, with some alterations, cover the unrivalled facilities which formed a title to, The Snake in the

Grass, or Satan transformed to an the port afforded for foreign trade and commerce, but had sufficient enter

Angel of light ; published by Ch. prise to put them in requisition for

Brome about 1696; again, with additheir own, and the town's aggrandise- The 'Rump songs reprinted in two

tions, in April 1697, and Jan. 1698. ment. It would lead to too extensive a detail to develope the causes of the

volumes, 1732

In that collection first appeared the subsequent rapid advance of the port in commercial opulence. They are to be well-known poem of “ Loyalty confound in the histories of the town, to

fined," beginning which the reader is referred, who is

“ Beat on, proud billows, Boreas blow," desirous of full information on the the commonly reputed production of subject. Her history, indeed, is one Arthur Lord Capel, until Mr. Park at which the natives may well feel an discovered a manuscript copy that had honest pride. She is almost the crea- belonged to his Lordship, entitled : tion of yesterday, with nothing on the “ Mr. Le Strange his verses in the score of antiquity to illustrate her. prison at Lynn." In another old maBut that which other towns might nuscript it is styled :

“ The Requiem think a misfortune, she deems her highest honour. The recency of her

* This kind of demonstration of public elevation to the rank of the second opinion was revived in March 1722. A commercial city in the British Empire,

Newspaper of that period says:

accounts we have from several towns, it is is the proudest pillar to her fame—at computed that above a hundred and twentyonce her glory and her boast !

two thousand two hundred and three rumps Liverpool, Nov. 9.

S. R.

have been offered up to the manés of the To be continued.) late Parliament of most pious memory."


By the


, ; 24 Fly Leaves, No, VII.-Stanley Abbey.

[Jan. and Liberty of an Imprison'd Royallist.” MDccxxxviii. probably a press error It was also printed in Wit and Drol- for 1728. lery, · 1661 ; Westminster Drollery, William Dicey, a printer at Northa Daily Journal as

never before pub- ballads for broad-sides, prefixing the lished," 1781 ; and Annual Register, historical introduction of our editor, 1793. There is some not unimportant with an incidental wood-cut, and the variance of orthography,, omissions, following and transposition, in the various « Note : as the use of these Old Songs is copies.

very great, in respect that many children Old Ballads.

never would have learned to read, had they Dr. Farmer, on a Fly Lear of his Robin Hood, &c. which has insensibly stole

not took delight in poring over Jane Shore, copy of the Collection of Old Ballads, into them a curiosity and desire of reading corrected from the best and most un other the like stories, till they have improved cient copies extant, with introductions themselves more in a short time than perhaps historical, critical, or humourous : illus- they would have done in some years at trated with copper-plates ; in three vo

school. In order still to make them more lumes, ' remarked: “This collection useful, I premise to affix an Introduction, in has been ascribed to Ambrose Philips."

which I shall point out what is Fact and Such an ascribing was probably found what is Fiction in each song ; which will ed upon the circumstance of " The (as may be readily supposed) give not only Hive," a minor collection of vocal children, but persons of more ripe years, an songs, published some years afterwards, insight into the reality, intént, and design,

as well as many times the author and time having prefixed an Essay on Song when such song was made, which has not Writing, addressed to a Lady, by A. hitherto been explained.” Philips, and he is reputedly considered

Eu. Hoon. the editor of that work. Of the Old Ballads, it is equally possible they were edited by David Mallett, who at that Some Account of Stanley Abbey; period began to be known in the lite

and the prior foundation of St. Mary rary circles, and whose adınired pro

de Drownfont, or Drogonis Fonte, duction, William and Margaret (which,

ut Lockswell, in the forest of Chipit is said, first appeared in the periodi

penham. cal paper called the Plain-Dealer, the


Jan. 2. year , preceding) is given, as an old of this Abbey less, I believe, is ,

historically known, than of any appear to have been select- of those monuments of the piety of ed with provincial taste and favour our ancestors, the ruins of which itism. The preface of vol. ii. in 1723, strew the romantic landscapes, the seannounces that the editor possessed questered vallies, or the extensive fo“ materials only for one volume more;” rests of our native land. I have thereand of the reserve was a “ sufficient fore thought, that it might not be number of historical,” in which class unacceptable to those who interest this ballad appears promiscuously given. themselves in such investigations, if, If some particular right had not ex- living on the spot, and having access isted in the editor, does it seem probable to authentic and unpublished docuthat William and Margaret would have ments, which neither Dugdale, or Lebeen adopted, when so newly made land, or Tanner, could have seen, I, known to the public in a different for this purpose, request a few pages of work?

that Magazine, which, for so long a Probably from the meretricious and period, has “ "kept the even tenor of other embellishments, the Old Bal its way,” and done more to preserve LADS have recently obtained unusual such memorials than all its literary prices in the book-sales, and are very contemporaries put together. seldom perfect. Vol. I. contains seven Before we proceed to illustrate the teen prints, and passed three editions : history and local antiquities of Stanley MDCCXxiii. again 1723 and 1727. Abbey, it will be proper to advert to Vol. II. has fifteen prints, and was all that we already know of it. This printed in MDccxxiii. again 1726. is contained in Dugdale, Leland, and Vol. III. has thirteen prints, and was Tanner. The information whick Dugpublished in MDccxxv. again as dale has given, is taken from the regis

songs, that



1823.] Account of the Abbey of St. Mary de Drownfont, Wiltshire. ter of Lacock, in Biblio. Cottoniona, investigation, and from authentic conamely, that in the year 1161, the pies of all the originAL GRANTS in Abbey of Stanley was first founded at the possession of the Baynton family, Lockswell

, removed from Quarrie by whom the lands belonging to both (Quarariâ), in the Isle of Wight; that abbeys were purchased from Henry the after three years it was translated from Eighth. The most important of these Lockswell to Stanleigh.

are, first, the Charter of Henry, son of By Leland we are informed, that the Duke of Normandy (afterwards Matilda the Empress first founded King Henry the Second), copied in the a religious house (domum) in a place Monasticon. Secondly, a Grant from called Lockswell; that afterwards, Henry, Duke of Normandy, of a hyde Henry the Second removed the bro- of land at Lamburne, which Hugh thers (fratres transtulit), from Lock’s- Plugener gave to the Monastery at St. well to Stanley, where he founded the Mary at Drownfont, in the manor of Abbey of Stanley, and gave the lord- Chippenham. This grant has never ship to them. - Leland's Collectanea, yet been published; upon this, there vol. I. p. 60.

fore, it will be proper to make a few In Tanger's Notitia, is contained as remarks. In the first Charter, Henry follows:

is entitled the son of the Duke of Nor“ Lockswell.

mandy, and therefore it must have “This place, in the forest of Chippen- been granted before the death of his ham, was given by Henry, son of ye Duke father, who died about 1180. In the of Normandy, &c. &c. &c. afterwards King second Grant, Henry is entitled Duke Henry ye Second, to the Monks of Quarre, of Normandy.. The first Grant from upon condition that they should settle there Henry, son of the Duke of Normandy, & Convent of Cistertians, which they did gives the lands at Lockswell to the anno 1151 ; but three after, that prince Monks of St. Mary de Quarariâ, in and his mother, Maud ye Empress, removid Insula, &c. to build there capitalem the religious from thence to

abbatiam” for the souls of his father “STANLEIGH,

Geoffrey Duke of Normandy, his mo“Where they built and endow'd to the ther's, and his own, and for the wel. honour of the hlessed Virgin Mary, an Ab- fare of the Kingdom of England; this bey for thirteen White Monks, whose reve Grant was in his father's life-time, nues were valued 26th Henry VIII. at 1771. before the year 1150, as in that year Os. 8d. per annum, Dugdale; 2221. 14s. 4d. Speed. The scite was granted 28th Henry title of Duke of Normandy soon after.

his father died, and Henry had the VIII. to Sir Edward Boynton." This is the substance of all the ley 1161, and Leland 1151; in fact,

Dugdale places the foundation of Stanknowledge we have, I believe, of the this latter date must have been the foundation and the history of Stanley date of the earliest Abbey at Lockswell. Abbey, in the forest of Chippenham,

In the second Charter of Confirmaand in the parish from whence this tion, when Henry was Duke of Norletter is dated.

mandy, we find' a hyde of land in The documents for the foundation Lamburn, given by Hugh Plugener of this knowledge are, first, the charter (the name of Pinnegor very common of Henry the Second, son of the Duke in this county) to the Monks of of Normandy, published by Dugdale Drownfont. There is no published ex officio armorum (the Heralds' Col- account of Drownfont, or the Monks lege); secondly, the Charter of Henry of Drownfont, and therefore it was my the Second, and his mother Matilda, first object to ascertain where this published in the Monasticon; thirdly, Drownfont was situated, and the origin à Charter of Richard the First, pub- of this forgotten name, and I fatter lished also in the Monasticon. My myself I have completely succeeded. Antiquarian lore, Mr. Urban, is not

It will be remembered, that the land very profound ; but I am not aware first granted in Wiltshire, was for the that there exist any other published foundation of Lockswell. I therefore authentic documents for the history of naturally concluded, that in the neighStanley Abbey; the light, therefore, bourhood of Lockswell (now Lockswhich I hope to throw on the earliest well-heath, at the back of the Marquis foundation at Lockswell and this Ab- of Lansdowne's Plantations at Bowood) bey, will be derived from personal there must be some remarkable spring GENT. Mag. January, 1823.


Jan. 7.


Character of the late E. M. Mundy, Esq. M. P... [Jan, or fountain. For the second unpub- the top of a woody and romantic emilished charter gives so much land to nence, which commands a vast sweep the Monks of St. Mary of Drownfont. of distant country in front, winds his In the third grant, conjunctively, from way through the wildest glades of the Matilda and her son, of a meadow in antient forest of Chippenham. the forest of Chippenhanı, near La Yours, &c. W. L. Bowles. cock Bridge, this Abbey Drownfont is called Abbatia de Drogonis Fonte. In

Mr. URBAN, further investigation of the place, and N the Obituary of your valuable the origin of the name, I was con Magazine for November last, p. vinced that the Abbey which had 472, you record the decease of Edward existed for three years in Lockswell Miller Mundy, esq. M.P. for Derbyand then vanished, like Aladdin's pa- shire. Could it be supposed that of a lace, must, from the name, have been gentleman who had filled so considerbuilt near the spring or fountain at able a situation in society, who had Lockswell, which must yet exist. been elected by a most respectable

Why it was called the Abbey de County as its representative in the Drownfont, and "de Drogonis Fonte,” House of Commons for the long period must be equally clear, when, in turn- of 39 years, and had so ably and so hoing to the first and earliest grant, we nourably discharged his high trust, find this remarkable passage: Ego no other memorials should be transfilius, &c. Ducis Normanniæ, are here mitted to posterity than his genealogy, given Lock'swell (Lockwellan), with his marriage, the number of his chilall the rights and customs which my dren, his birth and his death? These, mother and myself gave to Drogo, my doubtless, it was necessary to commumother's chamberlain, to the Monk's nicate; but as the same may be told of Quarre; -- terras, cum consuetu- of any person, they have no peculiar dinibus et libertatibus, quos et mater and discriminating lines of character. mea, et ego, dedimus Drogoni, matris Mr. Mundy was in possession of enmeæ Camerario.” It will, therefore, dowments far superior to the accidenI think, clearly follow that Drogo, tal circumstances of birth and fortune. Matilda's chamberlain, having the His virtues and qualities threw a brilfirst possession of Lock’swell, the liant lustre upon his rank and station. name of the Abbey, as long as it there There would be no small difficulty in continued, was that of St. Mary de pointing out a man more distinguished Drownfont, or de Drogonis Fonte.- by sober piety, by purity of morals, by To this Abbey the grants are made rectitude of political principles, by love primarily of Henry and Matilda.- and fidelity to the Constitution in There is also a grant to the same Ab Church and State, by kindness of bey from William Earl of Salisbury, heart, by the exercise of charity, by son of Patrick, the founder of Braden- meekness of temper, and by the most stoke Abbey in the neighbourhood. - engaging suavity of manners. Not All the other grants from Richard I. only his relatives and friends, but the dated Messina, when he went to the whole county to which his parliamenCrusades; from Edward I. dated Dum- tary and local services had been devoted ferling, where he kept his Christmas, for a very long series of years, while after the conquest of Scotland ; froin they deeply regret their loss, will alHenry III. &c. are to Stanley. ways rest with delight on the contem

The site of the earliest Abbey at plation of such an eminent example. Lock'swell, the name, and the origin Mr. Mundy's marriages with Miss of that name, as I fatter myself I have Meynell, and with Lady Middleton, been the first to discover, I may, per- have been minutely detailed, and the haps, if you will give me leave, occupy children enumerated whom he had by a few more pages of your valuable Mis- these two ladies. But you pass over in cellany, some future time, in commu total silence, as if no such event had nicating an account of the other grants, happened, his third marriage with Mrs. which throw so much light on the Barwell. This lady, sister to Admiral history of the Abbey of Stanley in this Sir Isaac Coffin, and remarkable for parish, and particularly in describing her singular beauty, and accomplishthe beautiful fountain or spring, at ments, became in her extrenie youth Lock'swell, which has been nameless the wife of Richard Barwell, of for centuries, and which, bursting from Stanstead Park, in Sussex. She bore




Whether Glebe Lands are tithable to this gentleman several children; constant reader, which relates to a and some years after his death, she point of material consequence to many contracted a second matrimonial union humble labourers in the vineyard, with Mr. Mundy. This union was mean the Incumbents of Vicarages. the effect of mutual and disinterested The enemies to the prosperity of our love. Such, indeed, were the fervour Zion are fond of inveighing against and purity of her affections for that the inordinate revenues, as they are worthy man, that she did not hesitate pleased to represent them, of the Estato give up, as she was bound by her blished Clergy.. I need not say how first husband's will to do, in the case grossly the subject is often misrepreof her marrying again, a jointure of sented; nor how confidently often four thousand pounds a year for a very refuted assertions are repeated. much inferior settlement. Their nup The point on which I seek informatials took place on the 19th of October tion has not, as far as my recollection 1811, which, by a mournful coinci- serves, been noticed of late, either in dence, was also the day of their earthly our periodical miscellanies, or in the separation in 1822. She had a son by pamphlets professedly written on the Mr. Mundy, now about nine years of subject of Tithes. age, who bears a striking resemblance In the random assertions and loose of his good father.

calculations which are often hazarded I can safely assert, from my own as to the gross amount of Tithes, these personal knowledge, that a happier enemies to the Establishment seldom pair never met together. They were notice, or properly allow for the Improcongenial spirits, emulous in the diffu- priate Rectories, which leave a very sion of comfort to all around them, in inadequate provision for a numerous unlimited charities to the distressed, portion of the labouring Clergy. I am and in numberless acts of relative and by no means an advocate for an equalisocial kindness, which marked each zation of the ecclesiastical revenues ; successive day of their life. She was yet I cannot but think that Improas completely qualified, as if she had priate Rectories, whether held by inbeen peculiarly destined, to make the dividuals, or by lay or spiritual corpodeclining years of her amiable husband rations, should be taxed in a moderate supremely blessed and happy. This degree for the support of the poor Viwas her solid praise; this was the fruit car, who has to bear the heat and burof her coujugal love, which continued den of the day, and who is expected with unenfeebled activity to the last to minister to the little wants and ne. hour of his mortal existence. These cessities of the humbler class of his paexcelling qualities of her mind and rishioners in various ways; while the heart were embellished by the unaf- Impropriator, who, on a moderate calfected graces, and native elegance of culation, receives not less than three her external deportment, rendered still times the amount of the Vicar's dues, more attractive by a freshness and is rarely subject to any claims of this beauty almost unimpaired by time; nature. so that she was the ornament of her I will conclude with a query, which domestic circle, and the delight of some of your numerous readers may those who enjoyed the happiness of perhaps be able distinctly to answer; admission to her acquaintance and and I should be greatly obliged to any company.

I know that her husband one who has it in his power to afford loved her with a tenderness and devo- information, to take an early opportution seldom equalled, never surpassed. nity of communicating it for insertion Yours, &c.

J. D. E. in your valuable Publication.

Glebe lands, when in the Vicar's Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 10. own occupation, are I believe always As you have an .

warm and zealous tithes to the Rector. "Is the Impropriafriend to the established order of tor then legally entitled to great Tithes things in Church and State, from a from Glebe

lands, when the Vicar ases conscientious conviction, I am per- them? And, are not lands which have suaded, that the existence of the for- been purchased by Queen Anne's Bounmer is necessarily dependent on the ty entitled to the same exemption with security of the latter, I Aatter myself other Glebe lands? you will readily admit a query from a



« PreviousContinue »