Page images
PDF
EPUB

1823.]
Church of St. Olave, Hart-street, described.

207 ponding arched work, are filled in at mutilations: and their general aspect the head. This filling in, however, I would lead me to conclude, that the consider to be of later date than the whole of them were constructed when aperture itself, and part of the opera- Richard and Robert Cely, as aforesaid, tions, probably of Richard and Robert improved this building if what is reCely, whom Stow mentions as princi- corded in the edition of " Stow,” 1633, pal builders and benefactors of this as afterwards alluded to, did not, as Church; and who, as he states, were to a part of them, instruct me to the buried in it. The said Richard Cely, contrary. The tie-beams spring from if Newcourt's idea respecting his iden- stone corbels; one component part of tity be correct, presented to the living each corbel being, as very commonly in the middle, and again towards the found, a shield: in a few instances latter end of the Fifteenth Century. the original sculptures of the shields Very likely the three other windows have, some time ago, been replaced also once assumed a similar appear- with wooden imitations. Five of the ance; but the window at the West end corbels on the North side of the nave of the nave has, at present, merely are further decorated with angels ; and plain ribs springing from the old mul a male figure, represented as habited lions; and each of the two others had, in a loose garment, supports one of until lately, upright mullions without the shields towards the 'East end of any arched ribs turning from them. the South aile : upon three of the In regard to all the several other win- shields are sculptured two lions pasdows throughout the fabric, and leav- sant gardant; which remind us of the ing out of consideration here, as well bearings of our monarchs at an early peas in what respect the drip-stones af- riod of English History. Several have termentioned, some small apertures, in bearings in relief, corresponding with the middle story of the tower; (which the first of the following sketches, and are Pointed internally; but the exact two of them resemble the second sketch. shape of them externally, as originally formed, is now dubious) each of them consists of three lights, or divisions, with cinque-foil heads, formed under one arch very flatly pointed. The whole of the windows, excepting the two Westernmost (which at the present day have not any) are finished externally with drip-stones, having square returns. And in respect to doorways, On these bearings I will merely nothose to the North and South en tice as follows: trances of the Church, and the door. The patronage of this Church apway from the South aile into the ves pears to have been of old in the fatry, have arches under square heads, mily of the Nevils; and upon referwith ornamental spandrels; and both ence to Edmondson's “Heraldry,". I the former doorways have, externally, find, under the name of Nevil, the drip-stones with square returns. There saltire mentioned in numerous inare two narrow entrances (exclusive stances as a principal feature of their of two others of recent construction) arms. It belonged at a later date to into the staircase tower, and another different parties; among whom apsmall aperture leads from the nave pears the family of Windsor: and in into the rectory-house; of the arches the latter work, under the three exover these apertures, those to the amples of this name, I find the saltire South entrance of the Church, and to mentioned likewise. By far the greater the said entrances to the staircase, are part of the said shields, however, have of the depressed kind, turned from no bearings sculptured upon them. four centers; but those to the three The decorations at the junctions of other doorways are of a boldly pointed the moulded ribs of the ceilings are character.

principally of shields ; in some parts, The arched tie-beams, with their in- however, the rose is introduced intermediate moulded ribs, and oak pan- stead thereof; and in others they connellings (each of them ornamented at sist of foliage ; most of these shields one angle with a floweret) over the also are plain, but on a few of them nave and both the side ailes, remain are sculptured the bearings expressed entire, with the exception of a few in the first of the above sketches. On

[ocr errors]

one

208

Church of St. Olave, Hart-street, described. [March, one other appears what I should sup-' with some other matters, and among pose to be intended for the City Arms; thein a porch to the South entrance, but that the dagger is placed in the is more in unison with the doorway second of the four quarterings formed than the present porch ; also the reby the cross, instead of in the first, as moval of the merely upright mullions usual;

and on one other of the shields, from the East window of the North the cross only is introduced without the aile, must be left for a future, and I dagger.

hope, successful consideration. The At the West end of the nave is a accompaniments to the central East good organ;

the wainscot front of window were, as aforesaid, lately of which displays a respectable appear

the kind last stated; but new masonry ance, but the style bears reference to of Bath stone has been substituted inthe Gothic of Batty Langley's school. stead thereof, of a character which apThe several pews and galleries, like peared to the architect coinciding with wise the altar-piece and its accoinpa- the period at which the aperture in all niments; the pulpit and its append- probability was formed ; and at the ages; the several lobbies and screens; same timné more suitable to the recepthe fittings of the vestry, and the porch tion of stained glass (the introduction to the South entrance, appear to have of which was the principal inducement been constructed within the last cen towards its improvement), than matury, and are respectable of their kind; sonry corresponding with the head of but in every point of view discordant the West window of the tower, which to the original character of the build- has been before alluded to. The staining. The ceiling of the restry is fi- ed glass is, at this time (Jan. 1823), nished with pannelling and ornaments in preparation by Mr. James, of Gray's in plaster-work; the principal sub- Inn-road; and bids fair to be a respecject being an angel of nearly full size table specimen of his talent. The subin relief, but of inferior execution; jects of six of the nine compartments over the chimney-piece are painted in are the four Evangelists, expressed in chiaro oscuro, the three cardinal vir- reclined postures, and the apostles, St. tues. The figure of an old man, be- Peter and St. Paul; two others contween two glories, which is mention- sist of groups of cherubs, and another ed in Seymour's “Survey of London,” will display a dove with glory. The to have been within an arched space four lights or divisions below the head under the pediment of the altar-piece, of the window are to be decorated does not appear there at the present day. with borderings of leaves, &c. of a

The effect of the interior of the lively colour ; but not so powerful as Church generally, and particularly as to interfere with the tints of the prinregards the ailes, is much disparaged cipal subjects above them. by the crowded appearance which the 'It is recorded in the aforesaid Edigalleries occasion. Previously to the tion of 1633, that considerable works recent repairs, questions as to their re were performed in this Church during moval from the ailes, also as to an that and the preceding year; and improvement of the Western gallery, among some other items attended to and the restoration of Sir Andrew Ric

at that period, it seems that “the roof card's statue (aftermentioned) to its in the middle isle, decayed to the danoriginal place, were duly agitated in ger of falling, was with new timber the vestry; but the schemes did not rebuilt, new leaded, and the inside seem to meet with approbation. Other very worthily garnished.” Great mepoints of proposed improvement. also rit is due to the directing parties for were introduced to notice ; but expe- having restored the said roof in its rienced a similar result. Some amend- original character, and the battlements ments, however, have taken place. A also; but we must regret that the square-formed window, which had

same taste was not extended to the been made in the North front, has upper portions of the tower, and to been built up. A modern frontispiece, some other parts of the operations which had been fixed up to the North which were then conducted. entrance, has also been removed ; and The upper timbers over the ailes tie imperfect parts of the said en were renewed at no very distant petrance restored in their original style. riod; and lately the greater part of It is to be regretted that the square all the roofs have been uncovered and headed window in the South front

new leaded.

J. B. G. has not also been closed up; but this,

(To be continued.)

Mr.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][graphic][subsumed][merged small]

1823.]
Natural History of British Hirundines.

209 Mr. URBAN, Hartwell, March 4. its nest in chimnies, at the distance of S numerous have been the letters * about a foot from the top, or under the

roofs of barns and outhouses, has comthe subject of the Migration of Swal- monly two broods in the year, and gelows, that I imagine a short account of nerally disappears in the latter end of the natural history of each of the four September, or beginning of October. species which inhabit Great Britain, Like the rest of this tribe, it is

perpewill not be unacceptable to many of tually on the wing, and lives upon inyour readers. I have, therefore, sub- sects, which it catches flying. "Before joined a correct figure (see Plate II.) rain it may often be seen skimming and a short account of the common round the edge of a lake or river, and Chimney Swallow, and of the Mar not unfrequently dipping the tips of tin, and shall endeavour in a subse- its wings or under part of its body into quent Number, to add the natural the water, as it passes over its surfaceş. history of the Sand Martin and of the The Martin, or MARTLETT of Swift, together with figures of the heraldry, hirundo urbica, (fig. 2.) is same, which will complete the Bri- rather less than the swallow, and is tish hirundines.

distinguishable at first sight from it, The Chimney SWALLOW, hirundo by the bright white colour of all the rusticat (Fig. 1.) is the most com under parts of the body. This bird mon, as wel as the best known, of usually makes its first appearance early them all; nd for this reason pro- in May, though sometimes sooner, and bably classed first by Linnæus. ' Its leaves us towards the latter end of Oclength is about six inches, breadth tober. . It builds under the eaves of from tip to tip of the wings, when ex houses, in the corners of windows, tended, about twelve. The upper parts and in crags of rocks and precipices of the body and its wings black; the near the sea, and has oftentimes three under parts whitish ash-colour; head broods in the year; its nest is curiously black; the forehead and chin are constructed, like that of the swallow, marked with a red spot; the tail is with mud and straw, and lined with very much forked. This bird gene- feathers on the inside 1). rally arrives in this country somewhat

The earliest and latest appearance of sooner than the rest of this genus, these birds, and their annual migration, usually making its first appearance be- have been the theme of numerous fore the middle of April f. It builds writers of both antient and modern

[ocr errors]

P: 71.

* See the General Index to the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 1. p. 435; vol. 111. 426.
+ In ventriculo dissecto scarabæos invenimus. In caminis nidificat.-— Raii Synop.

The Swallows of every species are few on their first appearance; afterwards increase in numbers; are further multiplied by the accession of the young broods; and are diminished again before they wholly disappear.

$ This was observed by many of the antient writers of natural history and philosophy. So Virgil :

Nunquam inprudentibus imber
Obfuit. Aut illum surgentem vallibus imis
Aëriæ fugère grues ; aut bucula, cælum
Suspiciens, patulis captavit naribus auras ;
Aut anguta lacus circuinvolitavit hirundo,
Et veterem in limo ranæ cecinêre querelam.

Virg. Geor. lib. i. 377.
Which is imitated from Aratus:

Πολλακι λιμναίαι ή είναλιαι ορνιθες
'Απληςον κλυζονται ένιεμεναι υδατεσσιν
Η λιμνην περι δηθα χελιδονες αισσονται
Γασερι τυπτουσαι αυτως είλύμενον ύδωρ. .

Arat. Dios. 210.
|| Pliny observes : “ Hirundines luto (nidum) construunt; stramento roborant. Si
quando inopia est luti, madefactæ multa aqua, pennis pulverem spargunt. Ipsum vero ni-
dum mollibus plumis floccisque consternunt tepefaciendis ovis, simul ne durus sit infanti-
bus pullis. In fætu summâ æquitate alternant cibum. Notabili munditiå

egerunt
menta pullorum, adultioresq. circumagi docent, et foris saturitatem emittere.
GENT. Mag. March, 1823.

times,

excre

« PreviousContinue »