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Battle of Assaye.- The Landholders defended. [Feb. ment displayed their bravery to the twenty-four hours, withom any assislast moment ; for the regiment had tance from a surgeon. The sash which only sixty-three men left when they I wore proved of great assistance in retreated, nor one single officer but ihe stopping of the blood. was killed or wounded lying on the

THOMAS SWARBROOK, plains, except Major Swinton, and

Serjeant 19th Dragoons. he was wounded in the back, as he

I need not mention, in addition to retreated with what few of the regi- the above, that the writer of this acment that was left. The other two

count receives pension from Governregiments suffered very severely. The

H. G. enemy then charged our infantry on their retreat, and advancing in front Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 3. of their own park, gave no quarters N the Supplement to the last Voto any of our wounded men, cutting lume, ii. p. 632, of your very valuaand shooting them as they came up ble work, I am not a little surprised to with them.

see what I must consider a very unThe enemy, advancing in front of fair attack upon the landed proprietors, their own park, gave our cavalry some and my surprise is the greater, because little hopes of displaying their bravery, during the several years that I have as satisfaction for their brave comrades been a constant reader of your excelthat were lying dead on their plains. lent Numbers, I have never before Our brave General then rode up, say. witnessed any thing like partiality or ing, “ now, Maxwell, you must make party spirit. the best of your cavalry, or we shall all The writer having indulged his wit be done.” “Our gallant Commander of in irony and ridicule at the severe sufthe cavalry then gave the word, “ 19th, ferings and privations of the farmers spare nobody," three cheers ; on the and their Landlords, fancies he has third cheer we dashed forward, our made a new discovery, by asserting that brave General with us, exclaiming the Farmers will experience relief from " Death or Victory;" and riding over the reduction of their rents, and that our poor wounded men as they lay their sufferings are occasioned by the bleeding with their wounds, we cut our “heartless oppression of their Landroad up to their guns, and took 100 lords." pieces, and killed the French Gene Can it be really believed that such ral. The rest of their army marched reduction has not, I may say, almost off from us, when our small detach- universally taken place ? 'Has he not ment proved victorious in the field; heard of different landowners, whose our cavalry pursued them, but they tenants are under leases, ordering a not being fatigued, rode always froni new valuation of their estates, and alus; we had marched twenty-five miles lowing their tenants to continue their before the action took place. Our in- farms under fresh agreements ? Has fantry lay all night upon their arms, he not heard of others who have so to maintain their ground, the next far considered the situation of their morning arose, pitched their camp, tenants on leases, as to agree to modify and buried all their slain. The cavalry their rents according to the price of marched back five miles that night, to corn for the current year? If he has protect the baggage, and joined the not (and if he has, I am sure common line with the loss of their brave Com- justice would not allow him to put mander, who fell in so noble a cause. forth such assertions as he has writ

The slaughter made in the field that ten), I can take upon myself to inform day of officers and soldiers who fell him that such has been the conduct of fighting for their king and country, several of those patriotic" Landwas truly dreadful. After our camp owners, as he ironically and contempwas pitched, parties were sent from tuously calls them. They do not each regiment to pick up their killed “endeavour to keep their tenants to and wounded. Some lay for the space their leases, by transferring the cause of two and three days before they were of distress from the excess of their

rents to the misconduct of Ministers." I am very sorry to say I had the Other Landlords, perhaps, have reduced misfortune to lose my right leg in the their rents in different or in less procharge, had my horse killed under me, portions. Nor are they wanting in and left to the mercy of the field for justice.--It ought to be considered,

that

taken up.

1823.)
Defence of the Landed Proprietors,

135 tage

, at which different farms were tal, is without reproach allowed to ride that the , a taken, were also different, and that to his palfrey in the park, to have masters some land's let before the high times, for his daughters, and all the coman abatement of 15 or 20 per cent. is forts and luxuries of life; and why may equivalent to 50 per cent. on others not the equally worthy cultivator of the much more highly rented. This is so soil occasionally ride out with his obvious to common sense, that I should neighbour's hounds, or give his chilhope soine of your Readers will pause dren some advantage which he could before they assent to the proposition, not obtain himself?--In proceeding to " that the general rental of the king- facts, the writer states, that in 1790–4, dom must be reduced by one half, in the price of a bushel of corn was 44s. and stead of 10, 15, and 20 per cent." the rent of land, on an acre of which

A Correspondent of yours in the three and a half or four quarters were same Supplement, p.593, writes, “that grown, was 20s.; that the Tithe and the Landowners wish for wheat at 18s. Poor Rate were exactly what they are the bushel !!” Through all the best in the same county and district at times, as they are called, I never knew the present time; and that, under any country gentleman whose lands this "rent, this tithe, and rate, the were valued or let at a higher rate Farmers were comfortable at that than that which Parliament pro- time; and why should they not, he nounced to be the fair remunerating asks, support the same circumstances price to the grower, viz. 10s. the bu at present? With regard to rent, lie shel; and this I believe to be the ex seems to suppose that the rents on land, treme rate at which myself or my such as he describes, have been much neighbours wished to let their land; higher than 20s. per acre during the all above that, even in war, being con war, and that the wicked proprietors sidered fictitious and accidental. This have not adequately reduced them. I is the price which the tradesmen in do not believe that the rents of such the neighbouring towns have consi- lands have ever been more than as dered as productive of a fair market to high or a trifle higher in the best of themselves, and a security of payment; times; and we should be

very

far from too happy,” have they said, " should complaining, if we could realize any we bę, to pay such a price for our thing like the rents at the present day, bread, could we but have the custom- which the writer himself allows, would ers, and paymasters we had in those be reasonable, with corn at 44s. per days."

quarter. Admitting this to be true, Much has been said about Farmers what then becomes of his severe atdrinking claret, their sons keeping hunt- tack on the rapacity and oppression of ers, and their daughters learning ac Landlords? complishments !

As far as my own The next point I advert to is the observation has extended, and I reside Poor Rate, which he maintains is the constantly in the country, I can affirm same now as in 1790~4. In reply,, I with truth that I have had tenants on have only to state the case of a neighlarge farms in three different counties, bouring parish, in a part of the country each requiring a capital of at least ten wholly agricultural. In 1792, the thousand pounds, and I have never Poor Rates in that parish were 500l. witnessed or heard of

any

of the extra a year, including the expense of the vagance alluded to. Plain in their ha- apothecary, and attorney, the present bits and mode of living, whatever sur Rates for the same parish, after allowplus of income their industry produced, ing for the reduction in consequence of they employed it in increasing their the lowered price of provisions, are business. But supposing they were 25001. per annum, exclusive of the liable to the reproach of enjoying per- medical and legal expenses. I trust, haps more than a comfortable style of therefore, this, which is not a solitary living, I should be glad to know the instance, will be received as a refutareason why the occupier of land is to tion of the assertion, that the Poor be the only description of person, who, Rates are the same now as in 1790–4. possessed of a capital of ten thousand If, therefore, the burdens to which the pounds, is to be denied a better sort Farmer is liable, exceed by so much of education for his children, or occa those that he had at the former

pesional indulgence in amusement? The riod, it is very evident, even were his

rent

short one.

136 On the Accentuation of proper Names in English Verse. [Feb. rent the same, that he cannot be in and Roman names, without any attenthe same comfortable situation as in tion to their quantity in the original 1790-4.

languages. Ēridănus becomes ErídaI do not pretend to enter into

nus, the accent being taken away the various causes assigned for the the first syllable, which is long, and

from present Agricultural Distress, as the thrown on the second, which is a wisest of this enlightened age are puzzled as to which chiefly to attri

“ Hence vast Eridanus, with matchless force, bute it; but the result of the distress is

Prince of the streams, directs his regal more serious than the writer seems to

course." Rowe's Pharsalia, l.11, 6.634. be aware of. Those“ patriotic” Landlords, against whom his invectives

Lāðmědon, in the same inanner, beare directed, are fast approaching to

comes Laomedon,ruin. The pleasure I have ever enjoy. For the past crimes of curst Laomedon;"..

“O let the blood already spilt, atone ed in reading your valuable Work has been increased by the constitutional

Dryden's Georgics, lib. I. loyalty of your pages, and your aver It has long been debated among sion to revolutionary principles, yet be poets and critics, whether in English assured that a bloodless revolution is the penultima of Iphigenia should be now in progress, the Aristocracy of long or short. To offer an opinion on the kingdom, and the Country Gentle such a question would be as irrelevant men, are daily losing their property to my purpose as PHIL ALETHES'S and their independence; they are de- Postscript is foreign to the subject of parting to make room for Jews, stock the Letter which precedes it: but in brokers, shopkeepers, and political eco whichever way we use it, we distrinomists; a new line of gentry is con bute the accents of the three first sylmencing, and it will be for posterity lables in a manner quite at variance hereafter to determine whether the with the quantity of the original īphinew race will deserve better of their gěnīă; if we make the penultima long, country than the old. With these few we accentuate the second syllable, inobservations I subscribe myself, in the stead of the first; if short, we do intrue sense of the word,

deed give the first its prescriptive suA PATRIOTIC LANDLORD. periority over the second, but at the

same time throw them both together Mr. URBAN, Oxford, Feb. 12.

into the back ground by the strong ac

cent laid on the third. Iphigenia, HILALETHES OXONIENSIS,

or I'phigénia, can, either of them, he of the inci

admitted into our poetry. Not so fordents of the life of Edmund Smith, tunate is the Theban ; either Epamip. 222, has appended the following nondas must be entirely expelled from

Apropos ; of poets, in Pope's our heroic verse, or he must approach Temple of Fame, occurs this line,

the Temple of Fame, as directed by “ High o'er the rest Epaminondas stood.” the modulating hand of Pope. For if Its scanning is evident, but the word

the accent be thrown, as PHILAis Epåmeinondas ; is this a licence, or syllable

, it must be taken away from

LETHES would have it, on the third a mistake?"

Your Correspondent professes to be the fourth ; a sort of robbing Peter to a lover of truth; I shall, therefore, if pay Paul, which I think no one could you please, Mr. Úrban, take the liberty order to run Pope's verse, it must then

be found hardy enough to defend. In of requesting your insertion of what

be altered to I take to be the truth of the question. I should answer the quære of Phila. “High o'er the rest stood Espameinondás.” LETHES by saying, that it is neither a I would ask, does not this mode of licence nor a mistake. Surely he must pronunciation cause a greater evil than be aware that the rhythm of our the one it is meant to obviate and Poetry consists in the recurrence, not would not such a line as that which I of long and short, but of accented and have proposed, jar in the ears, not only unaccented syllables: and that the of every scholar, but of every man of English accent is often laid on Greek judgment and of taste. P. C.

PALas Letter on some

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17. Anecdotes, Biographical Sketches, and Hawkins, the Executor and Biogra

Memoirs; collected by Lætitia - Matilda pher of Dr. Johnson.
Hawkins. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 351. Riving-

“We were well-disciplined children, and tons.

taught to be very respectful ; but I little THE' fair Compiler of this enter

thought what I should have to boast when

Goldsmith taught me to play Jack and Gill as the Authoress of three very excel- by two pits of paper on his fingers; and lent Novels, in all of which she has

when Israel Mauduit, the author of the

“Considerations on the German War," experienced the gratification of having

dissected a flower of the horse-chesnut to afforded amusement and instruction by give me an idea of the science of botany, an extensive circulation of her writ- and taught my little brother how to underings. She now appears in a new cha- stand the title of that excellent initiatory racter as. a narrator of remarkable compilation, “ Selectæ è profanis," and Anecdotes which she minuied down patted him on the head by way of encouunknown to her father, at the time of ragement, when he saw him getting his their occurrence, and has now employ- lesson out of Horace. Of any notice beed herself in publishing, as a relaxa

stowed on me by Sir Joshua Reynolds I tion from severer studies, and as the cannot brag; but Dr. Johnson fondled me amusement of a leisure hour.

in his way; that is to say, he kept me Filial piety, and an ardent zeal for standing before a good fire, unconscious the dignity of the family, are conspi- vanities

, while to my terror, from the dis

that he had not disinissed me from his urcuous in this volume; in which Ego. et Pater meus, “ Lady Hawkins," and pleasure of my nurse-maid, he leant his

wig on my shoulder. When he recollected "my Brothers,” are prominent figures: me, he would ask me if I would be his lit** From the earliest years of my recollec

tle housekeeper. It was happily wot necesa tion, my father was wont to inculcate the sary to reply.” usefulness of committing to paper facts We adınire the warm indignation and circumstances; but he was generally with which an unpardonable calumny too much enployed, or too weary of employment, to do himself what he wished of Mr. Boswell is thus repelled : done. He was sometimes disposed to dic “I cannot (says Miss H.) for the sake of tate to my elder brother; but my brother, brevity, pass by unimproved, the opportawho was himself engaged in a work of deep nity of rescuing his character from Mr. Bosresearch, was not always at leisure ; and well's erroneous biography. I have not his when he was at leisure, my father was often “ Life of Johnson's here; but I believe I taking his evening-nap. The thing wished can recollect with accuracy sufficient to prewas therefore never done; or, if attempted, vent my doing him the injury I complain of it was not begun with energy enough to as to my father, a part of what he has said keep it going

of him. He has said, I think, that Sir "I had heard all that could be said in John Hawkins was the son of a carpenter,' favour of the scheme; and made sensible of but that having married an old woman for its comparative importance by the progres- her money' I forget what follows; but sive accumulation of facts, I, though myself this is sufficient for my present purpose. with little leisure to subtract from time " Now I do, with all humility, confess, which I was never allowed to call my own, that since the time of Sir Walter Raleigh began in private to do what my father re and Queen Elizabeth, the family of my facommended; but the fear that this, which ther have had nought to boast; but, in was to me relaxation when done in secret, those rude days, Knighthood for sailing would, if divulged, be added to my daily la- round the world on a voyage of discovery, bour and exacted as a task, made me do it was a very elevating distinction. In the seliterally à l'insçu de mon père,-a singular cond acquirement of the same honour, ininstance, perhaps, of clandestine obedience." deed, there is a little seeming cause for

It is well known that Miss H. is boasting for those who pride themselves on the daughter of the celebrated Sir John being English, as it was bestowed on the de

feat of the Spanish Armada, in which our GENT, Mag. February, 1823.

ancestor

138
Review.-Miss Hawkins's Anecdotes.

(Feb. ancestor was second in command *; but this that might be shared with us by any one of victory, I will ingenuously confess, always the name. appeared to me more the work of the God “But now, as to my honoured father, I of battles,' who fought for us under the mi- do, in the face of the world, deny the mean nistration of winds and waves, than that of act ascribed to him ; unless the marrying & Sir Francis Drake or my ten-times-over very pretty woman, twenty-six years of age, grandpapa.

when he himself was seven years older, can « But for a part of our obscurity I must be any way distorted into this baseness. plead, in abatement of our disgrace, the se

Nor can I admit the latter insinuation, that paration of us froin our original stock in the my father married even for the sake of her West of England, where we might have money. He had been the favourite of her gotten some little credit—by the caprice of father Peter Storer, of Highgate, who, havQueen Elizabeth,-(just such caprice as ing been brought up himself to a superior poor Admiral Lord Nelson had to endure branch of the Law, and having only one son, from his Sovereign,) when, instead of a and he being sickly, wanted at his right pretty blue and white saltier cross, which hand some adroit young man, whose assistreally looks very well on a handsome car ance he could, in the decline of life, occa riage, she ordered her servant, John Haw- sionally use in the weighty matters of Conkins, to bear, as his coat-armour, Or, a lion veyancing. Young Hawkins was named to passant, walking on the waves of the sea, him,- and recommended by a gentleman Azure ; permitting him still to retain a can

who loved him for a character of modest ton of two palmers' staves, and an escalop- worth and his musical talents, and had shell, to signify that his ancestor had not been particularly pleased with his then poonly been to, but returned from, the Holy pular Cantatas : the parties were brought Land; with three bezants Or, to record his together; and Mr. Storer often expressed having been present at the siege of Constan regret that he had not known him sooner. tinople, then called Byzantiuin, and of which “ Next ensued a firm friendship between place this is the 1001. coin; and for his this young Hawkins, and Peter Storer the crest, a demi-moor Sable, manacled, re second, who being himself an independent cording him or some other of his name, for Middlesex gentleman, with about 20001. & having taken prisoner a Moorish prince; of year, thought his younger and favonrite siswhich Moorish prince, I conceive (in com

ter, with her 10,000l. would be well be-' mon phrase), - the less said the better,' as I stowed upon his friend :-the rest follows have heard it whispered, that to a brute of of course: and so ends the story of the our name, the slave-trade was indebted for old woman married for the sake of her moearly encouragement the only blot I know ney,' invented, designed, and perhaps enof in our grim escutcheon t; against which graven in aqua fortis, on the memory of we have nothing to oppose but our willing half a score persons, by James Buswell, of reception into Chatham Dock-yard when the Auchinleck, esq.' gates were shut to others, under the appre Miss Hawkins then proceeds with hension of French spies. Admiral Sir John a gratifying history of her father's Hawkins had founded the chest,' as it is early life, and anecdotes of his friends, called, at Chatham, for the benefit of sea

Among these may be particularized men ; and I remember our being, on a jour

some pleasing recollections of Sir Saney to Canterbury, sent as children, with a footman to attend us, from Rochester, Clive, Horace Walpole, Garrick and

muel Prime and his family, Mrs. where

Sir John and Lady Hawkins remain his accomplished lady, Dr. Mead, Dr. ed, to see Chatham. The gate was opened Lawrence, Sergeant Hill, Lord Charvery warily; but on announcing our name it was throwu open :--the name run from leinont, Bp. Hurd, the Marchioness one to the other of the people who stood of Tweedale, Mr. Cheselden, the Earl round, and we entered with a welcome little of Tankerville, George Sellwyn, Sir, short of huzzas -a distinction, I presume, Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Hawkesworth,

* “Who is there but must lament the present sad depreciation of honours ? Knighthood has been bestowed, till it is, without exaggeration, become a nauseous jest; and the dignity of Baronet depends for its credit on the manners of the wearer. The plain Esquire of large property has a weight which a new peerage will not give; nay, I have heard of a Duke of Beaufort, who, on the appearance of a Manufacturer on the boards of the House of Lords, said, 'I had hoped here, to have met only my Equals.' It is in the power of us alf to put a valuation upon what we bestow; and even in our families, by mismanugement, & sovereign may pass for a shilling: hy good management we may effect something even much better than the contrary: Admissions to the Royal Presence ought to have a strong boundary-line, or Memoirs of a Drawing-room' may become a work of great amusement.

if « I wonder what right the Hankins family have to our arms ;-) saw them with surprise in the fine church at Tewkesbury."

Thomas

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