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Notwithstanding the repeal of about Seven Millions and a Half of
Taxes within the last two years, the Revenue exceeds the Expenditure
to a large amount; and in the most important branches of national con-
sumption, a vigour and activity are displayed, which shew in the most
convincing manner how effectual the relief given by the Legislature has
proved, and how judiciously that relief has been applied. These state-
ments are the surest Indices of real prosperity; they illustrate the re-
turn of the Landed Interest to a better remuneration for its produce,
and diminution of their expence; to the Manufacturer a market for his
industry and his art-to the Merchant unfettered encouragement for
his speculation and his risk--to the Monied Man security for his ca-
pital in the peace and prosperity of the land--to the Poor the assimi-
lation of their gains to the prices of their wants—to the Rich the united
combination of all these effects, as producing on society consequences
reciprocally ensuring to them the security of their property, the tran-
quillity of the country, and the maintenance of constitutional and re-
ligious Establishments, which are the pride and boast of Britons, and
the admiration of surrounding Nations.

In the course of the present Volume we have had the pleasure to re-
cord two instances of Royal Munificence, worthy of our excellent King
-his gift of his honoured Father's Library to the British Nation * ; and
his Donation of 1000 guineas a year to the Royal Society of Literature t.
Both these truly noble acts will, we doubt not, have a beneficial influ.
ence on the Literature of our Country.

We cannot conclude without returning our grateful acknowledgments

to the Publick for the extensive patronage we continue to receive. It

shall always be our earnest endeavour to merit the support we have so

long and so unremittingly experienced. Our learned Coadjutors and

numerous Contributors will also receive our unfeigned thanks; and we

have still to solicit their able and effective aid to our topographical and

biographical departments; by which our “OBITUARY" in particular

has been greatly enriched.-For the variety of articles in every depart-

ment, it may be sufficient to refer to our different Indexes.

June 30, 1823.

+ See

P.

INDEX TO THE EMBELLISHMENTS.

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London Gazette

Gloucester 2-Hants
Times. -New Times

Hereford - Hull 3
M. Chuonicle - Post

Huots..Ipswich

2
M. Herald--Ledger

Kent 3-Lancaster
Brit. Press-M.Adver.

Leeds 3.- Leicester 2
Courier-Globe-Star

Lichfield Liverpool 6
Traveller- Sun--Brit.

Macele-fi.-Maidst. ?
Traveller---Statesm.

Mauchester 7
StJames's&Gen. Eve.

Newcastle on Tyne ?
Bog Chronicle

Norfolk--Norwich ?
Com. Chronicle

N.Wales Northamp
Packet--Even. Mail

Nottingham 2-Oxf. 2
London Chronicle

Oswestry Pottery
Mereant. Chronicle

Plymouth 2--Preston
Lit.Gaz - Lit.Chron.

Reading- Rochester
Museum - Lit. Reg.

Salisbury--Sheffield 3
Courier de Londres

Shrewsbury 2
14 Weekly Papers

Snerhorpe...Stafford
22 Sunday Papers

Stamford 2.Stockport
Bath 4..-Berwick

Southampton
Birmingham 2

Suff..Surrev...Sussex
Blackburn... Boston

Taunton... Tyne
Brighton 3- Bristol 5

Wakefield. Warwick
Bucks--- Bury 2

nach West Briton (Truro)
Cambrian

Westeru (Exeter)
Cambridge-Carlisle2

Westmoreland 2
Carmarth.-Chelmsf

Weymouth
Cheltenham-Chest.3

Whitehaven. Winds
Colchester Cornwall

Wolverhampton
Coventry 2. Cumberl

Worcester 2..York 4
Derby... Devon

Man. 2... Jersey 2
Devizes - Doncaster

Guernsey 2
Dorchest-Durham 2

1823. Scotland 31
Essex...Exeter 4

Ireland 56
CONTAINING
Original Communications.

Preview of New Publications.
MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.-Questions, &c....2 Moore's Loves of the Angels, a Poem.........41
On the Mistatements of Bp. Warburton.......3 Lord Byron's Heaven and Earth, a Mystery..ib.

Account of the new Chapel at Stepney........ 4 D'Israeli's Curiosities of Literature........
Difficulties of the North-West Expedition....7 Peveril of the Peak...
Description of a curious Altar-piece........

Woolnoth's Views of Ancient Castles.........50
On the Age of Christ at the Crucifixion......ib. Napoleon's Memoirs, 51.--Las Cases’Journal 55
Wakefield's “Bagatelles, or Poetical Trifles" 15 Dr. Philpotts' Letter to Mr. Jeffrey...........56
Biographical Notices of Amos Green.........16 Account of the Coronation of Charles II......57
Custom of nailing Horse-shoes to Mast-heads ib,

Two Reports of the Drapers' Company........ib.
Basaltic Rocks, near Catania, in Sicily.......17 An Epistle to Solomon Logwood....... ......59
Account of Tupholme Abbey, Lincolnshire...ib. The Harmonicon, 59.-Miscellaneous Reviews 65
Acct. of Parish of Benton, Northumberland..ib. LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.--New Publications 66
Historical Notices of antient Liverpool ......18 ANTIQUARIAN ResearchES.-British Houses 69

......71
Account of Stanley Abbey, and the prior

Historical Chronicle.
Foundation of St. Mary de Drownfont...... 24 Foreign News, 74.-Domestic Occurrences...78
Character of E. M. Mundy, esq. M.P.........26 Promotions, &c.—Births and Marriages.......81
Question as to Glebe Lands being tithable...27 OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Marquis of
On the mistaken Liberality of the Age.......28 Drogheda; Countess of Macclesfield ; Lady
Mission House and Schools at Calcutta....... 30 Blantyre ; Hon. J. Rodney; Sir Hen. Man-
On Christian Names, 32.—On Surnames.....33 nix, bart. ; Don Francisco Antonio Zea; Dr.
Church of St. Nicholas ad Macellum noticed 34 Edw. Alexander; Dr. Aikin; Chas. Gordon
Mermaid representing in London defended...ib. Grey, esq. ; Chevalier Delambre, &c. &c....83
Historical Account of Mermaids...... ..... 35 Bill of Mortality.-Prices of Markets..........95
Ancient Anecdotes.-Wellesley Family, &e..40 Meteorological Table.-Prices of Stocks .....96
Embellished with a Representation of a curious Altar-piece formerly belonging to the

ABBEY OF St. Mary de Pratis at Leicester;
Also, with Views of BASALTIC CYCLOPS, near Catania; TUPHOLME ABBEY,

Lincolnshire; and ancient British Houses.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

Mr. T. P. COURTENAY has disclaimed be- it being a question of some moment, it ing the author of the pamphlet, entitled would be doing the public an additional fa“ Administration of Public Affairs," &c. vour, by his citing a tried case in point, or (see the Preface to our last Volume);-or showing some Parliamentary or other authoof the pamphlet published in the last year, rity upon which his opinion is grounded. under the title of “ State of the Nation.” N. S. observes, “ Among the innumer

We cannot positively state, in reply to a able crude and quack speculations on the Correspondent's inquiry, to what Anglo- Agricultural Distresses, in which scarce a Saxon Church our Reviewer alluded; but on ray of light is to be seen, it is quite a disreference to Fosbroke's British Monachism, covery to meet with any thing which conp. 276, new edition, we find, that there is tains intelligent and satisfactory reasoning. a real Anglo-Saxon Church at Kilpeck in But such a gem is to be found in a paper by Herefordshire, on the Hereford and Aber- a Mr. Gray, “ on the future prospects of gavenny road, about seven miles from the the Agriculturists," inserted in the Farmformer place, and eleven from Ross. It is ers' Magazine for Aug. 1822, which they engraved in our vol. Lix, p. 781.

who are interested in the question will do In answer to F.R.S. who " regrets that so well to read." excellent a philosopher as Sir Charles Blag- A Correspondent, who signs “The Radon should have sunk to the grave in a fo- JAH of VANEPLYSIA," solicits information reign land, unrecorded in the pages of Mr. relative to the pedigree and pretensions of Urban," and inquires “ whether any monu- Thomas Langton, esq. Baron of Walton, mental stone has been placed for him in the and lord of the fee and manor of Newton, cemetery where he was interred?” we can who occurs under this designation iu Kimonly say that we hoped, and still hope, to ber's Baronetage, edit. 1771, vol. I. p. 88, be favoured with an authentic memoir of “I am well aware (says he) of the existence him, by some one of his mauy surviving of the Barons of the county palatine of friends.

Chester, and of the bishopric of Durham. The preseut representative, in a direct Am I authorized, from the above-stated ocmale line from Colonel Lane, at whose house currence, in the course of my reading lately, at Bentley in Staffordshire, King Charles II. to infer that the county palatine of Lancaswas received after the battle of Worcester, ter in earlier periods rejoiced in a similarlyand whose sister Jane Lane afterwards con- circumstanced provincial Noblesse? It is ducted his Majesty safely to Bristol, begs an interesting, and, I flatter myself, not an to inform R. I. L. that the crest of the Lane illaudable curiosity, to trace family is not, as he supposes (in p. 194),

« The secret lapse “a Royal lion holding a star in the dexter

Of streams now lost, and brooks renown'd paw,” but “a Strawberry roan horse ram

in song.' pant, couped at the flank, supporting between his feet a regal Crown," alluding to My friend Banks, contrary to his usual custhe colour of the horse which carried away tom, throws no light on the subject.” the King from Bentley, then and for many A CONSTANT Reader gives the following years the principal seat of the family, but extract :-“In the first year of King Edsince alienated to the Anson family. Seve- ward the Sixth, this manor and park (of ral of the male descendants of Col. Lane are Brimpsfield) and lands called Hasel-Hanger, now living. The representative of the family were granted to Sir John Bridges, afterhas for many years resided at King's Brom- wards Lord Chandos, who died seised thereley in Staffordshire, who is not aware that of, 4th Mary; amd livery of the manor and any branch of his family had their residence park of Brimpsfield were granted to his son either in Warwickshire or Cheshire, as I. L. Edmond Lord Chandos the same year, who, supposes (in p. 482.)

died seised thereof, 16 Eliz. and was sucW. observes, in answer to Civilis, in ceeded in honour and this estate by Giles our last Number (vol. xcn. ii. 482), “I Bridges, Lord Chandos, his son and heir, beg leave to remind him, that all parochial who died seised thereof, 36 Eliz. ; and left Rates are quashable, if they are applied in two daughters co-heiresses ; Elizabeth marany other manner than the express purpose ried to Sir John Kenida ; and Catharine for which they are made; and although the married to Francis Lord Russel of Thornreasonalile expences of Churchwardens are hagh.” Our Correspondent then observes, generally allowed, it is presumed that they “ Perhaps some of your Readers may be have no authority in themselves to create able and so obliging as to give the subsenew offices at the expence of the parishion- quent genealogy of the above noble family,

But as Civilis thinks otherwise, and but especially of the elder branch.”

ers.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1823.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

Mistatement of Bishop WARBURTON. Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 1. matter of the like great importance,)

are much below the qualities that detinguished for a long series of serve those names.

But the strangest years, in a very pre-eminent degree, thing of all is this man's boldness, &c. for the attention paid by its conductors &c." p. 369. And then he proceeds to curious points of literature, I beg with some other remarks, blurted forth, leave to bring to public notice, an ar- as usual, with a most fiery spirit, and ticle of that nature, through its chan- in a tone of high contempt, but which nel, concerning Bishop Warburton. plainly prove that the declaration made

In the celebrated controversy which above to Lowth was unfounded in took place between this most powerful fact; that his curiosity, or his fears and original Thinker, and Dr. Lowth, were more than a match for his preit is well known, that Mr. Archdeacon tended scorn, and that he had positively Towne took a zealous part. In 1766 read, with no small degree of inward he published his “ Remarks on Dr. vexation and resentment, the “printed Lowth's Letter to the Bishop of Glou- letter," which he made pretence to cester, with the Bishop's Appendix on tell the author was unread and utterly the book of Job.” Annexed to this disregarded by him.

In order to letter, is a correspondence between the clinch the matter, and fasten unerringBishop, and Dr. Lowth (the whole ly this charge of misstatement on Warpamphlet, in truth, having been got burton, it is important to add, that up under the guidance and revision of the date of this letter to Hurd is Nov. his Lordship), in which, amidst many 14, 1765, and the date of that to other discourtesies, which I am sorry Lowth, from which the former quotato say were bandied between the tion is made, is Nov. 21, 1765, so that Reverend correspondents with the no Warburtonian (if the breed be not most unbecoming freedom; the Bishop now quite gone by) can say, that his makes the following declaration : - great master had not perused Lowth's “ I have neither read, nor seen, nor I famous pamphlet when he sent him believe ever shall, your printed letter the scornful disavowal, but that he to me; not out of contempt of you, afterwards had read it, when he fabut respect to myself.” See Appendix voured Hurd with this bitter critique to the Remarks, page 4. Now, Mr. upon it. The publication of this deUrban, in turning to the very interests tection will, I flatter myself, be intering body of letters, left for publication esting to many of your readers, though by Bishop Hurd, I find Bishop War- it should deduct something from the burton, in page 369 of that volume character which Warburton univer(8vo edit.), thus addressing his faithful sally has gained, of downright, ingefriend, and thick and thin devotee, the nuous, and fearless dealing with his immortal author of the Essay on the numerous adversaries in that boundless Delicacy of Friendship: "All you say sea of polemics upon which he launched. about Lowth's pamphlet breathes the I am surprised it should have estruest spirit of friendship. His wit caped the acute and multifarious invesand his reasoning, God knows, and I tigations of Mr. D'Israeli, who, in the also (as a certain critic said once in a Warburtonian Chapters of that most

agreeable

4 Elegance of Bishop Hurd's Writings.-Stepney Chupel. [Jan. agreeable work, the “ Quarrels of Au- of Literature, for dragging it back into thors," has shewn us how keen an eye daylight with officious malice. But of observation he had to every anec- the posthumous injunction of the dote and every circumstance that could Bishop above alluded to, blows those tend to pull down, or unsettle on his strictures into thin air. Hurd is a giant throne, the illustrious author of most graceful model of composition, the Divine Legation ; and who, it combining the ease of Middleton with grieves me to add, has pursued his the curiosa felicitas of Addison. In confidential friend and favourite Hurd, truth, his edition of this great English with a spirit of hatred, the most ran- Classic is an invaluable work, and should corous and unrelenting possible. Let be studied with fond assiduity by every us hope to see this spirit mitigated, and student who is ambitious of writing Virsome merciful erasures introduced in gilian prose. The swell, pomp, and the next edition ;—and this delightful swagger, so rife in the compositions of author will excuse me for adding, that the present day, have no place in any of another lively chapter to this work the Bishop's works, though his power might be compiled from a foreign of words, and mastery over our lanvolume now before me, and very closely guage, is unequalled. He thought the akin to it, both in talent and in pur- latinized style of Johnson was the · pose, entitled, “Tableau philosophique bane of all good taste, and had such a de l'esprit de .M. de Voltaire, pour cordial detestation of his manner as an servir de suite à ses ouvrages.' It author, that he could never bring himwas published at Geneva in 1771, and self (so strong and blinding an effect gives a full and most animated repre- has prejudice), to speak respectfully, of sentation of Voltaire's literary quarrels, his deserts as a Critic. The most disand the motives of them, with a crowd graceful trait in the literary character of contemporary authors, froin Jean Bap- of this most able and accomplished tiste Rousseau down to L'Abbé Ribal- Prelate, was the leaving for publication lier. There is a passage in the preface (without one word of his own to palmore applicable, perhaps, to Warbur- liate, or excuse, or refute the outrage), ton than to the Philosopher of Ferney. the envenomed strictures of W'arbur“ Nous ne craindrons pas (says the ton on Dr. Johnson's edition of Shaksauthor,) de le dire ; il eût été le pre- peare. See “ Letters from a late emimier homme de son siecle, s'il n'eut nent Prelate to one of his Friends." pas été le plus sensible, le plus emporté, page 368. le plus intolérant, contre tout ce qui a

Yours, &c. Frederic Bewley. osé contredire ses pretensions.p.

I have called Hurd the 'immortal author of the Essay on the De

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 14. licacy of Friendship above, because I' consider that work as exhibiting a

AT

T a period when so little attempted higher talent than any thing he ever to be done is well done, it is published, either before or subsequently, with pleasure I introduce to the notice It is unquestionably the finest piece of of your antiquarian friends, a specimen ironical wit the world ever saw; and of Pointed architecture, so much above the author wisely desired it to be re- the standard of modern works in the published, after his death, with the same style, as to be highly deserving collective body of his works. Dr. their attention. This is the New ChaParr, it is well known, reprinted it, pel in the parish of Stepney, lately confor a certain purpose, in 1788; and secrated.* It is unnecessary to add any was severely attacked in the Pursuits observations on the difference of detail * Stepney Chapel was consecrated by the Lord Bishop of London, on Monday, Jan. 9,

The building was commenced about five years since, by thc zeal and liberality of a few families, who saw with sorrow the lamentably pernicious consequences which in so populous a parish the neglect of social worship so naturally produced. At twelve o'clock precisely His Royal Highness the Duke of York arrived at the Chapel, and was appropriately received by the Trustees. The Lord Bishop of London, accompanied by the Archdeacon of London, the Rector of the Parish, and a considerable number of the London Clergy, then entered the Chapel. The usual ceremonies were performed, and the service appointed for the consecration of Churches having been read, the Bishop of London preached a most appropriate sermon. As soon as the service terminated, the Duke of York, the Lord Bishop of London, and the Trustees, proceeded to the London Hospital, and partook of a very excellent repast. Edit.

XXXV.

1823.

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