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. Of Peter: Then remembred I the Word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with Water, but ye shall be baptized with the HoLy Gholt, Acts xi. 16.
• John's Baptism was with Water, and was a Type or Figure. Cbrist's Baptism is with the
Holy Ghost, and is the Antitype or Thing figured. · That can only purify the Flesh, or Body of
Man ; but this the Heart and Conscience. That cannot purge the Floor; but this throughly do it, and gather the Wheat, the pure weighty Corn, into the Heavenly Garner.
Arg. II. That which was only preparatory « to Christ and his Dispensation, is annulled in
Point of Obligation. But Water Baptism was only preparatory to Christ and his Dispensa<tion: Therefore, &c.
The major is unexceptionable, because that which was only preparatory to Christ and his
Dispensation, must needs be annulled in Point . of Obligation, when Christ is come, and his
Dispensation hath taken Place. For the prepa
ratory Ministration hath finished its Service, (when that is come which it was only previous to.
< THE minor is evident from the Testimony i of Christ and John ; This is he, faith Christ,
speaking of John, of whom it is written, behold • I send my Messenger before thy Face, which shall
prepare thy Way before thee, Luke vii. • is be, faith John, concerning Christ, of whom I said, after me cometh a Man which is preferred
before me, for he was before me, and I knew him • not ; but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with Water, Joh. i.
30, 31. Where the express End of John's Ministry and Water-Baptism is punctually declared, viz. that it might be only preparatory to
Christ, and to make him manifeft to Israel. . And therefore Christ being come and exhibited
unto Israel, John's Ministry and Water-Bap. tism can be no longer obligatory.
Arg. III. That which is not instituted by « Christ is annulled in Point of Obligation ; but • Water-Baptism is not instituted by Christ, there
If our Opponent deny the Major, it will lye upon him to prove, that something ought to
be practised, as an Ordinanee of Christ, which • is not instituted by Christ.
If he deny the minor, let him, if he can, (for it hath never yet be done) prove, that Water-Baptism is an Institution of Christ. If he
urge Mat. xxviii. 19. that will make against « him, because there is no Water either mention
ed, or that can by any necessary Consequence, < be deduced thence ; for the Commission there < to baptize, is not és tòüdwp into the Water, but
es To ovouet into the Name or Power (as the « Word frequently signifies in Scripture) of tbe · Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,
and this Interpretation is strongly supported by ver, 18. All Power, faith Christ, is given unto
me in Heaven and Earth, where evcic Power • andovoud Name, ver. 19. are of the fame Im
port. And likewise by Aels i. 5. John truly, said Christ to his Apostles, baptized with IPa
ter, but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost 'not many Days hence, compared with ver. 8. ' Ye shall receive Power, after that the Holy Ghost
is come upon you, and ye shall be Witnesses unto me, « both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Sa
maria, and unto the uttermost Part of the Earth. « And what were they to be Witnesses of ? Why, < of that Power, into which they themselves were
baptized, namely, the Baptism of the Holy • Ghost; and wherewith, by Virtue of the Com« mission, and the continual Assistances of the
Holy Spirit, they instrumentally baptized others, • I say instrumentally, for though the Apostle • Paul ministred the Spirit, Gal. iii. 5. and by the
laying on of the Hands of Peter and John, mang of the Samaritans that believed, received the Holy Ghost, Acts viii. 14, 17. Yet, who were
they; but Ministers by whom the others be• lieved, even as the Lord gave unto them ? So • then Christ was the principal Author, or fole o efficient Cause, and the Apostles Instruments
only, or Ministers in his Name and Authority, < of this Baptifm.
• Or if he urge the Practice of some of the A« postles, that will do him very little Service, « because Practice without Precept is no Proof • of a Gospel Institution. An Example of Christ
, (faith Dr. Featley, Dipper dipp’d, p. 41.) or his Apostles without a Precept, doth not necessarily
bind the Church. And (Dr. Taylor faith, Ductor < Dub. 1. 2. C. 2. r.7. n. 33, 34, 35. p. 292.) We • have but one great Example, Jesus Christ ; who < living in perfeet Obedience to his Father, did also
give us perfect Instruction how we should do so ' in our proportion. In whatsoever he « Commandment, in that only we are bound to <imitate him. And a little after, We are to look
upon Christ, as imitable, just as his Life was meaJured by the Laws he gave us.
gave us a
• Besides, many Things were done by the Apostles, in a way of Condescension to weak
Believers, for which they had no Commission; · Thus Peter in compliance with the Jews, com· pelled the Gentiles to be circumcised, Gal. ii. 14: « and Paul circumcised Timothy, because of the
Jews which were in those Quarters ; for they all « knew that his Father was a Greek, Acts xvi. 3:
And also purified himself with four Men that had • a Vow, according to the Law of the Nazarites. « Chap. xxi. 23, 26. which legal Purification he ( was advis’d to by the Apostle James, and the · Elders at Jerusalem ; see ver. 17—24. And - the only Reason there given for this, was the
great Zeal that many Thousands of the Jews, " that believed, had for the Law, who were in
formed of Paul, that be taught all the Jews which • were amongst the Gentiles, to forsake Moses, say
ing, That they ought not to circumcise their Chil• dren, neither to walk after the Customs. ver. 20. "21. And therefore he was advised to take those four Men, and purifie himself with them, that all might know, that those Things whereof they were
informed concerning him, were nothing ; but that « he himself walked orderly, and kept the Law, ver.
23, 24. Where we see, that both the Advice “ given him in this matter, and the Act of the
Apostle pursuant thereunto, were in meer < Condescension to the Weakness of others. From < whence it will follow, that if Practice only
proves an Institution now in Force, and of ne• ceffary Observation among Christians, then
Circumcision and Purification, may be called Gospel Institutions, because they were practised, as well as Water-Baptism, which would be a mixing Judaism with Christianity.
Arg. IV. That which was one of those di“ vers Washings or Baptisms mention'd Heb. ix. io. - is annulled in Point of Obligation ; but Water
Baptism was one of those divers Washings or Baptisms mentioned Heb. ix. 10. therefore, &c.
The major is clear from the Text it self ; < for those divers Washings or Baptisms there men
tioned, were impos'd no longer than to the < Time of Reformation, which is the Time of the * pure Gospel Dispensation.
· The_minor is apparent from hence, in that • Water-Baptism was an ancient Ceremony in
(z) Use among the Jews long before John was < sent to baptize with it. See Maimonides in Isurei • Biah. c. xiii. Talmud in Jebameth. c. iv. Pool's
Synopsis Crit. on Mat. iii. 6. and Hammond's • Annot. on Mat. iii. 1. and Pract. Catechism. lib. svi. Sect. 2.
Baptism (as Ainsworth observes on Gen. xvii. 12.) was nothing strange nnto the Jews, when
John the Baptist began his Ministry. Mat. iii. 5, * 6. they made Question of the Person that did it, but < not of the Thing it self. John i. 25. And as John « said of Christ, He shall baptize you with the Holy · Ghost and with Fire. Mat. iii. 11. So the He
(7) To speak exa&ly, Baptism was à concomitant of Cire cumcision, if not ancienter; for it is well known, that Baptism was in Use among the Fews, in the initiating of Proselytes for many Years, together with Circumcifion, as may be seen in Selden, De jure naturalis Gentium, juxta Dissipl. Heb. I. 2. C. 2, 3, 4. Ainswortb's Annot. on Gen. xvii. There is much of this in many Authors besides. Lightfoot in his Sermon intituled Elias redivivus, poli. makes it as ancient as Facob. See Tomb's Examin. of Stepb. Marshallos Sermon about Infant-Baptism p. 89.