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SEC. 2. The Secretary shall keep a journal of the proceedings, write, attest, and take care of all the documents and writings, make known the time and place of the convention, by the medium of the public prints, at least three months beforehand, and, in the special or extraordinary cases mentioned in the foregoing section, he shall give written notice thereof to each of the special Synods or Ministeriums.

SEC. 3. If the President or Secretary, in the intermediate time between the conventions, depart this life, resign his office, or become incapable of executing the same, the next in office shall take his place and perform his duties; if it be the Treasurer, then the President shall appoint another Treasurer ad interim in his stead.

SEC. 4. The Treasurer shall keep account of the receipts and expenditures of the Synod. He shall give receipts for all monies put into his hands. He shall not pay any money out of his hands but by order of the President, attested by the Secretary, in pursuance of a resolution of the Synod to that effect. At every convention of the Synod he shall render account.


The course of business shall be conducted as follows: viz.

1. The deputies shall give personal notice of their arrival, to the minister of the place, or if the congregation be vacant of a minister, to any other person appointed by the congregation for the purpose, who shall make known to them their place of residence and the place where the sessions shall be held.

2. At nine o'clock in the forenoon of the first week-day of the time of convocation, the sessions shall begin and be opened with prayer.

3. The President elected by the former convention shall act as chairman till another President be chosen. In case of his absence, the persons present may, on motion made and seconded, appoint another in his stead.

4. The members shall give in to the chairman their attestations or certificates. For all the deputies from any one particu

lar Synod one certificate signed by the President and attested by the Secretary of that Synod, shall be deemed sufficient, and all the members of the same Synod shall sit together.

5. If a majority of the deputies, of a majority of the Synods attached to the General Synod, be present, the business shall go on. If this proportion be lacking, the members present may from time to time postpone the sessions of the convention.

6. The President, Secretary and Treasurer shall be elected by ballot, on the first day of the sessions, and so soon as the members shall have given in their certificates.

7. The proceedings of the former convention shall be read by the Secretary.

8. Hereupon follow the several portions of business according to Article III, section for section.

9. Now other mixed motions may be made, concerning the subjects already discussed, or any other matters that may occur.

10. In conclusion, the General Synod shall appoint, by ballot, the time and place of the next convention, observing at all times, however, that one convention at least, be held every three years.


The General Synod may make whatever by-laws they may deem necessary, provided only, that the said by-laws do not contradict the spirit of the constitution.


No alterations of this constitution may be made except by the consent of two-thirds of the Synods attached to this convention; notice of the intended alteration having been given to the said Synods at least two years previous to the final adoption thereof.

Adopted October 24th, in the year of our Lord 1820.

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Abolition of slavery, 277, etc.

Absolution, private, 258, etc.

Adults, their admission to the church, 234, etc.

Agents, moral, in God's government, 89, etc.; respect had to in God's

decrees, 97.

Anabaptists referred to, 261, 288, 289.

Angels, good and bad, 113, etc.

Apocryphal books, the so called, 34.

Apostles, character of the, 17, etc.

Articles of the Augsburg Confession, passim and appendix No. I. 357.
Authority, source of all spiritual not in the king, etc. 281.

Atonement universality of, 137; its nature, and Hopkins' view of, 139.
Luther's, 140.

Attributes of God, 48 etc.

Augsburg Confession, 38; how extensively received, 40; how receiv-
ed by Lutherans in America, 41; comp. 357.

Backsliders, the restoration of, 260.


Baptism, a means of grace, 149; the subject in general, 197, etc.
Mode of, 216; for the dead, 222; a mockery administered to the
unawakened, 228; see infant baptism.

Baptisms or Jewish washings, 217.

Baptize, meaning of, 217.

Benevolence of God, 52; comp. 304, 325, etc. Christian, see Love.
Bishops claimed the right of confirming baptism, 237; their former
power, 351.

Business order of, in the Lutheran Synod, 388.


Call to the ministry, see ministers; of sinners, 166.

Calvin, on confirmation, 239; on the mystery of the supper, 252.

Canon, the sacred, 34, etc.

Catechumens, of them in general, 229, etc.;

required to publicly pro-
comp. 257.

fess religion, 235; historical view, 256;
Cause, moral agents the efficient of their own actions, 89; the term

defined, Note.

Celibacy of the priests, 339, etc.; rejected by the reformers, see under

monastic vows, 347, etc.

Ceremonies, religious, 267.

Change of sinners, effected by the Holy Spirit, 166, etc.; see repent-


Christ, divinity of, 55, etc.; His return to judgment, 288, etc.; see Jesus,
Christians as patriots, 271, etc.; see life of.

Christianity, the evidences of, 17, etc.

Christianity, republished by the reformers, 37, etc.; the abuses they
corrected, 258, 337 etc.

Church, the, 184, etc.; various forms of government in the, 186; its
officers, members, and their duties, 188, etc.

Church, its relations to the state, 280 etc.; to be kept distinct from,
according to the N. T. 280, comp. 351.

Church members, the duty of to support the ministry, 193, etc.
Church, the Lutheran, regards natural depravity as a fundamental doc-
trine, 123; on the mode of baptism, 216; none admitted to, but
the professedly pious, 230.

Church, the Evangelical Lutheran in the United States, 41, 186; For-
mula for the discipline and government of, 369, etc.; Constitution
of its Synod, 400.

Church, Methodist, the economy of, 193, etc.

Church, Romish, the corruptions of the, corrected by the reformers,
337, etc.; since the reformation, 354; in America, 356.

Circumcision, 203; never revoked, 211.

Color, no objection to the oneness of man's origin, 121.

Cyprian referred to, 338.

Colonization Society, the American, 277, etc.

Communicant's Companion, 232, Note.

Communion, Sacramental, admission to, 228; in one kind an abuse,

338; see Lord's Supper.

Conferences, special, in the Evangelical Lutheran Church 393.

Confessio Augustana, 357, etc.

Confession, in the Lutheran Church, 258, etc.

Confirmation, 228, etc.; Augsburg Confession on, and Calvin, 238.
Congregations vacant in the Evan. Luth, church, 392.

Council of the Lutheran Church in America, 375, etc.; comp. 234.
Covenant of works, 133; of grace, 135; of God with Abraham, etc.
203; children brought under the covenant of grace by Baptism 225.
Creation and preservation, 109, etc.

Creeds, remarks upon, and injurious ones, 41, etc.; the Augsburg
Creed, 38, comp, 42 and 357.


Deacons, not ministers, 190; their (and elders' duties,) 373.

Dead, Baptism for, 222.

Death, physical etc. 298.

Decrees of God, 82, etc; respecting man's future destiny, 97, etc.;
see election, predestination and government.

Dependence on God extends even to spiritual prosperity, 154.

Depravity, of natural, 123, etc.

Discipline, moral, promoted by physical evil, 94.

Doctrines, above reason, 63, 78, etc.

Dwight, Dr. quoted on the atonement, etc. 108.


Economies, the different, 143.

Elders, see deacons.

Election, the doctrine of, 97, etc.

Elections in the Lutheran American church, 379.

Essenes, practised baptism, 198.

Eucharist, the Saviour's presence in, opinions respecting it, 245, etc.
Evil, origin of, 114, 124. See sin.

Evils, Physical, promote moral discipline, 93.

Exorcism at baptism, 201.


Faith the condition of salvation, 107; its effects, etc. 165, etc. justify-
ing, 168.

Fall of man, the consequences of, 123, etc. 133.

Falling from a state of justification, 146.

Festivals, etc. among the reformers, 268, etc.

Formula for the Evan. Lutheran church in America, 369, etc.

Formula concordantiae, on the mystery of the supper, 251, and Note.
Friends, alone reject the Lord's supper, 242.


God, the discoveries of reason respecting him unsatisfactory, 13, etc.;
the general subject, 44, etc.; not the author of sin, 91; why he
permits it, 93; does not literally harden the heart, 106; the crea-
tor and preserver of all things, 109.

Government, the design of the divine, 83, etc.

Government, church, different systems of, 186.

Government, civil, 271, etc.; as to the church, 280.

Government, our national, 282, etc.; does not meddle with religion, 287.
Governments, our state, not all equally republican, 286, Note.

Grace, covenant of, 135, etc.

Grace, the means of, 148, etc.; demand the Holy Spirit, 152, etc.
Gregory on infant baptism, 216.


Hands, the imposition of in confirmation, 235, 237, etc.

Heart, in what sense God hardens it, 106.

Heresy not to be put down by persecution, 287.


Illumination, etc. of the sinner, 166.

Immersion, 216, etc.

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