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rules of this Formula, it shall be his duty to call upon the individual to relieve his character from said imputation, before the Synod or Ministerium.

SEC. 12. Should the President remove from the limits of the Synod or depart this life, then the Secretary shall succeed him, and discharge the duties of the President, until the next Synod.


SEC. 13. The Secretary shall keep a faithful and accurate account of all the proceedings of the Synod and Ministerium; carefully preserve all the papers, the seal, &c. of the Synod subject to their direction, and shall do all the official writing of the Synod not otherwise provided for.

SEC. 14. He shall give notice (either by circular or in the public papers, as each Synod may direct,) to each minister and licentiate belonging to the Synod, of the time and place of the synodical meeting, at least six weeks previous to the time appointed.

SEC. 15. He is to keep a register of the names of all the ministers and licensed candidates, arranged according to their age in office, and also of the congregations whether vacant or not, connected with the Synod.

SEC. 16. If the accumulation of business should render it necessary, the President may appoint an assistant Secretary, whose office shall expire at the close of the meeting of the Synod.

SEC. 17. If in the recess of the Synod, the Secretary should remove into the bounds of another Synod, or should depart this life, the President shall require the Archives, the seal, and all other property of the Synod to be delivered to him, and shall retain the charge of them until the next session of the Synod, when he shall appoint a Secretary pro tem.

SEC. 18. Unless the Archives are otherwise disposed of by the Synod, they shall be in the charge and custody of the Secre tary. Any minister or delegate of a congregation connected with

said Synod shall have free access to them; but no part of them shall be allowed to be taken away or destroyed.


SEC. 19. The Treasurer shall take charge of all the monies belonging to the Synod, and shall keep them subject to its order. He shall keep, and present at each annual meeting, a detailed and faithful account of the state of the Treasury.

SEC. 20. Should the Treasurer, during the recess of the Synod, remove out of the bounds of the Synod, or be removed by death, the President shall have all the monies, certificates, bonds and documents belonging to the Synod, delivered into his hands, and shall have the charge of them until the next Synodical session.


Other Members of a Synod.

SEC. 1. It is the duty of every ordained minister, licentiate and lay-delegate of every Synod, not only to observe the provisions of this Constitution himself; but also, as far as is in his power, see that it is obeyed by all connected with it.


SEC. 2. It is recommended to every ordained minister and licentiate, to aid in circulating among the members of his charge, the books proposed by the Synod and General Synod for use.

SEC. 3. No minister or licentiate shall interfere with the congregations of another, by preaching or performing other ministerial duties in them, except by his request or consent, if present; nor in his absence, if he have reason to think that any evil would result to said church.

SEC. 4. Any minister or licentiate in good standing, who removes from the bounds of one Synod into those of another, shall, on application to the President, receive a certificate under his signature, of his honorable dismission; and such a certificate shall be required by the Synod into which he removes, when he applies for admission into it.

SEC. 5. Every ordained minister has the right to leave his charge and remove to another whenever he believes it is his duty to do so; yet he must give the President timely notice of his intended removal.

SEC. 6. A licensed candidate shall have liberty to visit vacant congregations, either upon receiving an invitation from them, or upon the advice of the Synod or President.

SEC. 7. After a licentiate has a stated charge he shall be restricted to it, and shall not resign it without the consent of the Ministerium, or, in its recess, of the President.

SEC. 8. A licentiate has power to perform all the ministerial functions during the time specified in his license.

SEC. 9. In addition to the obligations of ministers specified Ch. III. Sec. 1. it is the duty of licentiates particularly to devote all their leisure time to their personal improvement and knowledge and grace, to receive counsel from the President, and to apply to him for advice in cases of difficulty.

SEC. 10. Every licentiate must keep a general journal of his ministerial acts, which, with a few sermons of his own composition, he must deliver, or send annually for the inspection of the Ministerium.


SEC. 11. Each lay-delegate, entitled to a seat by this Constitution, shall have equal rights with the ministers in all business belonging to the Synod; that is, may take part in the debates, offer resolutions and vote on all Synodical questions.


Order of Business.

It is recommended, that the transactions of the Synod be conducted as follows:

1. At the time appointed for the meeting, the members present shall assemble, and if four ordained ministers and two lay-delegates be present, they shall constitute a quorum.

2. The President shall open the first session by a prayer, after the brethren have unitedly sung an hymn. And every session of the Synod and Ministerium shall be opened and closed with prayer. In the absence of the President, the first prayer shall be made by the Secretary, and if he also be absent, by one of the elder ministers present.

3. After prayer the Secretary shall call the names of all the ordained ministers and licentiates belonging to the Synod, and note the absentees.

4. The lay-delegates shall then exhibit the certificates of their appointment, and their names be registered by the Secretary as members of the Synod.

5. The President shall make his report (Chap. IX. Sec. 4.) as the last official act of his office, and then inform the members, that

6. The election of officers for the ensuing year is now to be attended to.

7. Admission of delegates or ministers from other ecclesiastical bodies according to Chap. VIII. Sec. 14.

8. The minutes of the last Synod may be read.

9. All papers intended for the Synod or Ministerium are to be handed in, and verbal notice may be given of any important business intended to be brought before the Synod.

10. The Secretary shall then number the papers as arranged by the President, after which they shall be taken up and discussed before the whole house in numerical order, or be first referred

to committees, as the house may direct. The reports of Committees may be heard and acted on at any time, and the intervals filled up by the succeeding items.

11. Each minister shall be called on by the Secretary for the record of persons baptized and confirmed, as well as of the regular communing members belonging to his churches (Chap. IV. Sec. 11.) as also of the number of schools.

12. The Treasurer's account shall be heard.

13. The number of vacant congregations be inquired into, and provision made for them.

14. Promiscuous business.

15. Election of delegates to the General Synod, or to other ecclesiastical bodies, and of Directors of the Theological Seminary at Gettysburg.

16. Choice of the time and place for the next meeting of Synod.

17. Dissolution of the Synod, and annunciation of the time of the ministerial session.

18. Should the President or Secretary be absent at the proper time for opening a session, the members present may elect others pro tempore.


Process against a Minister.

SEC. 1. As the honour and success of the gospel depend very much on the character of its ministers, every Synod ought to guard with the utmost care and impartiality the conduct of its members.

SEC. 2. All Christians should be very cautious in giving credit or circulation to an ill report of any man, and especially of a minister of the gospel; if any man knows a minister to be guilty of a private censurable fault, he should warn him in private. If

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