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TROPE a sov'reign pow'r o'er language shows,
And upon words a foreign fense bestows. God is a Rock, and guards his Saints from ill; HEROD's a Fox, and will be cruel ftil).
A METAPHOR compares without the fign: Virtue's a fun, and fall for ever shine.
An ALLEGORY in a length of chain Will the reiterated Trope detain. «* A vine from Egypt, by JEHOVAH's hand, « Was rescu'd and remov'd to Canaan's land. " To give the stranger room the noxious thorn, " And baleful hemlock from the foil were torn: « Fenc'd round by Heav'n the plant in safety grew, « Bleft the full beam, and drank th’enliv'ning dew: 6. Deep in the earth it struck its thriving root, “ Enlarg’d with foliage, and enrich'd with fruit :
" The wide-extended fhade the hills admir'd,
A Meronymy will, for kindred's sake,
A METALEPSIS throng'd with Tropes appears.
SXNECDOCHE our stile diversifies,
Genus for species ftands. New life proclaim
ANTONOMASIA for a common name A proper ufeș. Tow'ring into fame, See that young CÆSAR! By revers’d command A common for a proper name shall stand.. How shone the Orator † in that great hour, When the world's Monarch I thook beneath his pow'rll!
• Mark xvi. 15.
. CÆSAR. || The story here referred to is thus related by Dr WARD, in his Latin Oration prefixed to his System of Oratory, which I hall take the liberty to tranflate. But I cannot, says the * Doctor, reftrajn myself from mentioning how this moft emi. * nent man (Cicero). obtained the liberty of his friend, ac“ cused of a capital offence; an occafion in which, if ever, • the utmost ftrength of his eloquence exerted isself. : The « civil war between CÆSAR and Pompey being ended, and “ the sovereignty of Rame being now in the hands of CÆSAR; « QUINTUS LIGARIUS was accused by Q. TUBERO of being o in arms againf Cæsar in Africa. CICERO undertook Li• CAR ZUS's defence. C'por CESAR's being made acquainted * with it, he cries, #oby sme bear what Cicero has re. " say? The man is guilty echefe caufa be pleads, and is unguef* tionably a wicked enemy ageing us. But when Cocero be. “ gan to speak, his oration appeared fo admirable for its pa. o thos and various elegance, that it wonderfully wrought ** upon CÆSAR, which he al fiuft discovered by a confused “ countenance, and che frequent change of colour ; buc in a « while he was thrown into such perturbation, that his whole “ body trembled, and he dropped fome parchments out of his « hand. In the end Cicero carried his cause, and LIGA6 Ruus was fet free. Thus the Sovereign of so many nations
An IRONY in smooth mellifluent phrase
SARCASM is frony in its excess.
King of the Jews, thee humbly we address;
HYPERBOLE the truth will ofte tiegled
“ Shall man his grandeur boast?
A CATACHRÉSIS thro the want of words Or fond of charms which novelty affords, Boldly bounds o'er expression's wonted fence, And makes the Reader tremble for the fenfe. “ How swift thofe cranes, exulting in the gale, " Thro' the cerulean gulphs of Æther fail? “ For me the wheat's fat kidneys crown the plains, " And mine's the blood the mellow grape contains 1." " was overcome by the force of Eloquence; and he who had 66 carried his vi&torious arms to almost every part of the globe, “-was himself at length vanquished by more powerful weapons. « An illustrious victory indeed! in which Cicero might well « boaft, that arms had yielded to the gown." • Job xii. 2. + Matt. xxvii, 23).
1 Deuti xxxii. 14.