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TROPE a sov'reign pow'r o'er language shows,

And upon words a foreign fense bestows. God is a Rock, and guards his Saints from ill; HEROD's a Fox, and will be cruel ftil).

A METAPHOR compares without the fign: Virtue's a fun, and fall for ever shine.

An ALLEGORY in a length of chain Will the reiterated Trope detain. «* A vine from Egypt, by JEHOVAH's hand, « Was rescu'd and remov'd to Canaan's land. " To give the stranger room the noxious thorn, " And baleful hemlock from the foil were torn: « Fenc'd round by Heav'n the plant in safety grew, « Bleft the full beam, and drank th’enliv'ning dew: 6. Deep in the earth it struck its thriving root, “ Enlarg’d with foliage, and enrich'd with fruit :

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" The wide-extended fhade the hills admir'd,
« And cedar-like to Heav'n its boughs aspir'd:
“ But now with hungry rage and lawless pow'r,
" The mountain-bull and forest-boar devour:
s Inclosures, clusters, boughs their fury tares,
“ And fire confumes what brutal havock spares.
Look, gracious God, on this thy mournful vine,
“ And let thy guardian care attest it thine !"

A Meronymy will, for kindred's sake,
The name of one thing for another take.
Causes effects intend. His fin will find
Th' offender out, and rack his conscious mind *.
Effects the cause denote. Pale death destroys.
Gay giddy youth, and blasts its blooming joys.
Subjects for adjunéts fand. Friends, take the cup,
And thankful for its blessings drink it up t.
Adjuncts the jubjects mean. Mankind despise
Virtue alive, but wail her when she dies.

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A METALEPSIS throng'd with Tropes appears.
The spikes of corn denote- the golden ears :
The ears the crop, the crop the summer means,
Summer the year in all its various scenes.

SXNECDOCHE our stile diversifies,
And at her call a thousand beauties rise.
The whole intends a part, To quench the flames
Of raging thirst we drank the silver Thames.
A part denotes the whole. At Blenheim's field,
How did great MARLBOROUGH Britain's thunder wield,
Sweep down the Gallic ranks, and fill the plain
With purple currents, and with heaps of slain !

I

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Genus for species ftands. New life proclaim
To ev'ry creature in IMMANUEL's name
Species a genus means. The east-wind raves,
And heaves thAtlantic in a thousand waves,

ANTONOMASIA for a common name A proper ufeș. Tow'ring into fame, See that young CÆSAR! By revers’d command A common for a proper name shall stand.. How shone the Orator † in that great hour, When the world's Monarch I thook beneath his pow'rll!

An

Mark xvi. 15.

+ CICERO.

. CÆSAR. || The story here referred to is thus related by Dr WARD, in his Latin Oration prefixed to his System of Oratory, which I hall take the liberty to tranflate. But I cannot, says the * Doctor, reftrajn myself from mentioning how this moft emi. * nent man (Cicero). obtained the liberty of his friend, ac“ cused of a capital offence; an occafion in which, if ever, • the utmost ftrength of his eloquence exerted isself. : The « civil war between CÆSAR and Pompey being ended, and “ the sovereignty of Rame being now in the hands of CÆSAR; « QUINTUS LIGARIUS was accused by Q. TUBERO of being o in arms againf Cæsar in Africa. CICERO undertook Li• CAR ZUS's defence. C'por CESAR's being made acquainted * with it, he cries, #oby sme bear what Cicero has re. " say? The man is guilty echefe caufa be pleads, and is unguef* tionably a wicked enemy ageing us. But when Cocero be. “ gan to speak, his oration appeared fo admirable for its pa. o thos and various elegance, that it wonderfully wrought ** upon CÆSAR, which he al fiuft discovered by a confused “ countenance, and che frequent change of colour ; buc in a « while he was thrown into such perturbation, that his whole “ body trembled, and he dropped fome parchments out of his « hand. In the end Cicero carried his cause, and LIGA6 Ruus was fet free. Thus the Sovereign of so many nations

was

An IRONY in smooth mellifluent phrase
Its poison fioots, and wounds with deep disgrace.
" Ye are the men of all mankind most wise,
“ And when ye die, no doubt all wisdomy dies *."

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SARCASM is frony in its excess.

King of the Jews, thee humbly we address;
“ Low at thy feet we bend submissive down,
" Revere thy reed, atid hail thy thorny crown t."

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HYPERBOLE the truth will ofte tiegled
By bold excefs, and by as bold defect.
Mark how it rifes. « Yon tall mountain Throwds
“ Its height in heav'n, and tow'rs above the clouds."
Again it finks.

“ Shall man his grandeur boast?
« An atom of an atom-world at most !"

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A CATACHRÉSIS thro the want of words Or fond of charms which novelty affords, Boldly bounds o'er expression's wonted fence, And makes the Reader tremble for the fenfe. “ How swift thofe cranes, exulting in the gale, " Thro' the cerulean gulphs of Æther fail? “ For me the wheat's fat kidneys crown the plains, " And mine's the blood the mellow grape contains 1." " was overcome by the force of Eloquence; and he who had 66 carried his vi&torious arms to almost every part of the globe, “-was himself at length vanquished by more powerful weapons. « An illustrious victory indeed! in which Cicero might well « boaft, that arms had yielded to the gown." • Job xii. 2. + Matt. xxvii, 23).

1 Deuti xxxii. 14.

PART

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