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of the application of Lord North’s plan to all of Great Britain's colonies, and not to the thirteen American colo

nies alone. 130 by the back-door: that is, not directly through the

House of Commons, which alone has the constitutional

right to impose taxes. 131 you will leave the mode to themselves : On February

20, 1775, in the Committee of the Whole House, Lord North remarked that, on the matter of taxation, although Parliament could never give up the rights, yet as to the matter of the right, and with respect to the mode of the contribution, he did not suppose Parliament would hesi

tate a moment to suspend that right. 133 composition: agreement or compromise. 135 Treasury Extent: a writ to recover debts due to the

Crown, whereby both lands and goods of the debtor can

be seized. 136 He confessed, etc. : In his reply to Colonel Barre in the

debate on his propositions, which took place in the Committee of the Whole, Lord North said: “I agree, Sir, that it is very probable the propositions contained in this resolution may not be acceptable to the Americans in general.” But he added: “those who are just, who are wise, and who are serious, will, I believe, think it well worth

their attention.” 138 Posita luditur arca : Juvenal, Satires, 1, 90: “ The game

is played with cash box for a stake.” 139 to him that holds the balance: the Prime Minister of

England. The allusion is to Jove, who held the balances,

or scales, in which the destinies of men are weighed. 139 “ Ease would retract”: The exact quotation from Par. adise Lost, Book iv, 11, 96-97, is :

"* Ease would recant Vows made in pain, as violent and void.” 140 may I speed: may I succeed. 141 to return in loan: In 1772 the East India Company,

which was threatened with bankruptcy, received from the Government a loan of £1,400,000 at four per cent. interest. Until this debt should be canceled, the annual payment of £400,000, which the Company was required to

make to the Government, was suspended. 141 taxable objects: exports from America which bore a

tax; for example, the tobacco of Virginia and Mary

land. 141 performed her part to the British revenue: Compare

the Resolutions of the Stamp Act Congress, X: “ That the profits of the trade of these colonies ultimately center

PAR.

ance.”

name

in Great Britain, to pay for the manufactures which they are obliged to take from thence, and they eventually contribute very largely to all supplies granted there to the

Crown." 141 enemies : France and Spain, who held colonial posses

sions in America. 142 The literary quality of this paragraph — the phrasing,

the sentence structure, and the allusions to Shakespeare and the English Bible – is worthy of notice. A few of the passages to which allusions are made are quoted in

the notes that follow. 142 light as air : Othello, 111, iii, 322: “ Trifles light as air.” 142 grapple to you: Hamlet, i, iii, 63: “Grapple them to

thy soul with hooks of steel.” 142 chosen race: an allusion to the fact that the Hebrews

were called God's chosen people: Compare Ps., XXXIII, 12: “ Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord; and

the people whom he hath chosen for his own inherit142 turn their faces towards you: 1 Kings, viii, 44: “and

shall pray unto the Lord toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house that I have built for thy

; compare also Dan., vi, 10. 142 of price : Matt., XIII, 46: “Who, when he had found one

pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and

bought it.” 142 your sufferance, etc.: A sufferance is a permission

granted by customs authorities for the shipment of goods ; a cocket" is a document certifying that duties on goods have been paid; a clearance is a paper giving permis

sion to a ship to sail. 143 Land Tax Act: an act passed annually by Parliament,

imposing a tax on land. 143 Committee of Supply: a committee of the House which

considers expenditures; for example, for the army, the

navy, the civil service, etc. 143 Mutiny Bill: an act passed, each year in England since

1689, providing for the maintenance of a standing army

and for the punishment of mutiny and desertion. 144 the profane herd: Compare Horace, Odes, 111, 1,1: " Odi

profanum vulgus et arceo I hate the profane herd (i.e.,

the ignorant multitude] and keep them at a distance.” 144 Sursum corda: “Lift up your hearts”: the rendering of

Lam., III, 41, found in the Latin mass. 144 high calling: Compare Phil., 111, 14: “I press toward the

mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.”

:

PAR.

145 quod felix faustumque sit: “May it prove to be happy

and fortunate.”

Availing itself of a technicality in parliamentary procedure, the House refrained from committing itself on the first four and the last of Burke's resolutions. The others were negatived.

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Transition

147. Pope's Rape of the Lock, etc.
148. Hawthorne's Marble Faun.
149. Shakespeare's Twelfth Night.
150. Ouida's Dog of Flanders, etc.
151. Ewing's Jackanapes, etc.
152. Martineau's The Peasant and the Prince.
153. Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream.
154. Shakespeare's Tempest.
155. Irving's Life of Goldsmith.
156. Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, etc.
157. The Song of Roland.
158. Malory's Merlin and Sir Balin.
159. Beowulf.
160. Spenser's Faerie Queene. Book I.
161. Dickens's Tale of Two Cities.
102. Prose and Poetry of Cardinal Newman.
163. Shakespeare's Henry V.
164. De Quincey's Joan of Arc, etc.
165. Scott's Quentin Durward.
166. Carlyle's Heroes and Hero-Worship.
167. Longfellow's Autobiographical Poems.
168. Shelley's Poems.
169. Lowell's My Garden Acquaintance, etc.
170. Lamb's Essays of Elia.
171, 172. Emerson's Essays.
173. Kate Douglas Wiggin's Flag-Raising.
174. Kate Douglas Wiggin's Finding a Home.
175. Whittier's Autobiographical Poems.
176. Burroughs's Afoot and Afloat.
177. Bacon's Essays.
178. Selections from John Ruskin.
179. King Arthur Stories from Malory.
180. Palmer's Odyssey.
181. Goldsmith's The Good-Natured Man.
182. Goldsmith's She Stoops to Conquer.
183. Old English and Scottish Ballads.
184. Shakespeare's King Lear.
185. Moores's Life of Lincoln.
186. Thoreau's Camping in the Maine Woods.
187, 188. Huxley's Autobiography, and Essays.
189. Byron's Childe Harold, Canto IV, etc.
190. Washington's Farewell Address, and Web-

ster's Bunker Hill Oration.
191. The Second Shepherds' Play, etc.
192. Mrs. Gaskell's Cranford.
193. Williams's Æneid.
194. Irving's Bracebridge Hall. Selections.
195. Thoreau's Walden.
1996. Sheridan's The Rivals.
197. Parton's Captains of Industry. Selected.
198, 199. Macaulay's Lord Clive, and W. Hast-

ings.
200. Howells's The Rise of Silas Lapham.
201. Harris's Little Mr. Thimblefinger Stories.
202. Jewett's The Night Before Thanksgiving.
203. Shumway's Nibelungenlied.
204. Sheffield's Old Testament Narrative.
205. Powers's A Dickens Reader,
206. Goethe's Faust. Part I.
207. Cooper's The Spy.
208. Aldrich's Story of a Bad Boy.
209. Warner's Being a Boy.
210. Kate Douglas Wiggin's Pol

Problem.

211. Milton's Areopagitica, etc.
212. Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
213. Hemingway's Le Morte Arthur.
214. Moores's Life of Columbus.
215. Bret Harte's Tennessee's Partner, etc.
216. Ralph Roister Doister.
217. Gorboduc. (In preparation.)
218. Selected Lyrics from Wordsworth, Keats,

and Shelley.
219. Selected Lyrics from Dryden, Collins,

Gray, Cowper, and Lurns.
220. Southern Poems.
221. Macaulay's Speeches on Copyright; Lin-

coln's Cooper Union Address.
222. Briggs's College Life.
223. Selections from the Prose Writings of Mat-

thew Arnold.
2:24. Perry's American Mind and American

Idealism.
225. Newman's University Subjects.
226. Burroughs's Studies in Nature and Lit-

erature.
227. Bryce's Promoting Good Citizenship.
228. Selected English Letters.
229. Jewett's Play Day Stories.
230. Grenfell's Adrift on an Ice-Pan.
231. Muir's Stickeen.
232. Harte's Waif of the Plains, etc.
233. Tennyson's The Coming of Arthur, the

Holy Grail and the Passing of Arthur.
234. Selected Essays.
235. Briggs's To College Girls.
236. Lowell's Literary Essays. (Selected.)
237. Marmion.
238. Short Stories,
239. Selections from American Poetry.
240. Howells's The Parlor Car, and The Sleep-

ing Car.
241. Mills's The Story of a Thousand-Year

Pine, etc.
242. Eliot's The Training for an Effective Life.
243. Bryant's Iliad, Abridged Edition.
244. Lockwood's English Sonnets.
215. Antin's At School in the Promised Land.
246. Shepard's Shakespeare Questions.

(Other titles to be announced.)

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