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attended count Brandt, in their last de. But when she heard of the melancholy
votions. Brandt mounted the scaffold end of her friends, the changed her
firit; and it seemed, from the undis. resolution. Her brother, the king of
turbed calmness of his behaviour, that England, had made an offer to the Da-
till that inoment he had ftill hoped to nith court, to appoint her a residence
receive mercy. His conscious innocence in the electorate of Hanover: this pro-
had fondly cherished this hope; but poral was accepted ; and it was at the
when he at last saw that all his expec- same time agreed, that she should still
tations were in vain, he prepared to keep the tiile and rank of a queen. Her
meet his fate with mild resignation. He dower of two hundred and fifty thou-
was executed first: he beheld, with un- fand dollars was returned, and an an-
fhaken firmness, the axe fever his right nuity of thirty thousand dollars fettled
hand from his body; and with equal upon her for life.
fortitude submitted his neck to the " On the 27th of May, two Englid
stroke that deprived him of his life. frigates of thirty-two gins each, and a
His head was taken up, and repeatedly cutter, arrived at Helsingör; and on
exhibited to the innumerable spectators the 30th instant the queen left Cronens
that surrounded the bloody scaffold.- burg. The last moments which this
Struensee did not fnew the fame cou. aniable princess spent in the Danish
rage: his hand was cut off, in the most dominions, were distressing in the high-
aukward and painful manner, by reite- est degree. She was now under the ne.
rated strokes : he rose from the block cessity of parting from her only comfort,
with violence; and was obliged to be the only object of her affection, her in
held down by main force to receive the fant daughter ; and of leaving her in
fatal blow. Both these executions were the hands of her sworn enemies. She
conducted with great disorder, and loss fondly pressed for some minutes the babe
of time; by which the fufferings of the to her bofom, and bedewed it with a
unfortunate victims were cruelly and shower of tears: the then attempted to
unnecessarily lengthened.

tear herself away; but the voice, the “ This dreadful day was closed with smiles, the endearing motions of her inthe fame inhumanity with which it had fant, were chains that irresistibly drew been opened, Without the least neces- her back. At last she called up all her fity, a long circuit was taken, in drag- resolution, took her once more into her ging the melancholy remains of the arms, imprinted upon her lips, with the two counts through the town to the impetuous ardour of distracting love, place where they were to be exposed to the farewel kiss, returned her to the public view.

attendant, and cried, Away, away! "Measures were now taken for the I now poffefs nothing here.'-One of removal of queen Matilda from Cro. the king's boats carried her to the first nenburg. The small town of Aalborg frigate, and the squadron fet sail for in Jutland was first intended for her Stade, from whence she was to travel residence, and sh: herself seemed to with by land to Zelle." to live within the Danish dominions.

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REMARKABLE DOMESTIC EVENTS.
MUTINY,

in the navy. They safely arrived at

Otaheite, and received on board a
SHI
VIR Joseph Banks having delivered great number of these trees, in various

his opinion, that the bread fruit itages of growin, and in full prefertrees of the Friendly Illands might be vation. But on their jiturii, which fuccessfully cultivated in the West in- commenced on the 27th of lal April, dies, to prove a fuccedaneum for other while meditating their prugo Is through provisions, in time of scarcity, the the Pacific Oceali, towards the Maluc. Bounty armed hip was fitted out, and cas, captain Bligh and eighteen others failed in the auiumn of 1787, under the were forcibly committed to the long çainmand of captain Bligh, a lieutenant boat, by the relt of the crew, who had entered into a conspiracy to secure the ject of the voyage was, to procura thip; for the purpole, it is thought, of plants for the Botanic Garden at Kew. returning to Otaheite, being mostly

entered

SHIPWRECK. young men, and fascinated by the Circean blandishments of the female na. The Vanfittart Indiaman was lost in tives. These desperadoes parted from the Streights of Billoton, in November their commander with three cheers,

lalt. The fhip was on her voyage to after having very scantily supplied the China : The touched on a rock about a boat with provision. The boatswain, mile and a half from the shore, a sharp carpenter, gunner, furgeon's mate, two point of which instantly went through midshipmen, and one master's mate, her bottom. No lives were lost; but with Mr. Nelson the botanist, were of five of the seamen are missing, supposed the number of the unfortunate. A to have decamped with some of the file compafs and quadrant had been secured ver on board. by accident. On the 3'oth of April,

MURDER. the boat's crew landed on one of the About the middle of this month, the Friendly Illeś, in the hopes of obtaining body of a foreigner was found in a an addition to their little stock; but they ditch near Belfont-lane, about thirteen were driven off by the natives, so bo-' miles from London, mangled in a molt Ailely, that one man was killed and se- shocking manner. The duke of Cumveral wounded. After much delibera- berland's dogs traced the blood to the tion, it was at length determined to spot where the unhappy man lay. Sufo. proceed for Timor, although the distance picion falling on three men who were was calculated to be four thousand observed at Staines, in company with miles ! In order to make the most of the deceased; after diligent search, they their provisions, they restricted each were apprehended near East Smithfield, other to one ounce of bread, and one while purposing to enter on board any gill of water per day, and on which ship that might be about to leave the they continued to live till the 6th of kingdom. One of them is à Venetian ; June following, when, on the coast of another, a Genoefe; and the third, a New Holland, they collected a few shell Russian; all sailors, who had landed at filh: with this scanty relief, they reached Portsmouth in the Crown Prince, a Timor on the 12th, after having been Sardinian vessel, in company with the forty-six days in a crazy open boat, too deceased, who had been baníthed from fmail for one of them to lie down, and Sardinia, his country, for a year. He without any awning to prote&t them had treated these miscreants in the most from the rain, which fell almost incef- friendly manner, during their journey ; fantly for forty days ; the weather, but his money, amounting to less than allo, was fqually, and the sea heavy. twenty pounds, which he carried in a The Dutch governor, at Timor, com- bag, attracted their fanguinary eyes, miserated the sufferings of this mi- and induced the death of their charitable ferable company: they remained under companion. Several of the articles which his protection till the 20th of August; they took away, exclusive of the money, when they procured a vessel for Batavia, greatly tended to their conviction ; in which they reached on the second of last consequence of which, they are now October. Captain Bligh arrived in separately confined, till a more comLondon on the 14th of March, leaving plete body of evidence can be brought his companions to follow as soon as a together. The duke of Cumberland paffage could be procured them. has ordered this prosecution to be care

The maffer's mate, named Fletcherried an at his own expence. Christian, of a good family, was the principal confpirator, who regularly

FIRE. terved the watch from the time the ship The latter end of February a dread, failed from England; so that there was ful fire broke out on the Surry fide of no poffibility of defeating his purpose, Westminster-bridge, which consumed while fufpicion was lulled to rest. 'The eleven houses, the property of Mr. number of these daring adventurers Morris, formerly carpenter to the Board was twenty-five.-The secondary ob. of Works. A melancholy accidens

happened

man.

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happened early the morning after this after the Restoration, which the bard fire: a gable end wall gave way be returned him with honour, though not longing to Mr. Morris's house, and a without much difficulty, as his circumnumber of persons were buried in the stances were very low. Mr. Hartop ruins, amongst whom was one of the would have declined receiving it again, engineers belonging to the Sun-fire but the pride of the poet was equal ta Office, who went to apprize them of his genius, and he sent the money with their danger. At half past twelve, se- an angry letter, which is extant among ven of the unfortunate persons were the curious possessions of this venerabla taken out of the ruins dead, and the engineer was one of the number. In the whole, thirteen were dug out, ter.

SKETCH OF CAGLIOSTRO. ribly mangled.

The famous count Cagliostro, about The fire broke out at Mr. Morris's, whom public opinion has often varied, the corner of Lambeth Marih, and from is at present, with his wife, under thence communicated to the workshops close confinement in the castle of St. of Messrs. Adams, builder to the Board Angelo, at Rome; on a strong charge of Works; the party walls were of no of having harboured a design against service, the fire having caught hold of the government. A great number of the window frames from house to house. persons have been arrested--and, among The damage sustained at this fire is esti- the rest, the marquis de Vevaldi,-on mated at fifty thousand pounds, which fufpicion of being concerned with this falls on the Sun-fire Office,

fingular adventurer. His real name is

Joseph Balsamo :'he was born at Paleia WONDERFUL LONGEVITY:

mo on the 8th of June 1743. In his Mr. Jonathan Hartop, now living at sixteenth year he became a monk of the village of Aldborough, near Bo- the third order at Caltagiron ; but not roughbridge, Yorkshire, has attained liking that state, he shortly after entered to the amazing age of one hundred and himself among the capuchins, by whom thirty-seven years, having been born in he was expelled. After defrauding a 1653. His father and mother. both goldsinith, named Morano, of great died of the plague at their house in the lums, under pretence of possessing the Minories in 1666, and he perfectly re- secret to make gold, he retired to Camembers the great fire of London. He labria, and dissipated his ill-gotten eamis short in ftature, has been married five ings. He afterwards went to Rome, times, and has now alive seven children, where he turned transcriber; and mar

wenty-six grandchildren, and one huna ried Laurencia Feliciani. In 1773, he dred and forty great grand-children. visited France; and the year

afterwards He can read without spectacles, and appeared at Naples, as marquis of Pelo plays at cribbage with perfect recol- legrini. He there met an uncle, with, section. Last Christmas-day he walked whom he returned to Palermo; where nine miles to dine with one of his great Marano arrested him. After his libegrand-children. He remembers Charles ration, he went to Malta, where he asa the Second perfectly well, and once fumed the name of count Çagliostro. travelled from London to York with From thence he visited Muscovy, Pothe facetious Killigrew. He eats but land, Prussia, and Holland; from whicla little, and drinks nothing but milk; he last place he embarked for Morocco. He enjoys also an uninterrupted flow of afterwards professed the healing art ac spirits. The third wife of this very Strasburg, giving out that he possessed extraordinary old man was an illegiti- a secret art of curing the most obftinate mate daughter of Oliver Cromwell, who disorders. His fame in this way, called gave with her a portion amounting to him to Paris; where, taking a part in about five hundred pounds. He has the affair of the ever-memorable neckin his poffeffion a fine portrait of the lace, he was thrown into the Bastille. Usurper, by Cooper, for which the late After being discharged from this prison, Mr. Hollis offered him three hundred he came to England; but not thinking pounds, but was refused. Mr. Hartop himself secure from the attempts of lent the great Milion fifty pounds fogn fome French emissaries, he travelled

through

tors.

through Holland, Switzerland, Revero, de-Lis, but most probably has been and Trente. His last arrival at Rome translated from the work of fome Spafeems big with danger; and the suc. nifh navigator, whofe discovery being cefs of his future career appears in a forgotten, lett room for the new disco doubtful point of view.

veries of English and French naviga+ PHENOMENON,

EARTHQUAKE. There is now in the poffeffion of a gentleman at Leeds, a bean, the vege. morning, about four o'clock, the vila

The beginning of this month, one tation of which must have lain dormant lage of Arnfide, near Milthorpe in five hundied and twenty years; for on the removal of the wall of an ancient lent subterràneous explofion, much

Weltmureland, was alarmed by a vion building of that place, in the spring of louder than thunder. The inhabitants, 1783, feveral layers being taken down, in the utmost consternation, ran to the it remained so for several weeks, when sea-side to avoid the impending danger, there was a bean observed to shoot out

When in full vegetation, from a very finall

day-light appeared, a chasm of aperture in a piece of cement, so hard, menfe depth, was discovered in the

nearly two hundred feet, and of an imthat it required considerable force to break it between two ftones : therefore houses and a number of cattle were

earth. By this dreadful accident, fix it was concluded impossible it could be loft. Three miles from this chası, a conveyed there in any other manner but smaller one was discovered'; which it with the cement, when the castle was is supposed swallowed a horse which first built, which was in 1263.

SUICIDE.

was grazing near. Several hours after SOMERSET HOUSE.

the shock, the sands of the neighbourThe estimates for the building of ing coasts were considerably agitated, this fuperb edifice, delivered into the House of Commons, are as follow: A young officer belonging to the Ca. Expended

£.334,703 rysfort frigate, lately ihor himself at To be yet expended 33,500 Naples. He went on fhore to resent,

as a gentleman, fome reproach cast on DISCOVERIES.

his birth by a shipmate; but his unThe Royal Society have formed a generous adversary declining the meetplan of a most extensive nature, for pro- ing, he addressed a farewel letter to moting discoveries in those parts of captain Smith, his commander, and Africa at present leaft known. The then fatally applied the contents of two first conduct of this scheme is commit- pistols to his ficad. ted to a Mr. Walwyn, and Mr. Hercules Cramond, an English gentleman of the faculty. They lately embarked for Lately, at Cherson, in Tartary, Mr. Marseilles, in their way to Tunis ; Howard, the celebrated philanthropist; from whence they are to penetrate into after an illness of a few days. Visiting the interior parts of the country. Na- a young lady dangerously ill of a coija tural history, botany, antiquities, and, tagious fever, with a view to render above all, commerce, are to engage her assistance, he caught the infection their attention. Government patronizes which precipitated his death. It was the scheme.

his request to be buried in the garden An ancient map of the world has near Cherson. been discovered in the Britih Museum, The 14th, at Reading, Dr. Addingwhich lays down the coasts of New ton, in his seventy-eighth year, father Holland as described by Cook and to the speaker of the House of Com. Bougainville. This map, which is on parchment, appears from the character, The beginning of this month, Joand other circumstances, to have been seph II. emperor of Germany. He is made about the beginning of the fix- fucceeded as king of Bohemia and teenth century. The names are in Hungary by his brother the duke French, and it is adorned with Fleurs Leopold.

DEATHS.

mons.

The HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, .

For A PRIL,

1790.

NUMBER XVIII.

FRAGMENTS.

REMARKABLE INSTANCE

number of conspirators ready to se

cond his design. Ofakoi, either OF COURAGE IN PETER THE GREAT.

through weakness, or in hopes of [From the Russian.]

being revenged, followed his con

ductor. They arrived in the nightDURING the commotions oc

cafioned by the boundless am- time, and stopped at an inn near bition of the princess Sophia", it is Kremlin, where the emperor rewell known that the revolt of the

sided. Strelitz + brought the Ruffian em

The flave having there found his pire almost to the brink of de- friends, they resolved to hold a con Itruction.

fultation that very night, in the ruins A brother of the famous Totte- of an old house, which was not far lawitau, colonel of that corps, loft distant from the palace. his life upon the scaffold. He was

Osakoi, who had in vain attempted named Osakoi ; and as his money to learn from his companion who the and estate were confiscated, he left conspirators were, pressed him again his fon in a very deplorablé state of to satisfy his curiosity, but without misery. This unfortunate youth, success. having escaped the pursuit of the

When the hour of appointment emperor's cmiffaries, in a most won approached, the flave only told him derful manner, was concealed in a

that he was going to be in company certain obfcure village, by an old with people who were animated with flave who had lived with his father. a desire of revenge ; and who, notWhen he arrived at the state of man

withstanding his youth, and want of hood, this domestic told him the fe. experience, carnestly willied to have cret of his birth, and proposed to him him for their chief.: “ The humia plan of avenging his family, by liating situation to which you are affaffinating the czar. The

young

now reduced,” added he; man started with horror upon hear. blood of your father still reeking ing this proposal; but he diffembled all ought to arouse your courage, This sentiments, and the Nave, who and banish every idea of the danger. imagined that he had brought him that may arise from prosecuting your over, to his purpose, prevailed upon revenge. him to set out for Moscow, where,

These words inade

young

Osakoi he informed him, he would find a

tremble ; and with more reason, as * Eldest sister of the czar Peter, who car

the tavern was at that time full of. rying her views to the throne, attempted Russians, who, according to the cufmore than once to accomplish her brother's tom of their country, were giving death,

themselves up to intoxication and + A barbarous body of militia,

excefs, VOL. II.

I

Ocakoi

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