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REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.
his orders must be obeyed, and without ELUCIDATION OF THE HISTORY OF
loss of time. « Till I have seen the COUNTS STRUENSEE AND BRANDT, &c. CONCLUDED FROM P. 53.
king,' returned fhe, ' your orders shall
not be executed upon me. Bring me C
TOUNT Ranzau, accompanied to him immediately; I must, I will see other officers, repaired to the chamber the door, but Ranzau stopped her; he where slept the beautiful and amiable grew impatient, and his entreaties were queen Matilda. The noise occafioned changed into threats. Wretch! cried by their entrance into the anti-chamber the enraged princess, is this the lanalarmed her, and the called her attend- guage of a fubject to his queen? Go,
Pale and trembling they entered thou moft contemptible of beings! ga the apartment; fear had rendered them from my fight, covered with your own incapable of answering her questions. infamy, but never feared by me!'Terrified by these appearances, the rcse The pride of Ranzau was touched; he to enquire herself into the cause of their cast an enraged look at his officers, terror; when one of them informed her fraught with a dreadful meaning; and that count Ranzau, accompanied by a the boldest of them stepped forward to train of officers, had entered the anti- seize the defencelels' princess. She tore chamber, and desired to be announced herself from his arms, and called for to her in the name of the king. • Ran- help with all her strength, but in vain, zau!' cried the, and in the name of for no affiftance was at hand. Thus, the king! Run to Struensee, and call ftruggling alone against armed men, him to my afsiftance.' She was then distracted with rage and despair, the informed that Struensee had been fe- few to the window, tore it open, cured and carried to prison. 'I am and attempted to throw herself out. betrayed, I am undone, I am lost for One of the officers held her in the very ever! But,' added she, more com moment: her fury now knew no bounds; posedly, let the traitors come in; I ne seized him by the hair, and dragged am prepared to meet my fate.' Half him to the ground: a second attacked drested, she went to meet them with the her; and with equal strength and cou. most undaunted fortitude. Ranzau re- rage the disengaged herself from him. spectfully addressed her, and read the This shocking, this inhuman spectacle, orders of the king: The heard him with- which would have forced the dagger out interruption; and, defiring to read from the hand of the most bloody althem herself, Ranzau delivered the paper faffin, made no impression upon the to her. Having read it quite through, mind of Ranzau and his banditti. They without betraying the leait sign of fear, united their coward strength against this The threw it upon the ground with con noble heroine; and Me fell at last breathtempt, and tried, “The character of less, and almost fainting, into the arms treachery in you, and of weakness in of one of the officers. As soon as she the king, is so strongly stamped upon had somewhat recovered, and it appeared this whole tranfaction; that I shall not evident that the could make no further obey there orders.' Ranzau entreated resistance, the was forced to dress herself her to conform to the commands of the in an adjoining chamber; and Ranzau, monarch. • Commands !' cried the, with who was mean and cruel enough to inindignation, commands of which he fult her with offensive and indecent lanblinilelf is ignorant-commands forced guage, led her to the carriage which by the most villainous treachery from waited to carry her to the fortrets of foolish imbecility—such commands Mall Cronenburg, never be obeyed by a queen!' Upon “ Major Kartenschoild, and another this, Ranzau grew more serious in his officer of fill inferior rank, entered the expoftulations; and informed her, that carriage with her; and the fourth fear
was filled by one of the most menial of fon did all in their power to keep his the queen's domeftics. During the mind from returning to an image which whole journey, the major fat by her with had once lo wholly occupied it. the naked sword in his hand. The “The principal charges against count: queen, oppressed by the deepest distress, Struensee were the followingremained silent during the whole jour « 1. A horrid design against the life Rey; but as soon as she saw the fortress
of his facred majesty. of Cronenburg, she awoke from her ~ II. An attempt to oblige the king melancholy trance, and cried with ve to resign his crown. hemence, Heavens! I am undone, my “ III. A criminal connection with lord has deferted me!' Upon her arrival in the fort, the uttered loud come “ IV. The improper manner in which plaints; and, overwhelmed with un he had educated the prince royal. Ipeakable distress, her knees refused s V. The great power and decisive their support, the sunk down upon the influence he had acquired in the fairs, and was dragged into her bed government of the state. chamber. The sight of a bed alarmed " VI. The manner in which he used her; she stepped back, and cried, 'Take this power and influence in the ad. me away, take me away! rest is not for ministration of affairs, the miserable! there is no rest for me!' “ The third article contains, perhaps, She was then put into a chair; her borom the only charge against Struensee, upon keaved with violent sighs, her whole which striet justice could have pronounce frame seemed agitated and convulsed ed sentence. This weak and irrefolute. with anguish, and Nae at last burst into man, depressed by misfortune, terrified tears. * Thanks to God,' cried the, by being threatened with the most exwith fervency, for this blesing! this cruciating tortures of the rack, confused is a comfort of which my enemies can- by the artful and ambiguous questions not rob me;' and hearing the voice of put to him, and perhaps enticed by a her infant daughter, the few to her faint hope, that the only means of with rapture :
* And art thou here, escape left him, would be to make his poor innocent creature?' cried the cause the cause of thequeen--made, upon
then is thy unfortunate mother not his examination on February the 21st, wholly wretched.' With the most a confeflion, delivered with all the conmoving affection the clasped the babe fusion natural to a distracted mind, by to her bosom, kissed it with ardency, which he highly impeached the characwhile a torrent of tears bedewed its ter of the queen, and cast a melancholy cheeks."
fhade over a certain period of her life. The English ambassador threatened This confession was a new crime, the most dreadful vengeance against the which roused the indignation of every Danilli court, if the person of the queen honest mind against him. were violated, or the lealt insult offered “ Previous to the grand trial of the her.
queen, commissioners were sent to exa$( The unfortunate Matilda was in mine her; of whom baron Schak-Raths the mean time solitary, deserted, and lau was the head. A long and tedious oppressed by the most exquisite dittrels, series of days spent in the most gloomy and the most dreadful uncertainty of folitude, the most exquilite distress, and the fate destined for her. Her tears, tormenting suspense, had not yet broke the company of her infant daughter, the fpirit of this noble princess. She who never quitted her knees, and the received the commissioners with an uns melancholy fatìsfaction of indulging affected dignity, which displayed in its her grief undisturbed by unfeeling wit- full extent the strength of her soul. A nesses, were her only comforts. It was long string of captious and distreffing tlíree days before her attendants, who questions which were put to her, were began to be seriousy apprehensive for not able to disconcert her; her answers her life, could prevail upon her to take were short, pertinent, and precise; the any nourishment, or to lie down upon calmly insisted, that de could not reher bed. The king had already for- proach herself with any crime: and her gotten her; and queen Juliana and her unexpected fortitude and coolness threly
the commissioners into the utmost em tions against herself, to which' nothing barrassment. The cunning Schak law was wanting to complete the triumph plainly that he must in vain attempt to of her enemies, but ber fignature. This cope with the understanding of the dreadful inttrument of her deftruction queen; but he hoped that her heart was renewed in the mind of the queen the not equally proof against his subtlety: moft violent emotion, and her whole and promised himself as complete frame was in the greatest agitation.. success in an
attack upon the tenderness Suddenly she seemed to exert her ute of her disposition, as the had in defeat moft foriitude; Me took a pen and being his sophistical reasoning. He there. gan, with trembling hand, to write her fore made use of a stratagem, in order
She had already finished the to procure from her that confeffion, letters CAROL when cafting a which alone could give validity to the glance at Schak, Me faw his eyes ea. sentence they were previously determined gerly fixed upon her hand: he tremto pronounce, that led him to an action, bled with impatience, and betrayed in by which his name will be for ever his face the malicious joy of triumphant branded with infamy:
treachery: In a moment she was con “ He abruptly informed the queen, vinced of the base arts practised against that count Struenfee, in his examination her, she threw away the pen, and cried on the 21st of February, had made a, with the strongest emotion, I am confeffion highly disgraceful to the ho- shamefully deceived ;... Struensee never nour and dignity of her majesty. "Im- accused me; I know him too well; he possible !' cried the astonished Matilda; never could have been guilty of fo great i Struensee never could make such a a crime.' -She endeavoured to rise, but confeffion; and, if he did, I deny every her strength failed her; the sunk down, thing he has said.' Schak was too fainted, and fell back into her feat. cunning to suffer her to recover from With the most impudent audacity Schak her fright and aftonifiment; but added then immediately took up the pen, put immediately, that Struensee had not it between her fingers, and grasping her only actually made this confeffion, but hand in his, he guided it; and before had confirmed it in his examination on the unfortunate princess again recoverthe following day, and had even ligne ed, she had added the letters INA ed it: but that, as the queen denied MATILDA to the former CAROL its truth, nothing but the most excru. The commissioners inmediately departe ciating tortures, and the most ignomi: ed, and left her alone. Their sudden nious death, could atone for so grofs a disappearance had the most dreadful violation of the majesty of the queen of effect upon the mind of the queen; the Denmark.
at once forefaw the whole of her terrible “ This was a thunderbolt to the misfortunes, She fwooned away fucunfortunate princess; the fell senseless cessively for a considerable time, grew back upon her chair; her colour left dangerously ill, and it was with diffi. her cheeks, and a deadly paleness oc- culty her life was saved. cupied its place. Her regard for her “ At her trial she was most ably honour struggled violently with her defended by Uhldal; but the third feelings. She at last recovered ; and session decided her fatė, me was formfaid, with a faltering voice, 'And if ally divorced for ever from her husband I confefs what Siruensee has said to be and it was seriously deliberated whether true; may he then hope for mercy at the infant princess Louisa ought or not the hand of his judges ?' She at the to be declared illegitimate. The counts sanie time cast her beautiful eyes at Struenfee and Brandt having been also count Schak, with a look full of fear pronounced guilty, it was ordered that and hope, and expressive of every thing their execution should take place upon her lips dared not to utter. The coun a large plain, contiguous to the city, tenance of Schak immediately cleared appropriated and prepared for that puro up; he bowed affent, in a manner pole. "This horrid fcene commenced at which the queen might interpret as fa nine o'clock on the morning of the vourably as fne plealed ; and prefented 28th. The Rev. Dr. Münter aslifted 19 her a paper, containing the accula- count Struensee, and the Rev. Mr. Heç
attended count Brandt, in their last de. But when she heard of the melancholy votions. Brandt mounted the scaffold end of her friends, the changed her firit; and it seemed, from the undir- resolution. Her brother, the king of turbed calmness of his behaviour, that England, had made an offer to the Datill that moment he had ftill hoped to nith court, to appoint her a residence receive mercy. His conscious innocence in the electorate of Hanover: this prohad fondly cherished this hope ; but potal was accepted ; and it was at the when he at last saw that all his expec- fame time agreed, that the should still tations were in vain, he prepared to keep the tiile and rank of a queen. Her meet his fate with mild resignation. He dower of two hundred and fifty thouwas execuied first: he heheld, with un fand dollars was returned, and an anfhaken firmness, the axe fever his right nuity of thirty thousand dollars fettled hand from his body; and with equal upon her for life. fortitude submitted his neck to the « On the 27th of May, two Englih stroke that 'deprived him of his life. frigates of thirty-two guns each, and a His head was taken up, and repeatedly cutter, arrived at Helsingör; and on exhibited to the innumerable Ipectators the 30th instant the queen left Cronen, that surrounded the bloody scaffold. burg. The last moments which this Struensee did not shew the fame cou. an iable princess spent in the Danish rage: his hand was cut off, in the most dominions, were distressing in the high-, aukward and painful manner, þy reite- elt degree. She was now under the ne.' rated strokes : he rose from the block ceflity of parting from her only comfort, with violence; and was obliged to be the only object of her affection, her inheld down by main force to receive the fant daughter ; and of leaving her in fatal blow. Both these executions were the hands of her fworn enemies. She conducted with great disorder, and loss fondly pressed for some minutes the babe of time; by which the sufferings of the to her bofom, and bedewed it with a unfortunate victims were cruelly and shower of tears: the then attempted to unnecessarily lengthened.
tear herself away; but the voice, the " This dreadful day was closed with smiles, the endearing motions of her inthe same inhumanity with which ic had fant, were chains that irresistibly drew been opened. Without the least neces- her back. At last the called up all her fity, a long circuit was taken, in drag- resolution, took her once more into her ging the melancholy remains of the arms, imprinted upon her lips, with the Eivo counts through the town to the impetuous ardour of distracting love, place where they were to be exposed to the farewel kiss, returned her to the public view.
attendant, and cried, Away, away! "Measures were now taken for the I now posseis nothing here.'-One of removal of queen Matilda from Cro- the king's boats carried her to the first nenburg. The small town of Aalborg frigate, and the squadron fet fail for in Jutland was first intended for her Stade, from whence she was to travel residence, and she herself seemed to wish by land to Zelle." to live within the Danish dominions.
REMARKABLE DOMESTIC EVENTS.
in the navy. They safely arrived at MUTINY,
Otaheite, and received on board a IR Joseph Banks having delivered great number of these trees, in various
his opinion, that the bread fruit itages of growin, and in full prefertrees of the Friendly Illands might be
But on thiir jiturii, which fuccessfully cultivated in the Welt in- commenced on the 27th of lalt April, dies, to prove a fuccedaneum for other while meditating their progi fs through provisions, in time of scarcity, the the Pacific Oceall, towards the M. lucBounty armed Nip was fitted out, and cas, captain Bligh and eighteen others failed in the auiumn of 1787, under the were forcibly committed to the long command of captain Bligh, a lieutenant bgat, by the rest of the crew, who had
entered into a conspiracy to secure the ject of the voyage was, to procure thip; for the purpole, it is thought, of plants for the Botanic Garden at Kew. returning to Otaheite, being mostly
SHIPWRECK. young men, and fascinated by the Circan blandishments of the female na The Vanfittart Indiaman was lost in tives. These desperadoes parted from the Streights of Billoton, in November their commander with three cheers, lat. The ship was on her voyage to after having very scantily supplied the China : she touched on a rock about a boat with provision. The boatswain, mile and a half from the shore, a sharp carpenter, gunner, furgeon's mate, two point of which instantly went through midshipmen, and one master's mate, her bottom. No lives were lost; but with Mr. Nelson the botanist, were of five of the seamen are missing, supposed the number of the unfortunate. A to have decamped with some of the file compafs and quadrant had been secured ver on board. by accident. On the 3'oth of April,
MURDER. the boat's crew landed on one of the About the middle of this month, the Friendly Isles, in the hopes of obtaining body of a foreigner was found in a an addition to their little stock; but they ditch near Belfont-lane, about thirteen were driven off by the natives, fo bo-' miles from London, mangled in a molt Ailely, that one man was killed and se. shocking manner. The duke of Cumveral wounded. After much delibera- berland's dogs traced the blood to the tion, it was at length determined to spot where the unhappy man lay. Sufproceed for Timor, although the distance picion falling on three men who were was calculated to be four thousand observed at Staines, in company with miles ! In order to make the most of the deceased; after diligent search, they their provisions, they restricted each were apprehended near East Smithfield, other to one ounce of bread, and one while purposing to enter on board any gill of water per day, and on which ship that might be about to leave the they continued to live till the 6th of kingdom. One of them is à Venetian; June following, when, on the coast of another, a Genoefe; and the third, a New Holland, they collected a few shell Ruflian; all sailors, who had landed at filh: with this scanty relief, they reached Portsmouth in the Crown Prince, a Timor on the 12thi, after having been Sardinian vessel, in company with the forty-six days in a crazy open boat, too deceased, who had been banished from fmail for one of thein to lie down, and Sardinia, his country, for a year. He without any awning to prote&t them had treated these miscreants in the most from the rain, which fell almost incef- friendly manner, during their journey ; fantly for forty days; the weather, but his money, amounting to less than allo, was fqually, and the sea heavy. twenty pounds, which he carried in a The Dutch governor, at Timor, como bag, attracted their fanguinary eyes, miserated the sufferings of this mi- and induced the death of their charitable serable company: they remained under companion. Several of the articles which his protection till the 20th of August; they took away, exclusive of the money, when they procured a vessel for Batavia, greatly tended to their conviction ; in which they reached on the second of last consequence of which, they are now October Captain Bligh arrived in separately confined, till a more comLondon on the 14th of March, leaving plete body of evidence can be brought his companions to follow as soon as a together. The duke of Cumberland paffage could be procured them. has ordered this prosecution to be care
The mafter's mate, named Fletcherried on at his own expence. Christian, of a good family, was the
FIRE. principal confpirator, who regularly ferved the watch from the time the ship The latter end of February a dread failes from England; so that there was ful fire broke out on the Surry fide of no poffibility of defeating his purpose, Westminster-bridge, which consumed while fufpicion was lulled to reit. 'The eleven houses, the property of Mr. number of these daring adventurers Morris, formerly carpenter to the Board was twenty-five.-The secondary obe of Works. A melancholy accident