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adventure happened to Mr. Banks, After ascertaining New Zealand Dr. Solander, and some others, in to be two islands, and after finding the course of a botanical excursion. fix months in exploring their coasts, Ascending a mountain in fearch of he made for New Holland; where plants, they were exposed to fo great he anchored, ín Botany Bay, on the a degree of cold, that Dr. Solander 28th of April 1770. Mr. Cook also was leized with a torpor, which had examined great part of the coasts of nearly put a period to his life. Two this extensive country; and, finding black fervants, attendants on these on his arrival at Batavia, that it adventurers, actually died. This would be dangerous to proceed to event took place in the midst of fum. Europe, without inspecting the Enmer, and at the close of a day, the deavour's bottom, he obtained leave beginning of which was as mild and from the governor to heave her warm as ihe month of May in Eng- down. Before the vessel was refitted, land.

the dreadful effects of that unhealthy Doubling Cape Horn, our navi- climate were felt. Mr. Banks and gator discovered several islands, moft Dr. Solander were attacked by feof which appeared to be inhabited, vers, and in a little time almost every and to be cloathed with the most person was fick. This occasioned beautiful verdure. On the rith of great delay; and even when the ship April, he arrived in fight of Ota- was ready for sea, the number of fick heite; and, on the 13th, the Endea- amounted to forty, and the rest of vour came to anchor in Port Royal the company were in a very feeble Bay, called by the natives Matavai. condition, It is rather fingular, The first object which engaged Mr. that the failmaker, an old man beCook's attention upon his arrival at tween seventy and cighty years of this place, does great honour to his age, who got drunk every day during good fenfe and humanity.

the time he resided at Batavia, was Sensible that his stay at the island the only person who preserved his was not likely to be long, and that health. Three seamen and a fervant much depended on the manner in died, with the surgeon, Tupia, and which the English fhould behave to his companion Tayeto. wards the natives, he drew up a fet Mr. Cook departed from Batavia of regulations for the mild conduct on the 27th of December, and diof his people, and gave express or rected his course for the Cape of ders that they should be strictly ob- Good Hope, after having taken in served.

fome refreshments and neceffaries; Having accomplished the grand but before he reached that place, the object of his expedition, Mr. feeds of disease, which had been reCook began to think of purfuing ceived at Batavia, appeared with his voyage, in obedience to his alarming symptoms, and reduced orders. Having got every thing in the ship's crew to a most melancholy readiness for his departure, and have fituation. Mr. Banks's life was aling taken on board Tupia, a native most defpaired of; and fo dreadful of the country, who brought with was the ravage of the diftemper, that him a boy of thirteen years of age, scarcely a night passed but some and earnestly entreated that he might dead body was committed to the be allowed to accompany the Eng. fea. In the course of six weeks, lish, our navigator weighed anchor, one of Mr. Banks's affiftants, his the 13th of July, after staying three natural history painter, the astronomonths at Qtaheite.

mer, the boatswain, the carpenter

and

and his mate, two mid thipmen, the On the 28th of November 1771, old failmaker and his atliftant, the our navigator was appointed to the ship’s cook, the corporal of the ma- command of the Resolution, of about rines, two of the carpenter's crew, four hundred and fixty-two tons bure and nine of the feamen, all Nared then; and about the same time Mr. the same fate. The whole of the Tobias Furneaux received the comlofs amounted to twenty-three, ex- mand of a smaller vessel named the clufive of the leven who died at Ba- Adventure. In the equipment of tavia.

these veffels, every poffible attention The Endeavour reached the Cape was bestowed; they were fupplied of Good Hope on the 15th of March with the best stores and provilions, 1771, where our navigator staid and every article suited to the nature till the 14th of April, to refit his of the expedicion was put on board of · veffel, and recover the fick. He them, belides abundance of anti-scorthen proceeded on his voyage; and, butics, such as malt, four krout, falta after touching at St. Helena, ar- ed cabbage, portable broth, faloup, rived in the Downs on the 12th of mustard, marmalade of carrots, and June in the fame year.

infpiffated juice of wort and beer. The fidelity, skill, and courage, The advancement of science was which Mr. Cook manifested, during equally consulted. Mr. W. Hodges, the course of this dangerous under- an eminent landscape painter, was taking, procured him the favour of engaged to make drawings of such government, and the more imined:- objects as could not be fo well comate protection of the sovereign. prehended from descriptions; Mr. Soon after his arrival, he was pro- John Reinhold Forster, and his son, moted to be a commander in his were appointed to explore the namajesty's navy, by a commission tural history of the countries they bearing date the 29th of August might vifit;' and Mr. William 1771. On this occasion, he wished Wales, and Mr. William Bayley, to have been appointed a poft cap- were chosen for the purpose of tain; but lord Sandwich, then at making aftronomical observations. the head of the admiralty, would The 9th of April 1772, captain not comply with his request, as it Cook failed from Deptford; and, on was inconsistent with the established the 3d of July, joined the Advenorder of the naval service.

ture in Plymouth Sound. From PlyThough captain Cook had fully mouth he departed on the 13th of accomplished the principal object the same month; and having touchof bis voyage, and though he had ed at Madeira, to obtain a supply of afterwards traversed great part of water, wine, and other necessaries, the Pacific ocean, and explored the proceeded on his voyage; but finde coasts of New Zealand and New ing that his water would not last to Holland, he had not been able to the Cape of Good Hope, without determine the question, whether a putting his men to short allowance, Terra Australis Incognita, or south- he resolved to touch at St. Jago, ern continent, had existence in fact, one of the Cape de Verd islands, iz To determine this point, there. order to get a fresh stock, The 10th fore, of so much importance to of August he arrived at Port Praya, geography and navigation, a second and having accordingly procured a expedition was planned, at the in- fufficiency of water, and other reftance of his majesty, and captain frethments, put to lea again on the Cook was deemed best qualified to 14th. undertake it.

[To be continued.] VOL. II.

K

REVIEW

REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.

his orders must be obeyed, and without ELUCIDATION OF THE HISTORY OF

loss of time. "Till I have seen the COUNTS STRUENSEE AND BRANDT, &c. CONCLUDED FROM P. 53.

king,' returned fhe, ' your orders shall

not be executed upon me. Bring me OUNT Ranzau, accompanied to him immediately; I muft, I will see C other officers, repaired to the chamber the door, but Ranzau stopped her; he where llept the beautiful and amiable grew impatient, and his entreaties were queen Matilda. The noise occafioned changed into threats. “Wretch! cried by their entrance into the anti-chamber the enraged princess, is this the lanalarmed her, and he called her attend, guage of a fubject to his queen? Go, ants. Pale and trembling they entered thou most contemptible of beings! go the apartment; fear had rendered them from my sight, covered with your own incapable of anfwering her questions. infamy, but never feared by me!'Terrified by these appearances, the rcse The pride of Ranzau was touched; he to enquire herself into the cause of their cast an enraged look at his officers, terror; when one of them informed her fraught with a dreadful meaning; and that count Ranzau, accompanied by a the boldest of them stepped forward to train of officers, had entered the anti- seize the defencelels princess. She tore chamber, and desired to be announced herself from his arms, and called for to her in the name of the king. • Ran- help with all her strength, but in vain, zau!' cried the, ' and in the name of for no affiftance was at hand. Thus, the king! Run to Struensee, and call struggling alone against armed men, him to my assistance. She was then distracted with rage and despair, the informed that Struensee had been fe- few to the window, tore it open, cured and carried to prison. 'I am and attempted to throw herself out. betrayed, I am undone, I am lost for One of the officers held her in the very ever! But,' added she, more moment: her fury now knew no bounds; posedly, let the traitors come in; I he seized him by the hair, and dragged am prepared to meet my fate.' Half him to the ground: a second attacked dresfed, she went to meet them with the her; and with equal strength and coumost undaunted fortitude. Ranzau re- rage she disengaged herself from him. fpectfully addressed her, and read the This shocking, this inhuman spectacle, orders of the king: the heard him with which would have forced the dagger out interruption; and, defiring to read from the hand of the most bloody althem herself, Ranzau delivered the paper faffin, made no impression upon the to her. Having read it quite through, mind of Ranzau and his banditti. They without betraying the leait sign of fear, united their coward strength against this the threw it

upon

the ground with con- noble heroine; and Me fell at last breathtempt, and cried, • The character of less, and almost fainting, into the arms treachery in you, and of weakness in of one of the officers. As soon as the the king, is lo strongly stamped upon had somewhat recovered, and it appeared this whole tranfaction, that I'fhall not evident that the could make no further obey thele orders.' Ranzau entreated resistance, she was forced to dress herself her to conform to the commands of the in an adjoining chamber; and Ranzau, monarch. “Commands !' cried the, with who was mean and cruel enough to inindignation, commands of which he sult her with offensive and indecent lan· binilelf is ignorant-commands forced guage, led her to the carriage which by the most villainous treachery, from waited to carry her to the fortrets of foolish imbecility-fuch commands Mall Cronenburg, never be obeyed by a queen!' Upon Major Kartenschoild, and another this, Ranzau grew more serious in his officer of ftill inferior rank, entered the expoltulations ; and informed her, that carriage with her; and the fourth fear

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was filled by one of the most menial of fon did all in their power to keep his the queen's domestics. During the mind from returning to an image which whole journey, the major fat by her with had once lo wholly occupied it. the naked sword in his hand. The « The principal charges against count: queen, oppressed by the deepest distress, Struensee were the followingremained silent during the whole jour- "1. A horrid design against the life Rey; but as soon as flae saw the fortress

of his facred majesty. of Cronenburg, she awoke from her " II. An attempt to oblige the king melancholy trance, and cried with ve- to resign his crown. hemence, Heavens! I am undone, my « III. A criminal connection with lord has deferted me!' Upon her ar

the queen rival in the fort, she uttered loud come IV. The improper manner in which plaints; and, overwhelmed with un- he had educated the prince royal. Ipeakable distress, her knees refused V. The great power and decisive their support, the sunk down upon the influence he had acquired in the kairs, and was dragged into her bed- government of the state. chamber. The sight of a bed alarmed " VI. The manner in which he used her; she stepped back, and cried, “Taķe this power and influence in the ad. me away, take me away! rest is not for ministration of affairs, the miserable! there is no rest for me!' “ The third article contains, perhaps, She was then put into a chair; her borom the only charge against Struensee, upon keaved with violent fighs, her whole which strict justice could have pronounce frame seemed agitated and convulled ed sentence. This weak and irresolute. with anguish, and Nae at last burst into man, depressed by misfortune, terrified tears. Thanks to God,' cried the, by being threatened with the most exwith fervency, for this blessing ! this cruciating tortures of the rack, confused is a comfort of which my enemies can- by the artful and ambiguous questions not rob me;' and hearing the voice of put to him, and perhaps enticed by a her infant daughter, the flew to her faint hope, that the only means of with rapture :

* And art thou here, elcape left him, would be to make his poor innocent creature ?' cried the, cause the cause of the queen--made, upon

then is thy unfortunate mother not his examination on February the 21st, wholly wretched.' With the most a confeflion, delivered with all the conmoving affection the clasped the babe fusion natural to a distracted mind, by to her bofom, kissed it with ardency, which he highly impeached the characwhile a torrent of tears bedewed its ter of the queen, and cast a melancholy.. cheeks.''

shade over a certain period of her life. The English ambassador threatened This confession was new crime, the most dreadful vengeance against the which roused the indignation of every Danish court, if the person of the queen honest mind against him. were violated, or the lealt insult offered Previous to the grand trial of the her.

queen, commissioners were sent to exa" The unfortunate Matilda was in mine her; of whom baron Schak-Raththe mean time folitary, deserted, and lau was the head. A long and tedious oppressed by the most exquisite dittrels, series of days spent in the most gloomy and the most dreadful uncertainty of folitude, the most exquilite distress, and the fate destined for her. Her tears, tormenting suspense, had not yet broke the company of her infant daughter, the fpirit of this noble princess. She who never quitted her knees, and the received the commissioners with an uns melancholy satisfaction of indulging affected dignity, which displayed in its her grief undisturbed by unfeeling wit- full extent the strength of her soul. A nesses, were her only comforts. It was long string of captious and distressing three days before her attendants, who questions ivhich were put to her, were began to be feriously apprehensive for not able to disconcert her; her answers her life, could prevail upon her to take were short, pertinent, and precise; the any nourilhment, or to lie down upon calmly insisted, that de could not reher bed. The king had already for- proach herself with any crime: and bec gotten her; and queen Juliana and her unexpected fortitude and coolness threvy

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the commissioners into the utmost em. tions against herfelf, to which nothing barrassment. The cunning Schak law was wanting to complete the triumph plainly that he must in vain attempt to of her enemies, but her fignature. This cope with the understanding of the dreadful initrument of her destruction queen; but he hoped that her heart was renewed in the mind of the queen the not equally proot against his fubilety: moft violent emotion, and her whole and he promised himself as complete frame was in the greatest agitation.. success in an attack upon the tenderness Suddenly the feemed to exert her ut. of her disposition, as Me had in defeat- moft foriitude; she took a pen and being his fophistical reasoning. He there. gan, with trembling hand, to write her fore made use of a stratagem, in order

She had already finished the to procure from her that confession, letters CAROL- when cafting a which alone could give validity to the glance at Schak, she saw his eyes easentence they were previoully determined geily fixed upon her hand: he trem. to pronounce, that led him to an action, bled with impatience, and betrayed in by which his name will be for ever his face the malicious joy of triumphant branded with infamy.

treachery. In a moment fhe was con" He abruptly informed the queen, vinced of the base arts practifed against that count Struensee, in his examination her, the threw away the pen, and cried on the 21st of February, had made a, with the strongest emotion, I am confeffion highly disgraceful to the ho- hamefully deceived ; . Struensee never nour and digniry of her majesty. !Im- accused me; I know him too well; he possible!' cried the astonished Matilda ; never could have been guilty of fo great

Struensee never could make such a a crime.'-She endeavoured to rise, but confellion; and, if he did, I deny every her strength failed her; the sunk down, thing he has laid.' Schak was too fainted, and fell back into her feat. cunning to suffer her to l'ecover from With the most impudent audacity Schak her fright and astonishment; but added then immediately took up the pen, put immediately, that Struenfee had not it between her fingers, and grasping her only actually made this confeffion, but hand in his, he guided it; and before had confirmed it in his examination on the unfortunate princess again recover. the following day, and had even fign- ed, she had added the letters INA ed it: but that, as the queen denied MATILDA to the former CAROLits truth, nothing but the most excru- The commissioners immediately departe ciating tortures, and the most ignomi, ed, and left her alone. Their fudden nious death, could atone for so gross a disappearance had the most dreadful violation of the majesty of the queen of effect upon the mind of the queen; the Denmark.

at once forefaw the whole of her terrible “ This was a thunderbolt to the misfortunes. She swooned away fuco unfortunate princess; the fell fenseless ceffively for a considerable time, grew back upon her chair; her colour left dangerously ill, and it was with diffi. her cheeks, and a deadly paleness oc- culty her life was saved. cupied its place. Her regard for her « At her trial she was most ably honour ftruggled violently with her defended by Uhldal; but the third feelings. She at last recovered ; and feflion decided her fatė, Me was form. faid, with a faltering voice, And if ally divorced for ever from her husband; I confefs what Siruensee has said to be and it was seriously deliberated whether true; may he then hope for mercy at the infant princess Louisa ought or not the hand of his judges' She at the to be declared illegitimate. The counts same time cast her beautiful eyes at Struensee and Brandt having been also count Schak, wish a look full of fear pronounced guilty, it was ordered that and hope, and expressive of every thing their execution should take place upon her lips dared not to utter. The coun- a large plain, contiguous to the city, tenance of Schak immediately cleared appropriated and prepared for that pur. up; he bowed affent, in a manner pole. This horrid scene commenced at which the queen might interpret as fa- nine o'clock on the morning of the vourably as the pleated ; and prefented 28th. The Rev. Dr. Münter affitted i her a paper, containing the accufa- count Struensee, and the Rev. Mr. Heç

attended

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