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of the adjoining trees, which it might sometimes seen a tract of land, which have eafily torn up, had it not been at other times disappears, and is seen entangled in some clefts of the rock, again in another place. Buræus has whence it could not extricate itself, placed it as an island in his map. but putrified on the spot.

The peasants, who call it gummar's Pontoppidon mentions no account ore, say, that it is not always visible, he has ever received of this monster and that it lies out in the open sea; proving fatal to any person ; but but it never fell under my inspection. relates a report of the danger of two One Sunday, when I was out among fishermert, who arrived at a part of the rocks, founding the coasts, it the water covered with a quantity happened that, in one place, I saw of the creature's thick flimy excre- fomething like three points of land ments : they immediately strove to in the sea, which surprized me a row off, but were not quick enough little, as I thought I had inade in turning, to Tave the boat from one vertently passed them over before. of the. Kraken's horns, which fo On this I called to a peasant to encrushed its prow, that it was with quire for gummar's ore; but when difficulty they faved their lives on he came, we could see nothing of it: the wreck, though the weather was on which the peasant faid all was perfectly calm. The excrements of well, and that this prognosticated this animal are said to be attractive a storm, or a quantity of fish.” of other fifh, on which it feeds. To this our author subjoins, “Who This expedient was probably neces- cannot discover that this gummar's fary to its subsistence, on account of ore, with its points, and prognostiits now unwieldy motion ;' as this cations of fishes, was the Kraken, flow musion again may be necessary mistaken for an island by Buræus!" to the fecurity of a ship, which The crew of a veffel, returning would certainly be overwhelmed on from the north feas to Scotland, encountering such an immense ani. about four years since, were alarmed, mal, if its velocity was equal to its in the course of their passage, by the weight.

appearance of an enormous animal, In confirmation of the reality of which they supposed to be the Krathis monster, our learned author ken. The account given by them, cites the description of Faroe by in an affidavit voluntarily sworn to, Debes, for the existence of certain does not tend to contradict any preislands, which suddenly appear, and vious affertion, as to its amazing as suddenly vanish. Many feafaring magnitude. people, he adds, give accounts of The bishop takes the Kraken, prosuch, particularly in the north seas ; bably from its numerous tentacula, which their fuperftition has either which serve it as feet, to be of the afcribed to the delusion of the devil, polype kind; and the contemplation or confidered as inhabited by evil of its enormous bulk, led him to ap{pirits. However, Pontoppidon fup ply some passages in the sacred poses such mistaken islands to be no- writings as descriptive of it. thing else but the Kraken; in which After paying a just tribute of re. opinion he is greatly confirmed by fpect to the moral character and phi. be subsequent quotation from Dr. lofophical abilities of our author, Hierne, a learned Swede, and which we must admit the possibility of this is certainly a very remarkable pas- creature's, existence, as it implies no sage. Among the rocks, about contradiction ; though it seems to Stockholm,” says he, “ there is appose a general prepoßefsion of the


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whale's being the largest animal in

SINGULAR INSTANCE nature. But, were we to suppose a

OF AFFECTION, DISCOVERED IN A falmon or a sturgeon the largest fish any number of persons had ever seen or heard of, and that the whale had

[Transmitted by a Correspondent.] discovered himself as seldom, and THE anecdote of a leveret, nur, but in part, like the Kraken; then tured by a cat, which is mentioned it will be easily conceived, that the by Mr. White, in his History and existence of the whale had been as Antiquities of Selborne #, calls to unwillingly credited as that of the my remembrance an incident nearly Kraken is now. Indeed, by the same fimilar to it, which happened some mode of reasoning, we are warranted years since at the house of a gentlein supposing the existence of a yet man of my acquaintance. A fox greater animal

, and of a distinct had been dug out of its earth, and fpecies from the Kraken: to ascer- was brought one evening to the tain the immense multitudes of fish, house to be kept till the next mornof different sizes, which inhabit the ing, when it was to be turned out sea, is confessedly beyond the power before a pack of hounds. A female of any one : why, therefore, may rabbit, with two fucking young not our ideas as to the magnitude ones, were procured for his refrethof a particular monster, where so ment, and the fox accordingly ate many are known to reside, be equally up the old rabbit for his fupper ; subject to error? Some may suppose, but in the night he found means of that such an extensive monster as the effecting his escape. A cat, who Kraken would encroach on the sym- had lately kittened in the house, metry of nature, and be over pro- found fuck for the young rabbits; portionate to the size of the globe and taking compassion on the poor oritself; as a little retrospection will phans, nourished them as fhe would inform us, that the breadth of what have done her own offspring,' and is seen of it, supposing it nearly seemed even to pay them uncommon round, must be full two thousand attention ; for the frequently carried fix hundred feet; and its thickness, them in her mouth to different parts which may be called its altitude, at of the house, even into garrets, for least three hundred. Nevertheless, greater security from any enemies we apprehend that these immense who, fhe apprehended might injure dimensions will noi argue conclu- them, and more particularly from a fively against the existence of the young terrier who was also kept in animal, though considerably against the house. One of these rabbits died a numerous increase or propagation in two or three days, but the other of it. In fact, the great scarcity of lived till it was able to run about the the Kraken, its confinement to the house after its nurse, who continued north sea, and perhaps to similar la- to treat it with the utmost tenderness titudes in the south, the small num- and affection, but whose cares were ber propagated by the whale, whick unavailing to preserve her adopted is viviparous, and by the largest from the enemy fhe most fufpected, land animals, of which the elephant the terrier, who finally demolished is said to go two years


the poor rabbit, to the great grief all incline us to conclude, from the of its tender foster-mother. analogy of nature, that this montier

* See the Historical Magazine, Vol. I, js by no means numerous.

page 246.




Charles Green was appointed to affift LIFE OF

Mr. Cook in conducting the aftroCAPTAIN JAMES COOK.

nomical part of the voyage. Ho [Compiled from Dr. Kippis's late Publi

was accompanied also by Joseph cation.] Continued from page 47.

Banks, esq. now fir Joseph Banks,

bart, and Dr. Solander, with the HE person originally fixed noblest of all views, that of pro

upon to superintend the expe- moting the cause of science, and dition to the Friendly Ines, was Mr. enlarging human knowledge. Dalrymple, a member of the Royal Mr. Cook was directed, after he Society, who had distinguished him- had accomplished his main business, self by his knowledge of the geogra- to proceed in making further discophy of the southern ocean. This veries in the great fouthern seas, gentleman, though not regularly The complement of the Endeavour, bred to the sea, insisted on having a consisted, with the commander, of brevet commission, as captain of the eighty-five persons. She was vic-' veffel, previous to his departure. Sir tualled for eighteen months, and ten Edward Hawke, then at the head of carriage and twelve swivel guns were the admiralty, strongly opposed this fent on board of her, with abundance measure, declaring he would rather of ammunition, and all other neces. suffer his right hand to be severed fary stores. from his body, than sign such a com On the 30th of July 1768, Mr. miffion. Both parties being inflexis Cook failed from Deptford; and on ble, it was necessary to look for some the 13th of August anchored in other person to conduct the expedi- Plymouth Sound, from whence he tion; and Mr. secretary Stephens proceeded to sea, and reached Mahaving recommended Mr. Cook, he deira on the 13th of September. Afwas appointed to this important fer- ter having laid in a fresh stock of vice, and promoted, on the 25th of beef, water, and wine, at this island, May 1968, to the rank of lieutenant he pursued his voyage; but on the

7th of November, finding that feSir Hugh Palliser was ordered to veral articles of the ship's provisions provide a vessel suited for the in- were likely to fall mort, he detertended voyage; and with Mr. Cook's mined to touch at Rio de Janeiro, assistance, whose judgment he re- where he had no doubt of meeting fpected, he fixed upon one of three with a friendly reception. In this, hundred and seventy tons burthen, however, he was disappointed; and which was named the Endeavour though he received a fupply of wasome time afterwards.

ter, and a few common necessaries, In the mean while, captain Wal. he could not make the viceroy, who lis, having returned from his voyage appears to have been jealous of the round the world, fignified to the designs of the English, comprehend Royal Society, that Port Royal hare the true intent of the expedition. bour, in King George's Island, which The Endeavour got under fail on he discovered, and which is now the 7th of December; and on the known by the name of Otaheite, 14th of January 1769, Mr. Cook would be the most eligible situation entered the Strait of Le Maire, and for observing the transit. His opi- next day anchored in the Bay of nion was therefore adopted. Mr. Good Success, where a remarkable


in the navy


adventure happened to Mr. Banks, After ascertaining New Zealand Dr. Solander, and some others, in to be two islands, and after fpynding the course of a botanical excursion. six months in exploring their coasts, Ascending a mountain in search of he made for New Holland; where plants, they were exposed to so great he anchored, ín Botany Bay, on the a degree of cold, that Dr. Solander 28th of April 1770. Mr. Cook also was leized with a torpor, which had examined great part of the coasts of nearly put a period to his life. Two this extensive country; and, finding black fervants, attendants on these on his arrival at Batavia, that it adventurers, actually died. This would be dangerous to proceed to event took place in the midst of fam. Europe, without inspecting the Enmer, and at the close of a day, the deavour's bottom, he obtained leave beginning of which was as mild and from the governor to heave her warm as the month of May in Eng- down. Before the vessel was refitted, land.

the dreadful effects of that unhealthy Doubling Cape Horn, our navi- climate were felt. Mr. Banks and gator discovered several islands, moft Dr. Solander were attacked by feof which appeared to be inhabited, vers, and in a little time almoft every and to be cloathed with the most person was fick. This occafioned beautiful verdure. On the orth of great delay; and even when the ship April, he arrived in fight of Ota- was ready for sea, the number of fick heite; and, on the 13th, the Endea- amounted to forty, and the rest of vour came to anchor in Port Royal the company were in a very feeble Bay, called by the natives Matavai. condition. It is rather fingular, The firft object which engaged Mr. that the failmaker, an old man beCook's attention upon his arrival at tween seventy and eighty years of this place, does great honour to his age, who got drunk every day during good sense and humanity.

the time he resided at Batavia,' was Sensible that his stay at the island the only person who preserved his was not likely to be long, and that health. Three seamen and a fervant much depended on the manner in died, with the surgeon, Tupia, and which the Englifh should behave to his companion Tayeto. wards the natives, he drew up a fet Mr. Cook departed from Batavia of regulations for the mild conduct on the 27th of December, and diof his people, and gave express or• rected his course for the Cape of ders that they should be strictly ob- Good Hope, after having taken in served.

fome refreshments and neceffaries; Having accomplished the grand but before he reached that place, the object of his expedition, Mr. feeds of disease, which had been reCook began to think of purfuing ceived at Batavia, appeared with his voyage, in obedience to his alarming symptoms, and reduced orders. Having got every thing in the ship's crew to a most melancholy readinefs for his departure, and hav- fituation. Mr. Banks's life was aling taken on board Tupia, a native most despaired of; and fo dreadful of the country, who brought with was the ravage of the diftemper, that him a boy of thirteen years of age, scarcely a night paffed but some and earnestly entreated that he might dead body was committed to the be allowed to accompany the Eng. fea. In the course of fix weeks, lifh, our navigator weighed anchor, one of Mr. Banks's affiftants, his the 13th of July, after Itaying three natural history painter, the astronomonths at Qtaheite.

mer, the boatswain, the carpenter


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and his mate, two midhipmen, the On the 28th of November 177i, old failmaker and his alliftant, the our navigator was appointed to the hip’s cook, the corporal of the ma- command of the Resolution, of about rines, two of the carpenter's crew, four hundred and fixty-two tons burand nine of the feamen, all shared then; and about the same time Mr. the same fate. The whole of the Tobias Furneaux received the comlofs amounted to twenty-three, ex- mand of a smaller vessel named the clusive of the seven who died at Ba- Adventure. In the equipment of tavia.

these vessels, every possible attention The Endeavour reached the Cape was bellowed; they were supplied of Good Hope on the 15th of March with the best stores and provisions, 1771, where our navigator staid and every article suited to the nature till the 14th of April, to refit his of the expedition was put on board of veffel, and recover the fick. He them, belides abundance of anti-scorthen proceeded on his voyage; and, butics, such as malt, four krout, falta after touching at St. Helena, ar- ed cabbage, portable broth, faloup, rived in the Downs on the 12th of mustard, marmalade of carrots, and June in the fame

inspiffated juice of wort and beer. The fidelity, skill, and courage, The advancement of science was which Mr. Cook manifested, during equally consulted. Mr. W. Hodges, the course of this dangerous under- an eminent landscape painter, was taking, procured him the favour of engaged to make drawings of such government, and the more immed:- objects as could not be so well comate protection of the fovereign. prehended from descriptions; Mr. Soon after his arrival, he was pro. John Reinhold Forster, and his son, moted to be a commander in his were appointed to explore the namajesty's navy, by a commission tural history of the countries they bearing date the 29th of August might vifit; and Mr. William 1771. On this occasion, he wished Wales, and Mr. William Bayley, to have been appointed a post cap- were chosen for the purpose of tain; but lord Sandwich, then at making aftronomical observations. the head of the admiralty, would The 9th of April 1772, captain not comply with his request, as it Cook failed from Deptford; and, on was inconfiftent with the established the 3d of July, joined the Advenorder of the naval service.

ture in Plymouth Sound. From PlyThough captain Cook had fully mouth he departed on the 13th of accomplished the principal object the same month; and having touchof his voyage, and though he had ed at Madeira, to obtain a supply of afterwards traversed great part of water, wine, and other neceffaries, the Pacific ocean, and explored the proceeded on his voyage; but finde coasts of New Zealand and New ing that his water would not last to Holland, he had not been able to the Cape of Good Hope, without determine the question, whether a putting his men to short allowance, Terra Australis Incognita, or fouth. he resolved to touch at St. Jago, ern continent, had existence in fact, one of the Cape de Verd islands, inz To determine this point, there- order to get a fresh stock, The 10th fore, of so much importance to of August he arrived at Port Praya, geography and navigation, a second and having accordingly procured a expedition was planned, at the in- fufficiency of water, and other reStance of his majesty, and captain freshments, put to tea again on the Cook was deemed best qualified to 14th. undertake it,

[To be continued.] VOL. II.



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