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the crown, he was greatly alarmed, kill on the watch for an advanta. and fent an express to his father-in- geous move. At length the opporlaw, king James, to acquaint him tunity arrived, when the colonel exwhat number of forces he and Ar- ultingly said, “ Now, Sir, I Mall gyle had, and where they intended' beat you ; for I am going to make to land ; and offered to come in per- a king."-" Then," said the moson himself to head the army against narch, looking fignificantly, “ you him. This intelligence put a speedy cannot make a more unhappy thing!" end to the rebellion, which might not have been fo foon quashed, if

WHIMSICAL EFFECTS the prince of Orange had not perceived that he catched at the crown, which he longed so much for himself. THE pafsion of fear fometimes King James is blamed for cutting the news itself upon the flightest oc. duke of Monmouth off fo hastily, cafion, and in persons the most unand denying to hear what he had to likely to entertain such a guest. A fay to him before his death ; but French author relates a whimsical this was owing to the advice of the instance of this kind. Charles Gul earl of Sunderland, and others of the tavus (the fucceffor of Christina king's council, wbo deceived the of Sweden) was besieging Prague, king in this matter, as they well when a boor of most extraordinary knew that he would make discoveries, visage desired admittance to his tent, which would defeat the revolution, and, being allowed entrance, offered, which they were then meditating to by way of amusing the king, to deeffect, by putting the king upon your a whole hog, weighing two measures to alienate the affections of hundred weight, in his presence, his people from him. When the The old general Konigsmarc, who prince of Orange was told by fome, stood by the king's fide, and who, who were ignorant of the grand fe- soldier as he was, had not got rid cret between them, that the earl of of the prejudices of his childhood, Sunderland had turned Roman ca- hinted to his royal master, that the tholic, he, without surprise, merrily peasant ought to be burnt as a forreplied, " Let him turn any thing, cerer.

“ Šir," said the fellow, ire rather than turn out."

ritated at the remark, “ if your majesty will but make that old gen

tleman take off his sword and his RECENT ANECDOTE

spurs, I will eat him before your OF HIS PRESENT MAJESTY.

face, before I begin the pig !" GeAT the late unhappy period of neral Koningfmarc (who had, at the king's illness, when every word the head of a body of Swedes, per, was weighed, when every look forined wonders against the Aufwas scanned, several of the attend- trians, and who was looked upon as ants at Windsor were more than one of the bravest men of the age) once thrown into astonishment at could not stand this proposal, el the remarks of their illustrious fuf. pecially as it was accompanied by serer.

à moft hideous and preternatural One afternoon colonel G expansion of the frightful peasant's was defired to play a game at jaws. Without uttering a word, draughts with the fovereign, by the veteran suddenly turned round, way of pafling away the time. His ran out of the court, and thought majesty, as at other intervals, un- himself not fafe until he had arcommonly lucid, kept his adversary's rived that his quarters, where he



remained above twenty-four hours on my word, my dear Voltaire, I do locked up, securely, before he got not conceive what you are about : rid of the panic which had fo severe for some time you have chosen ta ly affected him.

borrow the verses of others, and

pass them off as your own. VolANECDOTES

taire vowed that the verses were his OF THE KING OF PRUSSIA.

own, and that he had but that mos OLD Frederick had a great be," said the king; “ but I have

ment finished them. " That may opinion of the utility of experi- jut seen an Englishman who has ence. — A very young graduate presented a petition, requesting his already shewn them to me as his." majesty would appoint him a fu. Having made this remark, Frederick preme general. The king wrote

fent for the Englishman, to whom under his petition—"Turn to your hear the verses you thewed me this

he said, “ Be so good as to let me Bible, and in the tenth chapter and fifth verse of the fecond book of morning." The Englishman reSamuel, you will find thus writ- peated them without omitting a fin ten:

Tarry at Jericho until your gle syllable. “He must be the de beard is grown, and then come

vil !” exclaimed Voltaire in a rage.

The king, after amusing hijnself for again."

some time with his fury, owned to It has been remarked, that Fre- him the trick, and finifhed by making derick knew men well, and was

the Englisman a present for the an excellent judge of their merit; pleasure which he had afforded him, many instances, however, might be

Before Voltaire avowed himself given in which he was deceived. the author of the Maid of Orleans, Before general Laudohn entered into

Frederiek pretended that it was 112the service of the emperor, he of- jurious to the first wit in France fered himself to Frederick, and asked

to attribute to him so infamous a to serve in his troops. “ That man's rhapsody ; but no fooner did Vol. phyfiognomy does not please me," taire adopt it, than the king made said the king on seeing him; and he Algarotti read it to him, and said, declined his offers, of which he had

" This is not the poem I have seen ; much reason to repent.

this is charming! No person but

Voltaire is capable of such a work.” Whilst Voltaire was at Potz-. It was, however, the very fame ; dam, an Englifiman arrived, who, but such is the influence of names! told the king, that he could retain word for word a tolerably long dif In his youth, Frederick was not course, after hearing it once read. insensible to the pleafures of love, Frederick put him to the test, and but he liked to fly from beauty to the Englishman succeeded. At this beauty, and never attached himself moment Voltaire is announced, who to any particular fernale. He said came to read a little copy of verses, to fome person who was speaking to which he had just finished, to the him of this fickleness, “ It is the king. To amuse himself, Frederick women's fault, not mine.

I have hid the Englilaman in an adjoining fought for one to fix me, who has cabinet, recommending to him to more virtue than prudence. All get by heart what the poet was those I have known, have coquetted about to read. Voltaire enters, and with me for fix months for a lovefecites his verses. The king listens letter, and in three days capitulated to them coldly, and observes, " Up- for all the rest. I lhall not change




my conduct, till I find one who will the whole company burst into a grant me the love-letter in three loud laugh; but the king, interé days, and go no farther for life.” rupting their mirth, said very grave

iy, The title bestowed on ine by A soldier, subject to get drunk, this good woman, is not so ridiculous was accused of blafphemy, of saying as you may imagine. I have been a great many injurious things of the a jeluit, and have consequently a king, and speaking ill of the ma• right to the appellation of revcrend giltrates of the town where he was father ; I have been a cardinal, and, in garrison. The magittrates, who every body knows that cardinals are wished to revenge themselves, did all fathers--of the church ; I have not fail to pronounce a lovere sen-, been a king, and of course father of tence against him, condemning him my people ; I am now an abbe, as guilty of crimen {æ majeftatis and does not St. Paul say, Abba both divine and human. The fen- pater ?” This, says the relater of this tence being sent to Frederick, he anecdote, is the only good thing that wrote--" If the fellow has blaf- Casınir was ever heard to say duphemed God, it is for God to pardon ring his residence in France. bim ; what he has said agajnit ine, 1 pardon; but for having fpoken ill

ANECDOTE. of the magistrates, I order him to be [From the Collection of J. P. Andrews, kept four-and-twenty hours under

F. A.S.) arrest,"


IN the memoirs of captain Carleton, (a book deserving credit, as

the author was a veteran, of good IF a single young woman profe- family, and irreproachable characcutes a single man for a rape, the ter) remarkable testimony is given ecclefiaftical judges impannel a hiry; to the bravery of James duke of and if this jury find him guilty, he York, particularly in the celebrated is so returned to the spiritual courts,' fight of May 28, 1672 ; in which where, if he is found guilty, the he was obliged to change bis ship dumnster, (that is the temporal judge)' several times, • Nevertheleis,' delivers to the woman a rope, a' says the author, ." on his entrance: sword, and a ring, and the has it in upon the London, which was the her choice to have him hanged, or ship I was in, and on our hoisting beheaded, or to marry him. the standard, De Ruyter and his

squadron seemed to double their fire ANECDOTE

upon her, as if they resolved to blow OF APOLISH KING.

her out of the water. NatwithJOHN Casmir, late king of Po- standing all which, the duke of land, who died in France, dining York remained all the time on one day in public at his abbey at: quarter-deck, and as the bullets St. Thaurin d'Evreux, asked a wo- plentifully whizzed around him, man who was standing near him, would often rub his hands and cry, of what country live was. The wo Spragg, Spragg, they follow us man, dazzled with the splendour of still.” He adds, I am very fenmajetty, was so confused that she fible later times have not beca knew not what to answer. At length, over-favourable in their sentiments however, after itaminering some of that unfortunate prince's valour, time, she said " My reverend father, yet I cannot omic the doing a piece I was born at Evreux." On which of justice to his memory, in relating

a mat

a matter of fact of which my own to speak of this unhappy prince as a eyes were witnesses, and saying, great saint, and a martyr? This is that if intrepidity and undaunted- what they constantly do, especially ness may be reckoned any parts of on the thirtieth of January. King 'courage, no man in the fleet better Charles is upon this folemnity often deserved the name of courageous, compared to our Lord Jesus Christ, or behaved himself with more gal- both in respect of the holiness of his lantry, than he did.”

life, and the greatness and injustice And yet

this very duke of York, of his sufferings; and it is a wonder when become king of Great Britain they do not add something concernand Ireland, could demean himself ing the merits of his death also. fo far as to desert his friends and But blessed saint, and royal martyr, his troops after the battle of the are as humble titles as any that are Boyne, at a period when his army thought worthy of him. might have been recruited with “Now this may, at first view, cafe, and when affairs were in well appear to be a very strange fuch a situation in Great Britain *, phænomenon. For king Charles through the cabals of the profligate was really a man black with guilt, great, that a little steadiness and a and · laden with iniquity,' (Isaiah moderate exertion of personal cou- i. 4.) as appears by his crimes berage, must have insured him an easy fore mentioned. He lived a tyrant; restoration.

and it was the oppression and vio

lence of his reign, that brought him Mr. EDITOR,

to his untimely and violent end at

laft. Now what of saintship or inarAs the Conductor of a Magazine, whose tyrdom is there in all this? What

ality, I send you the following Enquiry, of saintship is there in encouraging by Dr. Mayhew, into the mysterious people to profane the Lord's-day? Doctrine of the Saintship and Mar- What of faintship in falsehood and TYRDOM of King Charles the First.

perjury? What of saintship in repeated robberies and depredations ?

What of faintship in throwing real SAINTSHIP AND CHARACTER

faints and glorious patriots into OF CHARLES I.

gaols ? What of saintship in overDr. Mayhew, in his “ Discourse turning an excellent civil conftituconcerning Unlimited Submiffion tion, and proudly grasping at an iland Non-resistance to the Higher legal and monstrous power? What Powers," proceeds

of saintship in the murder of thou“ The last query mentioned, was, sands of innocent people, and inwhy those of the episcopal clergy, volving a nation in all the calamities who are very high in the principles of a civil war? And what of marof ecclesiastical authority, continue tyrdom is there in a man's bringing

* This assertion supposes that the ac fell was under an engagement to restore count of court-intrigues, brought forward King James, at the very time when he de. by Mr. M'Pherson, and by Sir John Dal- feated the French fleet. One would think rymple, is grounded on facts. This is, that the charge of so palpable an incona it is true, a painful supposition, but the de- listency inight have been easily overturned; grading story has never been controverted but no pen has ftirred on the occasion. by any descendants from the noble families, Nor has any one attempied to defend John whose ancestors it covers with indelible, duke of Marlborou thi, from the charge of disgrace. Among other paradoxical af having betrayed the expedition agaius Biest, firmations, in the books alluded to, the in May 1694!!!! moft striking perhaps, is, that admiral Rur. VOL. II.




an immature and violent death up- ness, archbishop Laud, and the bio on himself, by being wicked over- flops of his stamp, in all their church much ?' (Eccles. vii. 17.) Is there tyranny and diabolical cruelties. In any such thing as grace without return to his kindness and indulgence goodness? as being a follower of in which refpects, they caused many Christ, without following him ? as of the pulpits throughout the nation being his difciple, without learning to ring with the divine, absolute, of hiin to be just and beneficent ? or, and indefeasible right of kings ; as faintship without fanctity? If with the praises of Chailes and his not, I fear it will be hard to prove reign; and with the damnable sin of this man a faint. And verily one resisting the Lord's anointed, let him would be apt to suspect, that that do what he would. So that not church must be but poorly stocked Chriit, but Charles, was commonly with faints and martyrs, which is preached to the people. In plain forced to adopt fuch enormous fin- English, there seems to have been ñers into her kalendar, in order to an impious bargain ftruck up beswell the number.

tween the sceptre and the surplice, “But to unravel this mystery of for enslaving both the bodies and (nonsense as well as of) iniquity, souls of men. The king appeared which has already worked for a long to be willing that the clergy fhould time amongst us (2 Theff. ii. 7.) ; do what they would,- set up a monor, at least, to give the most proba strous hierarchy, like that of Rome, ble solution of it ; it is to be remem --a' monstrous inquisition, like that bered, that king Charles, this bur- of Spain and Portugal,-or any lesque upon saintship and martyr- thing else, which their own pride, dom, though so great an oppressor, and the devil's malice, could prompe was a true friend to the church ; them to : provided always, that the so true a friend to her, that he was clergy would be tools to the crown ; very

well affected to the Roman ca that they would make the people betholics ; and would probably have lieve, that kings had God's autho-, been willing to unite Lambeth and rity for breaking God's law; that Rome. This appears by his mar- they had a commission from heaven rying a true daughter of that true to feize the estates and lives of their mother of harlots; which he did subjects at pleasure ; and that it with a dispensation from the pope, was a damnable fin to resist them, that supreme bishop; to whom, even when they did such things as when he wrote, he gave the title of deserved more than dannation, Most Holy Father. His

queen was

This appears to be the true key for extremely bigoted to all the follies explaining the mysterious doctrine and fuperftitions, and to the hierar- of king Charles's faintship and marchy of Rome; and had a prodigious tyrdom. He was a saint, not beafcendency over hin all his life. It cause he was in his life a good inan, was, in part, owing to this, that he but a good churchman; not because probably aberted the massacre of the he was a lover of holiness, but the protestants in Ireland ; that he affilt- hierarchy ; not because he was a ed in extirpating the French pro- friend to Christ, but the craft. And testants at Rochelle; that he all he was a martyr in his death, not along encouraged papists, and po- because he bravely suffered death in pilhly-affected clergymnen, in pre- the cause of truth and righteousness, ference to all other perfons, and that but because he died an enemy to lilic upheld that inoniter of wicked- berty and the rights of conscience.”

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