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ment, is not wholly free from danger. upon the occasion, and after her delivery She herself was his nurse ; she watched noother phylician approached her. This with him, and anxioally returned to her circumstance afforded new matter to the maternal caies the moment he awoke. dealers in scandal; and the secret ruStruensee became, of course, her àffift- mours which bad for some time found ant in these tender occupations; and great credit among all ranks of men, the hardly suffered him to quit the ob- were rt sived. These reports had be. ject of her affection for a moment. come the more dangerous, as it was This gave him an opportunity of spendo well known that they frequently furing a great part of his time in the com- pished conversation at Friedeníburg, pany of the queen. The natural and where the queen dowager and her son acquired accomplishments of his mind Frederic held their court. In the hands rendered his conversation agreeable and of Juliana these rumours loft the quainstructive ; and his address was such lity of unmeaning jests, that are laughed as could not fail of winning the favour at and forgotten, and became dangerous of his royal mistress. By degrees the weapons ; they were heard and encoufound comfort, and then pleasure, in raged by persons who had the power, his company; the reserve on both sides and probably the wish, to employ them wore off; and their conversations be to the total destruction of the reigning came more free and interesting. The party, and upon which the most forqueen was convinced that he was a man midable measures might be founded. who, if entirely attached to her interest, Happy had it been for the queen, had would be of infinite service to her in the se considered this, and regulated her execution of her plans; and as the conduct accordingly! But The had itill thought the might rely upon his fideli- other causes of uneasiness. Among her ty, the discovered to him with the most own fervants, among the ladies engaged unlimited confidence, the inmost se- about her perfon, the heard things, crets of her mind. The king's affece and perceived hints, that raised her tions, which had been long lost to the fulpicions; and the had every reason to .queen, were now reclaimed; his be- frar that the secret of her heart had haviour was entirely changed; and he been discovered. She trembled at the placed a degree of confidence in her, of very idea ; the dared not even trust her which she foon made ute to the attain. own tongue; and found herself unable ment of her purposes. Her first step to keep her anxiety to herself. She was the disgrace of young count Holk, feared that her behaviour might betray a debauched nobleman, who had fe- her einbarrassment, and be construed to cured the royal favour, by humouring her disadvantage. its caprices, and by pursuing the most “ Struensee, at length, fell into dir. criminal and contemprible amusements. grace with the people; and, finding the This event was followed by the dif- popular clamour increase, he threw himmillion of all the ministers; and seve- telf at the feet of the queen, thanked ral important alterations were made in her for her gracious protection hitherto, the constitution of the country. The expressed his ditress and fears in the king, or rather his advisers, 'had now molt moving terms, and earnestly en. acquired the sole power of decision in treated her to grant him leave to quit a every concern of state : the royal au- court and a country, in which he was thority had now shaken off every reftric furrounded by his sworn enemies, and tion; and, directed by the hands in in which he had beconie an object of which it was now placed, defied every general hatred. He confessed that he opposition. This great event had been was unequal to the task of serving the accomplished in the course of a very state in the prefent critical juncture; few months, by a young princess not and that he could expect nothing from above twenty, a man of low extraction, any quarter but inevitable ruin. He exand a few young gentlemen without patiated upon the danger that would rank and experience.

even acerile to her majesty, if, in the The queen of Denmark, on the present fituation of affairs, she mould 7th of July, was delivered of a daugh- oblige him to remain at court, and are ter. Struensee and Berger attended her tempt to defend him against the grow

VOL. il.

ing ing power of his enemies. He repre- queen dowager had not escaped his atsented to her, in the most forcible terms, tention. Full of discontent and rethat if, by any unforeseen accident, her venge, he repaired, a few days before numerous enemies should find means to the new year, to Juliana ; opened his gratify their revenge, she could expect fentiments to her with the most unno assistance from the king, but must limited confidence; begged her to proinevitably fall a victim to the, impla- mote his revenge, and the welfare of cable resentment. But the queen reject- the whole nation, by effecting the downed his proposals with as much warmth fal of the reigning party; and made her as he had made them: new objections, an offer of his beft services. Nothing on his part, opposed her most urgent en- could be more acceptable to Juliana treatiés : and the victory was doubtful, than such an offer, nor more agreeable when an unexpected turn on her part to her wilhes at that time. She received obliged him to give way, and declared him with the most lively assurances of it in her favour. Stay, Struensee,' favour and protection; and discovered faid the princess, with dignity, or you to him, in return, the whole of her will force me to a step, by which either plan. The most complete opportunity my ruin, or my happiness, will for ever to gratify his private revenge, Itruck the be decided.' 'Struensee was alarmed; colonel in a moment: he leized it with he knew her courage, trembled, and all the violence of his character; fwore submitted his conduct and opinion to fidelity to the cause of Juliana, in the her direction. She then obliged him to most folemn manner ; and entreated her fwear, that he pever again would make not to discover, as yet, their common fuch a proposal.

design to any one. When Juliana had « The enemies of Struensee were concerted every measure with this man, numerous, but disunited; every one she sent for count Ranzau, who had of them would willingly have ruined previously made her some overtures, the other, could he have done without notwithstanding he had been highly his assistance: enmity was deeply root favoured by Struensee; but as he aued in every mind, but fear curbed its gured nothing favourable to himself effects ; every one complained, but from his proposals, he suspended his inobeyed.

tentions for a while, and endeavoured, During these disturbances, the de- though unsuccessfully, to convince Strusigns of queen Juliana ripened ; and enfee of those errors which operated to her party became more strong and vi- the disadvantage of both. But when gorous by the acquisition of a man, Juliana had concerted every measure who seemned, in himself, sufficient to with colonel Köller, she fent for Ranaccomplish the great plan which she had zau, in order to discover to him the projected. This was colonel Köller, whole of her plan. To her great furan officer who commanded one of the prize, he saw in his behaviour a total regiments that composed the garrison of change; the found him ready to exeCopenhagen. An affront formerly of. cute her commands, and to undertake fered by Struensee to an officer in his the conduct of a principal part in the regiment, the only friend he had, had conspiracy. The queen knew, howe fo exasperated him against that minister, ever, that in order to secure the effecthat he vowed eternal hatred against tual assistance of the count, it was now him. No man was more formed to act necessary to lose no time in putting her consistently with such a principle than plan into execution. She was under Köller. A boļd and refolute mind, the equal anxiety in regard to colonel Köl. most inflexible obstinacy joined to the ler; and ne delayed therefore not a roughest manners, an invincible firm- moinent to impart her designs to the ness, a choleric disposition, a foul ca- man whom she had fixed upon as the pable of the most violent affections, an third leader in the conspiracy. This inexhaustible stock of self-praise, a was colonel Eichstädt, a man devoid of comely person, and an extraordinary any useful qualities of mind, but who ftrength of body, were the principal qua- had the dragoons belonging to the garlities of this man. The plans of the rison' under his command, and upon

whom

whom therefore the success of the whole count Ranzau, and the doubtful couunderiaking in a great measure de- rage of colonel Eichstädt, filled her pended,

mind with anxiety and apprehension. “ The seventeenth day of the year Night at last approached, and the ball 1772 was fixed for the execution of this commenced. It was afterwards obdreadful plan-a plan by which the served, as something very extraordinary, confort and the friends of'an unhappy that not one of the foreign ministers, monarch were violently torn from him; except the British ambassador, was preby which he was irrevocably confined sent. Queen Matilda indulged, with the under the rigour of a much more cruel most unsuspecting and careleis gaiety, guardianship than that to which he her passion for lively amusement; and, at had hitherto submitted ;. by which one o'clock in the morning, the closed the his whole power was transferred into ball,' by dancing with prince Frederic: the hands of his step-brother, a prince and the principal leaders of her party whom both his heart and head rendered had the honour of playing with the wholly unworthy of the charge-a plan king. These were the lait joys of the de. by which a young and amiable princess, voted victims ! The ball was concluded, who deserved a better fate, was for ever and every one betook himself to reft. deprived of the pleasures of a queen, a In the mean time, such preparations wife, and a mother; which polluted the were made, as soon rouled them to Danish foil with the blood of an inno. unexpected horrors. cent man, and deftroyed the peace of “The clock ftruck three-the dread. many worthy citizens- a plan which ful hour fixed upon by the confpirators furnished the Danish nation, hitherto ' for the execution of their designs. A unacquainted with disloyalty and re- dead dilence reigned throughout the bellion, the most horrid example of palace. Colonel Köller then went these crimes; and dishonoured the an- round to the different posts, collected nals of the country, by recording the his principal officers, and carried them most shocking instance of implacable to the guard-room. He there declared revenge to be met with in history. to them, that, by express orders of the

“ The regiment commanded hy co. king, he demanded their assistance in lonel Köller, the most zealous and the taking the reigning queen, and all her boldest of the conspirators, was, on the adherents, into custody; and command16th of January, ordered to be upon ed them to follow him to the queen guard in and about the palace ; and on dowager. The horrid importance of the fame evening a grand ball was given this business, the dreaded authority of

In the whole garrison of the colonel, the affected dignity and Copenhagen, this was the only regiment well-simulated coolness with which he from which the queen dowager and her pronounced his thort haranguc, fo ftunadherents could expect support to her ned the officers, that not one dared to designs; and the ball gave her the most ask him to produce his orders to them. favourable opportunity to prepare every Had but one of them had sufficient thing for their execution. Juliana saw, courage and prefence of mind to have at one view, every advantage to be de: made so natural a demand, the daring rived from so fortunate a concurrence colonel would have appeared before his of circumstances, and determined not officers, not as an obedient and loyal to lose one of them : she therefore pre- subject, but as a nefarious confpirator, viously concerted every measure with convicted of the most impudent false. the conspirators; and awaited, with the hood; they would, as their duty remost anxious impatience, the decisive quired, have secured his person ; and moment of action. To her ardour the the whole plot must have miscarried. day seemed to pass heavily; the hour But Köller was no less fortunate than of complete revenge was in prospect; he was bold. They followed him to but, Mould her measures miscarry, she the queen dowager, where count Ranfaw nothing but the most inevitable zau at the same time arrived, accomruin before her eyes. The mean and panied by one Guldberg, formerly a timid character of her son, the unruly Ichoolmalter, who had been employed zeal of colonel Köller, the levity of in drawing up the plan of the conspiracy,

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and in writing out the necessary orders. ward completely overturned his refoluIn the mean time, colonel Eichstädt had tion; he yielded, and led the queen and armed his dragoons, and surrounded the her suite into the chamber of the sleep palace, in order to prevent the entrance 'ing monarch. The curtains of his bed of any person, and to receive the pri- were furiously torn open; he awoke foners. The different parts were toon suddenly, and started ! no tiine was distributed among the conspirators. left him to recover from his fright. Ranzau was appointed to arrelt the Ranzau denounced ruin and death queen, Köller to secure count Struen- placed every image of terror before the fee; and the rest of the officers were eyes of the monarch; and his fruitful ordered to take count Brandt, and the brain fupplied him with new images of other principal leaders of the party, i unreal horror: he painted the rage of . to custody. Köller immediately halten- a rebellious nation, conspired to thake ed to the apartments of the first mini- off the yoke to which the queen and Iter; the officers dispersed to their dif- Struensee had subjected them, crying ferent posts; and queen Juliana, count aloud for justice, and determined to be Ranzau, and Guldberg, who carried a satisfied with nothing less than the death candle before them, went to the cham- of the victims they demanded. “What ber of the king. To their great disap- a dreadful misfortune! whither fall I pointment they found the door locked, flee?' cried the king, half dead with and not one of the keys and picklocks, fear'; • help me, advise me, tell me with which they were provided, would what I fhall do.' Sign there orders,' open it. The loss of a moment was of returned Ranzau, with double fury; consequence to the undertaking. Ran. this alone can save the king, his royal zau flew to the apartment of the page, palace, and his people. The papers who was in waiting, entered the room jay ready upon the table, and the queen with great noise, pretended to be in the held the pen, the instrument of the deutmost consternation, and ordered him struction of the king's best friends, and to repair immediately to the cham- of her complete revenge. The king ber of the king. The frightened page took it with trembling hand; but the hastened to assist his master, and met moment he espied, upon the first paper, queen Juliana, prince Frederic, and the name of his queen, Matilda, he Ranzau at the door, who ordered him threw it away with vehemence: it was to open it immediately. The unusual as if this name, which had so long hour of the night, the known charac- seemed wholly indifferent to him, at ters of the persons he law, and the anxi- once roused the dorinant powers of his ous impatience he perceived in them, mind. He endeavoured forcibly to rise, raised his fufpicions, and he refused to but was as forcibly prevented ; another comply. The queen was in inexpref- torrent of menaces and terrors was fible confternation; the prince trem- poured out upon him. Ranzau accubled; and Ranząu, and Guldberg, mulated the most horrid falsehoods : whose candle fell from his shaking The people, cried he, are at the hands, did not venture to take the keys gates of the palace, fire and sword in from the page by force : he was strong their hands, and direful vengeance in and resolute, and they wished to make their hearts : escape will soon be in no noise. Ranzau therefore endeavour: vain ; the palace will soon be in flames, ed to effect that by fear, which he could and the monarch the first victim of their not by persuasion : he told him that the fury.' The king's courage could not rewhole town was up in arms; that the pel this fecond attack ; fear overpowrebels were ready to penetrate into the ereci him, tears ran down his cheeks, palace ; that the guards could not with, his hand trembled, he guided the pen Itand their fury, and that no time was without knowing it, figned the orders, to be lost, if they wished to save the and Ranzau hurried to see them exę. life of the monarch. The queen and cuted. her son joined in affecting the utmost 6. Colonel Köller had, in the mean solicitude for the safety of the king. time, proceeded to the apartment of The page was first moved, then alarni- Struensee, without waiting the king's ed; the promise of a considerable re- orders to arrest him. Having left the

officers

officers who accompanied him, in 'an daring enemy; to have called in the adjoining room, he entered the cham- assistance of the officers that accompaber alone in which the minister lay. nied him; and to have required him, Struensee was roused by the noise with in their presence, to produce the royal which the colonel approached; he knew orders, Köller would not have had the him immediately; and, equally fright- fame success then, which crowned his ened and astonished, he asked him, by effrontery in the guard-room, and would whose authority he dared to enter his probably have been the vi&tim of his chamber at fo improper an hour! I own temerity. The eldest brother of will tell you that immediately,' cried the minister, count Brandt, general Köller;

rise this instant." He then Göhler and his lady, colonel Falkenseized him by the throat, and took fohiold, the royal physician Berger, him so long and so violently, that re- general Gude, governor of Copenhagen, fstance was in vain : the courage of baron Bülow, the secretary of state ZöStruensee was soon overpowered; he ga, and many other friends of Struensurrendered, and was carried to the see, were then apprehended, and quietly prison ready prepared for him in the carried to different prisons. citadel. Had this unfortunate minister But the most dreadful scene of all possessed sufficient presence of mind, by was still to be acted. the least resistance, to have detained his [To be concluded in our next.]

REMARKABLE DOMESTIC EVENTS.

FOR FEBRUARY, 1790.

PRINCE OF WALES'S LEVEE.

This was one of the most splendid

levees which this country has seen for TH THE 8th, there was a levee, for years. The taste and magnificence of

the first time, at Carleton-house, ihe heir apparent, the royal dignity by order of his royal hig ness the prince which he maintains on occasions of of Wales. The company began to as- ftate, compared with the social affabisemble foon after one o'clock, but the lity which recommends his private manlevee did not open till two. The per- ners, have been long the praise of Eufons of distinction present were, their rope. Every foreigner has borne tefti. royal highnesses the dukes of York, mony to his polished deportment, and Clarence, and Cumberland; the duke given him the distinction of the best of Orleans, the other foreign nobility, bred man in Europe ; and this courtand all the foreign ambassadors and en- day manifested the love and opinion of voys; the archbishop of York; speaker the world. Both houses of parliament of the House of Commons; master of adjourned over the day to do honour the Rolls; attorney general; bishops of to his first resumed levee ; and CarleLondon, Winchester, Down, Kilmore, ton-house presented an assemblage of Peterborough, Salisbury, Gloucester, all that is illustrious among the ancient Bangor, Llandaff, &c. all his majesty's families, as well as of all that is facabinet ministers, many of the officers, voured among the present race; for Jords of the king's and queen's hous. both the opposition and the ministry holds, a most numerous appearance of crouded to the circle. members of both houses of parliament, the lord mayor, recorder, and several aldermen of London, and a number of Sir Joshua Reynolds has formally naval and military officers. The duke 'notified his resignation of his situation of Cumberland went in ftate, as did as president of the Royal Academy, to the speaker of the House of Commons, the council of that feminary. From The prince was in great fpirits and the firit institution of the Academy, in good humour during the whole of the 1768, Sir Joshua has held the chair ; time, and paid equal attention to all and by his great mental talents as a his visitors.

scholar and an artist, has excited both

the

THE ARTS.

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