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« The third head of right, asserted always: but if the lawyers miftake in by the pulpit of the Old Jewry, namely, some particulars, it proves my position the ! right to form a government for fill the more strongly; because it deourselves,' has, at least, as little coun monstrates the powerful prepossession tenance from any thing done at the towards antiquity, with which me Revolution, either in precedent or prin- minds of all our lawyers and legillaciple, as the two firit of their claims. tors, and of all the people whom they The Revolution was made to preserve wish to influence, have been always our antient indisputable laws and liber- filled; and the stationary policy of this ties, and that artient constitution of kingdom in considering their most fagovernment which is our only security cred rights and franchises as an ixhêm for law and liberıy. If you are de- ritance. Sirous of knowing the spirit of our con « In the famous law of the 3d of

ftitution, and the policy which preda- Charles I. called the Petition of Rigbt, minated in that great period which has the parliament says to the king, 'Your fecured it to this hour, pray look for subjects have inherited this freedom,' both in our histories, in our records, in claiming their franchises not on abour acts of parliament, and journals stract principles 'as the rights of men,' of parliament, and not in the sermons but as the rights of Englishmen, and as of ihe Old Jewry, and 'he after-dinner a patrimony derived from their furetoasts of the Revolution Society - In fathers. Selden, and the other prothe former you will find other ideas and foundly learned men who drew this another language. Such a clainı is as petition of right, were as well acquaintill-fuited to our temper and wishes as ed, at least, with all the general theories it is unsupported by any appearance of concerning the rights of men,' as any authority. The very idea of the fa. of the discourfers in our pulpits, or on brication of a new government, is your tribune; full as well as Dr. Price, enough to fill us with disgust and hor- or as the abbé Seyes. But, for reasons

We wished at the period of the worthy of that practical wildom which Revolution, and do now with, to de- fuperseded their theoretic science, they rive all we possess as an inheritance preferred this positive, recorded, bersfrom our forefathers. Upon that body ditary title to all which can be dear to and stock of inheritance we have taken the man and the citizen, to that vague care not to inoculate any cyon alien to speculative right, which exposed their the nature of the original plant. All fure inheritance to be scrambled for the reformations we have hitherto made, and torn to pieces by every wild litigi. have proceeded upon the principle of ous spirit. reference to antiquity; and I hope, nay “The same policy pervades all the I am persuaded, that all those which laws which have since been made for poffibly may be made hereafter, will the preservation of our liberties. In be carefully formed upon analogical the ist of William and Mary, in the precedent, authority, and example. famous statute, called the Declaration

« Our oldest reformation is inat of of Right, the two houses utter not a Magna Charta, You will see that fir fyllable of a right to frame a governEdward Coke, that great oracle of our ment for themselves. You will see, Jaw, and indeed all the great men who that their whole care was to secure the follow him, to Blackstone, are indul- religion, laws, and liberties, that had trious to prove the pedigree of our li- been long poffefsed, and had been lately berties. They endeavour to prove, that endangered. 'Taking * into their most the antient charter, the Magna Charta serious confideration the best means for of king John, was connected with an- making such an establifhment, that their other positive charter from Henry 1. religion, laws, and liberties, might not and that both the one and the other be in danger of being again subverted,' were nothing more than a re-affirmance they auspicate all their proceedings, by of the still more antient standing law of Itating as some of those beft means, ' in the kingdom. In the matter of fact, the first place to do as their ancestors for the greater part, these authors ap- in like cases bave usually donė for vinpear to be in the right; perhaps not

*, W. and M. H2


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dicating their antient rights and libér- order of the world, and with the mode ties, to declare ;'-and then they pray of existence decreed to a permanent the king and queen, that it may be body compofed of t ansitory parts; declared and enacted, that all and fin- wherein, by the disposition of a stupen.' gular the rights and liberuies alerted dous wisdom, moulding together the and declared are the true antient and great mysterious incorporation of the indubitable rights and liberties of the human race, the whole, at one time, is people of this kingdum.'

never old, oi middle-aged, or young, " You wilobierve, that from Magna but in a condition of unchangeable Charta to the Declaration of Right, it confiancy, moves on through the varied has been the uniform policy of our tenour of perp: tual decay, fall, renoconftitution to claim and flert our li- vation, and progretlior. Thus, by berties, as an entailed inheritance de- prese ving ihi method of nature in the rived io us from our forefathers, and conduct of the itate, in what we imto be transinisted to our pofterity; as prove we are never wholly new; in an eltare specially belonging to the what we retain we are never wholly obpeople of this kingdom without any re solete. By adhering in this manner ference whatever to any other more and on thole principks to our foregeneral or pajor right. By this means fathers, we are guided not by the foour constitution preferves an unity in perftition of antiquarians, but by the so great a diversity of its parts. We fpirit of philofophic analogy. In this have an inheritable crown; an inherit; choice of inheritance we have given to able per rage; and an house of com our frame of polity the image of a re: mons and a people inheriting priyi- lation in blood; binding up the conftileges, fianchiles, and liberties, fiom a tution of our country with our dearest long line of ancestors.

domeslic ties; adopting our fundamen• This policy appears to me to be tal laws into the bosom of our family the result of profound reflection; or affections; keeping inseparable, and rather the happy effect of following cherishing with the warmth of all their nature, which is wisdom without re- combined and mutually reflected chaflection, and above it. A fpint of in- rities, our ftate, our hearths, our senovation is generally the result of a pulchies, and our altars. felfth temper and confined views. “ Through the fame plan of conPeople will not look forward to pofte- formity to nature in our artificial initirity, who never look backward to their tutions, and by calling in the aid of her ancestors. Besides, the people of Eng- unerring and powerful instincts,'to fora land well know, that the idea of inhe- tify the fallible and fieble contrivancés ritance furnishes a fure principle of of our reason, we have derived several conservation, and a sure principle of oiher, and those no finall benefits, from transmiffion; without at all excluding considering our liberties in the light of a principle of improvement. It leaves an inheritance. . Always acting as if acquisition free; but it secures what it in the presence of canonized forefathers, acquires. Whatever advai tages are the spirit of freedom, leading in itself obtained by a ftare proceeding on these to misrule and excess, is tempered with maximis, aie locked fal as in a sort of an awful gravity. This idea of a lifamily settlement; grasped as in a kind - beral de cent inspires us with a fi nfe of of mortiain for ever. By a constitui- habitual native dignity, which prevents tional policy, working after the pattern that upstait infolence almoft inevitably of nature, we receive; we hold, we adhering to and disgracing those who transmit our government and our pri- are the first acquirers of any diftinction. vileges, in the same manner in which By this means our liberty becomes a we enjoy and transmit our property and noble freedom. It carries an imposing our lives. The institutions of policy, and majestic aspect. It has a pedigree the goods of fortune, the gifts of Pro- and illustrating ancettors. It has its vidence, are handed down, to us and bearings and its en ligns armorial. It from us, in the fame course and order. , has its gallery of porti aits ; its monuOur political system is placed in a just mental inscriptions; its records, evi. correspondence and fymmetry with the dences, and titles.. We procure revę.


rence to our civil institutions on the course that we have pursued, who have
principle upon which nature teaches us chofen our nature rather than our spe-
to revere individual men; on account culations, our breasts rather than our
of cheir age; and on account of those inventions, for the great conservatories
from whom they are descended. All and magazines of our rights and prin
your. fophifters cannot produce any vileges."
thing better adapted to preserve a ra ·

[To be continued.] tional and manly freedom than the

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KING'S SPEECH, ON OPENING THE a pacification between Auftria and the

NEW PARLIAMENT, NOV. 26. Porte, and I am now employing my
FTER the ceremony of confirm-

mediation, in conjunction with my aling Mr. Addington speaker of lies, for the purpose of negotiating a the Houle of Commons, had been gone

definitive treaty between those powers, through, his majesty délivered the fol- and of endeavouring to put an end to

the diffentions in the Netherlands, in lowing speech to both houses of par. liament.

whose lituation an-necesarily con.

cerned, from considerations of pational 66 My Lords, and Gentlemen, in ereft, $ well as from the engage“ It is a great satisfaction to me to ments of treaties, inform you that the differences which “ A separa e pesce has taken place had arisen baxtween me and the court between Russia and Sweden, but the of Spain, have happily been brought to war be ween the former of those

pow an ainicable termination.

ers and the Porte still continues. The. “ I have ordered copies of the de principles on which I have hitherto clarations 'exchanged between my am acted, will make me always desirous bastidor and the miniiter of the Ca- of emploving the weight and influence thoiic king, and of the convention of this country, in contributing to the which has fince been concluded, to be reltoration of general tranquillity. laid before you. ** The objects which I have pro

16 Gentlemen of the House of Composed to myself in the whole of this transaction, have been to obtain a fuit " I have ordered the accounts of the able reparation for the act of violence expences of the late annamenis, and committed at Noorka, and to remove the estimates for the ensuing year the grounds of similar disputes in fu

be laid before you. ture; as well as to fecure to my lub " Painful as it is to me at all times to jects the exercise of their navigation, fee any increase of ihe public burthens, commerce, and fisheries, in those parts ļ am persuaded you will agree with me of the world which were the subject of in thinking that the extent of our prediscussion.

parations was dictated by a due regard “ The zeal and public spirit mani- to the existing circumstances, and that fested by all ranks of my subjects, and you will reflect with pleasure on fo the disposition and conduct of mv al- striking a proof of the advantages delies, had left me no room to doubt of rived from the liberal supplies granted the most vigorous and effectval support ; since the last peace for the naval service. but no event could have afforued me

I rely on your zeal and public spirit to so much fatisfaction, as the attainment make due provision for defraying the of the objects which I hal in view, charges incurred by this armament, and without any actual interfuption of the for supporting the several branches of blessings of peace.

the public service, on such a footing « Since the last session of parlia- as the general fituation of affairs may ment, a foundation has been laid for appear to require. You will at the


fame time, I am persuaded, shew your aniinals of different genera and species, determination invariably to persevere and that whether they were fed upon in that system which has fo effettually animal or vegetable food, and hence confirmed and maintained the public he concluded that one animal might Gredit of the nation.

live with the blood of another of a dij. “ My Lords, and Gentlemen,

ferent kind, provided the blood could, “ You will have obferved with con.

without danger, be introduced into his Bern the interruption ivhich has taken fyftem. This obfervation led him to place in the ti anquillity of our India the history of several complete experipoffeflions, in consequence of the un

ments in transfusion, which were made provoked attack on an ally of the about the middle of laft century, by British nation. The respectable ftate,

Dr. Lower, of Oxford, and others, however, of the forces under the di- which were suddenly put a stop to by rection of the government there, and the fuperftitious prejudices of the mul. the confidence in the British name, lecture with a relation of the improve

titude. The professor concluded the which the fyftem preferibed by parlia. ment has eltablished among the native

ments which he himself had made in powers in India, afford the most fa. transfusion, and a number of curious sourable prospect of bringing the con

experiments which he had performed teft to a speedy and successful con- aniinals, the most oppolite to each other

with fuccefs upon a great variety of dufion.

"I think it neceffary particularly with respect to food and mapper of life ko call your attention to the ttate of the that could be procured. From all province of Quebec, and to recommend which he inferred, that in cases where it to you to consider of fuch regulations death mult otherwise be the inevitable for its government, as the present cire conlequence of a fudden effufion of cumstances and condition of the pro- ought at least to be attempted on the

blood; that in such cafes transfupon vince may appear to require.

" I am fatisfied that I shall on every human subject, when the blood of a bccafion receive the fullelt proofs of calf, a sheep, a deer, or any of the more your zealous and affectionate attach perfect animals, might serve to replenika ment, which cannot but afford me pe- diffolution which must otherwise hare

the exhausted system, and prevent that tuliar fatisfaction, after fo recent an opportunity of collecting the imme. been the consequence of the hemor. diate sense of my people.

rhage. In order to enforce the proba. “ You may be assured that I defirebility of this doctrine, a theep and a nothing so much on my part, as to cul- pointer dog were brought into the lec, tivate an entire harmony and confi. ture-room, and after ihe blood of the dence between me and my parliament, dog was so far evacuated as to leare for the purpofe of preserving and tranf- him without notion, except fome con mitting to posterity the invaluable blef vulsive tivitohes which were evident by fings of our free and excellent consti- fuch as immediately precede death, at tution, and of concurring with you in this instant the tube, which had already every measure which can maintain the been prepared and inserted into the advantages of our present fituation, jugular of the Sheep, was introduced and promote and 'augment the prof

with the blood Aowing through into perity and happinefs of my faithful the jugular vein of the dog, pointing Tubjects,"

towards the heart. In a very few fe

conds the dog gave unequivocal syopANATOMY.

toms of recovery, and the theep was In the month of March laft, when suffered to perform this new circulation Dr. Harwood, professor of anatomy at for the space of a few minutes, till the Cambridge, was giving his lectures on feep was evidently faint for the loss of comparative anatomy, and comparing blood. The operation was now. con

man blood with that of other ani- cluded, and the vein in the dog's neck mals, he took occasion to observe the secured. Iminediately afterwards he very finall difference which appeared in followed a ferxant home; eat heartily the constiutent parts of the blood of the same day, and bas continued in the



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poffesfion of Dr. Harwood without withstanding the finding of the jury, change either in manners or conftitution was not within the statute, and that the to the present time.

indi&tment was bad in point of form. The objection started by many ana This determination declares the offence tomists to this experiment, ou account to be only a misdemeanor, for which of the difficulty of excluding the ar in all probability, Williams will be inmospheric air, which, if admitted, might dicted at the next fellion at Hicks's prove fatal, is entirely obviated by fuf. Hall. fering the blood to Aow in a full stream SINGULAR ROBBERX. through the cube from the bleeding The town of Colchester is in an up: animal, before it is inserted into the roar in consequence of a felonious disvein of the recipient animal.


of a

very fingular nature. Two young ladies, of great beauty, and na

incontiderable fortune, have within The 9th, the right hon. J. Boydell, thefe few days been apprehended, and

wene from Guildhall in committed to the castle, on a charge of procession, accompaniet by the late robbing Mr. Humphries, the baber. lord mavor, the aldermen, iheriffs, l'e.

dalhei, of fundry articles. Having corder, &c. &c. to the Three Cranes ; miffed numberlefs pieces of ribbon, froin thence they proceeded by water in lace, &c. in the course of three months the city harges to Westminster Hill, which in vain he endeavoured to account where his lordship was sworn in, in the for, it ftruck him, that his property ufual manner. The proceffion then l'e must have been artfully purloined by turned to Guildhall, where an elegant the above-mentioned fair visitants, with dinner and ball was given to a very nu whom he was in habits of friendly intim Therous company, consisting of the mi.

macy: one evening they were watched, nisters of state, law lords, foreign àm- and detected; on going out of the balladors, principal citizens, &c. &c. mop, he requested them to return into

the parlour, where they were secured, MONSTER.

a contable fent for, and various pieces The roth, at Serjeants Inn Hall, of ribbond, blond, &c. &c. found upon eleven of the judges consulted upon the them. On fearching titeir residenco, cale reserved at the Old Bailey in Sep. different articles to a considerable amount tember sessions last, respecting the in

were found, the property of Mr. Hum. dictment against Renwick Williams, phries; in consequence of which, there the supposed moniter.-The questions


ladies were committed for trial. were, it, Whether his having an inten- They are both genteel, handsome wotion to cut the per fon of Miss Porter, men, of respectable connexions; and and in carrying that intention into exe: the youngest is allowed, even by bet cution, cutting the garments of that

own sex, to be exquisitely beautiful, lady, is an offence within the statute of 6 Geo. I. c. 23. f. 11. on which he was convicted: the jury, having in their The 10th, an inquisition was takaa verdict found that in cutting her perfon at the Wheatiheaf in Holywell-ftreet, he had thereby an intention to cut her in the Strand, on view of the body of a garments? Secondly, Whether the sta- perfon who in a fit of insanity cut hin tuce being in the conjunctive, “ That throat by fevering his head almost from if any perfon Mall assault another with his body on the preceding Monday. It an intent to cut the garment of such appeared on oath, that he had been the perfon, then the offender shall be guilty church on the Sunday before three of felony;" and the indictment in fta- times; that he had been out on this qing the intention not having connected same day he did the act; that lie came it with the act, by inserting the words home to his lodgings about one o'clocks that he “ then and there," did cui her that he enquired for his wife, who was garment, could be supported in point out; went up stairs, locked himself in, of form? And nine of the eleven judges and perpetrated the deed with a cafeWere of opinion that the offence, nota knife, which was found very bloody by


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