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REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.

with great celerity, at others stalking BRUCE'S TRAVELS. CONCLUDED FROM P. 388.

on with a majestic flownels; at intero

vals we thought they were coming in a ITI

T is with some concern that we very few minutes io overwhelm us;

observe Mr. Bruce about yo enter and finall quantities of fand did actually the great Nubian deiert. Having more than once l'each us. Again they received all the afsurances possible from would retreat, so as to be almost out of Idris that he would live and die with us, fight, their tops reaching to the very after having repeated the prayer of clouds. There the tops often separated peace, we put on the best countenance from the bodies; and these, once difpossible, and committed ourselves to the joined, dispersed in the air, and did not desert. There were Ifınael the Turk, appear more. Sometimes they were two Greek servants belides Georgis, broken near the middle, as if ftruck who was almost blind and useless. Two with a large cannon Not About noon · Barbarians, who took care of the ca. they began to advance with considerable mels, Idris, and a young man, a rela- fiviftness upon us, the wind being rery tion of his, who joined him at Barbar, ftrong at north: Eleven of them ranged to return home; in all nine persons, alonglide of us about the distance of cight only of whom were effective. We three miles. The greatest diameter of were all well armed with blunderbusies, the largest appeared to me at that difswords, pistols, and double-barrelled tance as if it would mealure ten feet, guns, except Idris and his lad, who had They retired from us with a wind at S. lances, the only arms they could use. E. leaving an impresion upon my mind Five or six naked wretches of the Tu. to which I can give no name, though corory joined us at the watering-place, surely one ingredient in it was fear, much against my will, for I knew that with a considerable deal of wonder and we Mould p.obably be reduced to the astonishinent. It was in vain to think disagreeable necessity of seeing them die of Aying; the swiftelt horfe, or faftelt with thirst before our eyes; or by affilte failing thip, could be of no use to carry ing them, should any accident happen us out of this danger, and the full perto our water, we ran a very great risk of fuation of this rivetted me as if to the perifhing with thein.”

spot where I stood, and let the camels The manner of securing water and gain on me so much in my state of provision for this hazardous journey is lameness, that it was with some diffitruly curious ; but our limits will not culty I could overtake them. Hermit us to extract it. Our traveller, • The fame appearance of moving in a few days after their departure, found pillars of fand prelented themselves to that they had forgotten a material cir. us this day (the 15th) in form and dis. cumstance: their thoes were now bee potition like those we had seen at come useless, and the hard ground had Waadi Halboub, only they seemed to worn the ikin off their feet in several be more in number, and less in fize. places, so that they were much in. They came several times in a direction famed by the burning sand.

close upon us; that is, I believe, with« On the 34th, at leven in the morn

in less than two miles. They began, ing, we left Affa Nagga, our course be- immediately after lun-rise, like a thick ing due north. At one o'clock we wood, and almost darkened the fun : alighted among fome acacia-trees at his rays shining through them for near Waadi el Halborb, having gone tivene an hour, gave them an appearance of ry-one miles. We were here at once pillars of fire. Our people now became surprised and terrified by a fight surely desperate: the Greeks' fhrieked out, one of the most magnificent in the and faid it was the day of judgment. world. In that vast expanie of desert, límael pronounced it to be hell, and the froin W. and to N. W of us, we saw Tucorories, that the world was on fire. a number of prodigious pillars of fand I asked Idris if ever he had before seen a different distances, at times moving such a fight? He said he had often feen

there

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them as terrible, though never worse; did one person pretend to say how far
but what he feared most was that ex- he guessed we were to go."
treme redness in the air, which was Mr. Bruce surprised a Bishareen mur-
a fure presage of the coming of the derer attempting to steal one of the
fimoom. I begged and intreated Idris camels. Having only two miserable
that he would not say one word of that women, his wives, with him, he was
in the hearing of the people, for they had easily made prisoner ; and, to save his
already felt it at Imhanzara in their way life, however wretched it appeared, con.
from Ras el Foel to Teawa, and again sented to assist in conducting our tra-
at the Acaba of Gerri, before we came veller through the desert.
to Chendi, and they were already nearly " At Gwo o'clock in the afternoon we
dittracted at the apprehenfion of finding left Abou Heregi, and at foúr had an
it here.

unexpected entertainment, which filled 66 While we contemplated with great our hearts with a very Mort-lived joy. pleasure the rugged top of Chiggre, to The whole plain before us seemed thickavhich we were fast approaching, and covered with green grass and yellow where we were to folace ourselves with daisies. We advanced to the place with plenty of good water, Idris cried out, as much speed as our lame condition with a loud voice, ? Fall upon your

would suffer us, but how terrible was faces, for here is the fimoom.' . I saw our disappointment, when we found the from the S. É. a haze come, in colour whole of that verdure to confift in lenna like the purple part of the rainbow, but and coloquintida, the most nauseous of not so compressed or thick. It did not plants, and the most incapable of being occupy twenty yards in breadth, and Tubstituted as food for man or beaft. was about twelve feet high from the At nine o'clock in the evening we ground. It was a kind of bluth upon alighted at Saffieha, which is a ridge of the air, and it moved very rapidly, for craggy mountains to the S. E. and N. I scarce could turn to fall upon the W. The night here was immoderately ground with my head to the northward, cold, and the wind north. We were when I felt the heat of its current plainly now very near a crisis, one way or the upon my face." We all lay flat on the other. Our bread was consumed, so ground, as if dead, till Idris told us it that we had not sufficient for one day was blown over. The meteor, or pur more; and though we had camels flesh, ple haze, which I saw, was indeed paff. yet, by diving lo long on bread and ed, but the light air that still blew was 'water, an invincible repugnance arose of heat to threaten suffocation. For either to linell' or taste it. As our my part, I found distin&tly in my breast camels were at their last gasp, we had that I had imbibed a part of it, nor was taken fo fparingly of water, that, when I free of an asthmatic lensation till I had we came to divide it, we found it inbeen some months in lealy, at the baths sufficient for our neceilities, if Syene of Poretta, near two years afterwards. was even so near as we conceived it to

“ This phenomenon of the simoom, be. unexpected by us, though foreseen by Georgis had lost one eye, and was Idris, caused us all to relaple into our nearly blind in the other. 'lfmael and former despondency. It fill continued he had both become so stiff by being to blow, lo as to exhaust us entirely, carried, that they could not bear to set though the blaft was so weak as scarcely their feet to the ground; and I may say would have raised a leaf from the ground. for myself, that, though I had supported At twenty minutes before five the the wounds in my feet with a patience fimoom ceased, and a comfortable and very uncommon, yet they were arrived cooling breeze came by starts from the at that height as to be perfectly intolenorth, blowing five or six minutes at a rable, and, as I apprehended, on the time, and then falling calm. We were point of mortification. The bandage, now come to the Acaba, the ascent be- which the Bishareen had tied about the fore we arrived at Chiggre, where we hollow of my foot, was now almost intended to have stopt that night, but hidden by she fleth swelling over ita we all moved on with tacit content, nor Three large wounds on the right foot,

and

3 F2,

and two on the left, continued open, said that each camel, by drinking, lays whence a quantity of lymph oozed con- in a fore of water that will support him tinually. It was allo with the utmost for forty days. I will by no means be difficulty we could get out the rag, by a voucher of this account, which care cutting it to freds with scissars. The ries with it an air of exaggeration ; but tale is both unpleasant and irksome. fourteen or fixteen days, it is well Two soles which remained from our known, an ordinary camel will live, sandals, the upper leathers of which though he hath no frelh supply of water, had gone to pieces in the sand near When he chews the cud, or when he Gooz, were tied with cotton cloth eats, you constantly see him throw, very adroitly by the Bishareen. But from this repository, mouthfuls of water it seemed impossible that I could walk to dilute his food, and nature has confurther, even with this asistance, and trived this vessel with such properties, therefore we determined to throw away that the water within it never putrifies, the quadrant, telescopes, and time- nor turns unwholesome. It was indeed keeper, and save our lives, by riding vapid, and of a bluish caft, but had the camels alternately. But Providence neither taste nor smell. had already decreed that we Mould not " The small remains of our misera. terminate this dangerous journey by ble stock of black bread and dirty water, our own ordinary foresight and con- the only support we had hitherto lived trivance, but owe it entirely to his on amidft the burning fands, and our visible support and interposition. spirits likewise, were exhausted by an

On the 27th, at half past five in the uncertainty of our journey's end. We morning we attempted to raise our were surrounded among those terrible camels at Saffieha by every method that and unusual phænomena of nature we could devise, but all in vain, only which Providence, in mercy to the one of them could get upon his legs, weakness of his creatures, has conand that one did not stand two minutes cealed far from their fight in deserts till he kneeled down, and could never almost inaccessible to them. Nothing be raised afterwards. This the Arabs but death was before our eyes. all declared to be the effects of cold ; “On the 28th, at half past seven in and yet Fahrenheit's thermometer, an the morning we left Waadi el Arab, hour before day, ftood at 42 deg. Every and entered into a narrow defile, with way we turned ourselves, death now rugged, but not high mountains on Nared us in the face. We had neither cach lide. About twelve o'clock wę time nor strength to waste, nor provi. came to a few trees in the bed of a tor: fions to support us.

We then took Ill as I was, after refreshing the small ikins that had contained our myself with my last bread and water, water, and filled them as far as we I let out in the afternoon to gain a thought a man could carry them with rising ground, that I might fee, if pos.

but after all these shifts, there sible, what was to the westward ; for was not enough to serve us three days, the mountains seemed now rocky and at which I had estimated our journey to high like those of the Kennouss near Syene, which still however was uncer- Syene. I arrived, with great difficulty tain. Finding, therefore, the camels and pain, on the top of a moderate hill, would not rise, we killed two of them, but was exceedingly disappointed at and took so much felh as might serve not seeing the river to the westward; for the deficiency of bread, and, from however, the vicinity of the Nile was the stomach of each of the camels, got very evident, by the high, uniform about four gallons of water, which the mountains that confine its torrent when Bilhareen Arab managed with great it comes out of Nubia. The evening dexterity. It is known to people con- was still, so that fitting down and coverversant with natural history, that the ing my eyes with my hands, not to be camel has within him reservoirs in which diverted by external objects, I listened he can preserve drink for any number and heard distinctly the noise of waters, of days he is used to.

In those cara- which I supposed to be the cataract, vans, of long course, which come from but it seemed to the southward of us, the Nigeracross the desert of Selima, it is as if we had passed it. I was, howe

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ever, fully satisfied that it was the the thermometer fhewed the fame de. Nile.

grees. Above all, we had a good de. « On the 29th, at seven o'clock in cent provision of brandy on board, part the morning, we left Abou Seielat; of which I had procured from the agai about nine, we saw the palm-trees at part from the schourbatchie my land Aflouan, and a quarter before ten ar- lord, neither of whom knew the other rived in a grove of palm-trees on the had given me any, and both of them north of that city."

pretended to each other, and to the Our travellers providentially met with world, that they never tasted fermented a kind reception at Assouan." It was liquors of any kind, nor kept them in agreed we should not stay here, but their custody.load and depart immediately; this was In this chapter, which finishes the done in an instant; five camels easily fourth volume, our author arrives at carried the toads, with a man upon Cairo-describes his transactions with them befides ; and there were three the bey of that place; and, in conclu. more camels, ' upon which we rode by fion, lands fafely at Marseilles. turns. We made a brisk retreat from The fifth volume contains the quinta Saffieha to Syene, which is about forty effence of the author's discoveries, and miles. At a little past four in the af. the chief fruit of his labours. We shall ternoon we entered the town again, firft notice the three maps; one of the without any accident whatever, or with countries he traversed from the mouth out having seen one man in our jour of the Nile to its source, with the Red ney.

Sea, and the border of Arabia. Pon* Here then we were to close our cet's wider track is also laid down. travels through the desert, by dis. The second gives a view of the source charging the debts contracted in it. of the Nile ; and the third illustrates his We had now got our credit and letters, ingenious hypothesis of Solomon's trafwhich furnished us with money. I fic. began by recompensing Idris Welled The general map might serve to conHamran, the Hybeer, for his faithful firm Mr. D'Anville's geographical reservices. The next thing was to keep putation, if it wanted confirmation. our faith with our prisoner. I had Indeed, upon surveying the two maps, made Idris chuse him a good camel, we perceive that, for every useful purcloathed him anew, and gave him pose, D'Anville's is abundantly accu. dresses for his two wives, with a load rate. In Abyssinia the French geoof dora. I then dispatched him with grapher is nearly as particular, and the the aga’s protection, wondering what course of the Nile is nearly the same. men we were, who, without compulsion Its source is indeed considerably more or subterfuge, kept our words so ex. to the north in D'Anville; and he actly. Though rich beyond his hopes, does not give it a visible course through and so very lately our enemy, the poor the lake of Dembea ; in which circumfellow, with tears in his eyes, declared, stance we will venture to believe that if I would permit him, he would only he is right, leaving the latter to be dego back and deliver up what I had termined by future inquiry. What given him to his family, and return to must strike every reader, and will not me at Syene, and follow me as my ser- readily be forgiven by any, is the want vant wherever I should go.

of an analysis, or memorial, alligning “ It was the 11th of December when the authority according to which places we left Syene ; we cannot say failed, are laid down. The places named as for our mast being down, we went with of importance in the text, do not all the current and the oars, when the wind appear in the maps: this inaccuracy was against us. In our voyage down may perhaps be placed to the account of the Nile we had but very indifferent the engraver ; but one thing is evident, weather, clear throughout the day, ex- all the positions, those which the author ceedingly cold in the night and morn- visited and those which he did not, are ing; but, being better cloathed, better not equally certain. Now, upon what fed than in the defert, and under cover, authority do the latter rest? The mounwe were not so sensible of it, though tains, for instance, where D'Anvillc

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and Mr. Bruce place the Garamantica have depreciated the price of this in vallis, are seen in Mr. Bruce to run in modern times. a kiff, Araight line along latitude 11 The three next species seem to be of deg. without that variety and curvature the family mimosa; whether new of which generally occurs in nature : in not does not appear. The kol-quall D'Anville they do not differ from the scems to be a well-characterised spurge, general analogy of ridges, and do not probably, as Mr. Bruce's friends obproceed so far eastward. An expla. served to him, the euph. offic. in which mation of this, and any other variations case the drawing is fuperfluous. We that may occur on comparison with have also a drawing of the kantuffa; or former maps, will surely be required troublesome thorn*. The brucea anbefore a preference can be given to tidysenterica is too interesting to be this.

passed over. We are forry to be inThe appendix, bendes the maps, formed that it has not borne feed in our presents us with eighteen drawings of botanic gardens. As its trivial name plants, fix of mammalia, eight of birds, implies, it cured the author of a dan. and five of miscellaneous zoology. . gerous disease.' The part he took was

These engravings have a neat appear. the bark of the root, in the quantity of ance, but are professedly not seientific, an heaped tea-spoonful every day. It shough the parts of fructification are produced a violent drought at first; in seen in some of the plants. Mr. Bruce fix or seven days the author pronounced is of opinion that drawings are more himself well. Its virtues” are well waluable for not being made by pro. known in Sennaar; and it were to be felled botanists, as if an uninfructed wished that they could be ascertained by eye was capable of making the molt European experience. Mr. Bruce fays accurate observations.

it is a plain, simple bitter, without any For the first engraving the author, aromatic or resinous taste. though he has omitted the parts of The Banksia Abyssinica has likewife fructification, may expect the thanks of its medicinal virtues; they are thus the whole literary world. Its interest. described : ing subject is the Egyptian papyrus;

“ The cuffo is one of the most beau. and the confideration that fo‘kilful á tiful trees, as also one of the most botanist as fir Joseph Banks, as we are useful. It is an inhabitant of the high allured, had no idea of what this plant country of Abyfunia, and indigenous was before the author gave him a {pe. there; I never saw it in the Kalla, nor cimen, will greatly enhance its value. in Arabia, 'nor in any other part of

We have next two figures of the Alia or Africa. 'It is an instance of balsam. In the difficulty of assigning the wisdom of Providence that this tree che ancient names to their proper sub. does not extend beyond the limits of ject, we are afraid to rely upon our au- the disease of which it was intended to thor's historical deduction. Different be the medicine or cure. vegetables will yield a ballam or fub- The Abyssinians of both sexes, ftance of a peculiar confiftence. Ac- and at all ageș, are troubled with a cording to his account, three produc- terrible disease, which culton, howtions of this tree were esteemed by the eyer, has enabled them to bear with a ancients: 1. opobalfamum, the green- kind of indifference. Every indivi. ith liquor in the kernel of the fruit; 2. dual, once a month, eyacuates a large carpo-balsamum, or the expressed liquor quantity of worms; these are not the of ihe fruit : (this distinction is not ta pe worm, or those that trouble chil. Fery clear; we suppose fruit, in the dren, but they are the fort of worin fecond case, means the outside pulp, as called Ascarides; and the method of in the peach, &c.); 3. xylo-balfamum, promoting thefe evacuations is by in. or the expression or decoction of the fusing a handful of dry cusso flowers in red twigs. In the next page but one about two English quarts of bouza, or opoballamum is said to be the liquor the beer they make from teff; after it that flows from the wounded tree. * For the whole of this article, ses Osher ballams from the new world Natural History, p. 401.

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