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the epithet of bogh-gi, i. e. night. aries and preachers, and who con men ; because, during a war, which sequently always beg, are, perhaps laid wafte their country, that is to not very improperly, diftinguilhed fay the environs of Erzerum, about by the epithet of Dilingi, or began hundred years ago, several Ar- gars. The Arabs are called Siccianmenians betook themselves to flight, Yeigin which lgnifies rat-cater's. and sought shelter at Conftantino- The Turks also name them Akylfiz, ple. As this nation were poor and or fools, men without judgment. miserable, and knew not how to sub- The Greeks, who are the Rajas of fist, they began at first to follow the the Turks, that is to say. their submeanest occupations ; cleaning the jects, receive a very humiliating epicommon fewers to procure bread. thet; that of Boinuz-fiz-Coyun ; in By industry and economy they at Italian Becchi.

fcornati, or goats length amassed fome money, with with broken horns; because, perwhich they completed a fund; and haps, they were so easily subdued, by this means were enabled, in time, when their empire was attacked. to quit their vile and contemptible The people of the continent are de. employment. Several of their body fpifed at Constantinople; the Turks became very rich by trade; and it is give them the epithet of Arabagi, affirmed, that, for fixty years past, that is to fay, carters and carriers. the Armenians have not exercised For the molt part they live in the the nightly office. It appears, that country, and keep some of those car. if their chiefs had united, by the in- riages called, in the Turkish lantervention of their patriarch and guage, araba : fome use them for their bishops, the latter might have giving people an‘airing, and others forbid them to follow such a pro- for transporting provifions. The feffion, however wretched their con Turks ridicule the Albanians hy 'dition, because they were continu- calling them Giergi, which fignifies ally insulted ; and which sometimes sellers of lungs; because they go Still happens. For these reasons, the through the Itreets carrying long Armenians never use their own lan- sticks on their shoulders, to which guage ; for the most part speaking the intestines of sheep are suspended, Turkish, to conceal their origin. and exposed for sale *. The Mol.

The Georgians are called Beit-gi, davians are also despised, and disthat is to say, eaters of lice. As those tinguished by the epíthet of Bogdapeople are inuch tormented by thefe ni-nadan, that is to say, inhuman. vermin, they use their teeth, as is The Bulgarians, or inhabitants of faid, to destroy them; not being able, Servia, are called Haihud ;. fignify. when they catch them in the dark, ing robbers. to employ their nails. The Turks The Ragusans are stiled Giaufus, call the Tartars and the Scythians that is to say, fpies. The Bosniacs, caters of carrion, because they really or inhabitants of Bosnia, Potur, or eat the flesh of their dead horses. affaffins on the highway. The RufThe Indians, who live like mission- fians are distinguished, but

* At Rome, men may be seen carrying mals. This feeder of cats is always accomhorse.fles in this manner, which is fold for panied by a large dog, which is taught to Cat's meat, These men go twice a day drive away the cats of those matters who do through every street, that is to say, once not regularly pay their money. It is very in the morning, and again in the evening; curious to see all these cats, each running and they distribute a fixed quantity to each to the door of the house to which it be cat, which, on hearing a certain try, im- longs, as soon as it hears the Srill cry of its mediately appears, and for this they receive focder. a small falary from the owners of these ani.


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properly, by the epithet Rufmen, land, about the latter end of her Kius, which signifies Russian, worth: reiga, figned a commiffion to take Iets soul. The Turks insult the the same course with them in IrePoles, by calling them Fodul Gbi- land; and, to execute her vindi&tive aur, men very vain, conceited with purpose with greater force, the nothemselves, unfaithful, and arro- ininated Dr. Cole one of the coin, gant. The Germans are characte- missioners. This doctor coming with rised by the words Gurur Kiafr, the commiffion to Chester, on his haughty blafphemers, because the journey, the mayor of that city, Turks find the German language hearing that her majesty was sending harsh and disagreeable to the ear. a commiffion into Ireland, and, beTo the Venetians they apply the ing a churchman, waited on the epithet of Balik-gi, that is to say doctor ; who, in discourse with the fishers, because their city is built in mayor, took out of a cloak-bag a the middle of the sea. The Italians, leather box, saying to him, “Here and all the Franks, are stiled. Fic is a commisfion that shall lash the rengh-hezar-rengh; or people of a beretics of Ireland !". [calling the thousand colours, on account, per- protestants by that title]. The good haps, of their manner of dressing. womap of the house, being well af. The Turks call the French Airegi, fected to the protestant religion, and that is to fay, cunning and deceit also having a brother, named John ful; the Dutch Peinirgi, which fig. Edmonds, of the fame faith, then nifies cheesemongers, because they a citizen in Dublin, was much bring a great quantity of thať ar troubled at the doctor's words; and ticle to Contantinople; and the resolving to avert the evil, if poffible, English Sciokagi, or cloth manufac. watched her convenient time; and turers ; becaute those people trans- when the mayor took his leave, and port to the Levant abundance of all the doctor complimented him down kinds of drapery goods. The Spa- ftairs, she opened the box, took the niards are distinguished by the epi. commiffion out, and placed in lieu thet of Tembel, that is to say, lazy, of it, a Theet of paper, with a pack The inhabitants of the Morea, and of cards wrapped up, the knave of of all the islands of the Archipela- clubs being faced uppermost. The go, are derided by the word Taufcie doctor, suspecting nothing of what ani, which means hares; because had been done, pursued his journey, when the Turks feized not only the and landed at Dublin on the 7th of Morea, but also the different islands October 1550. The lord Fitz-Walin the Archipelago belonging to the ter, lord-deputy, fent for the doctor Venetians, the terror of the inhabi- to appear before him and the privy tants was so great, that they did not council; shen, after he had anmake any refistance, and fled to the nounced the purport of his business, mountains like hares.

he presented the box to the lord-depuGenerally speaking, all nations ty; who causing it to be opened, that who do not profess the Mahometan the secretary might read the comreligion, are continually despised and mission, the landlady's pack of cards, insulted, by the Turks, who give with the knave of clubs uppermoft, them the denomination of Ghiaur, made its appearance, which not only or unfaithful.

Itartled the lord-deputy and council,

but the doctor, who seriously afsured COMMENDABLE ARTIFICE. them he fat out with a commission,

QUEEN Mary, having dealt but knew not how it had been me. feverely with the protestants in Eng- tamorphofed into what they faw.



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The lord-deputy, however, faceti- rived, we found him seated on a ously made answer, “Let us have stone-bench at the door, where he another commission, and we will every day goes to repose, or rather fhuffle the cards mean while." The to revive himself, in the rays of the doctor, forely troubled in his mind, fun. When we first saw hiin, he returned to England; and, arriving was asleep. "His fleep seemed to be at court, obtained another commif. very profound; his respiration easy; fion: bút while staying for a wiod his pulse regular; the veins of his at the water's side, news overtook forehead were of a lively and transa him, that the queen was dead. parent blue colour, and his whole

Queen Elizabeth was so delighted appearance remarkably calm and vewith this story, which was related nerable. Hair, white as snow, fell to her by lord Fitz-Walter, on his carelessly over his neck, and was return to England, that she sent for scattered over his cheeks, upon which Elizabeth Edmonds, and gave her were displayed the vivid tints of youth a pension of forty pounds a year and healthfulness. I for some time during her life.

surveyed, with the utmoft attention,

this old man, while enjoying his reSOME ACCOUNT pose; but when those around awakOF THE REMARKABLYOLD MAN WHO ened him, in order that he might

speak to me, he appeared less bloom

ing and less beautiful; that is to [Transated from a Foreign Journal.]

fay, not so fresh when awake as when BEING at the castle of St. Ju. asleep. 'He could with difficulty lift lian, (says the journalist) situated his eye-lids; and in the open day, in the botom of the mountains of the he scarcely receives light enough to Franche-Comte, and not far distant direct his steps. I found also that from those of Jura, and the Alps, he was deaf, not being able to hear 1 imagined that I was walking in unless when one fpoke loudly in his the path of ages, and, I thought, I ears. He had been in this state for perceived marks of their paffage in about three years only. At the age that multitude of rocks, half-under- of one hundred and fifteen, he feemmined, which seemed to nod on their ed to be no inore than eighty, and fummits, and to threaten destruction at one hundred and ten he could by their fall. There, formerly, the perform almost any labour. " In Roman, the Gallic, and the Teu- the meadows he cut grass at the tonic armies passed. Whilst I was head of the mowers, whom he astoadmiring the antiquity of this place, wished by his vigour, and animated and, on this occasion, observing the by his activity. At table he diftin contrait which is always formed be- guised himself, no less by his aptween the short duration of man, and petite, than by his fongs, which he the long duration of things, I was sung with a full and Itrong voice. told of an old man, aged one hun. At the same age, having conceived dred and eighteen, who lived at the a desire of revisiting the place of distance of a league from St. Julian, his nativity, he repaired thither at on the estate of Montaigu. Thinks a time when the inhabitants were ing that this wonder was exagge carrying on a lawsuit against their rated, as generally happens, I wished lord, respecting a cross which he to examine its truth, and the clergy- had erected at a great distance from men of St. Julian and Montaigu, boundaries, till then acknowledged conducted me to the house in which by custom and tradition, and which the oid man lodged. When we ar- consequently wouid have deprived


them of a considerable portion of the ceremonies which the Spanish common.

When the old man ar monarchs are obliged to observe, and rived, he heard mention made of which they dare pot, upon any prethis process ; and as he had been a tence,'' break through ; but yet is a witness of the past, he became a grcater check upon the liberty of proper judge of the present. Have the queen confort, for they are of ing conducted a great number of ren forbid things the most innocent. the inhabitants, who accompanied' The duchess of Terra Nova, who him, to a high pite of stones, situ-' was 'camera major to the wife of ated at the distance of a league, he Charles 11. told her majefty plainly, began to remove them, and difco

that 'the queens of Spain inust 1106 vered the ancient and real crofs, look out of the windows of the palacea. which had occafioned the lawfuit;' There happened to this princess an and which now brought it to a con- adventure, which, by the formaliciufion."

ties of the etiquette, had like to This old man, whose name is have occasioned her death. The John Jacob, was born at Charme, a' queen was very fond of riding; and bailiwick of Orgelet, on the 10th of several fine horses having been November 1669. Mr. de Caumar- brought her from Andalulia, the tin de Sainte-Ange, intendant of had a mind to exercise one of them; Franche-Comte, having in the year but she had no sooner mounted, 1785, heard of him; and having than the proud steed, beginning to satisfied 'himself respecting his age; prance and caper, threw her off; and learned that he had really need' wheu 'her'majeity's foot hitched in of affistance, proposed to the mis the stirrup, and me was dragged nister of the finances, to grant him along, to the utmost peril of her a pension of two hundred livres, to? life. All the courts were spectators' enable 'him to terminate his long of this accident; buç nobody had career in


add to it a thought of fuccouring the queen: present of twelve' hundred more tie etiquette formally oppoted it; This proposal was agreed to in the for it förbid any man whatsoever, month of September 1785, and since on pain of death, to touch the queen! that period he has enjoyed this mark of Spain, and more cfpecially her of beneficence conferred • upon old foot. Charles 11. who had a great age. On the 20th of October, last love for his queen, and who, from year, this old man was condućted to a balcony, law her danger, cried Paris, and presented to the king," out vehemently'; but the cutor who viewed him with equäl atten. inviolable, and the untouchable tion and surprize ; and treated with foot te trained the grave Spaniards much kindness this extraordinary from intermeddling in so delicate an man, who had been a subject to affair. At length, two brisk cavaliers, Louis XIV. and Louis XV. as well' one named don Louis de las Terres, as to himself. Though reduced al.. and the other don Jaine de Sotoma most to a ftate of vegeracion, he still jor, resolved to hazard all in spite vegetates with pleasure ; and he has of the law prohibiting the touch of retained three passions, vanity, ane, the queen's foot. , One ftized the ger, and avarice.

I bridle of the horse ; and the other

laid hold' of her majesty's foot, and SINGULAR LAW IN SPAIN, took it out of the lirrup; but, in *1* " AND ITS EFFECTS

rendering her this service, displaced THE Spanish etiquette is a cera' one of his fingers. When the queen cain regulation which contains all was extricated, the cavaliers took the


peace, and



advantage of the confufion occafioned favour of heaven. But the Leze.
by the accident, and, without stop. kees, who are remarkable for their
ping, went home, took their horses, Itrength and valour, gave him a dif-
and fled from the punishment they ferent reception from what he had
had incurred, for daring to offend expected.
against fo ftrict and so august a I have heard from many of the

servants, who attended his person,
The queen, after recovering from that in the wars of Hindoftan, Tu-
her fright, defired to see her two ran and Turkey, he never neglected
deliverers. A young lord, their his ablutions; but would then hum-
friend, told her majesty, that they ble himself by prostrating his fore-
were obliged to fly their country, to head in the dust, and make prayers
avoid the punishment allotted to and fupplications to God, and that
their crime. The queen, who was particularly during the battle with
a Frenchwoman, knew nothing of the Omrahs of Hindoftan, he alight-
the prerogative of her heel; and ed from his horse, rubbed his face
very juftly imagining it a very im- against the earth, and made loud
pertinent custom, to punish men for protestations of his own unworthi.
saving her life, entreated, and ob- ness. But in the war of Daghistan,
tained, their pardon from the king he behaved in a manner quite con-
her husband." But the reluctance trary, being inflated with pride and
which he fhewed on this occasion, arrogance, neglecting his duty to
but ill accorded with his connubial God ; in consequence of which he
love, and for that vehemence of de experienced a reverse of fortune ; ,
fpair which he betrayed while the for the Lezekees, after having made
danger continued.

great flaughter amongst his troops,

took refuge in their mountains ; and AN ACCOUNT thus, although in fact victorious, OF THE MURDER OF NADIR SHAH, he was obliged to give up the war,

THE PERSIAN TYRANT. without having committed the ra.
[From Memoirs of Khojeh Abdulkurreem, pine, and faciated his revenge, in
a person of distinction, who accompanied the manner he had meditated and
Nadir on his return from Hindostao to threatened. After his return from

Daghistan, he staid fome time in
NADIR Shah commenced his Iran, to prepare for the Turkiflı
expedition against the Lezekee of war. He then marched to Kerhook,
Daghistan, for which he was making and, afrer plundering Mouffel, Diar-
preparations when I * took my leave beker, and other places in that quar-
of him at Cazvin. As he had con- ter, proceeded to Nejeff and Kerbela,
quered Hindoftan and Turan with where he visited the lirines of the
out experiencing any of the hard. Imams, and then proceeded through
thips of war, he vainly imagined Irak Agem to Khorasan.
that 'he should also now carry all Allavee Khan, when he was ac
before him, and arrogantly declared the court of Perfia, availing himself
that he would make prostitutes of of Nadir Shah's favour and kinda:
all the virgin daughters of their nefs, employed the opportunities,
great men; and, in retaliation of whilft he was prescribing medicine,
the blood of his brother, would de. to administer also wholefome advice,
capitate five thousand Lezekees; and which the Shah took in very
and, confiding folely in his own good part. The Hakeem Bafhy was
strength, fought not the aid and alto continually exerting his skill to
• The Persian author of these Memoiss. correct the impetuofity

of his tem


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