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of him and others, who, contrary to having certain things to be signed; their oath of association, did cast her majesty entered of herself into the burthen upon herself; the rose some earnest discourse, of the danup, and, after a turn or two, went ger the daily liv'd in, and how it into the gallery; whether I fol- was more than time this matter were lowed her. And there [the] re- dispatched; swearing a great oath, newed her former speech; blaming that it was a shame for them all it the niceness of those precise fellows, was not already done ; and therewho in words would do great things fore fpake unto mé, to have a letter for her fafety, but in deed perform written, for the dispatch thereof, nothing: and concluded, she would becauie the longer it was deferr’d, have it done without them. And the more her danger encréas'd. here, entring into particularities, Whereto, knowing what order had [the] named unto me, as I remem- been taken by my lords, in sending ber, one Wingfield, who, the assured the commiffion to the earls ; I anme, would with some others under- fwer'd, that there was no necessity, take it. Which gave me occafion as I thought, of such a letter, the to fhew unto her majesty, how dif- warrant being so general and suffihonourable in my poor opinion any cient as it was. Her majesty resuch course would be, and how far ply'd little else, but that she thought off she would be from fhunning the Mr. Poulet would look for it. blame and stain thereof, which the o much fought to avoid : and here,

II. falling particularly into the case of And this, as near as I can poslibly Sir Amias Poulet and fir Drue Drury, remember, is a faithful and true told her; that it was a marvellous report of the whole substance, of extremity, she would have exposed that hath past betwixt her majesty these gentlemen unto. For if, in a and me, from the day of signing tender care for her surety, they the warrant, and coinmandment Thould have done that she desired; given to me to carry it to the seal, The must either allow their act, or until the hour of my departure dif-allow it. If the allowed it, she from court. In all which I must took the matter upon herself, with protest unfeignedly before God, her infinite dishonour, If she dif- that I neither remember any such allow'd it, she overthrew these faith- commandment given me by her ful gentlemen, who, she knew, did majesty, as is pretended; neither did truly and faithfully love her; and I ever conceive such an intent or not only themselves, but their estate meaning in her. And that mine and posterity. And therefore [I] innocency herein may the better apthought this a dangerous and dif- pear, let it be considered, first, what honourable.course, both for herself the commandment is, and next, and them. And so, after some par- upon what consideration it was ticular speech of Mr. Secretary and grounded. others, touching some matters pait The commandment (as I under. heretofore; her majesty, calling to stand it) hath two parts; one, that understand, whether it were time to I Mould conceal it from the rest of go to the closet, broke off our dif- her majesty's council ; another, that course.

I should retain it by myself until At my next access to her majesty some tumultuous tiine, as a thing (which, I take it, was Tuesday, the her majesty meant not otherwise to day before my coming to court), put in execution : both which I muft in all-duty and humbleness, delay thereof did infinitely encrease under her moft gracious favour, ab- her majesty's peril, and thereby folutely deny.

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hazard the whole estate ; feeing it And, for the first, I truf her ma- was imparted to some by her ma. jefty, in ier princely and honour- jefty's own order, and no cause or able nature, will not deny, but that poffibility, being sealed, to keep it the first fent for me by my lord ad- from the rest, as much interested in miral, to bring the warrant unto the cause as myself; and finally, her; which proveth that his lord- seeing I could neither, as I take it, fhip was acquainted with her pur in law nor in the duty of a good pole: and next, that she gave ex- subject conceal it from them, the press word, both to carry it forth- cause importing so greatly her mawith to the feal, with a message to jesty's life as it did, and the difpofimy lord chancellor, who, confe- tion both of the time and state of quently must be acquainted with things, at home and abroad, being all; and also, by the way, to impart such as it was: I trust it shall fuffiit to Mr. Secretary. So as, these ciently appear, that I was both in three being made privy unto it by reafon, duty, and necessity forced her good liking, and myself, as I thereunto; unless I would have wil. fay, not restrained to the contrary, fully endanger'd myself, whose ofby any such commandment as is fence, if ought in the mean time pretended; what reason had I to had happend amiss to her majesty, conceal it from my lord treasurer, must have been, in my own censure, to whom my lord admiral had first worthy of a thousand deaths. imparted it, or from my lord of Lei- And, as for my proceeding therein cester, to whom her majesty is (fa- with the rest of my lords; after it miliar, and had] fignify'd as much, was refolved, that it was neither fit as likewise afterwards to Mr. Vice- nor convenient to trouble her machamberlain (Hatton); as they are jesty any further withal, confidering acquainted with the rest of the she had done all that the law rewhole proceeding, and as far in- quired at her hands; and that the terested in the cause as myself or any had both to myself and others figof the others ? Unless her majesty nify'd at other times, her indispohad a meaning, that Mr. Secretary fition to be acquainted with the patand I should have dealt alone, in ticular circumitances, of time, place, the fending of it to the earls; which &c. and that to detain the warrant for my own part I confess I never in expectation of any further diliked, knowing her majesty's pur- rections from herfelf, was both needpose, often uttered to myself, to re- less and dangerous, considering the move as much of the burden as she hourly hazard her majesty liv'd in; might, from her own shoulders upon and finally, that my lords, knowing others; which I knew mine own her majesty's unwillingness to bear unfit to sustain.

all the burthen alone, were content Now seeing the end of figning most resolutely, honourably, and and sealing this warrant, in all rea- dutifully, to ease her as much as fonable probability and judgment, they might *: with what reason was to go forward withal; that the and justice fhould I have hindered

* This shows the lords to have been all for execution; and artfully to have given well acquainted with Elizabeth's desire for it another turn, in order to bring the exethrowing the load of murder off from her cution forwards. own Thoulders, by substituting assassination

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the course of justice, tending fo communicate with myself); progreatly to her majelty's safety,

and tested many hundred times her nepreservation of the whole realm? ceffity, and resolution, to go through

And for the other part, of keep- withal (albeit, for fundry good reing it by me to such end as is before spects, she had so long deferr'd it); alleged, I trust the world does not having given her commandment to hold me so undutiful to her ma- me many days before, to bring the jesty, or ill-advised for my particu- warrant to her, and then voluntarily lar, as to take such a charge upon sent for it by my lord admiral'; fignme, to the evidenţ peril, of her ma- ing it as soon as I brought it, withi jesty's life, subversion of the whole her express commandment given estate, and my own utter overthrow. me, to carry it to the feal, and to Neither is there cause to think (I have it secretly handled; and, speak it in all reverence, and under finally, her particular direction, her majesty's molt gracious favour), while she was signing other things that her majesty having proceeded at the same time, to have the exeso far as she had done to the trial of cution done in the hall, misliking that lady's fact, found her guilty by that it Mould be on the green or a most honourable jury of her no- open, court; with a number of bility, assembled her parliament other, foregoing and following cironly for that purpose, graciously cumstances ; may sufficiently testify heard, their petitions, and dismissed her majesty's disposition to have it them with so great hope ; published proceeded in, albeit she had to myafterwards the proclamation for her self and others declared her unwil. difhabilment, rejected the suits both lingness, to be made acquainted of the French and Scotish kings for with the time and other circumher life, and returned their ambas- stances, having done all that the law fadors, hopeless; confirmed that im. required of her, or that in honour pression by her letters to both princes was fit and expedient for her *. (some of which it pleased her to

* Let me here, at the end of the apology, ing the commissioners, who were sent to remark finally concerning Davison, That, try Mary at Fotheringay-caftle, from prothough he was not an honest man, yet he nouncing sentence upon her immediately was so nearly one, as to be a very prodigy after the trial; and of obliging them to refor the ministry of Elizabeth. He refused, turn first to London, and report their proit appears, to sign that very bond of affoci- ceedings to Elizabeth (Robertson, ți. 483). ation, which was signed by all the nation, We have already seen, that he kept the war. and which even the despairing Mary offer- rant for the execution of Mary, five or ir ed, on her liberty being granted, to sign weeks in his hands; without offering to herself. Yet be refused, though Leicester present it to Elizabeth, for her figning. pushed on the association, and though Eli- We have equally feen, that he actually zabeth urged him to sign it. Among the neglected to obey a personal command of pleas which he advances for himself in his Elizabeth's, for bringing the warrant to Other apology, he particularly states, “his her; and that he thus neglected for many former absolute refusal to sign the band of days,” even till the queen fired at his conassociation, being earnestly pressed thereunto duct, and sent him a peremptory order to by her majesty's self” (Robertson, ii. 483). bring it. Even then, and even when Paulet's This indeed is a very strong evidence, of a answer had been received, and all delay manly virtuousness in him. But he did was now at an end for ever; he would not other things, in the same spirit of virtue. be concerned in sending away the warrant He declined to act as a commissioner, on himself, but returned it into the hands the examination of Babington and his ac- from which he had received it, and left complices, for their conspiracy in favour of Cecil and the council to send it. And, as Mary; and took a journey to Bath, in order in all the time " before her trial, he neither to save himself from ačting (Robertson, is nor can be charged, to have had any ii. 483). He was a means too of prevent- hand at all in the cause of the said queen,

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reach of the oars, and, griping himby HISTORICAL SELECTIONS.

the small of the back, his devouring [By J. R. of Liverpool.] jaws foon cut the poor man asunder,

and as soon swallowed the lower part STRIKING INSTANCE OF PERSONAL of his body. The remainder was taken

up, and carried on board. The com

rade of the deceased was present, (From Hughes's History of Barbadocs.]

between whom a friendship had long SOME sailors having disem- been conspicuous by a reciprocal barked the last part of their lading discharge of all such endearing in the island of Barbadoes, which offices as implied an union and fym. was coals, those who had been em. pathy of soul. On seeing the se ployed in that dirty work, ventured vered trunk of his friend, he was into the sea to wash themselves; but filled with an horror and emotion had not been long there, before a too great for words to express. person on board observed a large During this affe&ting scene, the inThark making towards them, and fatiable shark was observed traverfing gave them notice of their danger; the bloody furface, and searching on which they swam back, and all after the other part of his prey. except one reached the boat ; him The crew thought themselves happy the Thark overtook almost within in being safely on board ; and the or done any thing whatsoever concerning prove, though none of them offered to unthe same, directly or indirectly;" fo, af- dertake, and which had been so talked ter the return thence of the-commissioners, over, and so approved of, merely to put it is well known to all her council, that he Davison upon undertaking it; might finally never was at any deliberation or meeting what- be urged upon Davison in private, by Elifoever, in parliament or council, concerning zabeth herself. Should he bend to this the cause of the said queen, till the sending urgency, and engage in the work of assassidown of her majesty's warrant unto the nation; Elizabeth, as foon as ever the work commissioners, by the lords and others of was done, would have risen upon him with her council" (Robertson, ii. 481).

an affected passion, and made his life the These deeds of honesty, no doubt, had forfeit of his compliance. And should he successively marked him out for vengeance, not bend, all his present and all his former to the rest of the ministry and to the queen. refractoriness would be remembered at He was therefore selected by Cecil, " with once against him, and unite to draw down her majesty's own privity,”' to be the fe- the rage of Elizabeth in a form of real recretary with whom the warrant should be sentment upon him. Either way, the mar lodged for rigning (Robertson, ii. 481). was sure to be ruined. He complied, though He was thus exposed to a train of decisive only in part. He brought up the warrant, trials. It would be seen, whether he offered at the second order. He carried it to the to present the warrant 10 Elizabeth, for her great seal. He even united with Walsingsignature. Should he not offer, a command ham, to mention Elizabeth's proposal of might be given him by Elizabeth, to bring assassination to Paulet. But he would go.no it up. Should he hesitate to obey this, a farther. He actually protested to Elizabeth Sharp rebuke and a peremptory order might herself against the proposal, before he menbe sent him. If he was refractory in all tioned it to Paulet. He protested to her these points, then the wrath of Elizabeth against every scheme of assassination. And would burst out upon him, and sweep him he was therefore ruined at last by Elizabeth, away from her presence for ever. If he in a most impudent stretch of fálshood, for complied in any, his farther compliance. doing what he did not do, and in truth and might be tried, in ordering him to the reality for not doing what he was wanted to dla great seal with the warrant, and in direct- Thus fell Davison, a memorable evidence ing him to ule the warrant, when sealed, of the cunning, the perfidiousness, and the with secresy. Should he be found pliable barbarity of Elizabeth and her Cecil! But in this trial, the grand scheme of assassina- he was fully revenged of them both, in his tion, the favourite wish of Elizabeth's fall. He wrote the present apology, which heart, which had repeatedly been talked serves so greatly to expose the characters over by her other ministers before Eliza- of both. -WHITAKER besh and him, which they all united to ap

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III.

PRUSSIA.

comrade of the unhappy victim was complained that some of his soldiers alone unhappy at not being within had entered her field in the night, reach of the voracious deitroyer. and taken away her catile, in which Fired at the fight, and vowing that her whole ucalth confitted. You he would make the devourer dif- muft then," said the king, have gorge, or be swallowed himself, he been in a very deep sleep, that you plunged into the deep, armed with a did not hear the robbers !"Tharp-pointed knife. The shark no Sire," replied the, “ I slept foundly i sooner diícovered fresh food for his but it was in confidence that your attention, than he made furiously majesty, watched for your peoples towards the hero; both were equally fatery.” The king; though absoeager, the one for prey, the other lute and ambitious, had an elevated for revenge. The moment the shark mind: he approved of her answer, opened his rapacious jaws, his ad- bold as it was, and ordered her to versary dexterously diving, and receive ample satisfaction for the grasping him with his left hand, foss The had sustained. somewhat below the upper fins, successfully employed his knife in his

ANECDOTE OF THE LATE KING OF right hand, giving him repeated liabs in the belly. The enraged thark,

A Lady of high fashion, compliafter many unavailing efforts, find

menting the king in such high terms, ing himself over matched in his own

that his Prussian majesty was rather element, endeavoured to decline the combat. Sometimes he plunged dilgulted at it than pleased; and to the bottom; then, mad with pain, he was covered with glory, was the

saying, amongst other things, that reared his uncouth form, now stained with his own blood, above the foampeace-maker of Europe, and in short

the greatest monarch and man on ing waves. The crews of the fur

earth-Madam,' replied the king, rounding vessels saw the horrid com

66 You are as handsome as bat, but uncertain from which the streams of blood issued, till at length able; in short, you potless all the ad

angel; witty, elegant, and agreethe shark much weakened by the lofs of blood, made towards the mirable qualities, but you paint!" Thore, and with him his conqueror, who, flamed with an assurance of PRINCELY MODERATION, victory, pushed his foe with re- BALDWIN, king of Jerusalem, doubled ardour, and by the help of having been poisoned by his phyfian ebbing tide, dragging him on cian at the

age

of thirty-two, NouThore, ripped up his bowels, and raddin, the Saracen emperor, with a united and buried the severed body magnanimity that would have done of his friend in one grave.

honour to the most civilized nation, Mr. Hughes obierves that this refused to derive any advantage from story is of so extraordinary a nature, his death : “ Let us rather bear a that he would not have dared to part,” said he, “ in the general insert it had he not been authorized grief, for the loss of a prince who by the testimony of a very credit- has not left his equal behind him." able gentleman, who was ready to confirm the truth of it by an oath. LEGAL ADVICE.

[An Anecdote, transmitted by J. S.]

SOME few years since, one of This monarch was once approach- the fons of Mr. G

a well $d by a woman of low condition, who known Jew, being on the point VOL. II,

of

an

IV.

II.

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ANECDOTE OF LEWIS XIV.

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