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fore he could be releasedo An inqueft his only fon, by which his lordship's was taken on the body, and the jury feat as representative in the House of brought in their verdict, Accidental Commons for Great Bedwin in Wilts, Death.

becomes vacant. DEATHS.

At Stoney Stratford, the right hon. The 38th, early in the morning, his the countess of Clarendon. Her ladyroyal highness the duke of Cumberland; fhip was going to Dunham Maffey, in who long laboured under the most af. Cheshire, accompanied by the earl of flicting illness. A little before his Clarendon and lady Charlotte Villiers, diffolution, his mind wandered very on a' visit to the earl of Stamford. much ; his hands were extended out of She was suddenly taken ill, and carried the bed, and he seemed to act as if en- to a gentleman's house in Stoney Strat. couraging hounds to press forward; ford. Lord Villiers was immediately twenty minutes before he went off, he sent for, but did not arrive until after was perfectly quiet, and died without a her ladyfhip's deceafe. Struggle. His will was made thirteen At Sheffield, after a short indispoyears ago, and is till the fame. His fition, John Holmes, aged eighty-feven. royal highness has left every thing he He was round the world with Anfos had to the duchess, that is, his per- and Byron, being pressed into those fonals, which are very valuable ; the hazardous services. He said he was is left executrix and residuary legatee. the man whom Anson's voyage reports Another circunstance not yet taken to have had so narrow an escape at Botice of, very much to the honour of Paita, owing to his being drunk, for the late duke, is, that his pay as an ad- which he received a fevere correction, miral he has not accepted for many and could never after gain a naval proyears; as he did not serve his country, motion, though be was then upon a he refused reward.

level with Keppel, afterwards admiral The duke of Gloucester will derive Keppel. an increase of twelve thoufand five hun- Near Stratford upon Avon, one dred a year to his revenue in consequence Samnuel Davies, a famous cribbage of his royal brother's death : the grant player. He selected fout of the belt of parliament to the former duke of players from the circle of his friends, Cumberland, being, at the death of his as pall-bearers, to whom he left a beauroyal highness parcelled out to his three tiful ivory cribbage-board, to be played nephews, the dukes of York, Gloucef- for on their return from the grave. ter, and Cumberland : by survivorship, Lately, at Seven Oaks, Kent, a jour, the duke of Gloucester will possess the neyman cricket-ball-maker, aged fiftywhole.

five. Though at very inconfiderable The 23d, at his seat at Twicken- wages, he had from indefatigable jnham, the most noble William, duke, duttry, and fingular oeconomy, acquired marquis, and earl of Montrole, mare considerable property, and was poilelled quis and baron of Graham, Dundaff, of two thoufand five hundred pounds Kincairn, Mindork, and Kinabor in in the public funds at the time of his Scotland, and earl and baron Graham, decease. He was so rigid in his plan, of Belford in the county of Northum that besides fix fhillings per week for berland, England. His grace married, board, washing, and lodging, and two October 1742, Lucy Manners, daugh- pence for Saturday night, he allowed ter of John, second duke of Rutland, himielf but two thillings per year for by whom (who died June 18, 1788) spending money, one at the great an. he had issue James, marquis of Gra- nual cricket-match, and the other at ham, born February 8, 2755.Lucy, the fair. His other expenditures were born July 1751, and married in June two pence per week to the poor-box ia 3771, to Archibald Douglas, esq. now the chapel he belonged to; and a thil. lord Douglas. His grace is fucceeded ling per year towards a newlpaper, for in his titles and estates by the right the purpose only of observing the price honourable the marquis of Graham, of stocks.

For OCTOBER, 1790.

NUMBER XXIV.

FRA G M E N T S.

1.

SECRETARÝ DAVISON'S morning; advising me to use it
APOLOGY*,

oftner ; and reprehending me for

the contrary; finally demanded, FOR THE SHARE HE HAD IN THE

what I had in my hands. I an. MURDER OF MARY QUEEN OF

fwer'd, Divers warrants, and other SCOTS.

things, to be figned for her service. [From Whitaker's Vindication of that She enquired, whether lord adPrincess. ]

my miral had not sent for me, and whe

ther I had not brought up the war. O the for ;

present, about ten of the swer'd, Yes; and thereupon, [[he] [clock, came one of the grooms +] calling for it, I deliver'd it into her of the chamber unto me, to let me hands; after the reading whereof, understand, that her majesty had fhe, calling for pen and ink, figned called for (me by my lord admiral, it; and, laying it from her, asked who was in the †] privy chamber. me, Whether I were not heartily I found his lord Nip there, who told sorry it was done? Mine answer me the cause of my fending for; was, That I was forry a lady, so having, first, fummarily discoursed near in blood to herself, and of her unto me fome speech, that had place and quality, should so far forpast that morning betwixt her ma. get her duty both to God and her jefty and him, touching the execu- majesty, as to give her this cause; tion of the Scotish queen; the con- but fithens this act of her majesty clufion whereof was, that she would was, in all mens opinions, of that no longer defer it, and therefore justice and necessity, that the could had commanded him to send ex- not defer it without the manifest pressly for me, to bring the warrant danger of her person and state, I unto her.

could not be sorry to see her majesty Whereupon returning to my take this course, of removing the chamber, I took both that and di- caufe of that danger,which threatned vers other things, to be signed for the one and the other: protesting neher service; and, returning, fent in vertheless, that, for my own part, I Mrs. Brooke to fignify my being was so far from thirsting after the there, to her majeity; who imme- blood of that unhappy lady, that, if diately called for me. At my com

there had been any other way to preing in, her majesty first asking me, ferve her majesty and the state from whether I had been abroad that fair mi chief, than by taking her life; I

* I have numbered the two parts of it, + + I have supplied the words within and broken each part into paragraphs. hooks, from Mackenzie's copy.-WhitaWHITAKIR. Vo L, ΙΙ.

could

XIR.

Y Y

could not have wished it. But the Poulet and others, that might brate cafe standing fo in the opinion of all eas'd her of this hurthen; wishing men, that either her majesty or she me yet to deal with Mr. Secretary, must die; I must confess freely, that and that we would jointly write unto I preferr'd the death of the guiltyfir Amias and fir Drue Drury, to before the innocent.

found their difpofitions; aiming still After this, she commanded me to at this, that it might be so done, as carry it to the seal; and to give my the blame might be removed from lord' chancellor orders from her, to herself. And tho' I had always beuse it as secretly as might be; and fore refused to meddle therein, upon by the way to shew it to Mr. fe- sundry her majesty's former motions, cretary Walfingham, because she as a thing I uiterly condemned; yet thought the grief thereof would kill, was I content, as I told her, for her him outright, for so it pleased her fatisfying, to let fir Amias undermajesty to say of him. This done, stand, what the expected at his The called for the rest of the warrants hands : albeit I did before assure and other things I had to sign; and myself, it should be fo much labour dispatched them all, with the best lost, knowing the wisdom and indisposition and willingness that tegrity of the gentlemen, who, 1 might be; in the mean time repeat- thought would not do an unlawful ing unto me some reafons, why fhe act for any respect in the world. had fo long deferred the matter, as But finding her majesty defirous to namely for her honour's fake, that have him lounded in this behalf, 1 the world might see she had not departed from her majesty, with been violently or maliciously drawn promise to signify so much unto into it. She concluded, She was Mr. Secretary, and that we would never so ill advis'd, as not to see and both acquaint fir Amias with this apprehend her own danger, and the her pleasure. And here repeating necessity that she had to proceed to unto me again, that the would bave this execution. And thereupon, the matter closely handled, because after some other intermingled speech of her danger; I promis'd to use here and there, she told me, That it as secretly as I could, and so for the would have it done as secretly as that time departed. may be; and, mifliking that it should That afternoon 1 repaired to my be executed in the open court or lord chancellor, where I procurd green of the castle, expressly willed the warrant to be feal’d; having in that it should be done in the hall: my way visited Mr. Secretary, and which I take to be certain argu- agreed with him about the form of ments, both of her meaning it should the letter, that should be written for be done, and in the form prescribed her majesty's fatisfying to fir Amias in the warrant.

Poulet and Mr. Drury, which at But, after I had gathered up iny my return from my lord chancellor papers, and was ready to depart, nie was dispatched *. The next mornfell into some complaint of fir Amias ing I received a letter from Crad,

mer, * The letter is thus entitled, “ a copy of have not in all this time (of yourselves a letter from sir F. Walsingham and se- without other provocation) found out fome cretary Davison to fir Amias Poulet," and way to shorten the [life of+] that queen;

considering the great peril she is hourly “ After our hearty commendations, we subject to, so long as the said queen shall find by speech lately uttered by her ma- + I have supplied the words, in hooks: jesty, that the doth note in you both a lack. The prin copy is without them. Anda of that care and zial for her lervice, that as the editor says, “ 'tis thus in the MS."the looketh for at your hands; in that you WHITAKER,

runs thus.

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Ther, my servant, whom I left at ment fhe 'recommended. I an.
court, fignifying unto me her ma. swer'd, that I took the honourable
jesty's pleasure, that I should for- and just way to be the best and safest
bear to go to my lord chancellor way, if the meant to have it done at
till I had spoken with her; and, all. Whereto her majesty, replying
within an hour after, came William nothing for that time, loft me, and
Killigrew with the like message went to dinner *.
from her; whom I return'd witla Within a day or two after, her
this answer, that I would be at the majesty, being in the privy cham-
court as soon as himself, and give ber, call'd ine unto her; and smiling
her majesty an account of what I told me, how she had been troubled
had done. At my coming to her, that night with me, upon a dream
The afked me, Whether I had been she had that the Scots queen was
with my lord chancellor? I told executed; pretending to have been
her, Yes. She demanded, what need- fo troubled with the news, as, if the
ed that hafte? I answer'd, That I had had a sword, flie could have
had done no more than flae com- run me through. But this being
manded, and thought it no matter delivered in a pleasant and finiling
to be dally'd withal. But, faith manner, I answered her majesty,
The, methinks the beft and safest that it was good for me I was not
way for me, is to have it otherways near her, so long as that humour
handled; particularizing a form, lasted. But, taking hold of her
that, as the pretended, liked her speech, I ask'd her majesty in great
better; naming unto me some that earnest, what it meant, and whe-
were of that opinion, whose judg. ther, having proceeded thus far,

The
tive. Wherein, besides a kind of lack of these speeches, lately pased from her ma-
love towards her, she noteth greatly, that jesty; referring the same to your good
you have not that care of your own particu- judgment. And so we commit you to the
lar safeties, or rather of the preservation of protection of the Almighty
religion, and the publick good and prospe-

6. Your most allured friends, rity of your country, that reason and policy

Fra. Walsingham. commandeth; especially, having so good

William Davison." a warrant and ground, for the satisfaction " At London, 1 Febry. of your consciences towards God, and the

1586.” discharge of your credit and reputation 66 To the right honourable towards the world, as the oath of the allo. fir Amias Poulet, Kt. One ciation, which you both have so solemnly of her majesty's most hotaken and vowed; especially, the matter, nourable privy council.” wherewith the standeth charged, being This letter, which ought to be preserved, clearly and manifestly proved against her. as an eterns monument of the insidious And therefore she taketh it most unkindly, savageness of the writer, Wallingham, and that men, professing that love towards her of the suggester, Elizabeth, was " found that you do, should

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in a kind of sort, for amongst fir Amias Poulet's writings,” thus lack of the discharge of your duty, cast indorsed by fir Amias, “ this letter was rethe burthen upon her; knowing, as you ceived at Fotheringay the ed of February do, her indisposition to shed blood, espe- at 5 in the afternoon." cially of one of that sex and quality, and * How a man, who could talk in this fo near to her in blood as the said queen is. Atrain of probity to Elizabeth, should ever These respects, we find,

do greatly trouble have become one of her secretaries of her majesty, who, we assure you, hath fun- ftate; must excite surprize in us. Camdry times protested, that, if the regard of den's account is very remarkable. “ Thus the danger of her good subjects and faithful was Davifon," he says a few weeks beyond Servants did not more move her than her this period, a man of good ingenuity, own peril, she would never be drawn to but not well skilled in court-arts, brought aflent to the shedding of her blood. We upon the court-stage of purpose (as most men ubought it very meet to acquaint you with thought) to act for a time ibis part in the

tragedy:

Y y 3

she had not a meaning to go for- The fame afternoon, as I take it, ward with the execution ? Her an- she ask'd me, whether I had heard swer, confirmed with a solemn oath, from fir Amias Poulet ? I told her, in some vehemency was Yes : but No. But within an hour or two The thought it might receive a bet- after, going to London, I met with ter form ; because, faith Me, this letters from him, in answer to those casteth the whole burthen upon my- were written to him by Mr. Seself. Whereunto I replied, that the cretary and myself. form prescribed by her warrant was The next morning having access what the law required, and the only to her majesty upon some other ocform that was to be kept in honour cafion, I told her that I had letters and justice. She answered, that from Mr. Poulet ; which her mathere were wiser men than myself of jeity defiring to see, took and read*. another opinion. I told her, that But finding thereby, that he was I could not answer for other men; grieved with the motion made unto but this I was sure of, that I never him, offering his life and all he had heard any man give a sound reason, to be disposed by his (her) majesty, to prove it honourable or safe for but absolutely refusing to be an inher majesty, to take any other strument, in any such action as was course than that, which standeth not warranted in honour and justice; with law and justice. And so, with- her majesty, falling into some terms out further replication or speech, of offence, complaining of the daintiher majesty rose up, and left me. ness, and, as the term'd it, perjury, tragedy; and soon after, the part being and the law forbiddeth. My goods, live acted, and his stage attire laid aside, as if ings, and life are at her majesty's disposihe had failed in the last act, he was thrust tion; and I am ready to lose them this next down from the stage, and, not without the morrow, if it shall lo please her; acknowpity of many, shut up a long time in pri- ledging that I hold them as of her mere

He was also fined ten thousand and most gracious favour, and do not desire pounds, sentenced to prison during Eliza- to enjoy them, but with her highness's beth's pleasure, and never recovered” good liking. But God forbid, that I should her favour, " though she sometimes re- make so foul a shipwreck of my confcience, lieved his wants” (Orig. i. 465, Trans. or leave so great a blot to my poor pofte392).

rity, to shed blood without law and warThis letter also has been luckily pre- rant; trusting that her majesty of her acserved, being also“ found among fir Amias customed clemency, and the rather by Poulet's writings," and thus entitled and your good mediation, will take this my copied by him.

dutiful answer in good part, as proceeding copy.

of a letter to fir Francis Wal- from one who will never be inferior to fingham of the ad of February 1586, at fix any Christian fubject living, in duty, hoin ihe afternoon, to the [in) answer of a nour, love, and obedience towards his fo letter from the said fir Francis of the first vereign. And thus I commit you to the of February 1586, received at Fotheringhay mercy of the Almighty. the second day of the said month at five in “ Your most assured poor friend, the afternoon."

« A. Poulet," " SIR,

“ From Fotheringhay “ Your letters of yesterday coming to

2d of February, my hands this present day at five in the 1586.” afternoon, I would not fail, according to “ Your letters, coming in the plural your direction, to return my answer with number, seem to be meant as well to for all possible speed; which I shall deliver Drue Drury, as to myself; and yet because unto you with great grief and bitterness of he is not named in them, neither the letter mind, in that I am so unhappy to have directed unto him, he forbeareth to make liven to see this unhappy day, in which I any particular answer, but subscribeth in am required, by direction from my most heart my opinion.” kracious sovereign, to do an act which God • D. Drury,"

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