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the hall attempted to hang herself. She returned it, but without effect; when 'was remarkably cheerful the preceding Mr. Stephens discharged his pistol

night. The same day the jury sat on again with the same success. The leher body, and brought in their verdiet cond ball of Mr. Anderson, however, Lunacy.

took place just below the under lip of
Mr.M.Kenzie put an end to hisexift- Mr. Stephens, passed through his head,
ence on Tuesday the 7th inft. in Ben- and killed him inftantly. He was a
tick-ftreet. On the previous Sunday worthy young gentleman, and his loss
he dined at Mr. Corton's on Claphamn is much regretted.
Common; Mr. Cotton observed, he

was unusually depressed in his fpirits,
and asked if he was unwell, at the same

The 12th, as four or five gentlemen rime advising him to leave the horse, were recurning from Sadler's Wells, and return to town in a carriage. This they found, under some wood-work in unfortunate young man was on the esta a passage close to the Blue Lion ale. blishment as a clerk in the Treasury, houtc, an infant about three or four from whence he went home to dinner months old, wrapped in a blanket, and on the day when he committed the fatal almost starved to death. The gentledeed; when arrived at his lodgings, he

men carried it to an adjoining house, fent his servant to order sone porter ; where they discovered that it was very on her return he was not in the dinings thin, and that its bones were scarcely room, and, after waiting fome time, covered; they gave it fome bread and De went to his bed-room door to call milk, when recovering itself, it smiled him; but not antivering, and on look- upon them in a most affecting manner. ing through the key-hole, observing The gentlemen obtained admision for - fome blood, the burst the door open, the unfortunate orphan into a works and found her master dead on the floor, houle. with his throat cur in a most fhocking

JUSTICE. No reason can be afligned At the Old Bailey, on Friday the for this rath act.

17th inst. was tried the famous George JEWISH NEW YEAR.

Barrington, for robbing Henry TowntOn the 8th, the new year was ulhered end, efq. of a watch, at Enfield Races.

He was not detected in the fach; but in by the Jews, with that solemnity which dimiguishes that holiday from

a young woman having seen him drop all others. The men appeared in their other circumstances concurring, he was

the watch, after being in cuftody, and different fynagogues, cloathed in the convicted on the cleareft evidence. Throwds, the women all in white, whichi The prostitution of talents in this fel. cast a very awful reflection on the ungodly among them; for it is presumed, livered a speech, as his defence, of

low is highly to be lamented; he dethat on that feltival, the Almighty fits in judgment for poor finners ; and on

twenty-five minutes length, in which that account, the Jews invoke angels, plexion of what had been alledged

he ingeniously observed on the compatriarchs, and deceased friends, tó intercede for their iniquities. From

against him. That part of it where the ift till the oth of the same month,

he artfully appeals to the passions, is

as follows." Gentlemen, that it has a melancholy is discernible on the brow

been the hard lot of some unhappy perof every Jew, as on that day final judga fons, to have been convicted of crimes ment is passed on finners,

they did really not commit, less througla DUEL.

evidence than ill-natured report, is About the roth a duel was fought doubtless certain ; and doubtless there at Margate, between Mr. Stephens, are many respectable persons now in Con to the secretary of the Admiralty, Court, fully convinced of the truth of and Mr. Anderson, an attorney at law, that obfervation. Such times, it is to The quarrel began at the Assembly- be hoped, are paft; I dread not such a Room in that town on a very trifling conviction in my own person; I am occafion. Mr. Stephens fired first, and well convinced of the noble nature of a mifted his adversary, Mr. Anderson British Court of Justice; the dignified


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and benign principles of its Judges; indigent. It will be my audy, genund, the liberal and candid spirit of its tlemen, to poffefs them ; nor will the Jurors.

heaviel affliction of poverty, pain, or “Gentlemen, life is the gift of God, disgrace, caufe me to part with reso. and liberty its greatest blessing; the lutions founded on the deepest reflecpower of disposing of boil, or either, tion, and which will end but with life: is the greatest man can enjoy. It is I will perish on the pavement before I also adventitious that, great as that will deviate from them. For my own power is, it cannot be better placed, part, whatever your verdict may be, I than in the hands of an English Jury; truit I shall be enabled to meet it with for they will not exercise it like ty, a firmness of mind; he, indeed, has ranıs, who delight in blood, but like little to fear from death, whose fame generous and brave men, who delight is tarnished, and who has endured the io fpare rather than to destroy ; and ceaseless abuse of unfeeling minds; who, not forgetting they are inen them. when Heaven accepts contrition, it refelves, lean, when they can, to the fide ceives into favour when it pardons; of compasion. It may be thought, but man, more crucl than his Maker, gentlemen of the Jury, that I am ap- pursues his offending brother with unplying to your passions, and if I had jelenting feverity, and marks a dethe power to do it, I would not fail to viation from rečtitude with a never employ it; the paffions animate the dying, infamy, and with unceafing heart, and to the passions we are in- suspicion and reproach, which seem to debted for the noblest actions; and to exclude him from the pale of virtue. the passions we owe our dearest and Gentlemen of the Jury, the thought, finelt feelings; and when it is con- though death may appal the rich and fidered, the mighty power you now prosperous, but on the other hand the poffefs, whatever leads to a cautious unfortunate cannot have much to fear and tender discharge of it, must be from it; yet the tenderness of nature thought of great consequence; as long cannot be quite subdued by the utmost as the passions conduct us on the side degree of human resolution, and I cappf benevolence, they are our best, our not be insensible to the woes which safest, and our most friendly guides, . must be felt by an affectionate com

" i humbly hope that the circum- panion, and an infant offspring; and Stances of the cale, are such as may there is, besides, a principle in human induce a scrupulous Jury to make a nature, stronger even than the fear of favourable decision; and I am very death, and which can hardly fail to well. convinced that you will not be operate fome time or other in life; I led by any other circumstances than mean the desire of good fame, under zhose of the present case; either from that laudable influence. Gentlemen, reports of former misfortunes, or by if I am acquitted, I will quickly retire the fear of my falling into similar ones. to some distant land, where my name I am now just thirty-two years of age, and misfortunes will be alike un. (thall be so next month); it is nearly known; where harmless manners shall half the life of man, it is not worth fhield me from the imputation of guilt; while being impatient to provide for and where prejudice will not be liable the other half, so far as to do any thing to misrepresentation ; and I do now unworthy. Gentlemen, in the courle affure you, Gentlemen of the Jury, of my life I have suffered niuch dis- that I feel a cheering hope, even at this tress, I have felt something of the arvful moment, that the rest of my life viciffitudes of fortune, and now from will be so conducted, as to make me as observation I am convinced, upon the much an object of esteem and applause, whole, there is no joy but what arises as I am now the unhappy object of from the practice of virtue, and con- çensure and suspicion." fifts in the felicity of a tranquil mind When the Lord Chief Baron Eyre and a benevolent heart; sources of had delivered his charge to the Jury, consolation which the most profperous and they had pronounced Barrington circumftances do not always furnish, guilty, the Judge addressed him as end which may be felt under tļę must follows:"Mr, Barrington, Hitherto

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I have conducted myself towards you him a receipt for that sum, ligmed John on this trial, as if I had never seen you Pierce. He then tendered a book, before; but now, when nothing which which Mr. l'apps understood to be the I can say, can prejudice the jury, I acceptance book, which, as a matter, muft say that you have been created of courte, he signed; wi.ereas, in fact, with much more favour than you this was the transfer book, and by this deserve. This ought to have been a fignature the prisoner ebtained a transcapital indictment, and it ought to fer of four hundred and fifty pounds to have reached your life; and public John Pierce, which sum the prisoner justice very much calls for such a fa. actually fold and transferred to the crifice : for if ever there was a man in said John Pierce, for which he received the world that abused and proitituted the sum of four hundred and tiventygreat talents to the most unworthy and eight pounds one filling and three fhameful purposes, you are that man; pence, which was never paid into the and you have done it against all warn hands, or applied to the use of Wiliam ing, against the example of your own Papps. cafe, and of a thousand other cases that 'The Chief Baron lamented the fallen have occurred; and I am afraid, that fate of the prisoner ; but the laws mult now, as the punishment does not reach carefully protect the important conyour life, I cannot entertain the least cerns of the national bank. He re. hope that you will in any manner re- probated the conduct of the persons form; but that the end of it will be, who tampered with the evidence. that you must be a Mameful spectacle The Jury consulted, and brought in at your latter end."

their verdi&t upon the first and third Francis Fonton, a clerk in the Three counts, guilty of uttering and receive per Cent. ofice at the Bank, was in- ing. - Death. dicted at the Old Bailey for a forgery Robert Nabcuit was tried for the and felony, with intent to defraud Wile wilful murder of Moses Davis, by liam Papps, and John Pierce. The giving him a wound upon the head indictment contained a second count with an iron key, of which wound he for uttering a forged receipt, purport- languished for a short time, and then ing to be the receipt of John Pierce for died *. It was proved that the priforty-seven pounds eleven fhillings and soner, without any just provocation, fix pence, being the value of fifty pounds itruck the deceased with a key upon ftock Four per Cents. pretended to be the head in a molt violent manner, at a transfer of that sum to William Walton Bridge, and that his death was Papps, which stock never wiss. pur- occafioned by that blow. On the part chaled or transferred from Mr. Pierce. of the prisoner it was sworn, that at and The third and fourth counts charged before ihe time he ftruck the deceased the prisoner with a fraud and forgery, he was in a state of insanity. The in transferring the sum of four hundred prisoner was acquitted.. and fifty pounds Four per Cents. the

ACCIDENT. of William Papps, to John property. Pierce, which sum Mr. Papps never On Thursday the gth, the following did actually transfer, or give authority melancholy accident happened to Wild to the prisoner fo to do; and the in- liam Higgs, a servant of Mr. Hall, of di&tment charged it to be done with East Hanney mill, near Rcading : As intent to defraud the Bank and the said he was crossing the bridge at the mill, William Papps and John Pierce. head, he fell over the Quice into the

Mr. Garrow opened the pleadings, water-wheel, as it was going round; and Mr. Fielding'entered into the case, by which means he was drawn under which is fimply as follows:---On the the wheel, and crushed in so violent a 8th of May 1789, Mr. Papps applied manner as to throw the wheel out of to the prisoner to purchase for himn fifty the gudgeon and stop it. In this situ. pounds in the Four per Cents, and de- ation he continued near an hour before posited in his hands forty-seven pounds he was discovered, and part of the ewelve Shillings and fix pence for the wheel was obliged to be cut away be. purchase; and the same prisoner gave


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* See page 310.

fore he could be released. An inquest his only fon, by which his lordship's was taken on the body, and the jury feat as representative in the House of brought in their verdict, Accidental Commons for Great Bedwin in Wilts, Death.

becomes vacant. DEATHS.

At Stoney Stratford, the right hon. The 18th, early in the morning, his the counters of Clarendon. Her ladyroyal highness the duke of Cumberland; fhip was going to Dunham Maffey, in who long laboured under the most af. Cheshire, accompanied by the earl of ficting illness. A little before his Clarendon and lady Charlotte Villiers, diffolution, his mind wandered very on a' visit to the earl of Stamford. much ; his hands were extended out of She was fuddenly taken ill, and carried the bed, and he feemed to act as if en to a gentleman's house in Stoney Strate couraging hounds to press forward; ford. Lord Villiers was immediately twenty minutes before he went off, he sent for, but did not arrive until after was perfectly quiet, and died without a her ladyfhip's deceafe. Struggle.-His will was made thirteen At Sheffield, after a short indispoyears ago, and is till the fame. His fition, John Holmes, aged eighty-feven. royal highness has left every thing he He was round the world with Anfont had to the duchess, that is, his per- and Byron, being pressed into those fonals, which are very valuable ; the hazardous services. . He said he was is left executrix and refiduary legatee. the man whom Anson's voyage reports Another circunstance not yet taken to have had so narrow an escape at notice of, very much to the honour of Paita, owing to his being drunk, for the late duke, is, that his pay as an ad- which he received a fevere correction, miral he has not accepted for many and could never after gain a naval proyears ; as he did not serve his country, motion, though he was then upon a he refused reward.

level with Keppel, afterwards admiral The duke of Gloucester will derive Keppel. an increase of twelve thousand five hun Near Stratford upon Avon, one dred a year to his revenue in consequence Samuel Davies, a famous cribbage of his royal brother's death : the grant player. He selected fout of the best of parliament to the former duke of players from the circle of his friends, Cumberland, being, at the death of his as pall-bearers, to whom he left a beauroyal highness parcelled out to his three tiful ivory cribbage-board, to be played nephews, the dukes of York, Gloucefa for on their return from the grave. ter, and Cumberland : by survivorship, Lately, at Seven Oaks, Kent, a jour. the duke of Gloucester will possess the neyman cricket-ball-maker, aged fiftywhole.

five. Though at very inconfiderable The 23d, at his seat at Twicken. wages, he had from indefatigable jobam, the most noble William, duke, duitry, and fingular oeconomy, acquired marquis, and earl of Montrole, mar considerable property, and was poilelled quis and baron of Graham, Dundaff, of two thoufand five hundred pounds Kincairn, Mindock, and Kinabor in in the public funds at the time of his Scotland, and earl and baron Graham, decease, He was so rigid in his plan, of Belford in the county of Northum. that besides fix fhillings per week for berland, England. His grace married, board, wafling, and lodging, and two O&ober 1742, Lucy Manners, daugh- pence for Saturday night, he allowed ter of John, second duke of Rutland, himtelf but two hillings per year for by whom (who died June 18, 1788) spending money, one at the great anhe had iffue James, marquis of Gra- nual cricket-match, and the other at ham, born February 8, 1755-Lucy, the fair. His other expenditures were born July 1751, and married in June two pence per week to the poor-box ja 1771, to Archibald Douglas, esq. now the chapel lie belonged to; and a thillord Douglas. His grace is fucceeded ling per year towards a newspaper, for in his titles and estates by the right the purpose only of observing size price honourable the marquis of Graham, of stocks.

For OCTOBER, 1790.



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SECRETARÝ DAVISON's morning; advising me to use it

oftner ; and reprehending me for

the contrary; finally demanded, FOR THE SHARE HE HAD IN THE

what I had in my hands. I anMURDER OF MARY QUEEN OF

swer'd, Divers warrants, and other SCOTS.

things, to be figned for her service. [From Whitaker's Vindication of that She enquired, whether my lord adPrincess.]

miral had not sent for me, and whe

ther I had not brought up the war. N Wednesday the first of this rant for the queen of Scots. I an

present, about ten of the swer’d, Yes; and thereupon, [fhe] (clock, came one of the grooms +] calling for it, I deliver'd it into her of the chamber unto me, to let me hands ; after the reading whereof, understand, that her majesty had fhe, calling for pen and ink, figned called for (me by my lord admiral, it; and, laying it from her, asked who was in the †] privy chamber. me, Whether I were not heartily I found his lord Mhip there, who told sorry it was done ? Mine answer me the cause of my fending for; was, That I was sorry a lady, so having, first, summarily discoursed near in blood to herself, and of her unto me fome speech, that had place and quality, should so far forpast that morning betwixt her ma. get her duty both to God and her jefty and him, touching the execu- majesty, as to give her this cause; tion of the Scotish queen; the con- but fithens this act of her majesty clufion whereof was, that she would was, in all mens opinions, of that no longer defer it, and therefore justice and necessity, that the could had commanded him to send ex not defer it without the manifest pressly for me, to bring the warrant danger of her person and state, I unto her.

could not be sorry to see her majesty Whereupon returning to my take this course, of removing the chamber, I took both that and di- cause of that danger, which threatned vers other things, to be signed for the one and the other: protesting neher service; and, returning, fent in vertheless, that, for my own part, I Mrs. Brooke to fignify my being was so far from thirsting after the there, to her majelty; who imme- blood of that unhappy lady, that, if diately called for me. At my com

there had been any other way to preing in, her majesty first asking me, ferve her majesty and the state from whether I had been abroad that fair miichief, than by taking her life; I

* I have numbered the two parts of it, + + I have supplied the words within and broken each part into paragraphs.--- hooks, from Mackenzie's copy.--WhitaWHITAKIR. VOL. II.




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