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I am exceedingly obliged to you of his subjects! Telifying his gratitude for it, and I request you to preserve the to the assassins! Promising them refame firmness in every instance which wards, and eager to fulfil his promay present itself; although I think mife!" this example, however moderate it might

“ Vienna, Feb. 7, 1788. have been, will produce its effect. “ My dear general d'Alton, I have

You did well in occupying the received your letter of the 28th of Jaguard-room at the town-house, of puary, and I approve 'every step you which you will endeavour to keep pof- have taken on this occasion to establish feffion.

order and subordination, as well as the “ Adieu, my dear general, I am Steadiness you have thewn in repressing defirous by this very polt, to testify to insolence. The difpofitions you have you my approbation of your conduct. made for future accidents are very You will also inform the officer of the proper; it is better to anticipate than to regiment of Ligne, who commanded be anticipated. You may, therefore, the patrole which fired, that I am very detain the regiment of Bender as long well pleased with his prefence of mind, as you think proper. I perceive bow and the manner in which he conducted happily you turned into ridicule the himself, and that he may expect promo. youth who boasted his design of afsallition on the first vacancy."

nating you, by, going and

speaking to “ Could it be believed !” say the him yourself; it is the best manner of Belgians in their Preface to these inter- exposing and disconcerting such infolent cepted Epistles-" This letter is in boys. answer to the dispatches of d'Alton,

66 Vienna, Dec. 29, 1788. relative to the 22d of January 1788; a

My dear general d'Alton, I have day memorable in the history of Austrian received your letter of the 7th instant. cruelty; a day that ought eternally to “ However desirous I may be to suce be erased from the Belgic annals; a cour the indigent, and alleviate the sufday of blood, in which citizens of every ferings of human nature, I yet cannot age, drawn by curiosity into the great think it any part of the duty of the mi{quare of the city, were inmolated to litary to attend to these ohjects; ftill the rage of military affaffins. This less do I think it belongs to them to was the atrocious act which the emperor hunt after applause in this manner. applauded ! His praises were bestowed If any regulation be necessary, it is for on the vile fatellites of despotifin ; who, the government to consider of the means regardless of the rights of man, fred of aslifting these poor wretches, and to the blood of fo many innocent victims, the government you will commit this afsembled unarmed, and defenceless !

“ This blood, which will everlast. ingly call for vengeance against thofe

“ Vienna, May 14, 1789. by whom it was spilt, and against him My dear general d'Alton, I have under whose command they acted, could just received your letter of the 4th of not glut the rage of the tyrant, which this month, and am extremely obliged it.did but irritate : 'I request you to to you for the interest which you take in preserve the same firmness,' said he; my health. It is not yet in the situation • I am defirous, by this vecy post, to I could wish, to permit me to join the testify to you my approbation of your army; A continual intermitting fever, conduct. You will also inform the together with a complaint in the liver, officer of the regiment of Ligne, who have confined me five days to my bed, commanded the patrole which fired, except that I rise for an hour or two in that I am very well pleated with his pre- each day. sence of mind, and in the manner in I approve your dispositions with which he conducted himself, and that respect to the brigades, and have sent he may expect promotion on the first that which you have transmitted to me vacancy.'

for Luxemberg, to the Council of War, “ Can such things'i find credit with in order to see if they can find any posterity? What! a sovereign rejoicing, means of arranging these matters with congratulating himself, at the massacre the department of the Netherlands.


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" It mortifies me to see discontents picion among the people. Be persuaded, spring up anew. As the assembly of my dear general, that it were better to the states will be held in a few days, I be less minutely informed, than to emhope the affirmative or negative of the ploy a number of agents, more capable celebrated theological question will lead of embroiling affairs, than of restoring every thing to order. If not, decisive them to order. measures must be taken to put an end Adieu, my dear general. I im. to it for ever.

patiently expect to hear in wliat man. “ I observed, with pleasure, the good ner the deliberations of the assembly of conduct of general Happoncourt (of the fates will end ; and I beseech you which you express your satisfaction) as to be zealous in ftrengthening Mr. de well as the testimony which he gives of Trauttmansdorff in all his measures. the zeal and steadiness of Rantonnet.

“ Semlin, June 1,, 1788. Provided good is done, it is of liile " You did very right in ftill keeping import, whether or not he assumes the the regiment of Bender. If the major title of administrator ; for prejudice at Mons* had opposed force to the new often renders a name odious,

volunteers who dared more than once “ With this, I return the original to present themselves, I think the mar, letter, for which you will have occa- ter had been finished, at least for some son.

tinic, as at Bruffels. “ The design of employing officers " I approve of the arrangements in the open country to learn the dispo. which you deem to be necessary during fitions of the farmers and peasants, and the meeting of the states of Brabant, in to lead them to our wiles has its ad- which every thing must be definitively vantages, but it is also defective, and settled, or embroiled yet more than even dangerous. For, it is difficult, ever. I expect you will know the use on all occasions, to find persons qualic of the military when occasion thall reo, fied to enforce truth, and who pusless quire them. the ability and patience necessary to Adieu, my dear general. We produce conviction in the mind. Yet are here anxiously waiting the approach, each wishes for the reputation of having of the grand vizir, who chooling to made fome discovery, forms his own give us the preference, advances with particular judgment of it, and finishes all his suite. There are thirty thousand, by making falle reports, which induce of his forces already at Vidin, and as error, and

at the fame time beget fuso many more at Niffa, which has induced * 56 Had the same assassinations been innocent blood of their fellow-citizens. committed at Mons,” say the Belgians in Louvain, Malincs, and Antwerp in partitheir Preface, “ as had been at Brussels, cular, beheld these scenes of horror. Ante the major would have had the approbation werp saw its wretched vi&ims fall t, the of the emperor; who, on the itt of June, inhabitants still shudder, when they paf's contents himself with only blaming his the places where they beheld armed men conduct, for not having shed the blood of murder, without distinction or pity, men, the citizens !

women, and children! The emperor heard “ The regret of the emperor was not of the news; it was sent by his own troops; long duration. General d'Alton quickly he knew that, at Malines, the mother and gratified the wishes of this cruel monarch : the infant, clinging to her bofom, both fell he found agents vile enough to be eager to by the same blow. He shuddered not at become the executioners of his fanguinary such cruelties ! On the contrary, they were will, and who steeped their hands in the his delight; as appears in his letters.”

+ "On the 4th of August 1788, the fol- tizens were in arms; no one opposed the diers, assembled in the city of Antwerp,' violent orders of government; one single that they might, in case of neca, alift by proteitation only, by notary, had been read; main force those who were deputed to exéo the utmost tranquillty reigued through the cute the orders of government, concerning city, when this officer, covetous of promothe episcopal seminary of that city, had the tion, and excited by the example of enliga cruelty to fire on the pafling citizens. Wucherigh, imagined that the more people More than forty innocent persons, men and he !hould murder, in Antwerp, the greater women, were killed by a company com- might his hopes of reward bc, from his manded by one R. None of the cio kind master, Joseph II."

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me to reinforce the army of the Ban

“ Vienna, Aug. 6, 17891

" I have received, my dear general · Laxemburg, June 7, 1789. d'Alton, your report of the 27th of « My dear general d'Alton, the mi. July, which informs me of the affair at nifter will inform you, agreeable to the Louvain; and I am extremely well inftructions with which this courier is pleased with the conduct of M. de charged, that the time is come once for Gontrouel, and the troops under bis all to finish, with a good or ill grace, command. As in this 'insurrection, the perplexing affairs of the Nether- neither rights, privileges, nor religion lands. Wearied with their continuance, were in question, but the fole design and convinced that the evil is but auga was to rob and pillage, it is not poslible mented by delay, I have resolved to cut to be too severe with this mob of rascals, short difficulties. If things proceed either by judicial, proceedings against as they should do, without the employ- thote whom you may seize, or by difment of force, so much the better ; if milling all respect for them, and ter. not, it must be applied with prudence, rifying them by force of arms. But I but with firinnels and energy; there do not comprehend the expreffion of muft be no doubt, nọ hefitation ; no- plundering the houses of the royalists; thing hould be undertaken but what that the disaffected hould be publicly must be finished, and nothing finished known teems inevitable, and, if so, it will all be subdued.

were astonishing should they be tolerated " The more or less blood that may and left undisturbed while the loyal be fhed in the attempt ought not * to were pillaged. be taken into the account when the ob-' “ I see also, by your report, that the ject is to save all, and at once to finish alarm for revolt' was given in the thefe eternal tumults. Relying then churches; these, therefore, ought to on the zeal and tried fidelity of the mi- be remarked and punished, since proJitary in general, and on your wisdom, perly speaking they have excited the my dear count, I affure inyfelf that in insurrection. every circumstance which may require “ It is to be hoped the delirium which your aid, you will fuftain the operations reigns in France will not be of long duof the government, so as to give them ration, but that at length these devas. effect, without regard to any other con- tations will cease; and thence, especifideration.

ally if the French should afford us a “ Above all, in the present moment, good example, tranquillity may be reI cannot sufficiently recommend to you, established in our provinces." my dear general, to be indulgent to the In a letter of Aug. 23, 1789, the temper of the troops, by avoiding the emperor, speaking of France," says, little vexations which arife out of too The new conititution of France fevere discipline, too much exercise, has not been very polite to the high but more particularly too great nicety clergy and nobility; and I still doubt in matters of mere dress and parade; much if all these fine things can be put which are not so easily enforced with into execution. thefe people of the Netherlands (who

" Hetzendorf, Sept. 20, 1789. rather approach the disposition of the " Count de Trauttmansdorff has French) as with the German and Hun. perhaps already acquainted you with garian soldiers you have been used to the project which has been formed 10 command. The same caution is ne. engage fome men of the finest figures ceffary with respect to the officers, with among the French guards to detert, and whom


mult at times dissemble cer- enrole themselves in the regiments of tain effervescencies.

the Netherlands in order to excite them * “ Does the code of Austrian tyranny shed, that his purpose may be obtained. contain sentiments so horrible! Here con- This single letter would suffice to stamp template the philosophy of Joseph II. The his fame : nothing more is wanting 10 blood of his subjects ought not to be taken transmit to posterity a sketch of the cruel into the account; no obitacle must impede and fanguinary sentiments of this regal his projects, but the very last drop must be tyrant,"--PREFACE,


to mutiny; it would be well if we vexatious circumstance which could could discover such villains, that after happen to us: namely, to draw upon enrolling them we might make an ex- us the arms of Prullia, England, and ample by instantly executing thein, the prince of Orange with all his allies, At present it would be prudent if the while we thould have nothing to oppose French deserters on being enrolled were to them but our own forces, and some lent to Luxemburg, to be removed into miferable Dutch patriots; nor could Germany, where they will be more le- even those act without France, who curely guarded than they can be with certainiy has neither the means nor the you.

inclination at present of giving aus “ The verses which have been made the finalleft affistance. Positively reject, on the non-commissioned officer of the therefore, every proposal of this kind ; regiment of Ligne who obtained the and be assured that we cannot too anmedal are very good of their kind. xiously guard against ineasures which

" The movements of the Dutch," may embroil us with any one of those fays the emperor to his general, in a powers. leiter dated Oct. 5, 1789, “ do not

• Vienna, Nov. 5, 1989. give me any inquietude, and while ihe “ My dear general d'Alton, 1 lant king of Prussia does not declare openly night received your express of the 28th againf us, we have little to fear from of tuber, and leave you to judge of thein; and fill less, as the dispositions the effect which its contents have prowhich are made by the prince Stat- duced upon me. Little could I expeet holder arise rather from a fear of the that the military would be exposed 10 a flame among his own patriots, which repulle froin fuch a mob of people ; ftill yet lies concealed beneath the ashes. less, that it would happen in a mannex • Vienna, O&t. 31, 1789.

fo disgraceful. " I am perfectly sensible of the pain. ful services that you, and the military “ I conclude that you have sumunder your coinmand, render me in the moned colonel Vanderinersch by sound Netherlands, which are of a nature of drum. As it is not probable that much more difficult than if you were he will appear, you will hang him in opposed to an enemy in an open coun: effigy till we shall have the pleafure of try; fecing, the danger of the former execucing hiin in perfon. lies masked. You may alsure the troops

“ Vienna, Nov. 27, 1789. that I do full justice to their zeal, and My dear general d'Alton, I have Thall reward them as if they fought received your report of the 18th of this against the Turks *!

month. The affair which has happened • The inemorial which, my dear ge- , at Ghent, of which you give me intelneral, you have transmitted to me, on ligence, is a blow which I feel too fenthe part of some Dutch refugees, relem. libiyiv expels, and which I believe to bles their heated imaginations, which he decisive. Without entering into : has ever given an excentricity to all further discullions, I muii charge your their conduct. You will politely dil

to employ all pollible means that may mi's them and their projects, the exe- ferve at least to diminish the unfortunate çution of which would induce the most consequences which inight be the result

* “ It is scarcely possible to express his the most hardened in guilt, endeavour, at. tyrannical intentions with more energy. Icast, to palliate their condućt; they wish Throughout his letters his cruely is glaring; not to appear cruel; they feign to punith he delights in iiluing the conımand for mur- with regret; aifect the semblance of jullice, der, and anticipates the joy of execution. Of even when moil injuít; and, at the very this, his letter of the 5th of November 1789, moment when vengeance is in act, seek to is a striking example: he there boldiy diminish its odium, by fcigning pity they do pourtrays the atrocity of his character:

not feel,

It was reserved for Joseph II. he orders the immortal Vandermeisch to to afford the world an exainple of a man, be hanged in effigy, till such time as he can or rather of a monter, who unimpallioned have the pleasure of executing him in perfon. awaited the pleasure of executing in per• What tyrant ever dared publicly avow

the pleasure he took in murder! Hearts,


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of the various mortifying events which in which commission you will be in. have arisen from falfe measures, and cluded." enterprises alike ill conceived and ill Subjoined to this collection is a letexecuted.

ter from the count de Cobenzl to “ It is my intention to send count de count de Trauttmansdorff, informing Cobenzl from hence, into the Nether- him that all dispatches for the emperor lands, in quality of my commissioner, were in future to be received by the and charged with the necessary powers, count.



they did not arise naturally out of the AUGUST SEPTEMBER.

subject. On the whole; however, this N addition to the productions of the dramatic caricature possesses some merit.

Haymarket Theatre, we have to On the 4th of Sept.a mutical picce, by notice a petit piece, called MODERN Mr. O'Keeffe, called The BASKET. BREAKFAST, written by a youthful MAKER, was represented, taken from son of Mrs. Siddons, and performed on the well-known Peruvian tale of the the 11th of August. But the arduous fame name; but the scene is removed to task of composing for the stage, is by the borders of Canada. In this attempt, no means suitable to the present genius our author has quitted, unsuccessfully, of this juvenile writer; and it is hoped his usual file of equivoque and broad his parents will divest themselves of a humour, in which his merit chiefly partiality, which can only tend to make confifted : the audience were of course them ridiculous.

highly diffitisfied, but they permitted Another triling piece also appeared it a full hearing ; to which the music on the 13th of the fame month, en- by Dr. Arnold, and the scenery by the titled Taste and FEELING, from the manager, contributed much. The pen of a gentleman of more experience two principal characters were ably La clergyman! Bob Glutton, (one supported by young Bannister and Mr. of the principal characters) who re- R. Palmer. members no occurrence in his travels, Mr. O'Keeffe, hardly ever apparent. fave the dainties of which he partook, ly discouraged, has since made a va. is not a new character; it may be found riety of alterations in this piece; and in Mr. Colman's Man and Wife. Ano- it has been lince repeated. ther, fir Benjamin Anecdote, whose pro- About the iniddle of this month the pensity may be guessed by his name, is Haymarket Theatre closed for the sea. also liable to the same objection as the son, with which we shall conclude this first; being a counterpart of the Gre-, article, neither Drury Lane nor Covent gory Gazette of Foote, but flat and Garden having as yet produced any insipid. The puns were not of the thing new. best fort, nor judiciously introduced ;




to treat her as his own. He has by CIRCASSIAN SLAVE.

his will bequeathed her two thousand T the taking of Belgrade, the late florins, which, however, is not to be the appearance of a poor little Circassian of twenty-four years, when she is to flave girl, about ten years old, but very receive principal and interest. Since pretty. Feeling himself greatly interest- his death, this affectionate child, whole ed at the sight of this unfortunate child, name is Teekla, has wept and lamenthoe determined to have her baptized, and ed almost incessantly.

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